Eugene V. Debs Letters:
Abstracts for "B"


B., Edna: Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 6/5/11. Says that she will see Marguerite Debs Cooper on Thursday.

B., H.: Letter to EVD, 12/22/20. Writes that the U. S. Supreme Court has not fairly considered the evidence at EVD's trial. Mentions that he supports all that EVD stands for.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Writes that he thinks that H. B.'s letter is "beautiful."

B., J. F.: Poem titled "Per Ardua Ad Astra," n.d.
Poem titled "The River of Life," n.d.
Poem titled "The Yesterdays," n.d.

B., M.: Article titled "Our Distinguished Guest," 10/?/22. Says that it originally appeared THE LINDLAHR MAGAZINE vol. 1, no. 4.

Babcock, Mrs. Bernie: Letter to EVD, 7/7/21. States that she will send her books to EVD while he is in prison. Asks that EVD send her a public comment concerning her books.
Letter to EVD, 7/19/21. Says that she is sending her latest book. Asks that EVD comment publicly on it.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Writes that prison rules make it impossible for him to comment upon her book.
Note from EVD to TD on dust cover to THE COMING OF THE KING, n.d. States that it was his pleasure to receive a copy of her book with her "fine inscription."

Babcock, Charles: Letter to EVD, 7/27/26. Writes that he would like information regarding EVD's recollections of the Pullman Strike.
Letter from TD, 7/29/26. States that EVD's health is poor and that he is unable to write.

Backus, E.: Letter to TD, 1/26/37. Writes that he appreciated the Christmas card that TD sent. Writes that his business was almost wrecked by the depression. Informs TD that he left the Socialist Party to help Upton Sinclair with his End Poverty in California (EPIC) campaign. Remarks that he left the Socialist Party because the followers of Leon Trotsky took it over. Mentions that these Trotskyites are using the Socialist Party to attack Russia. Writes that the Trotskyites are on the ship-owners side in the maritime strike that has paralyzed San Francisco, California for the past 3 months. Mentions that the creators of the Social Democratic Federation are a "futile bunch." Tells TD that he is waiting for Norman Thomas or John L. Lewis to start a "real" labor party. Says that the daily newspapers think that he is too radical and the technocratic groups do not accept him because he rejects the creeds of Howard Scott and Harold Loeb. Remarks that he is too much of a philosopher to make a good partisan. Mentions that Walter Thomas Mills send his greetings. Includes a poem titled "The Master Has Moved to Town."

Bain, Read: Poem titled "Eugene V. Debs," n.d.

Bagby, Nellie: Telegram to EVD, 10/18/26. Expresses the hope that EVD's health improves.
Letter to TD on Green Gate Farms, Edgewater, Colorado letterhead, 11/30/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Bailey, Charles A.: Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that he read EVD's article in the INDIANAPOLIS LEDGER, "one of the greatest Negro journals in the United States," about BIRTH OF A NATION. Tells EVD that he wished that his article could be made into a pamphlet so that it could have a wide dissemination. Says that he subscribes to the APPEAL TO REASON and thinks that the same should "be done by every colored family in the United States."

Baker, Arnny: Letter to EVD, 12/23/20. Writes that she appreciated, as a nine-year-old girl, EVD's message to little children. Mentions that her family subscribes to the OKLAHOMA LEADER and that her mother works at a telephone exchange in western Oklahoma.

Baker, Charles SEE ALSO Prevey, Marguerite

Baker, Charles: Letter to EVD, 12/2/19. Writes that he is sending his letter to mark the one-year anniversary since EVD's Canton, Ohio speech. Mentions that he cannot wait until EVD is released.
Letter to TD, 3/3/20. Writes that he received TD's message to his daughter Marguerite Prevey. Tells TD that Marguerite Prevey has spent the last two weeks in prison, pending an extradition hearing. Says that Marguerite Prevey has been treated well since being imprisoned. Writes that despite her situation Marguerite Prevey is a "Rock of Gilbralter." Expresses the hope that he will be able to arrange a bond for her. Mentions that several "thugs" from Chicago, Illinois have come for Marguerite Prevey 3 times now. Says that having spent time in prison himself he knows how much it means to get encouraging messages from fellow comrades. Asks that TD write Marguerite Prevey at the Franklin County Jail in Columbus, Ohio.
Telegram to EVD, 4/13/25. Says that his daughter Marguerite Prevey has died and that he is on his way to Youngstown, Ohio for the funeral. Mentions that he will be joined by Mabel Dunlap Curry in Chicago, Illinois.
Letter to TD, 4/29/25. Says that he went to bed after TD left him and remained there for 4 days. Writes that life did not seem worth the effort anymore. Tells TD that he has pulled himself together only in the last few days. Mentions that it was a great comfort to have TD and Mabel Dunlap Curry with him in his time of need.
Copy of letter from TD, 5/2/25. Says that he can understand what Baker is going through. Writes that he is glad that Baker is pulling himself together. Tells Baker that only time will bring solace to his heart.
Letter to TD, 11/26/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he wants to know if there is a memorial planned for EVD. Writes that when he was in Cleveland, Ohio he refused to speak at the Workers Party of America memorial meeting because he thought its members were "scoundrels."

Baker, Clara . Letter to EVD, 12/23/20. Expresses the hope that EVD will be free in time for Christmas dinner. Mentions that she is eleven years old and from western Oklahoma.

Baker, Newton D . SEE Mischke, George M.

Baker, Thomas . Photocopy of letter from TD, 4/30/21. Says that EVD appreciated the visit Baker made to the prison. Mentions that he is sending Baker some printed material at EVD's behest.

Baldwin, Celia: Letter to TD, 4/22/20. Asks that TD tell her if there is anything she can do to help free EVD. Mentions that she has been reading David Karsner's DEBS: HIS AUTHORIZED LIFE AND LETTERS. Tells TD that she received a letter from EVD from Woodstock, Illinois dated 1/10/1895. Asks that TD tell her if he knows Joseph Buchanan.

Baldwin, Roger: Letter to EVD on Liberty Defense Union letterhead, 3/7/18. Writes that in order to raise a fund for the defense of "persons prosecuted for exercising their constitutional rights of free speech and free press" the Liberty Defense Union was formed. Tells EVD That Kate Richards O'Hare has volunteered to go on a country-wide speaking tour on behalf of the organization. Writes that the Liberty Defense Union will be working closely with the Socialist Party and the National Civil Liberties Bureau. Remarks that the organization hopes to raise $25,000 in the next 2 months. Asks that EVD allow the Liberty Defense Union to use his name.
Letter to TD on American Civil Liberties Union letterhead, 8/24/21. Says that he wants to know if Samuel Castleton is EVD's lawyer.
Copy of letter from TD, 8/26/21. Writes that EVD has never been represented by Samuel Castleton. Remarks that Samuel Castleton is only EVD's "friend and comrade."
Letter to EVD on American Civil Liberties Union letterhead, 11/21/21. Says that the American Civil Liberties Union is trying to work with the World War Veterans to put the issue of amnesty before the American people. Writes that he feels that the time has come to stop conferring with the President and the Attorney General and enter the field of public opinion. Remarks that the Socialist Party is not in full accord with his opinion. Tells EVD that the American Civil Liberties Union campaigns for amnesty without referring to any particular person.
Letter to EVD on American Civil Liberties Union letterhead, 1/17/25. Writes that he appreciated the article EVD sent from one of the Terre Haute, Indiana papers. Says that the article will give him a good chance to "take a crack at these fellows."
Copy of letter to V. R. M'Millan on American Civil Liberties Union letterhead, 1/17/25. Writes that he has been informed of the American Legion's resolution criticizing him for speaking at the Open Forum at the First Congregational Church of Terre Haute, Indiana because he was a conscientious objector during the war. Informs M'Millan that free speech is one of America's most cherished traditions. Says that "suppression and censorship are the autocratic weapons of tyrants."
Letter to EVD on American Civil Liberties Union letterhead, 1/27/25. Writes that he is sending EVD copies of the letters the sent to the newspapers of Terre Haute, Indiana.
Copy of letter to the managing editor of the TERRE HAUTE POST on American Civil Liberties letterhead, 1/27/25. Says that on 1/17/25 he sent the TERRE HAUTE POST a copy of the letter he sent to V. R. M'Millan. Writes that he understands that the TERRE HAUTE POST has not published his letter yet. Remarks that it is only fair that his article is published since V. R. M'Millan's was already published in the TERRE HAUTE POST [ Baldwin's letter was later published in the TERRE HAUTE POST on 2/12/25].
Letter to TD, 5/25/28. Writes that the National Committee of the All-America Anti-Imperialist League is "outside the Communist movement" even though its secretary is a member of the Communist Party. Asks that TD consider served as the chair of the National Committee of the All-America Anti-Imperialist League.
Copy of letter from TD, 6/1/28. Says that although he is in "full accord" with the purpose of the All-American Anti-Imperialist League he is unable to serve as its chair because of illness.
Letter to TD, 6/8/28. Asks that TD reconsider chairing the National Committee of the Anti-Imperialist League. Remarks that he would make it an honorary position so that TD does not have to do anything but lend his name to the cause.

Ball, James M.: Telegram to EVD, 11/1/20. Says that the socialist vote will be the largest ever in the upcoming election. Writes that the Democratic Party has made a connection between the African-American race and the ancestry of Warren Harding. Remarks that the Republicans are anti-Catholic.

Bamatter, Siegfried: Letter to TD, 1/6/20. Writes that the members of the International Federation of Socialist and Communist Students think of EVD often. Says that EVD's name has been mentioned at their international congress in Geneva, Switzerland.

Bannister, L. Ward: Letter to EVD, 10/4/15. Asks that EVD speak at the Mile High Club in Denver, Colorado.
Letter from EVD, 10/7/15. Says that he refuses to speak to the Mile High Club because there are mine owners and managers involved in the organization. Says these are the same men who were responsible for the Ludlow massacre.

Banta, Albert: Letter to TD on Carter-Kelley Lumber Company letterhead, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Bard, Helen Hollingsworth SEE ALSO Hollingsworth, J. H.

Bard, Helen Hollingsworth: Letter to TD, 1/12/40. Writes that she deeply appreciated the letter of warmth and sympathy that TD sent to hear after hearing about her father's stroke. Says that J. H. Hollingsworth's stroke was slight because he was able walk again, although with a cane, just three weeks after it occurred. Remarks that J. H. Hollingsworth's visit with TD, Gertrude Debs, and Marguerite Debs Cooper was so good for him. Mentions that she is enclosing a Christmas card which J. H. Hollingworth painted for TD. Includes a note from J. H. Hollingsworth to TD saying that he will always have a warm place in his heart for TD and his family.
Letter to TD, 5/2/40. Tells TD that J. H. Hollingsworth has not been doing so well the past couple of weeks. Says that when he is feeling better he will be sure to write.
Letter from TD, 3/11/43. Sends condolences on the death of J. H. Hollingsworth.
Letter from TD, 4/6/43. Writes that he is glad to know that his letter brought comfort to her. Says that he is glad to know that J. H. Hollingsworth passed away peacefully.
Letter to TD, n.d. Tells TD that she deeply appreciated his comforting words in his letter of condolence. Writes that she was ill when J. H. Hollingsworth passed away. Mentions that she was in the hospital at the time of his funeral. Says that J. H. Hollingsworth is now with the God "he was forever talking and thinking about."
Letter to TD, n.d. Writes that like EVD, TD has a way with words. Says that she is dealing much better with the death of her father. Mentions that she saw an article about TD in a Chicago, Illinois paper which spoke of TD's "illness and brave heart."

Barker, Tom: Letter to EVD on Caplan-Schmidt Defense League letterhead, 7/17/15. Says that he appreciated EVD's contribution of $2.00 to the David Caplan and Mathew Schmidt defense fund.

Barnard, Kate: Letter to EVD on Skirvin Hotel, Oklahoma City, Oklahoma letterhead, 1/5/16.
Says that George Allen England's pending lawsuit will prevent him from publishing her book. Tells EVD that if Putnam Company or Ida Tarbell were to publish her book they would "mollycoddle" it. Asks that the NATIONAL RIP SAW help finance her book. Says that she wants to know if EVD and Kate Richards O'Hare will be coming to Oklahoma City, Oklahoma during the campaign. Mentions that Rose Pastor Stokes may be coming. Says that she owns some property in the red light district which the Chamber of Commerce and the Democratic Party are using to drain her of her funds by charging her more in taxes than she earns by renting her property. Says that she wants the APPEAL TO REASON, the NATIONAL RIP-SAW, and the Charles K. Kerr Publishing Company behind her in her book deal.

Barnes, Mrs. J. Mabel: Photocopy of letter from TD, 2/26/34. Sends condolences on the death of J. Mahlon Barnes.
Letter to TD, 3/7/34. Says that she appreciated TD's letter.

Barnes, J. Mahlon SEE ALSO Fraenkel, Gustave, et al.

