Eugene V. Debs Letters:
Abstracts for "H"


Hacha, Joseph A.: Letter to EVD on DAILY GEORGIAN letterhead, 9/27/20. Writes that Mrs. Hitchcock and Mrs. Stewart appreciated the greetings EVD sent through him. Says that EVD's message was read before the Socialist Party's Detroit, Michigan local and has aided the "fighting morale of the comrades there." Tells EVD that their chat at the prison a while ago was much too brief. Expresses the hope that he can be of aid to EVD considering the fact that Attorney-General A. Mitchell Palmer has refused to allow newspaper reporters to interview him. Mentions that should EVD need any stationery, books, or newspapers he would only be too happy to get them for him.

Hageman, Elizabeth: Letter to EVD, 11/5/20. Tells EVD that in a mock election held in her children's school 27 out of 35 students in one of the classes voted the Socialist ticket. Says that obviously these were all "good, loyal, young Americans."

Haldeman-Julius, Emanuel: Letter from EVD, 1/4/26. Says that he is "greatly surprised" by Haldeman-Julius' recent article because of the position it took on prewar radicals. Asks that Haldeman-Julius remember the shameless manner in which the APPEAL TO REASON, under his management, jumped on the pro-war bandwagon. Writes that Haldeman-Julius should be more tolerant of the prewar radicals because they were not the only ones with skeletons in the closet.
Letter from EVD, 1/4/26. Says that he appreciated what Haldeman-Julius said about the prewar radicals in the last issue of the HALDEMAN-JULIUS WEEKLY but that