Barnes, J. Mahlon: Letter from EVD, 5/31/12. Tells Barnes that he must limit his speaking engagements because he thought his "Red Special" schedule was "inhuman." States that he wants to help make any decisions relating to the way his campaign will be structured. Mentions that Fred Warren thinks it should be a short campaign.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party National Campaign letterhead, 6/27/12. Says that he wants to know if EVD supports him as campaign manager because Robert M. Howe from a Chicago, Illinois Socialist Party local has told him otherwise.
Copy of letter from EVD, 7/2/12. Tells Barnes that he disagrees with his appointment as campaign manager. Says that it is a "mistake" and an "injustice." Writes that Barnes is not to blame because he did not seek the position. Informs Barnes that he blames Morris Hillquit and his cohorts. Says that Morris Hillquit deceived the delegates to the convention. Writes that his mail is loaded with letters protesting Barnes' appointment. Remarks that he plans on issuing a statement in the next few days. Writes that Morris Hillquit has denounced those who disagree with Barnes' appointment as unfit socialists. Says that Morris Hillquit's actions at the convention represented an unmistaken case of "deceit and trickery." Remarks that he hopes to meet with the campaign committee next Sunday.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party National Campaign Committee letterhead, 7/23/12. Asks that EVD tell him how many letters of protest he has received concerning Barnes' appointment, especially from APPEAL TO REASON readers. States that A. M. Simons, John Spargo, and Emil Seidel all cite different numbers. Includes copies of letters to Fred Warren dated 7/21/12 saying that he wants Fred Warren to publish a response to EVD's statement in the APPEAL TO REASON and from L. Wittenberg dated 7/21/12 saying that he believes in Barnes' veracity and does not want to see the Socialist Party torn apart by a referendum vote.
Copy of letter from EVD, 7/24/12. Says that he is going to write Fred Warren to urge him to publish Barnes' statement in the APPEAL TO REASON. Remarks that Fred Warren has been away from Girard, Kansas which might explain why Barnes' statement has not yet appeared. Writes that John Spargo's claim that he received "thousands" of letters protesting Barnes' appointment as campaign manager.
Copy of letter from EVD, 7/25/12. States that he does not know how many letters of protest he has received. Writes that Lincoln Phifer told him that the APPEAL TO REASON's circulation was down because of Barnes' appointment.
Copy of letter from TD, 10/14/12. Writes that he is sending Barnes a copy of EVD's expenses for his campaign tour for the month of September. Says that the expenditures amounted to $913. Remarks that he, EVD, and Ellis Harris will be leaving for Atlanta, Georgia this afternoon. Mentions that he is sending Barnes a check for $100 to deposit.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party letterhead, 10/9/24. States that he is sending form letters in Hebrew and Italian with EVD's signature on them for him to look at. Mentions that Birch Wilson is traveling with Robert LaFollette. Includes copies form letters in Italian and Hebrew.
Letter to EVD and Victor Berger on AMERICAN APPEAL letterhead, 1/22/26. Says that after consulting with Fred Warren and Murray E. King he thinks that the AMERICAN APPEAL should focus on the issue of Prohibition and the Volstead Act. Writes that the Socialist Party's position on the liquor question should be one of state-controlled liquor dispensaries. Includes a copy of Linn A. E. Gale's article saying that there should be state-controlled liquor dispensaries.

Barnes, L. D.: Letter to EVD, 6/17/21. Says that he blames the profiteers for corrupting the government and putting EVD in prison. Writes that he is disappointed with Warren Harding for not releasing EVD.

Barnes, Sara C.: Letter to TD, 1/27/20. Writes that no one can rise to the greatness of EVD. Says that she plans on attending a socialist lecture in the near future.
Letter to TD, 3/28/20. States that his letters are an "elixir" to her. Mentions that she heard a talk given by Scott Nearing. Also mentions that the Lyceum Hall in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania was raided and some socialists were prevented from speaking.
Letter to EVD, 5/13/20. Says that she is writing to congratulate EVD on his nomination. States that she was at the Socialist Party convention where his name was cheered. Tells EVD that TD's letters are her great hope. Note from EVD saying that he appreciated Barnes' comments.
Letter to TD, 12/18/20. Says that she is concerned over TD's welfare. Thinks that TD should rest once EVD is freed. Expresses the hope that EVD will be free by Christmas.
Letter to TD, 4/16/21. States that his letters help her even though she knows he has an avalanche of work. Mentions that Linn A. E. Gale might be deported. Writes that she appreciated the literature that TD sent.
Letter to TD, 8/29/21. Writes that she saw an article in the NEW YORK TIMES that said that EVD will soon be liberated. Mentions that Gale is a librarian at Fort Jay on Governor's Island. Says she wants TD to remember her to William Caldwell.

Barnett, Ida B. Wells SEE Wells-Barnett, Ida B.

Barnett, Major General George: Telegram to EVD, 5/29/17. Asks that EVD make a patriotic speech for the Marine Corps' National Recruiting Week.

Barnhill, John B.: Letter to TD on Hotel Lankershim, Los Angeles, California letterhead, 10/13/05. Says that he could sue Mr. Barnes for libeling him. Writes that some people say that he was exploited on the Chautauqua circuit. Remarks that the debate he had with EVD was prevented from coming off. Asks that EVD see to it that Barnes makes amends. Mentions that he read EVD's article in the APPEAL TO REASON pointing out "what a golden opportunity is wasted at the Chautauqua." Writes that socialist leaders are "afraid" to meet him.
Copy of letter from EVD, 10/20/05. Says that he is not responsible for Mr. Barnes. Tells Barnhill that Barnes is able to take care of his own grievances against him. Remarks that he denies that Barnhill had anything to do with his Presidential campaign. Writes that he gave 100 speeches for which he received no pay. Tells Barnhill that his debate with him was of a personal nature because it was on the Chautauqua platform, not the political platform. Says that Barnhill should have advertised their debate simply as a debate about socialism. Writes that he charges fees when he does not speak before socialist groups because it allows him to speak for free when his services are needed. Says that he thinks that Barnhill overestimates the importance of his challenge to the Socialist Party.

Baroff, Abraham SEE ALSO Sigman, Morris

Baroff, Abraham: Telegram to EVD, signed by Baroff and Morris Sigman, 5/7/24. Expresses the hope that EVD has a speedy recovery from his illness on behalf of the delegates to the 17th International Ladies Garment Workers Union convention.

Barratt, Lillian S. and Starkey, Julia: Letter from Lillian S. Barratt to EVD, 10/1/26. Writes that she and Julia Starkey have many happy recollections of EVD. Expresses the hope that Katherine Debs has fully recovered from her fall. Asks that EVD send her greetings to TD.
Letter from Julia Starkey to EVD, 10/1/26. Writes that when she heard that EVD was returning to Elmhurst, Illinois that she was sad that she was no longer working the switchboard there. Expresses the hope that EVD regains his strength so that he can continue his work. Says that Lillian S. Barratt is visiting her today from San Diego, California. Remarks that she is enjoying California very much. Mentions that she is back at her old job selling Christmas cards.

Barrett, A. C.: Letter to TD and Katherine Debs, 10/29/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Barrymore, Ethel SEE ALSO Lewis, Sinclair

Barrymore, Ethel: Letter to EVD on letterhead for the Ambassador Hotel, Kansas City, Missouri, 4/8/26. States that she is with Sinclair Lewis and L. M. Birkhead, "two damned crazy nuts." Writes that their art is connected to EVD's own life's work.

Bass, Simon: Letter to TD, 11/8/27. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he loves the Socialist Party and EVD.

Baur, Arthur: Copy of letter from TD, 11/6/19. Says that he is writing in regard to the rumor that Baur supposedly started that EVD "would not be where he is if he had not had Theodore riding his back." Writes that he does not think that Baur ever said any such thing. Tells Baur that whoever started the rumor is a "G-d D-----d, white-livered liar."
Letter from TD, 12/2/27. Writes that he knows that Katherine Debs did not probate EVD's last will, but a will that EVD had written 20 years before. Says that in the will that Katherine Debs did not take to court EVD left much of his estate to the Socialist Party. Remarks that EVD said that Arthur Baur and Nellie Baur witnessed the signing of this will. Writes that he is glad that EVD was not alive to see the wrong will probated in court. Mentions that after EVD's death there was talk of creating a Trust Fund for Katherine Debs. Says that for "self-suggestive" reasons the plan has been aborted. Mentions that he will never forget when Baur told him that EVD owed him $150 when it was untrue. Writes that when EVD was in prison Katherine Debs never asked how TD's bills were being paid at the office. Tells Baur that to his knowledge Katherine Debs never contributed a penny towards the release of her husband. Says that it is not to Katherine Debs' credit that she consented to allow Kate Richards O'Hare, who thought Katherine Debs was suffering, to raise a fund to tide Katherine Debs over until EVD got released. Remarks that when he read of the appeal for funds for Katherine Debs he was "shocked, humiliated, indignant." Writes that he made Kate Richards O'Hare take back the money she received. Says that he would never have betrayed EVD's trust.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/20/27. Says that Baur's silence is perfectly understood.

Baur, Dorothy C.: Letter to TD, 10/10/27. Says that she appreciated the copy of WALLS AND BARS that TD sent. Asks that TD tell her if he is happy about the new hotel in Terre Haute, Indiana.

Baur, Oscar: Letter from TD, 10/15/40. Says that he came across a document filed in the county clerk's office saying that he renounced any interest in EVD's estate. Writes that the money inherited by the Baur's from EVD's estate was actually from the estate of Jean Daniel Debs. Remarks that $4,000 of Jean Daniel Debs' estate ended up in the Baur family.

Bavier, G. R.: Letter to TD, 6/8/22. Says that he is grateful for everything that EVD and TD has done for him.

Baxter, Marvin Victor: Letter of 11/3/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Mentions that there will be a memorial service in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on 11/9/26 in EVD's honor.

Beard, Lige: Letter to EVD, 5/30/20. Writes that he supports EVD and anyone else who is "oppressed". Includes a poem titled "Vox Populi, Vox Dei." Asks that EVD try to get the poem published.

Beckstrom, Theodore: Postcard to EVD, 10/18/21. Asks that EVD burn the red flag of revolution and to come out for the "Red, White, and Blue" because socialism is the road to hell. Says that he is going to arouse Protestants to pray for EVD.
Untitled poem to EVD, n.d.

Beckwidth, John F .: Letter to EVD, 10/19/20. Asks that EVD write his impressions of three poems that he wrote.
Note to TD from EVD, n.d. Asks that TD save Beckwidth's letter.
Poem titled "Eyes of the Dawn," 12/15/19. Includes a note from EVD saying that the poem touched him.

Beers, Irving H .: Letter of 6/5/26. Says that he appreciated TD's letter and literature. Expresses the hope that EVD has a complete recovery from his illness.

Beffel, John Nicholas: Letter to TD, 3/11/32. Writes that the April issue of AMERICAN MERCURY will include his article titled "Four Radicals." Says that the article describes his interaction with EVD, William Haywood, Bartolomeo Vanzetti, and Lucy Parsons. Remarks that the magazine will be out in on 3/25/32. Writes that he wonders if TD has read what Clarence Darrow said about EVD in his autobiography. Mentions that Clarence Darrow says that EVD's sympathies were with the allies during the war. Says that Clarence Darrow's comment is libel. Remarks that TD should consider making a public statement refuting Clarence Darrow's claim.
Copy of letter from TD, 3/16/32. Says that EVD never mentioned to him being sympathetic to the allies during the war. Writes that EVD's sympathies were with the victims. Tells Beffel that he has not read Clarence Darrow's book.

Belcher, Lucy H.: Letter to Gertrude Debs, 5/27/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Bell, Herman F.: Letter to TD, 12/13/24. Writes that he sent EVD his book AN INTRODUCTION TO THEOLOGY. Remarks that he appreciated the literature that TD sent.

Bell, Maurine: Letter to EVD, 11/27/20. Expresses the hope that EVD had a nice Thanksgiving. Tells EVD that she is thirteen years old. Says that she thinks that EVD was put in prison for supporting the working class.

Bell, Ralcy Husted: Poem titled "Daisy Debs," 9/?/06.
Poem titled "Daisy Debs" to B. Mary Holberg, 4/21/09.
Poem titled "I Met a Violet," 4/13/20.
Telegram to TD, 10/19/26. Sends his sympathy upon hearing of EVD's illness.
Poem titled "The Three Roses" for TD, Emily Debs Mailloux, and C. Odilon Mailloux, 1/20/27.

Bellush, Bernard: Letter to TD, 2/22/42. Asks that TD send him information regarding EVD's life. Says he is working on his Master's Degree at Columbia University.
Letter to TD, 4/7/42. Writes that he appreciates TD as a "young Socialist, who likes to think of himself as a Jimmy Higgins."
Letter to TD, 7/25/42. Says that he has been reading since the beginning of June about EVD. Writes that he would like to visit TD this summer. Expresses the hope that his thesis does credit to EVD. Mentions that he gave 2 talks at Columbia University about EVD and that they were both well received. Says that although EVD is virtually ignored in the textbooks that the students he talked to will never forget him. Asks that TD tell how many votes EVD received in his campaign of 1916. Expresses the hope that TD is feeling better.
Letter to TD on United States Army stationery, 2/1/43. Tells TD that Columbia University has accepted his thesis on EVD. Says that he appreciated the copies of the NEW LEADER and LABOR that TD he has sent. Mentions that the army is not a place for progressive thought. Expresses the hope that he will be able to visit TD in the near future.
Copy of letter from TD, 2/13/43. Writes that he congratulates Bellush for finishing his degree. Says that he was sorry that he did not get to see Bellush when he said he planned to visit.
Letter to TD on Camp Breckinridge stationery, 2/20/43. Writes that he could not get to Terre Haute, Indiana as he had planned. Mentions that he has almost finished his basic training. Says that he appreciated the James Whitcomb Riley poems that TD sent.
Letter to TD, 8/5/43. Says that he has been negligent in writing TD since visiting him last April. Assures TD that he has thought of him time and time again. Remarks that he appreciated the way TD welcomed him into his home. Mentions that he was at Camp Breckinridge until 2 months ago. Says that military life is "monotonous." Writes that by the time he left the camp he was vice-chair of the Service News Council. Remarks that 2 months ago he was transferred to a munitions outpost in Tennessee. Tells TD that most of the personnel there are from the South. Writes that since he has been in the South he has seen some of the "depressing things" that he had read about occurring there. Says that he has been saddened by domestic event like the riots in Beaumont, Texas; San Francisco, California; and Detroit, Michigan and the attitude of Franklin Roosevelt towards Charles de Gaulle.
Letter to TD on Camp Breckinridge letterhead, 10/19/43. Says that he appreciated the photo of EVD that TD sent. Writes that the photo has become his most prized possession. Tells TD that EVD and Abraham Lincoln are his 2 heroes. Remarks that he is preparing to go overseas. Expresses the hope that he is able to see TD before he leaves.
Photocopy of letter from TD, 11/9/43. Expresses the regret that he has not replied sooner. Writes that he has been ill.
Letter to TD from "Somewhere in Britain," 2/21/44. Says that Robert Ingersoll once wrote, "To plow is to pray, to plant is to prophesy, and the harvest answers and fulfils." Remarks that Robert Ingersoll's name probably brings back many memories for TD. Tells TD that he received his Christmas letter. Writes that he has read John Ray Carlson's UNDERCOVER. Says that John Ray Carlson's work has brought to the public's attention the fascists and reactionary leaders who are in America. Expresses the hope that the book is effective during the next campaign. Writes that he liked William E. Bohn's article on EVD in the book NEW LEADERS. Says that he has always wanted to visit the "progressive" nation of Britain with its Tom Manns, George Bernard Shaws, Sidney Webbs, and Ramsay McDonalds. Writes that he finds the English "charming, pleasant, and friendly." Tells TD that Britain's recent election shows a leftward move in British politics. Says that there is great support for Winston Churchill. Remarks that the political movement in Britain is moving towards Christian socialism.
Letter to TD from "Somewhere in France," 6/29/44. Says that he appreciated TD's last letter. Assures TD that the "insane slaughter" will not last forever.
Letter to TD from "Somewhere in France," 11/14/44. Tells TD that he visited with his brother, Irving Bellush. Says that he had a discussion with Bob Landesman about EVD and Clarence Darrow.
Letter from TD, ?/?/44. Writes that Bellush's letter of November 14th thrilled him. Mentions that Irving Stone, author of CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE, is currently working on a novel about EVD. Writes that he appreciated the flower that Bellush's mother sent him. Says that he came across a clipping by Charles N. Wheeler about John Peter Altgeld titled "Tragedy of John P. Altgeld--How Enemies Killed, 40 Years Ago Today." Remarks that Marguerite Debs Cooper is teaching domestic economy at a junior high school.
Letter to TD from "Somewhere in France," 2/18/45. Says that he appreciated the Christmas basket that TD sent.
Letter to TD, 6/21/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/13/45. Says that both she and Gertrude Debs appreciated Bellush's letter of condolence.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/18/45. Contains same copy as letter dated 8/13/45.
Rough draft of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, n.d. Mentions that TD is ill and that she is responding on his behalf. Asks that Bellush not come to visit because TD is unable to see guests.

Benedict, Mary: Letter to EVD, 11/27/20. Writes that she appreciates, as a twelve year old girl, EVD's message to the children.

Benkert, W. R.: Letter to EVD on North American Accident Insurance Company letterhead, 3/7/20. Writes that the United Christian Party wants to nominate EVD for the presidency in 1920. Asks that EVD tell him if he accepts Christianity. Also asks that EVD tell him if he is elected in 1920 if he would rule by the law of Jesus.

Bennett, H. Scott: Letter to EVD on Hotel Deming, Terre Haute, Indiana letterhead, 8/12/16. Says that he regretted not being able to meet EVD while he was in Terre Haute, Indiana.

Bennington, J. M. H.: Letter to EVD on International Securities Bureau Co. letterhead, 3/23/21. Includes a copy of the letter he received from Senator Arthur Capper in regard to EVD's imprisonment. Also includes a copy of the letter to he sent to Attorney General Harry L. Daugherty asking for the release of EVD.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Says that he appreciates Bennington's fine efforts.

Benroth, J. R.: Letter to EVD, 7/2/21. Writes that EVD represents his ideal of manhood.

Benson, Allan:
Letter to TD, 7/11/12. Says that the editor of PEARSON'S MAGAZINE has promised to send 300 copies of the issue containing his article about EVD. Tells TD that he is glad to know that he liked it. Remarks that he had heard so many people call EVD a "bad man" that he thought it was about time for these people to know the truth. Remarks that Morris Hillquit has submitted his article for publication by the national campaign committee. Informs TD that EVD is worthy of a better biography than the one that is currently out. Remarks that he would like to write a new biography of EVD's life.
Letter to EVD, 2/21/15. Says that he is sending EVD Morris Hillquit's reply to his challenge in the NEW YORK CALL. Writes that he has been a member of the Socialist Party for several years and has never been known as a "trouble-maker." Tells EVD that Morris Hillquit's reasons for opposing the war-referendum are not completely honest. Says that he plans on fighting Morris Hillquit so no one will ever attack him again with "unclean hands." Informs EVD that the Philadelphia Resolution will expire on 4/2/15. Writes that he wants to put it over with EVD's help. Asks that EVD write to the APPEAL TO REASON urging socialists to support the Philadelphia Resolution.
Letter to EVD, 3/19/15. Writes that he did not know that the German socialists demanded the "democratization" of the war-making power. Says that he wants to make this idea take root in the people's minds. Tells EVD that he hopes to have a vote on the issue of democratizing the war-making power this spring. Asks that EVD support his plan to prevent Morris Hillquit and his followers from defeating him. Says that EVD is too generous in regard to what he says of his work.
Copy of letter from EVD, 3/22/15. Says that he felt like Benson was threatening to rebuke him if he did not support Benson's proposition. Writes that although Benson has been spending his time in the war against war he has spent his time in the war against capitalism, "the breeder of war." Tells Benson that he did not like his letter. Says that Benson's many personal claims were more typical of Victor Berger than Benson. Remarks that he gets the feeling from Benson's letter that the whole anti-war movement rests on his shoulders alone. Mentions that his article in the APPEAL TO REASON was written to help Benson in his anti-war crusade. Says that his confidence in Benson is absolute.
Letter to EVD, 3/24/15. Writes that he did not think that EVD's criticisms were justified. Says that he does not see himself as the man who EVD described. Remarks that he is sorry if he misrepresented himself in his previous letter. Tells EVD that he did not mean to give the impression that he was resting the entire world upon his shoulders. Says that if EVD disagrees with the Philadelphia Resolution he does not want him to ask locals to support it. Informs EVD that he did not think that he would have opposition to his demand that war-making become democratized. Mentions that the only support he has received has been from the rank and file. Writes that Victor Berger, A. M. Simons, Oscar Ameringer, Emil Seidel, George Bertrand Russell have not said one word on behalf of the Philadelphia Resolution. Says that only Morris Hillquit has openly fought it. Remarks that Morris Hillquit thinks that he is a fool. Writes that if he is a fool it is because he took people's words at their face value. Says that the war is destroying him because of the way that his father died. Mentions that he notes with pleasure that EVD wrote to the APPEAL TO REASON.
Letter to EVD, 4/1/15. Writes that he read EVD's article in the APPEAL TO REASON with pleasure. Says that he is glad that EVD wrote that he accepted the general thrust of his war-referendum idea. Remarks that he is willing to concede that the Philadelphia Resolution is not letter perfect. Writes that he thinks that Morris Hillquit knows better than to talk the way that he does. Mentions that he received an invitation to sit on the platform during Morris Hillquit's debate with Gardner tomorrow at Carnegie Hall. Writes that he appreciated the way EVD has spoken out on this issue when no one else would. Tells EVD that the Philadelphia Resolution will die tomorrow. Mentions that he thinks that it will die with more than 7,000 votes behind it.
Letter to EVD, 8/25/16. Says that he thinks that this is "America's critical year." Writes that if socialism does not make a good showing in 1916 that a period of "semi-slavery" will be the result only to end with a "physical revolution." Tells EVD that he is doing his best to tell the people that mandatory military service is coming if they do not turn to socialism. Says that he is sorry that he will not be able to take part in EVD's campaign but that he cannot be spared.

Benson, Mrs. H.: Letter to EVD, 12/7/20. Says that she is writing to congratulate EVD on his 1920 Presidential vote. Mentions that she cast her first vote for him.

Bentall, J. O.: Letter to TD, 6/20/19. Says that just as he was writing EVD he heard about his transfer to Atlanta, Georgia. Remarks that he knows nothing except for what he saw in the NEW YORK CALL. Asks that TD forward his letter to EVD. Writes that TD has often been in his thoughts.
Letter to TD, 10/12/19. Writes that it has been a while since he last heard from TD. Says that he thinks of TD and EVD often. Remarks that he grows impatient when he thinks of how long EVD has been in prison. Tells TD that the working class should never have allowed EVD to be imprisoned. Writes that the division in the socialist ranks has practically wrecked the Socialist Party. Says that the capitalist system is "dying hard." Informs TD that labor is finally getting back on its feet. Declares that the Reds won at the baseball diamond, and there are other Reds that will win in the big game for emancipation." Assures TD that he has been true to his post. Says that his prison sentence at the Crow Wing County Jail in Brainerd, Minnesota will be up in a couple of months. Writes that he will be glad to be back in the fight again. Includes a poem titled "Both of Them."
Letter from EVD, 4/3/22. Assures Bentall that he has not been forgotten. Writes that Bentall exhibited the "loftiest courage and fortitude" throughout his trial. Assures Bentall that he has not sacrificed his liberty in vain. Asks that Bentall send his greetings to the rest of the political prisoners. Writes that he will not rest until all of the political prisoners are freed.

Bentley, Alice R.: Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/15/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Beranek, Olga: Letter to EVD, 12/26/19. Says that she is a ten year old girl whose father owns a Bohemian socialist paper called the SPRAVEDLNOSS. Writes that she does not understand why people are imprisoned.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Asks that TD drop her a line of "love."

Bergen, Mrs. Marie A.: Letter to Gertrude Debs, 4/14/45. Sends condolences on TD's death. Mentions that she met EVD and TD.

Berger, Victor: Copy of letter from EVD, 8/10/12. Says that he is disappointed in the position Berger has taken in the J. Mahlon Barnes case. Writes that many members of the Socialist Party know that J. Mahlon Barnes had to resign from his position a few months ago because the charges brought up against him. Remarks that nothing has happened since to clear J. Mahlon Barnes' name. Tells Berger that J. Mahlon Barnes must be removed from his position as campaign manager so that harmony can be restored in the Socialist Party. Mentions that if J. Mahlon Barnes was innocent he would think differently. Says that he wants anyone espousing violence thrown out of the Socialist Party after the election. Writes that he wants to put an end to "Hillquitism" or "bossism" in the Socialist Party.
Report to the National Committee of the Socialist Party, signed by Berger, Adolph Germer, and EVD, 6/6/13. Says that they went to Charleston, West Virginia to investigate the strike situation in West Virginia pursuant to the request of the Socialist Party National Committee. Writes that from the moment of their arrival they were followed by the "henchmen of the mine owners. Says that after several days of investigating conditions they decided to request a visit with Governor Henry Hatfield. Remarks that Henry Hatfield told the committee that he would only meet with EVD. Says that Henry Hatfield disclaimed responsibility for the declaration of martial law. Mentions that the only reason why it remained in effect after he took office was because the United Mine Workers of America wanted it to prevent its miners from being assaulted by the Baldwin-Feltz "thugs." Says that he is trying to give the miners a "square deal." Mentions that the day before EVD met with Henry Hatfield he had released John W. Brown, Fred Merrick, C. H. Boswell, W. K. Thompson, and George S. Parsons. Writes that Henry Hatfield at no time "affirmed a conviction of the military commission." Says that Henry Hatfield said that the workers have a right to organize. Remarks that after EVD met with Henry Hatfield the rest of the investigative committee met with him. Says that Henry Hatfield has been wrongfully accused of wrongs that were committed by his predecessor, including the declaration of martial law and the imprisonment of Mother Jones, John W. Brown, and C. H. Boswell. Mentions that Henry Hatfield's one transgression was the suppression of the socialist papers the SOCIALIST AND LABOR STAR and the ARGUS. Writes that the investigative committee visited Cabin Creek, Paint Creek, and New River, West Virginia. Remarks that the treatment of the miners in these districts has not been exaggerated. Mentions that houses and tens have been shot up indiscriminately. Writes that the occurences in West Virginia will be brought out by the Senate investigation now in progress. Says that the West Virginia legislature has all but abolished the "mine guard system." Remarks that the miners of West Virginia have "fought one of the bravest and bloodiest fights in the industrial history of this country." Mentions that the investigative committee sought to promote a better understanding between the Socialist Party and the United Mine Workers of America.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD on Congress of United States, House of Representatives letterhead, 2/26/29. Writes that he appreciated the clippings TD sent about his interview with the press. Says that the members of Congress feel friendly towards him. Mentions that the feeling could be improved upon.

Berglund, August, et al.: Letter to EVD, signed by Berglund, Ossian Johnson, Valter Gustafson, Emil Johnson, A. Nelson, Henry Carlson, Sigfrid Bjorknian, and Arvid Anderson, 10/28/19. Says that they might be deported back to Sweden for participating, with 112 other young men, in a protest in Rockford, Illinois against militarism. Writes that they got a year's sentence. Tells EVD that they promise to spread the word about EVD, Tom Mooney, and the rest of political prisoners.

Berry, Frederick Forrest: Letter to EVD on Torch of Reason Publishing Company letterhead, 3/8/12. Says that he cannot believe that EVD and Fred Warren has refused to publish a book review for his work THE TORCH OF REASON in the APPEAL TO REASON after all that he has been through. Says that he loves EVD, Fred Warren, and the APPEAL TO REAON. Writes that he once spent a night in jail for passing out the APPEAL TO REAON. Remarks that he fought on behalf of the APPEAL TO REASON in Maine with Charles L. Fox and Curt Perry. Tells EVD that he gave his last dollar once to J. A. Wayland so that he could buy a press. Says that Jack London is a "man." Writes that the whole world has turned its back on him including EVD, Fred Warren, George Brewer, J. A. Wayland, the APPEAL TO REASON, the NATIONAL RIP-SAW, Phil Wagner, and Kate Richards O'Hare. Tells EVD that he wants to know when the APPEAL TO REASON became a tyrant. Mentions that he left the NATIONAL RIP-SAW because the paper was "dealing crooked with the Socialist movement." Says that putting out his book took all that he had and more. Tells EVD that he and his family are "without one dollar in the world." Mentions that if the APPEAL TO REASON reviews his book he will be able to pay off his debts.
Letter from EVD, 3/11/12. States that Berry "must have taken leave of his senses." Informs Berry that he is not responsible for the failure of his book. Writes that the APPEAL TO REASON cannot go back on its policy regarding book reviews. Says that he has done all he can for Berry but that he is not his "book agent."
Letter to EVD on birch tree bark paper, 12/25/20. Says that he thinks that EVD will soon be released from prison. Includes poem titled "To the End" on the back of letter.

Berry, Ray: Letter to EVD on Torch of Reason Publishing Company letterhead, n.d. Asks that EVD get Fred Warren to review the TORCH OF REASON in the APPEAL TO REASON. States that her husband needs a boost.

Best, W. B.: Letter to TD, 10/31/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Bethea, D. A.: Letter to EVD, 1/10/16. Says that he appreciated TD's article in the TERRE HAUTE POST dealing with the "race question." Remarks that he has sent copies to "colored newspapers" in New York, Chicago, and Indianapolis.

Bevere, Zelpha R.: Letter to EVD, 2/1/21. Says that she cannot help but to write EVD. Writes that it is almost like God willed her to do so. Assures EVD that there has not been another man like him on earth since Jesus Christ. Writes that she and a young comrade have organized a Socialist Party local in Eugene, Oregon. Mentions that W. R. Snow and Lena Morrow Lewis have spoken there. Tells EVD that her husband is a Theosophist and believe in evolution. Remarks that Lena Morrow Lewis also believes in evolution. Writes that neither her husband nor Lena Morrow Lewis acknowledges the "divine origin of Jesus the Christ." Tells EVD that if he does not believe in Jesus Christ she does not see on what basis his ideals will stand. Says that she will not accept socialism if its adherents do not have God in their hearts. Asks that EVD not throw away his talent by not accepting Jesus Christ.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Writes that Bevere has lost faith in him while still intent on saving him. Says that he appreciates Bevere's fine spirit.

Bickert, G. Rudolph: Letter to EVD, 11/2/21. Tells EVD that he must "be of good cheer." Remarks that EVD is a prophet.

Bicknell, George: Letter to EVD, 12/22/13. States that he has been writing for the BRIDGEMAN MAGAZINE on labor and literature. Remarks that he has written articles on Walt Whitman, John Ruskin, Horace Traubel, Helen Keller, Nicholas Vachel Lindsay, Oscar Wilde, and James Whitcomb Riley. Mentions that he is starting another series on prominent labor leaders and, as such, says that he would like EVD to send him some literature that would be helpful. Says that he is friends with Nicholas Vachel Lindsay. Remarks that he would like EVD to get to know him. Mentions that Nicholas Vachel Lindsay wrote the poem about John P. Altgeld titled "Eagle Forgotten."
Letter to EVD, 2/19/17. Says that he wants to book EVD for the Chautauqua circuit for the summer of 1918. Writes that he thinks that it would be easy to "sell" EVD at $150. Tells EVD that he has read his article about James Whitcomb Riley that appeared in PEARSON'S MAGAZINE. Mentions that the article was pointed out to him by Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Strauss. Writes that Mr. and Mrs. Isaac Strauss heard about the article from Senator John Kern. Remarks that subscriptions to PEARSON'S MAGAZINE has increased four times since Frank Harris took over the magazine.
Copy of letter from TD, 4/13/17. Writes that EVD has had to cancel his tour because of illness. Says that EVD has agreed to fill one date for Bicknell to save his company from embarrassment. Informs Bicknell that his company will have to take care of the advertising. Assures Bicknell that EVD will say what he wants. Mentions EVD's canceling of speaking engagements because of illness. Discusses the importance of a speaking engagement at St. Peter and states that EVD will try to make it. Also writes that EVD disagrees with the booking of only "patriotic" speakers for the Chautauqua.
Poem titled "My Castle Beautiful," n.d.

Bigelow, Herbert: Letter to EVD on People's Church letterhead, 1/12/21. Tells EVD that he is sending him the Irish story "The Graves at Kilmorna" at T. J. Mulvihill's behest. Says that EVD is the "most effective preacher of Christianity in the world."
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Says that he appreciated Bigelow's letters. Mentions that he once spoke to Bigelow's congregation. Remarks that he remembers T. J. Mulvihill well.

Birkhead, L. M. SEE Lewis, Sinclair

Bishop, Hillman M.: Letter to EVD on Social Problems Club letterhead, 11/14/25. Asks that EVD speak at Columbia University. States that Norman Thomas, Bertrand Russell, Scott Nearing, and William Z. Foster have already done so and that Margaret Sanger shall do so soon.

Bishop, Mae: Letter to EVD, 1/8/20. Writes that she first heard EVD speak on his "Red Special" tour at his stop in Glenwood Springs, Colorado when she was sixteen. Says that she met him afterwards and that EVD took the time to answer her questions. Remarks that after she moved to Salt Lake City, Utah she became involved in the Socialist Party and the People's Council and since joining these organizations she has been blacklisted from the stenographer's union, her home raided, and brought before the Department of Justice. Mentions that her current affiliation is with the Communist Labor Party. Tells EVD that she regrets the splitting apart of the Socialist Party.

Bixler, Mort L.: Letter to EVD on State Fair of Alabama letterhead, 5/17/26. Expresses the hope that EVD has a speedy recovery from his illness.

Bjorknian, Sigfrid SEE Berglund, August

Black, Forrest R.: Letter to EVD on stationery for the Department of Political Science, State University of Iowa, 1/13/26. Asks that EVD help him in supporting an investigation led by Senator Norris of the War Department.

Black, Helen: Letter to TD on THE FREEMAN letterhead, 2/17/21. Says that she appreciated EVD's note written on a part of an envelope. Mentions that she is sending EVD copies of THE FREEMAN. Says that she read Mabel Dunlap Curry's poem titled "Debs."

Black, John: Letter to EVD, 5/12/26. States that he is sorry to hear that EVD is ill.

Blackman, Earl: Letter to EVD on Linwood Christian Church, Kansas City, Missouri letterhead, 6/4/26. Asks that EVD speak before the congregation of the Linwood Christian Church in October. Asks that EVD tell him if he has been getting the CHRISTIAN.

Blackwell, Alice Stone SEE ALSO Sacco-Vanzetti and SEE ALSO Moro, Joseph

Blackwell, Alice Stone: Letter to EVD, 2/24/26. Says that she is sending EVD a letter from Bartolomeo Vanzetti. Writes that she reads the AMERICAN APPEAL with much interest.
Letter to EVD, 8/26/26. Says that she has been sending the AMERICAN APPEAL to Catherine Breshkovsky.
Letter to TD, 11/12/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 11/21/26. Writes that Bartolomeo Vanzetti has written her with some questions about EVD regarding his religious outlook, his part in the killing of Governor Frank Steunenberg of Idaho, and his attitude toward the assassination of Presidents James Garfield and William Mckinley. Mentions that she read the tribute to EVD that appeared in the SEATTLE UNION RECORD.

Blassingham, Stewart E.: Letter to EVD, 12/5/15. Asks that EVD run for Congress in 1916.

Blatch, Harriot Stanton: Letter to EVD on Hotel Bellevue, Washington D. C. stationery, 3/21/21. Says that she is the new director of the Political Amnesty Committee. Asks that EVD send her a statement. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released.
Letter to TD on Women's University Club stationery, 5/9/21. Says that she would like TD to give EVD her regards. Writes that she and one of her brothers are currently working on editing the papers of her mother, Elizabeth Cady Stanton.
Letter to EVD on Women's University Club stationery, 2/9/25. Remarks that she has never met EVD and wishes to do so. Writes that should would like to make arrangements for such a visit.

Blau, Zalkin and Cohen, Attorneys At Law: Form letter, 10/23/17. Says that with Pearson Publishing Company's bankruptcy that all of its property was sold to Allen W. Ricker for a sum sufficient to pay creditors 2 cents on every dollar and the expenses of administration.

Blaylock, Mrs. M. E.: Letter to Mr. and Mrs. TD, 11/16/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Bleich, Marjorie: Letter to EVD, 2/4/21. Says that she has always wanted to know EVD more intimately. Writes that Woodrow Wilson fears EVD's "super-man qualities."

Blenko, Sarah: Letter to TD, 12/10/33. Says that her husband has died. Asks that TD find out if Katherine Debs would mind if her husband's ashes were spread over EVD's grave.
Letter from TD, 12/12/33. Sends condolences on her husband's death. Writes that he and Katherine Debs had a falling out after EVD's death. Says that he is sorry but he will not be able to fulfill Blenko's request.

Bliss, Albert W.: Letter to TD, 6/22/21. Writes that he has been wondering about the possibility of getting EVD some chiropractic adjustments. Says that he was possessed recently by the late Mark Twain who had him scribble down a note explicitly for Helen Keller. Mentions that Robert Ingersoll has possessed him in the past among others, including Andrew Jackson who said that it would be a long time before Woodrow Wilson would be permitted to associate with the other ex-presidents "after passing over." Includes a message to Helen Keller from Mark Twain stating that she must go to Mrs. Harding and plead the case of all political prisoners.
Letter to TD, 7/30/21. Says that he was again possessed by Mark Twain who sent another message for Helen Keller. Includes a message to Helen Keller from Mark Twain asking that she go to Warren Harding and ask him to free the political prisoners.
Letter to TD, 8/9/21. Says that Abraham Lincoln has possessed him and that the "force and power of him was tremendous." Mentions that Lincoln supports EVD's release from prison. Writes that with his powers it is "a pity that the socialist movement does not use [him] at this time."
Letter to TD, 11/11/21. Writes that Robert Ingersoll possessed him and gave a lecture about EVD and the necessity of freeing him.
Letter to EVD, 11/3/21. Says that he is sending EVD a note written to him after Robert Ingersoll possessed him. Writes that EVD is victorious in the "celestial world." Includes a note at the top of the letter from EVD to TD asking TD to save this letter.

Bliss, Mrs. G. M. and Bernard: Letter to EVD and Katherine Debs, 12/20/00. Expresses the hope that EVD and Katherine Debs have a happy New Year. Also expresses the hope that in the twentieth century America will see EVD become the nation's first socialist president.
Letter to EVD, 6/20/21. Says that she prays that EVD will soon be released. Mentions that she and her son often speak of him. Includes note on letter from EVD saying that Bliss is a "blessed soul."

Bliss, Dr. Louis: Letter to EVD, 1/31/21. Says that he lifts up EVD for the sacrifice he is making for "liberty and freedom for the oppressed."

Bliven, Bruce: Letter to EVD on New YORK GLOBE letterhead, 6/8/20. Asks that EVD give an interview for the NEW YORK GLOBE. Includes a note from EVD to TD telling him that if he has not already done so to say to Bliven that prison rules prevent him from fulfilling his request.

Blodgett, ?: Letter to EVD, 10/25/20. Says that he is writing to give EVD some ideas for future articles.

Boardman, Harry: Telegram to Mrs. TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Boardman, Helen SEE ALSO Moore, Samuel

Boardman, Helen: Letter to EVD, 5/6/21. Asks that EVD give her some advice about Samuel Moore, a fellow inmate of EVD's at the penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 5/7/21. Says that he has had close contact with Samuel Moore. Remarks that if it were up to him he would release Samuel Moore at once.
Letter to EVD, 5/20/21. Says that she is grateful that EVD has faith in Samuel Moore.
Letter to TD, n.d. Writes that she appreciates EVD's stance on Samuel Moore and hopes it will go a long way to counter statements that say he is criminally insane. Mentions that Warden Zerbst told her that EVD "was the only man he ever knew who actually lived the teachings of Christ."

"Bobby and Polly:" Telegram to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Bock, Herman: Letter to TD, 12/19/43. Says that work has prevented him from keeping in contact. Remarks that he has "not been cast off like an old shoe" and that he has a responsible position. Mentions that social security "will be in an idealistic stage for a very long time." Writes that he wonders why inflation goes unacknowledged.

Bogart, Guy: Letter to TD, 11/28/15. Remarks that he is sorry to hear of TD's entanglement in Socialist Party affairs in Terre Haute, Indiana. Says that the Los Angeles, California local is in "seeming" harmony at the moment. Writes that he does not blame EVD for not accepting the Presidential nomination. Mentions that Howard Caldwell is having financial problems since the Los Angeles city council has legislated against street meetings and the local Socialist Party office cannot help him, having financial problems of its own.
Letter to TD on Los Angeles, California Local Socialist Party letterhead, 11/30/15. Writes that his and Caldwell's efforts to get J. Mahlon Barnes elected as national secretary have failed which is unfortunate because of the need for a "revolutionist" at this post. Mentions that the position is now between Walter Lanferseik and Carl Thompson. Asks that TD run for national secretary because he is the one man around whom all socialists can unite.
Letter from TD, 12/7/15. Writes that he cannot run for the position of national secretary of the Socialist Party. Says that he appreciates everything that Bogart has done for the cause.
Photocopy of postcard to TD and Gertrude Debs, postmarked 12/29/16. Says that he is writing to send greetings.
Letter to EVD on Llano Publications letterhead, 1/8/18. Tells EVD that he will be glad to represent EVD in the S. M. J. Craven land matter. Says that he appreciated EVD's remarks concerning his "reviews and other writings." Writes that he hopes that Kate Richards O'Hare will not have to suffer for long.
Letter to Cameron H. King on United States Steel Products letterhead, 1/8/18. Says that he is writing to inform King that he is acting as EVD's representative in the matter of a property transfer to the state Socialist Party executive committee.
Letter to TD on Los Angeles, California Local Socialist Party letterhead, 4/15/18. Says that Cameron King and the executive committee have handled the transfer of EVD's property with great inefficiency. Mentions that Philip Wagner has merged the SOCIAL REVOLUTION with the PALADIN to create a new magazine called the SOCIAL BUILDER. Also mentions that Lincoln Phifer "seems to be on the verge of big expansion."
Letter to Cameron H. King, 4/25/18. Says that time enough has passed for the transfer of the property to go through. Writes that if the executive committee does not want the property EVD will make other arrangements.
Letter from Boni and Liveright Publishers, 4/22/19. States that Boni and Liveright Publishers would be willing to publish a biography of EVD if it is not inferior to already published accounts, if it uses recent materials, and if it had a special preface written by EVD.
Letter to Boni and Liveright Publishers on letterhead for the NEW JUSTICE, 4/28/19. Says that he will consult TD about writing a biography of EVD's life.
Poem titled "Saint Gene of Terre Haute," 5/14/20.
Letter to TD, 5/17/20. Says that he is spending the day with Faith Chevaillier and Mr. and Mrs. Armstrong. Writes that Ruth Le Prade wants a poem from Max Ehrmann for her book DEBS AND THE POETS. Tells TD that Max Ehrmann is disappointed with EVD because after spending "twenty years trying to tell the American people that Gene was not a revolutionist" EVD now "wants a bloody civil war." Remarks that Le Prade has stricken Max Ehrmann off of her list. Mentions that Walter Hurt is in poor physical condition. Also mentions that he has been informed that he is on the "Committee of 48."
Letter to TD, 8/7/20. Says that voting for EVD is the least he can do after all the EVD has done for him. Mentions that radical publications are having a hard time. Writes that Ruth Le Prade has planned a speaking tour of Washington in September and that Lena Morrow Lewis is up there as a national organizer. Mentions that Ethel Lynn is doing work for the Non-Partisan League. Says that he wonders how Rella Ritchell is doing. Tells TD that it is too bad that Lincoln Phifer had to give up publishing the NEW WORLD. Includes a poem titled "The Russian Jew is My Race."
Letter to TD on Los Angeles Local Socialist Party Letterhead, 9/11/20. Mentions that Walter Hurt has retired from the "firing line" out of necessity. Also mentions that Ruth Le Prade is still seeking a publisher for DEBS AND THE POETS.
Letter to EVD, 12/19/20. Tells EVD that a copy of Ruth Le Prade's DEBS AND THE POETS has reached him and that it stands as a beautiful tribute.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Writes that he appreciated Bogart's beautiful tribute to him.
Letter to TD, 12/19/20. Mentions that Upton Sinclair has sent him a copy of Ruth Le Prade's DEBS AND THE POETS. Expresses the hope that TD has a Merry Christmas.
Copy of Letter to TD, 12/19/20. Contains same text as other letter dated 12/19/20.
Letter to EVD, 9/29/21. Writes that he wants to once more clasp EVD's hand. Says that the world has changed a lot since 1914. Tells EVD that there are too many people who speak of the newer social order as a "vague meaningless term." Remarks that too many people who have derided the dynamics of love. Asks that EVD tell him if he has read any of Ralph Adams Cram's books, THE NEMESIS OF MEDIOCRITY, THE SINS OF THE FATHERS, THE GREAT THOUSAND YEARS, WALLED TOWNS, or SUBSTANCE OF GOTHIC. Mentions that Ralph Adams Cram's books are "wonderfully dynamic." Also mentions that some of Ralph Adams Cram's views are similar to those of Lincoln Phifer. Remarks that he has made a return to the truths of mysticism. Assures EVD that he will be a "model for untold ages as to conduct and fortitude." Tells EVD there is much educational work that needs to be done.
Letter to EVD on Tagore Players letterhead, 10/30/21. Writes that Rose Murphy Hillis asked him to speak at the annual James Whitcomb Riley Celebration this year. Remarks that Rose Murphy Hillis read James Whitcomb Riley's "October Days." Mentions that EVD's name came up several times during the evening. Assures EVD that he is always in his thoughts. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that Bogart is "full of love and idealism as an orange is of juice."
Letter to TD and Katherine Debs on Church of the Dawn letterhead, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD on Church of the Dawn letterhead, 11/7/26. Tells TD that he needs a rest. Remarks that he recently saw Ruth Le Prade.
Copy of letter to TD, 11/7/26. Contains same text as other letter dated 11/7/26.
Letter to TD, 11/20/26. Says that he wishes that TD could come to California.
Letter to TD, 7/1/38. Writes that he is sorry to hear that TD is ill.
Letter to TD, 9/23/38. Expresses the hope that TD's health has improved.
Letter to TD, 9/28/38. Writes that he appreciated the article TD sent on Markle Mill from the TERRE HAUTE STAR. Remarks that he just received a letter from Upton Sinclair. States that the people of California are determined "in spite of hell and high water" to do something, even if Franklin Roosevelt, liberals, and radicals alike look down on them.
Letter to TD on Beaumont Defense Council letterhead, 9/16/44. Says that he is sorry to hear of TD's illness. Writes that he is sorry to hear of the death of Anne Bowles Wiley. Mentions that Ruth Le Prade is working on publicizing her new book THE POETS GARDEN.
Letter to TD on Beaumont Defense Council letterhead, 12/7/44. Writes that he has always seen TD and EVD as "GENEANDTHEODORE" in his mind. Mentions that Ruth Le Prade is working on a biography of Faith Chevalier.
Letter to TD on House of Duncan-Bogart letterhead, 4/26/45. Writes that he relived his time in Terre Haute, Indiana when TD sent him a copy of the pictorial that appeared in the TERRE HAUTE TRIBUNE. Says that the Rose Polytechnic is all new, the YMCA looks completely different, and Indiana State College has been greatly enlarged. Asks that TD give his best wishes to Marguerite Debs Cooper and Gertrude Debs. Mentions that in addition to her biography Ruth Le Prade is working on a new book of poetry.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/20/45. Says that he was sorry to hear of Max Ehrmann's death. Remarks that they had been friends for almost 40 years. Mentions that Max Ehrmann, Paul Dresser, and EVD are all synonymous with the "great worth of Terre Haute."
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 5/26/46. Says that he is writing to wish Marguerite Debs Cooper a happy birthday. Mentions that he has spent some time reading Irving Stone's CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE and Theodore Dreiser's THE BULWARK.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/1/47. Says that it has been 34 years since he and his wife first left Terre Haute, Indiana. Writes that "we are coming evidently into some sort of industrial feudalism."
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Beaumont Chamber of Commerce letterhead, 3/30/47. Writes that he was busy during the great "tax harvest." Says that he was sorry to hear of the death of Mabel Dunlap Curry. Mentions that he once had a class taught by her husband Charles Curry.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Beaumont Chamber of Commerce letterhead, 5/18/47. Says that he is writing to wish Marguerite Debs Cooper a happy birthday.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Beaumont Chamber of Commerce letterhead , 7/11/47. Says that he appreciated Marguerite Debs Cooper's letter and the clippings she sent telling him of the death of Mrs. Lyons.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/31/47. Writes that he appreciated the air mail telling him to listen to a radio broadcast but that he was out of town when it arrived. Remarks that he missed the program.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/29/47. States that he just met with Irving Stone in San Bernardino, California. Mentions that it brought back a flood of memories to him.
Poem titled "Theodore the Beloved" to TD, n.d. Includes three copies.

Bohn, Frank: Letter to TD on INTERNATIONAL SOCIALIST REVIEW letterhead, 9/25/11. Says that he is writing TD to thank him for running for national secretary of the Socialist Party. States that Mary Marcy and Charles H. Kerr agree with him that it is time for the revolutionists to regain control of the National Executive Committee. Tells TD that other possible revolutionist candidates are William Haywood, Harry Slobodin, James Maurer, and Mayor Duncan of Butte, Montana. Asks that TD tell him what he thinks of these men.
Letter to TD on INTERNATIONAL SOCIALIST REVIEW letterhead, 10/3/11. Says that he was visited by William Haywood. States that next year will be a crucial one for the Socialist Party and its 100,000 members. Asks that TD reconsider running for National Secretary.
Letter from TD, 10/5/11. States that his physical condition prevents him from handling the responsibilities of the Socialist Party's national secretary but will consider the matter thoroughly.
Letter from TD, 10/7/11. Writes that after much consideration he cannot run for National Secretary. Says that he presently renders a greater service to the Socialist Party than he could ever do as national secretary.
Letter to TD on INTERNATIONAL SOCIALIST REVIEW letterhead, 10/14/11. States that he understands why TD does not run for National Secretary but still thinks that he is the best choice.
Letter to EVD, 12/20/15. Asks that EVD run for President in 1916. States that Charles Edward Russell, while he has a good heart, does not have a head for socialism and would not make a good replacement for EVD.

Bohn, William E.: Letter from TD, 10/28/43. Says that he has read Bohn's article in the NEW LEADER. Tells Bohn that EVD was "unqualifidely opposed to communism, as he was to dictatorship." Writes that even though EVD hated the communists they have had the gall to claim themselves as the inheritors of EVD's ideas. States that he cannot believe the communists attempt to associate EVD's name with communism and its "ill-smelling practices."
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/15/48. Says that she wants to discontinue her subscription to the NEW LEADER because of an article that appeared by August Claessens in which he stated that TD did not get along with Katherine Debs. Writes that this statement was not true.

Bon, Fred SEE Augusto, Allie

Bonsall, Charles: Letter to EVD on Charles Bonsall Fruit Growers Nurseries letterhead, 12/21/19. Says that he wished that he could take EVD's place in prison. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that Bonsall is a dear old comrade. Asks that TD send his love to the Bonsall family.
Letter to TD and Katherine Debs, 10/24/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death with a poem titled "The Voyage."

Bookstaber, Anna: Letter to EVD on Southern Textile Improvement Company letterhead, 4/30/21. Mentions that she is a member of the Metropolitan Opera Company and wanted to see EVD while she was in Atlanta, Georgia but prison regulations prevented it. Says that she is a member of the Young People's Socialist League as well as a member of the Socialist Party.

Borah, William E.: Letter to EVD on United States Senate letterhead, 6/9/13. Writes that the Senate has authorized an investigation of conditions in West Virginia. Says that the investigation will begin tomorrow. Asks that EVD tell him if he has been to West Virginia lately. Writes that any information that EVD could provide on the situation would be helpful.
Letter to EVD on United States Senate letterhead, 6/18/13. Writes that he does not know if he met Mr. Gerner or not. Assures EVD that the Senate's investigation has been "pretty thorough."
Letter to EVD on United States Senate letterhead, 6/23/13. Asks that EVD tell him if he has any suggestions for witnesses who would be willing to go before the Senate investigative committee and give testimony.
Copy of letter from EVD, 6/26/13. Says that there are a number of people who should be heard by the Senate investigate committee including Mother Jones, John Brown, W. H. Thompson, C. H. Boswell, and Fred Merrick, who were all tried and sentenced under martial law. Writes that he wonders why none of the officials of Kanawha County were questioned. Mentions that he has heard that powerful influences have shielded Henry Hatfield. Tells Borah that he wants to inform him of the case of W. H. Thompson whose newspaper the SOCIALIST AND LABOR STAR was suppressed. Mentions that he heard that W. H. Thompson was not allowed the opportunity to tell his story.
Letter to EVD on United States Senate letterhead, 6/28/13. Says that he will bring EVD's letter to the attention of the members of the investigative committee. Mentions that the Senate investigative committee called Henry Hatfield, the sheriff, and the president of the military court. Writes that he expected Mother Jones to be put on the stand.
Copy of letter from EVD, 7/2/13. Says that he thinks that Sheriff Bonner Hill should be thoroughly questioned by the Senate's investigative committee about his role in the suppression of W. H. Thompson's paper and the shootings in several mining villages.
Copy of letter from EVD, 7/8/13. Writes that W. H. Thompson says that the Senate's investigative committee never questioned Henry Hatfield or the sheriff. Mentions that Bonner Hill never was asked about his role in the shootings in several mining villages.
Letter to EVD on United States Senate letterhead, 7/10/13. Writes that EVD's observations will be brought to the attention of the Senate's investigative committee. Says that he was not present when the shootings were looked into.

Borland, Jane: Letter from TD, 12/15/44. Writes that he is shocked to hear about the serious illness of W. P. Borland.

Borland, W. P.: Letter to TD, 5/1/07. Says that he is writing to send TD a package of American Railway Union papers, saved from the old Social Democracy of America office.
Remarks that what he did not save probably went to the junk pile.
Letter to TD, 12/?/15. Says that "he who is neither master nor servants, tell him to life content, for he has a sweet existence."
Letter to TD, 11/7/20. Says that he is frustrated by EVD's conviction. Writes that he received a letter from Estie Bowers that said that Cyrus Field Willard converted EVD to socialism. Tells TD that these are the times that try men's souls.
Copy of letter to Estie Bowers, 11/7/20. Says that he has known EVD for the past 30 years. Writes that Cyrus Field Willard did not convert EVD to socialism. Tells Bowers that EVD was converted to socialism by the "pressure of economic conditions." Writes that although Victor Berger helped with EVD's conversion he was not responsible for his conversion either. Says that Cyrus Field Willard did not become a socialist until after EVD did. Remarks that he knows this from working with Cyrus Field Willard on the Social Democracy of America's Colonization Commission. Tells Bowers that Cyrus Field Willard was a Theosophist. Says that his Theosophism caused his separation from the colony movement.
Copy of letter from TD, 3/16/26. Sends condolences on death of Borland's son, Wilfred P. Borland, Jr.
Letter to TD on Interstate Commerce Commission letterhead, 10/27/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 11/15/26. States that his wife died soon after EVD.
Letter to TD, 12/24/29. States that he has lost faith in people's ability to "know that the social good and the individual good were identical." Remarks that he wants to live long enough to see the Russians "make a go of it."
Letter to TD, 2/23/30. Says that he has been thinking back to the old Social Democracy of America days. Writes that he can still see Laurence Gronlund slowly starving to death from lack of clothes. Tells TD that he remembers Joe Swerzgen who was a life saver whenever he made a "killing in the wheat pit." Mentions that he remembers Little Johnson James Hogan, John F. Lloyd, Cyrus Field Willard, Seymour Stedman, Sylvester Keliher, Joe Finn, and George Koop. Says that they were all "filled with the enthusiasm of evangelists, and out to remake the world in the interest of the common man." Remarks that he met Victor Berger quite frequently when he was a member of Congress. Mentions that when he last saw Seymour Stedman he was in some trouble. Asks that TD give him the addresses of A. S. Edwards and John Lloyd. Remarks that he heard that John Lloyd became a Christian Scientist. Writes that the labor movement is a "dud." Tells TD that William Green is the "greatest fat head that ever was indicted into a position of leadership in the labor movement." Says that the labor leaders have become "obsessed with the idea of co-operating with their masters." Mentions that he is now 70 and is going to retire in 2 years.
Letter to TD, 11/8/31. Writes that he was sorry to hear that both TD and Gertrude Debs are ill. Says that he was sorry to hear that Frank Roderus, "one of the old war horses in the Social Democracy," died. Writes that he was sorry to hear that Seymour Stedman has been indicted. Remarks that John Lloyd is as radical as ever. Tells TD that changing the outlook of the "wage slave" is a thankless task. Remarks that he is going to send TD a copy of William S. Graves's book about the use of American troops in Siberia, Russia. Writes that the leaders of the labor movement are "grafting opportunists."
Letter to TD, 12/28/34. Tells TD that he is feeling much better. States that, "We have Socialists, Communists, Tedhnocrats [sic], Utopians, Townsendites, Martinites, Progressives, Fascists, Standpatters, Third Partyites, and New Dealers, all with formulas which they are ready to fight for at the drop of the hat, but unwilling to give an inch to resolve differences which promise to redound to the benefit of the great mass of human beings . . ." Writes that the conflict between "New Dealers" and "Standpatters" will result in a compromise that will lead to fascism. Remarks that the development of a united proletarian front is nothing but an idle dream. Tells TD that the results of the last election were pathetic. Says that even with the New Deal there has been "no appreciable diminution in the ranks of the unemployed." Mentions that he recently heard from John Lloyd who went to Chicago, Illinois to visit Joe Finn, Tom Stanton, and Seymour Stedman.
Letter to TD, 1/5/35. Writes that he is sending TD George Shoaf's article that appeared in the last issue of the GUARDIAN. Says that he has been reading Ameringer's confessions with great interest. Informs TD that the new party is catching on. Remarks that he agrees with George Shoaf that there is a trend towards fascism but that he disagrees that the danger can be averted by creating an organization that is socialist in all but name.
Letter to TD, 11/30/35. Writes that his daughter has died.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/1/35. Sends condolences on Borland's loss.
Letter to TD, 12/16/35. Writes that he and his son have moved into an apartment hotel.
Letter to TD, 2/19/36. Writes that he wished that all people had the right to a pension "not through the operation of any such fantastic and uneconomic scheme as the so-called Townsend Plan, but by means of a scientific, economically workable, scheme of Social Security." Says that he has read a pamphlet by James Warburg titled "Hell Bent for Election." Tells TD that Al Smith made an argument similar to Warburg's before a Liberty League meeting in Washington D. C. Remarks that their argument is that the Franklin Roosevelt administration has been putting in effect the demands contained in the socialists' 1932 platform. Says that the New Deal's tendency is towards socialism. Mentions that in 1903 he told Gaylord Wilshire that socialism would be adopted in America in 5 years to avert starvation. Writes that Gaylord Wilshire told him that "We can have it (Socialism) by voting for the Socialist party whenever we please." Tells TD that socialism is a stage of development, not simply the triumph of a political party. Writes that if Franklin Roosevelt wants to retain his power he will have to extend the area of state control.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, 6/12/36. Says that he writing to send his greetings from Oregon.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, 6/12/36. Says that he is writing to send his greetings on his way to Seattle, Washington.
Letter to TD, 10/6/36. Writes that he is sorry to hear that TD's sister is ill. Remarks that it saddens him to think how many of his friends have died.
Letter to TD, 11/12/36. Sends condolences on the death of TD's sister. Says that he was "flabbergasted" that Franklin Roosevelt was reelected President. Writes that this was the first election where the labor vote was more than just a joke. Remarks that he wonders what the workers are going to do with their new found power. Tells TD that the Republican Party is on its way out and socialism on its way in.
Letter to TD, 11/18/36. Writes that he just returned from a visit with John Lloyd. Says that there was a fire in John Lloyd's apartment building.
Letter to TD, 11/28/36. Asks that TD tell him about John Stuart and how he came to write a biography about EVD. Includes a clipping from the NEW MASSES in which John Stuart asks for materials about EVD.

Borough, Rube: Letter from TD, 6/13/31. Asks that the LOS ANGELES RECORD print his letter. Includes a note from Borough saying that TD should not stir matters up again.
Letter from TD, 6/13/31. Says that he wants the readers of the LOS ANGELES RECORD to know that a man named Ernest Eugene Debs, who is posing as EVD's nephew, is nothing but a "brazen impostor and a rank fraud."
Letter from TD, 6/13/31. Contains same text as other letter dated 6/13/31 with the inclusion of a rough draft of a letter on the back thanking some comrades for a copy of "He Stirreth the People."
Letter from TD, 6/29/31. Tells Borough that he disagrees with his position. Expresses the regret that the LOS ANGELES RECORD will not publish his statement.

Bossenberger, Florence: Letter to TD, 3/19/20. Writes that a meeting attended by members of the Industrial Workers of the World and socialists in De Moines, Iowa she came out in support of EVD and his anti-war agenda. Remarks that she has had a run-in with the Greater Iowa Association and the CIA. Says that she has been labeled a "Red Menace," which has made her known throughout the state, especially among the Women's Christian Temperance Union members and the members of the Nurses Suffrage Association. Writes that she has been calling herself "Your Bolshevik friend." Mentions that the Iowa members of the World War Veterans are trying to open the door to the "Committee of 48." Remarks that most of the socialists in Iowa are just "marking time." Tells TD that the world war was a capitalist one. Writes that she sent some American Freedon Foundation literature to Sears and Roebuck on her last grocery order.

Botwinik, Elsie: Letter to TD, 11/9/26. Says that she wants to thank TD for his letter. Writes that she told her class about EVD. Includes a speech which she gave on 10/25/26 which says that she is the fourteen year old daughter of B. Botwinik of the JEWISH DAILY FORWARD.

Boughner, Inez M.: Letter to EVD, 12/18/20. Writes that she is the "girl" who handles the switchboard at the Socialist Party national headquarters. Says that Winnie Branstetter asked her to help make up a Christmas box for a little girl of a needy family. Tells EVD that the girl is one of 8 children and is 6 years old. Writes that 2 of the children have been taken out of school to help support the family.

Boult, J. N.: Letter to TD, 11/5/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Bowers, Claude G.: Copy of letter from EVD, 5/3/13. Writes that he is gratified that Senator John Kern is determined to investigate the coal strike in West Virginia. Tells Bowers that "world of labor" is aroused over the brutal treatment that Mother Jones has received in West Virginia. Remarks that John Kenneth Turner was in West Virginia for several weeks writing articles for the APPEAL TO REASON. Says that he has written to the readers of the APPEAL TO REASON urging them to back Senator Kern in his "fight."
Letter to EVD on United States Senate letterhead, 5/7/13. Writes that Senator John Kern appreciates EVD's support. Mentions that John Kern has received many letters from Terre Haute, Indiana as a result of EVD's mass meeting.
Letter to EVD on EVENING WORLD letterhead, 10/10/24. Writes that he appreciated the autographed book that EVD sent. Asks that EVD tell him if he has seen "such a condition politically." Says that Presidential candidate Robert LaFollette has a 30,000 majority in the Democratic stronghold of the Bronx. Writes that the Presidency will go to Calvin Coolidge. Mentions that he is working on a book about Alexander Hamilton and Thomas Jefferson.
Telegram to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter of EVD on Journal-Gazette Company, Fort Wayne, Indiana letterhead, 5/16/?. Says that there is an article about EVD published in the Fort WAYNE JOURNAL-GAZETTE.

Bowers, Estie Berger: Letter to EVD, 11/6/20. Tells EVD that she is pleased with his vote total for the 1920 election and the Socialist Party vote as a whole. Mentions that she and several of her family members voted the straight socialist ticket. Writes that she wants to see Kate Richards O'Hare and EVD released prison.
Letter to EVD, 11/24/20. Says that she is sorry for all the suffering. Mentions that the factories in Winston-Salem, North Carolina factories are cutting workers' wages. Says that Reynolds Tobacco Company will be shutting down the month of December.

Bowers, Florence Wattles: Letter to TD on E. P. Dutton and Co. letterhead, 1/30/35. Says that she is writing TD after receiving word about him from Rella Ritchell and Lena Morrow Lewis. Writes that her father was W. D. Wattles, who was a friend of J. H. Hollingsworth. Tells TD that a new biography should be written of EVD's life. Remarks that EVD's biography should do for EVD What Carl Sandburg's biography has done for Abraham Lincoln. Assures TD that no book about EVD can be written without TD's help. Mentions that the younger generation knows almost nothing about EVD's contributions to the movement.
Copy of letter from TD, 2/20/35. Says that he has not written sooner because he has been ill. Writes that he has many fond memories of people like J. H. Hollingsworth and Frederick Strickland. Says that he would be glad if Carl Sandburg wrote a biography of EVD, especially since EVD held Sandburg in such high regard.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/23/36. Says that he appreciated Bowers' letter and poem written by her father. Mentions that he received a letter from J. H. Hollingsworth on the same day.
Letter to TD, 9/8/39. Says that C. Vann Woodward will probably write the most interesting biography of EVD's life. Tells TD that C. Vann Woodward's biography of Tom Watson got a "grand send off." Mentions that she thinks that it would be better if Carl Sandburg did it. Tells TD that a young author is also interested in the project.

Bowers, Henry: Letter to TD, 1/17/16. Tells TD that his father died, an organizer of the Toledo, Ohio local of the Socialist Party. Says that he wants EVD to speak at his father's funeral.
Letter to EVD, 1/29/16. Writes that even through illness his father never lost interest in socialism and, as such, appreciates EVD's kind words of sympathy.

Bowes, Julian: Poem titled "Greetings for 1921!," 12/23/20.

Boyd, Harriette E.: Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, postmarked 10/26/08. Says that she wants Marguerite Debs Cooper to come on board the "Red Special" before the end of tour.
Photocopy of postcard to Gertrude Debs, postmarked 10/29/08. Writes that she is glad that Marguerite Debs Cooper will be able to ride the Red Special before the end of its tour.

Boyd, L. SEE Smith, E. A.

Boyer, R. E.: Letter to TD on R. E. Boyer Financial Agent letterhead, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he knew EVD in the 1870s as well as John G. Weeley, Robert Flynn, John Logan. Mentions that he always thought that EVD would be as eminent as Herman Hulman.

Bradley, Charles, et al.: Telegram to EVD, 12/28/15, signed by Bradley, J. E. Snider, H. C. Tuck, John Altman, and P. Coudrey. Asks that that EVD accept the 1916 nomination for President on behalf of OAKLAND WORLD and the Oakland, California Local of the Socialist Party.

Bradon, Jack: Letter to TD on International Workers' Aid letterhead, 10/29/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Brannin, Laura: Letter to TD on Seattle Labor College letterhead, 10/25/26. Sends condolences on behalf of the Seattle Labor College on EVD's death.

Branstetter, Otto: Telegram to EVD, 4/3/20. Writes that he is sending EVD greetings to commemorate the anniversary of his incarceration. Says that EVD is a beacon of light to the "suffering masses" and his words are "winged messengers that are arousing the people from their slumber."
Telegram to EVD, 11/3/20. Says that he is writing to congratulate EVD on his efforts in the 1920 Presidential campaign. Writes that the American people have repudiated Woodrow Wilson, A. Mitchell Palmer, and Albert S. Burleson. Tells EVD that he fared better than Allan Benson, the 1916 Socialist Party candidate for President, in New York, Wisconsin, California, Minnesota, and Rhode Island. Writes that he appreciates EVD's courage.
Letter from EVD, 12/25/20. Asks that Branstetter write a note to the press thanking the "fine and devoted comrades of ours" for their holiday greetings to him.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party letterhead, 4/4/21. Writes that the sizes of the Socialist Party's petitions for amnesty are not what he would have liked them to be. Tells EVD that the demonstration must not be put off. Remarks that the Socialist Party's amnesty campaign is being sabotaged by Samuel Gompers and Lucy Robins. Assures EVD that the Socialist Party has made every effort to work with Lucy Robins. Writes that the Industrial Workers of the World and the communists also oppose the Socialist Party's amnesty campaign because they object to asking for or accepting amnesty from a capitalist government. Says that he wished that there was a united militant group within the Socialist Party that could withstand these critics. Remarks that Norman Hapgood is working earnestly on behalf of amnesty even though he is writing for a publication owned by William Randolph Hearst. Mentions that Norman Hapgood is working for amnesty in his own way. Says that he does not think Norman Hapgood, a writer for a Hearst publication, Samuel Gompers, or Lucy Robins will hold much sway with a Republican administration in the first place on the amnesty issue. Tells EVD that the only way amnesty can be secured from the President is by having radical groups make a fight. Mentions that Warren Harding and Harry Daugherty met with representatives from the Socialist Party on 4/13/21. Assures EVD that the war hysteria is dying down. Informs EVD that the Socialist Party has never been weaker. Says that this weakness is a result of the war. Writes that the members of the Socialist Party needs to learn to work together. Remarks that although EVD indicated in a previous letter that he thought that the Socialist Party was making a mistake in its amnesty campaign he did not say how so. Says that he inferred from EVD's letter that the Socialist Party needs to work more closely with Lucy Robins. Mentions that the Socialist Party is being assisted by the American Civil Liberties Union, the Industrial Workers of the World's General Defense Committee, the Inter-Collegiate Socialist Society, Norman Thomas, and John Haynes Holmes. Remarks that he would like to come to Atlanta, Georgia to discuss this matter over with EVD in person.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party letterhead, 9/30/21. Says that he was delighted to hear from James Mauer that EVD was doing well. Writes that Walter Norris sent him a statement from Spike Moore which criticized Samuel Castleton's handling of political prisoners. Remarks that Spike Moore says that Samuel Castleton has, without EVD's consent, represented himself as EVD's attorney. Asks that EVD verify Spike Moore's statement. Also asks that EVD give his permission to make a pamphlet out of his Canton, Ohio speech.
Copy of letter to Warren G. Harding, 10/26/21. Says that he is writing to remind Harding of his promise to release EVD. Writes that he understands that Harry Daugherty has already recommended that he be pardoned. Tells Harding that the pardon when it comes should not be a limited or conditional one that does not restore EVD's full citizenship rights.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party letterhead, 11/25/21. Writes that EVD's Canton, Ohio speech has gone to the press. Says that there are some errors in it which he will bring up in a foreword. Mentions that the Prison Comfort Club has sent Thanksgiving shipments to the Socialist Party's political prisoners. Remarks that Bertha Hale White is now in charge of amnesty work in Washington. Says that she her work is "very effective." Writes that the Socialist Party's executive committee has sent out an invitation in accordance with the decision agreed upon at the Detroit Convention for a conference to create an organization akin to the British Labour Party. Mentions that he does not know what the outcome of such a conference would be. Remarks that the proposition for a new organization has been published in the SOCIALIST WORLD. Tells EVD that C. O. Sherman has cancer. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that Branstetter handled the publishing of the Canton, Ohio speech just as he would have wished. Says that Branstetter's foreword could not have been better. Mentions that the political prisoners appreciate the work that the Prison Comfort Club has been doing. Writes that he is shocked to hear about C. O. Sherman.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 11/25/21. Tells TD that he has enclosed a copy of a letter he wrote to EVD. Writes that when the pamphlets are ready of EVD's Canton, Ohio speech he will send TD 100 copies. Says that he hopes to see EVD freed by New Year's. Includes a copy of a letter to EVD dated 11/25/21. Contains same text as other letter dated 11/25/21.
Telegram to EVD, 12/1/21. Says that he is writing to send greetings to EVD on behalf of the Socialist Party's National Executive Committee, which is meeting in Cleveland, Ohio.
Copy of letter from TD, 10/27/23. Writes that EVD's schedule is too grueling. Says that he was shocked when he heard that after 6 weeks on the Pacific coast the national office wanted to ship him out east for another 2 weeks. Informs Branstetter that there is an end to EVD's physical endurance.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 11/8/23. Writes that in November EVD will be speaking in St. Louis, Missouri, Kansas City, Missouri, Joplin, Missouri, Parsons, Kansas, Pittsburg, Kansas, Sedalia, Missouri, Centralia, Illinois. Mentions that the ST. LOUIS POST will undoubtedly write a front page article about EVD's meeting in St. Louis, Missouri.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 11/11/23. Writes that in December EVD will be speaking in Logansport, Indiana, Grand Rapids, Michigan, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Peoria, Illinois, Galesburg, Illinois, and Canton, Illinois.
Note from EVD, 11/22/?. Says that the Socialist Party should no longer petition for amnesty, but demand it. Tells Branstetter that the Socialist Party should demand 'the restoration of the Constitution of the United States," "the repeal of all war time laws," "the unconditional abolition of all war time powers," "the immediate release of all war time prisoners," "the immediate declaration of peace," and "the immediate restoration of the fundamental American rights of free speech, free press and free assemblage."
Letter from EVD, n.d. Writes that the demonstration on behalf of amnesty will be highly divided with results that will be questionable. Says that the demonstration should have been deferred until the Warren Harding administration had a chance to examine his case. Tells Branstetter that Warren Harding deserves enough time to act on his own volition. Remarks that even if he is released he will not be able to speak in Washington on 4/13/21.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Says that Samuel Castleton has always been kind to him, but that in no way has he ever served as his attorney. Asks that TD tell Branstetter that he can go ahead with making a pamphlet out of his Canton, Ohio speech as long as he writes a foreward that explains that he did not have an opportunity to make any corrections or changes to it before it went to press.
Letter from EVD, n.d. Writes that he appreciated the comrades' kind remembrances of him at Christmas.

Breigh, John P. SEE ALSO La Fountain, Harriette

Breigh, John P.: Letter to EVD, 12/15/20. Writes that he appreciated EVD's kind remarks. Includes an untitled poem dedicated to EVD.
Untitled poem to EVD, 2/28/21.
Letter to EVD, 3/1/21. Says that he is not a poet, but a "sympathetic, grateful, rouch-neck Irishman who loves you sincerely." Includes a note to Mabel Dunlap Curry saying that he thanks her for relaying his message to EVD and for her "kindly criticisms."
Letter to EVD, 4/20/21. Writes that he is sending EVD some poems to cheer him up. Includes poems titled "A Great Ambition" and "A Belief Sublime."
Poem titled "The Seven Smiles," ?/?/20. Remarks that the poem is dedicated to Harriette and Herbert La Fountain.
Untitled poem, ?/?/20. Remarks that the poem is dedicated to Harriette and Herbert La Fountain.
Untitled poem, ?/?/20. Remarks that the poem is dedicated to Harriette La Fountain.
Untitled poem, ?/?/20. Remarks that the poem is dedicated to Harriette La Fountain.
Letter to EVD, 6/12/21. Says that he appreciated Mabel Dunlap Curry's letter and that he has written a song to EVD. Includes a song titled "Gene," sung to the tune of "O Sole Mio."
Letter to EVD, 7/8/21. Writes that he appreciates EVD's affection. Says that he heard about the visit Mabel Dunlap Curry's daughter Harriet Curry made to EVD. Includes a song called "Gene," sung to the tune of "Come Back to Erin."
Letter to EVD, 8/18/21. Says that he is sorry he has not written sooner but that he has not been able to compose any poems lately. Expresses the hope that EVD will soon be freed. Includes an untitled poem dedicated to EVD.
Letter to EVD, 9/17/21. Says that Ralph Chaplin has given him a "real poem." Writes that he is sending Ralph Chaplin's poem along with one of his own. Includes an acrostic poem dedicated to EVD.
Poem titled "Oh Fudge," n.d. Remarks that the poem is dedicated to Harriette La Fountain.
Untitled poem, n.d. Writes that the poem is dedicated to EVD from Herbert La Fountain, Harriette La Fountain, and John P. Breigh.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Says that he enjoys Breigh's poems.

Brenholtz, E. A.: Letter to TD, 2/13/12. Says that he lifts up TD for his love and service to EVD.
Letter from TD, 2/20/12. Tells Brenholtz that he appreciated the sentiments expressed in his last letter.
Letter to TD, 3/14/12. Says that he appreciated TD's last letter. Expresses the hope that the Lawrence Strike brings victory for the workers. Says that he wishes William Haywood and Joseph Ettor the best of luck in the strike. Writes that he has sent a letter to the INDEPENDENT protesting the publication of an article about Harry Orchard. Tells TD that he has received help from George Herron.
Letter from TD, 3/29/12. Writes that he appreciates the work of George Herron. Says that he is not surprised that the INDEPENDENT did not print Brenholtz's letter of protest. Tells Brenholtz that he is shocked over a mine disaster that occurred.
Letter to TD, 1/1/20. Writes that he is ashamed that EVD is in prison and workers are doing nothing about it. Expresses the hope that TD will send EVD his regards.

Photocopy of letter from TD, 4/18/19. Tells Brewer that his letter went unanswered so long because EVD was confined to his bed with lumbago until just before he was summoned to Cleveland, Ohio. Asks that Brewer forgive him and EVD.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD on Assured Thrift Agency letterhead, 11/1/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Writes that soon after EVD's death he had a gathering which included him, Grace Brewer, Ben Wilson, Frank Stewart, and Mrs. Conoly.
Poem titled "My New Year's Prayer," 1/1/43.
Letter to TD, 6/21/43. States that he is in Portland, Oregon working for Adolph Germer's CIO drive in the shipbuilding industry. Says that the CIO is trying to oust the AFL from the industry. Tells TD that he thinks that the CIO will be successful if it gets an election. Includes a poem titled "Around the Corner," written when he "was a little mad."
Poem titled "The Mouse's Merry Christmas Eve," n.d. Includes a note saying that he is "out of jail."

Brewer, Grace D. SEE ALSO Howat, Alex

Brewer, Grace D.: Photocopy of letter from EVD on Socialist Party letterhead, 10/16/08. Says that he received a postcard with the APPEAL TO REASON "girls" on it. Writes that he congratulates them for their "fine appearance as banner-bearers of the working class."
Photocopy of letter from Katherine Debs, 10/11/10. Tells Brewer that EVD's trip is too long for him considering his health. Writes that Mother Jones is a "remarkable woman."
Photocopy of letter from EVD, 11/13/11. Tells Brewer that he needs a rest. Says that he will not get to Girard, Kansas before the holidays. Writes that the APPEAL TO REASON has been "playing second fiddle" to Milwaukee, Wisconsin's SOCIAL DEMOCRATIC HERALD. Informs Brewer that he must not plan any more speaking engagements for him. Asks that Brewer inform Fred Warren that he will be in contact with him. Remarks that he thought that the election was a success.
Photocopy of letter from EVD, 1/25/13. Comments on Ryan Walker's caricatures of Fred Warren and George Brewer. Says that he was apprehended by a couple of deputy marshals after taking a walk with Katherine Debs. Writes that TD is acting as his bondsman.
Photocopy of letter from TD, 10/3/13. Writes that EVD had a great time with the Brewer and the other comrades in Girard, Kansas.
Photocopy of letter from EVD, 1/10/14. Says that he promises to send Brewer a list of his Arkansas dates as soon as he gets it. Mentions that Katherine Debs is getting over an illness.
Photocopy of letter from TD, 1/19/14. Writes that there are many "tragedies of the mine." Says that the miners of the East are preparing for a campaign. Tells Brewer that he has several requests for a copy of EVD's message to the children and asks if she will handle the matter. Mentions that EVD has accepted a job offer with the NATIONAL RIP-SAW where he will be in control the editorial department.
Photocopy of letter from EVD, 1/20/14. Asks that Brewer send him a copy of the form the APPEAL TO REASON used for booking.
Photocopy of letter from EVD, 1/24/14. Writes that he appreciated the information that Brewer sent. Tells Brewer that he will be willing to help the APPEAL TO REASON whenever the need should arise. Says that it is more convenient for him to be in St. Louis, Missouri where the NATIONAL RIP-SAW is headquartered rather than Girard, Kansas because it will enable him to get home more often.
Photocopy of letter from EVD, 1/26/14. Writes that he appreciated Fred Warren's kindness in not charging him for books published by the Appeal Publishing Company even though he had severed his connections with the APPEAL TO REASON.
Letter from Katherine Debs, 11/15/27. Writes that her "days are all so long and weary." Says she is glad George Brewer is getting better.
Photocopy of letter from Katherine Debs, 1/18/28. Writes that she appreciated the tea service that Brewer sent her. Expresses the hope that George Brewer is recovering from his illness.
Note from Grace Brewer, 6/23/64. Writes that she is enclosing three letters which demonstrate that Katherine Debs was "a grief stricken woman."
Photocopy of note from Grace Brewer, ?/?/64. Mentions that there were about twenty five APPEAL TO REASON "girls" in AFL local 11487.
Photocopy of telegram from EVD, 5/30/?. Says that he is writing to congratulate George Brewer on his birthday.
Photocopy of letter from EVD, n.d. Says that he is writing to tell Brewer that he is sending her some packages.
Photocopy of note from EVD, n.d. Says that he is writing to send his greetings for a happy holiday season.

Brewer, George and Grace: Photocopy of postcard from EVD and Katherine Debs, ?/?/24. Expresses the hope that the Brewers a have merry Christmas and a happy New Year.
Photocopy of postcard from EVD and Katherine Debs, ?/?/25. Expresses the hope that the Brewers a Happy New Year.
Photocopy of postcard from Katherine Debs, postmarked 12/29/26. Says that she is not well. Writes that she appreciated the Brewers' Christmas card.
Photocopy of postcard from TD and Gertrude Debs, n.d. Expresses the hope that the Brewers have a happy New Year and much happiness in their new home.

Bricker, L. O.: Letter to EVD on First Christian Church Atlanta, Georgia stationery, 3/3/21. Informs EVD that the children of the First Christian Church Sunday school are coming to the penitentiary to hold a Mother's Day service and would like EVD to attend.

Brickman, Mrs.: Letter to EVD, 12/22/20. Tells EVD that she is sending him a Christmas parcel. Expresses the hope that he will be released by New Year's.

Brommel, Bernard J: Note from Bernard Brommel, 10/16/71. States that a script [not included] contains some information about EVD.

Bronson, Harry: Copy of letter from EVD on APPEAL TO REASON letterhead, 6/24/09. Sends condolences on the death of Bronson's father.

Bronson, Jessie: Note to TD, 2/22/21. Tells TD that he has enclosed a letter for him to look at.
Letter to EVD, 12/22/21. Says that EVD was right for standing up for his principles. Tells EVD that the "white forces" are waking and organizing. Mentions corresponding with some prison "girls" in Jefferson City, bringing up one "colored girl" in particular. Asks EVD if he knows George W. Wiggs, a friend of James Whitcomb Riley's. Mentions that Frank and Kate Richards O'Hare know him. Appreciates all the notes that EVD has sent him.

Brooker, Josephine L. Church: Poem titled to EVD titled "A Modern Martyr," n.d.

Brooks, Julius SEE Augusto, Allie

"A Brother Socialist:" Letter to EVD, 2/1/21. Says that he is writing to congratulate EVD on his courage and bravery. Writes that he severed his connection with the American Legion once he became a socialist. Writes that EVD's name will go down in history just like Abraham Lincoln's.

Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters: Letter to EVD on Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters letterhead, 7/15/26. Writes that the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters is attempting to organize the Pullman porters. Tells EVD that "these workers are all Negroes, who for nearly 59 years have been most brutally exploited by the Pullman Company." Mentions EVD's own run-in with the Pullman Company back in the 1890s. Says that in less than a year the Brotherhood has already organized 65% of the 12,000 porters. Tells EVD that the Brotherhood is trying to undermine the racial prejudice in the labor movement. Writes that the employers will find out soon that "they can no longer freely draw upon the Negro races for recruits to beat down the standard of living." Writes that the Brotherhood's general organizer is A. Philip Randolph. States that presently the Brotherhood is organizing in secret. Asks that EVD speak at the Brotherhood's national convention.

Brown, Corinne S.: Letter to TD, 10/1/08. Writes that she appreciated the picture that TD sent. Tells TD that the picture hangs with others of the "old guard." Says that she was glad to receive some news about the progress of the Red Special campaign. Assures TD that the very words Red Special gives her a thrill of joy. Asks that TD give her love to EVD. Also asks that TD look after EVD.

Brown, Elias: Letter to EVD, 12/29/20. Expresses the hope that EVD has a Happy New Year. Mentions that he is a "Jewish-Russian American Socialist." Says that he often wonders what happened to the old guard, the people like Job Harriman, Fred Warren, and W. R. Gaylord. Remarks that he thinks that today socialist propaganda talks over people's heads too much, especially the NEW YORK CALL and the editorials of James Oneal. Says that many people who are sympathetic to the Socialist Party stay away because of the Party's constant appeal for funds. Mentions that there are drives on behalf of Tom Mooney, the Industrial Workers of the World, various strikes, even people who "would wreck the Socialist Party like [William] Haywood." Thinks that a party along the lines of the British Labour Party should be formed in America. Mentions that he wrote a letter to the NEW YORK CALL saying the same thing but that the paper did not publish it.

Brown, Elsie: Letter to EVD, 5/30/20. Tells EVD that she is a twelve year old girl who places EVD with "Moses trying to lead the children of Israel out of the land of bondage." Says that she wants to see EVD go "from the prison to the White House." Expresses the hope that EVD is a Baptist.

Brown, Ethelred: Letter to TD on Harlem Community Church letterhead, 9/19/26. Says that he is a "Negro speaker for the Socialist Party" in New York City, New York. Asks that TD send him a copy of Ruth Le Prade's DEBS AND THE POETS. Mentions that he already owns David Karsner's DEBS: HIS AUTHORIZED LIFE AND LETTERS. Says that there is no topic like EVD to inspire an audience. Asks that TD send his regards to EVD.
Letter to TD on Harlem Community Church letterhead, 11/13/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Brown, F.: Photocopy of letter to TD on United States Penitentiary Atlanta, Georgia letterhead, 12/20/25. Tells TD that part of a package to William Henson has been delivered and what was not permissable is being handled as TD specified.
Letter to TD on United States Penitentiary Atlanta, Georgia letterhead, 1/6/26. Says that he made a mistake and sent him the contraband from William Henson's wife as well as from TD. Asks that TD send the packages from Henson's wife back to her.
Letter from TD, 1/11/26. Says that he is sending the packages back to Brown to send to Henson's wife. Remarks that the way the packages are handled at the prison the inmates rarely receive what is sent to them.

Brown, John W.: Letter to EVD, 6/21/13. Says that he could not get out of bed the last few days of his prison sentence. Writes that he went to a doctor who told him to stop drinking alcohol and chewing tobacco. Tells EVD that he did. Remarks that there are things that Senator John Kern's investigation has not brought out, especially in regard to the roles that Henry Hatfield and Bonner Hill played in the West Virginia mine strike. Mentions that when Lee Calvin was about to incriminate Bonner Hill one of the lawyers for the United Mine Workers of America told the Senate's investigative committee that there was no intention of implicating Bonner Hill in the shooting in Holly Grove, West Virginia. Mentions that the KANAWHA CITIZEN which supported the strike has begun publishing articles deriding socialism. Says that "every active man on both creeks is blacklisted."
Letter from EVD, 6/26/13. Says that he agrees with what Brown has said about the Senate's investigative committee. Writes that he does not understand why Brown, Mother Jones, C. H. Boswell, W. H. Thompson, or Fred Merrick was not called before the investigative committee. Says that those who were most persecuted during the strike should have testified. Remarks that W. H. Thompson told him that he was denied the opportunity to testify. Tells Brown that he should write Senator William Borah and tell him of the desire to be heard. Informs Brown that it is up to the miners alone to decide if there has been a settlement because meddling in the affairs of the United Mine Workers of America can only make matters worse. Says that the socialists' denunciation of everything United Mine Workers of America. Tells Brown that although he is an industrial unionist that he is not an industrial anarchist. Writes that if the Industrial Workers of the World continues posing as a socialist organization it will wipe out the Socialist Party and every other socialist organization. Assures Brown that the Socialist Party's investigative committee did not "whitewash" Henry Hatfield. Remarks that the "scrap" between Boswell and Thomas Haggerty is unfortunate. Says that there must be more kindness towards the United Mine Workers of America if the socialists expect the miners to accept industrial unionism and socialism. Tells Brown that he does not think that he is right that 80% of the miners are for Boswell. Writes that Brown will have to decide whether he stands for or against the Industrial Workers of the World.

Brown, Ross D.: Letter to EVD, 1/15/16. Says that he liked EVD's article on BIRTH OF A NATION that appeared in the INDIANAPOLIS LEDGER. Mentions that he also liked the article EVD wrote about Robert Ingersoll for the MELTING POT. Writes that EVD can "feel the pulsations of the Negro heart."

Brown, S. J.: Letter to TD and Katherine Debs, 11/8/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Brown, Bishop William Montgomery: Copy of letter to A. Wagenknecht, 12/26/18. Writes that he is sending Wagenknecht an article that he would like him to read. Asks that Wagenknecht not publish the article in the victory edition of the OHIO SOCIALIST. Says that he has promised his wife he will not publish anything on "revolutionary socialism" until the espionage laws have been repealed. Remarks that he and his wife appreciate Wagenknecht's and EVD's visit. Mentions that EVD's visit confirmed his will to do everything he can for the cause of "revolutionary socialism."
Letter to TD, 11/11/19. Says that he was recently visited by Marguerite Prevey. Writes that he and Marguerite Prevey spent a great deal of time talking about EVD. Tells TD that if he is having trouble supporting himself that he would like to give him $50.00 a month towards his expenses. Expresses the hope that TD will accept his offer.
Letter to TD, 3/24/20. Asks that TD be a delegate to the Debs Day Demonstration, sponsored by the American Freedom Foundation. Says that he would gladly give TD the money necessary to make the trip.
Letter to TD, 3/29/20. Asks that TD reconsider his offer to attend the Debs Day Demonstration.
Copy of letter to H. Austin Simons, 3/29/20. Writes that since TD is not going to Washington to attend the Debs Day Demonstration that he would like to pay for Marguerite Prevey, if she is out of prison, to attend the event. Remarks that he thinks that Marguerite Prevey would be an "influential delegate" at this event.
Copy of letter to Marguerite Prevey, 3/29/20. Tells Marguerite Prevey that TD will not be serving as a delegate to the Debs Day Demonstration. Asks that Marguerite Prevey consider going in TD's place. Informs Marguerite Prevey that he would gladly contribute $100 towards her expenses if would agree to go.
Letter to EVD, 8/31/26. Says that he is sending EVD an interesting interview. Expresses the hope that everything is well with EVD. Remarks that EVD will receiving a copy of his autobiography as soon as he receives enough to send out. Includes copy of a press release promoting his new book, MY HERESY.
Letter to EVD, 9/17/26. Expresses the hope that EVD has a full recovery from his illness. Tells EVD that he is sending him a complimentary copy of his book.
Rough draft of inscription from TD, ?/?/27. Says that he would like to thank Brown for his kindness and loyalty to EVD.
Letter to TD, 1/3/28. Writes that he wanted to thank TD for sending the volume of EVD's writings. Says that he eulogized EVD on the lecture tour he took soon after EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 1/3/28. Contains same text as other letter dated 1/3/28.
Letter to TD, 3/28/28. Says that he appreciated the clipping TD sent him from the OPEN ROAD. Writes that he is currently on a lecture tour. Tells TD that he recently spoke with Joseph Sharts under the auspices of the Buyers and Producers Association. Includes lecture titled "Highest Peaks in Man's History."

Brown, William Thurston: Letter to EVD on Modern School letterhead, 3/4/20. Tells EVD that the Walt Whitman School of the Modern School Association opened in Los Angeles, California with twenty two children. Says that he told the children all about EVD. Remarks that he wants the school to be a place where workers can bring their children. Mentions that Kate Crane-Gartz has donated to the school as well as a great number of workers. Mentions that he met EVD in 1910 on a trip from Provo to Salt Lake City, Utah.
Letter to TD, 3/30/20. Asks that TD send a picture of EVD to the school. Writes that he is sending EVD a group of letters written by students of the Walt Whitman School.
Letter to TD, 4/17/20. Says that he appreciated the picture of EVD that TD sent.

Brucken, Connie: Letter to EVD, 12/21/20. Says that she is a fourth grader with a nephew named after EVD. Expresses the hope that EVD has a Merry Christmas.

Brumbaugh, E. R.: Letter to TD, 10/31/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that the OMAHA WORLD-HERALD wrote the best tribute to EVD in a "capitalist newspaper."

Bruno, Guido: Letter to EVD on WORLD AT MIDNIGHT letterhead, 3/6/?. Says that he met EVD at Lindlahr's Sanitarium, along with Helen Raab, the director of the Milwaukee, Wisconsin Open Forum. Writes that he is surprised to hear that EVD has refused to speak at the Milwaukee Open Forum since he thought an agreement had been made. Asks that EVD reconsider.

Bryan, J. Wallace: Telegram to EVD, 2/2/21. Says that he congratulates EVD on the response he made to Woodrow Wilson's denial for a pardon.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Asks that TD thank Bryan for his inspiring message.

Buchofner, Albert: Letter to EVD in German, 10/4/19. Says that he is writing to send EVD greetings on behalf of the Young People's Socialist Organization of Toess, Switzerland. Mentions that there is a similar imprisonment of comrades in Switzerland.
Note from E. Arnold to Otto Branstetter, n.d. Says that he has enclosed a translated letter from Switzerland addressed to EVD.

Budish, J. M.: Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Cloth, Hat, Cap, and Millinery Workers International Workers' Union.

Burns, Mamie: Letter to EVD, 2/4/21. Says that she is writing to attack EVD for denouncing President Woodrow Wilson. Tells EVD that he should "set an example of meekness and submission rather than fierce antagonism and hatred." Writes that Wilson has done nothing to deserve EVD's invective.
Note from EVD to TD on postmarked envelope, 2/11/21. Writes that as much as he disagrees with Burns' letter he appreciates her sincerity. Tells TD that he has tried to keep Christians from slaughtering each other like beasts. Remarks that although Burns claims that Woodrow Wilson would not fling abuse at anyone that he sat in the White House and flung it him when he stated that EVD was an "unrepentant criminal."

Bush, Ned: Photocopy of letter from TD, 12/9/37. Tells Bush that he appreciated the photographs that he sent.
Letter to TD on CHICAGO SUN letterhead, 1/12/43. Asks that TD look over an article about TD and EVD by Bruce McCormick that is going to appear in the CHICAGO SUN.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/14/43. Says that TD has been ill which will preclude him from answering his mail.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/29/43. Writes that he thought that Bruce McCormick's article, aside from some cuts, worked well in the CHICAGO SUN.

Bush, W.E.: Letter to EVD on the KANSAS TRADES UNIONIST letterhead, 11/18/21. Expresses the hope that EVD will soon be released. Says that in an article he wrote for the KANSAS TRADES UNIONIST he quoted Tom McNeal, a sympathetic Republican and editor of the MAIL AND BREEZE. Writes that McNeal has written President Warren Harding several times on behalf of EVD. Mentions that he received a visit from Kate Richards O'Hare on Labor Day.
Letter to TD, 12/7/21. Says that he appreciated the message TD sent from EVD. Tells TD that he wants EVD to speak in Kansas upon his release.

Butler, H.T.: Letter to EVD, 11/6/20. Tells EVD that he will never "quit the cause" of socialism.

Buttis, Vittorio: Letter to EVD on PAROLA PROLETARIA letterhead, 8/31/16. Asks that EVD clarify his position in regard to the Socialist Party's stance on "revolutionary" industrial unionism and whether that means boring from within the AFL or working with the Industrial Workers of the World.
Letter from EVD, 9/2/16. Tells Buttis that the Socialist Party should not recognize "the Industrial Workers of the World or any other organization as 'the' revolutionary union." Says that the Socialist Party should not go and form its own union. Writes that the Socialist Party should not bore from within the AFL. Tells Buttis that all he wants if for the Socialist Party to declare itself for industrial unionism and promote it among the workers.

Bynner, Witter: Letter to Mabel Dunlap Curry, 10/4/21. Asks EVD to forgive him for comparing him to Jesus Christ. Says that he was part of the 1915 suffrage campaign and that he had given his first suffrage speech in 1898.
Letter to TD, 11/28/38. Asks that TD let him use some of EVD's letters for his memoirs.
Letter from TD, 12/7/38. Tells Bynner that he gives him permission to use EVD's letters. Mentions that he is sending along a picture. Says that he has never forgotten, nor had EVD, Bynner's courage during the world war when he opposed "the slaughter of the youth of the land."
Letter to TD, 12/10/38. Says that he appreciated the letters and picture that TD let him borrow.
Poem titled "The Last Christian," n.d.

Byron-Curtiss, A. L.: Letter to EVD, 12/20/20. Says that he is writing to sends EVD his Christmas greetings. Says that because of EVD he does his job as a clergyman so much better.
Letter to TD, 2/1/21. Writes that he appreciated TD's letter. Asks that TD tell him what EVD's religious affiliation is.
Letter to EVD on SOCIAL PREPARATION FOR THE KINGDOM OF GOD letterhead, 11/1/21. Says that he is writing to wish EVD a happy 65th birthday. Mentions that EVD visited his home in 1909.
Letter to TD on SOCIAL PREPARATION FOR THE KINGDOM OF GOD letterhead, 11/22/21. Writes that he appreciated the message EVD sent through TD. Tells TD that he cannot get any higher in the Episcopal Church because he espouses socialism. Remarks that EVD is the saint of the new dawn. Says that he is praying for the release of all political prisoners.
Telegram to TD, 10/19/26. Asks that TD keep him informed on the status of EVD's condition.

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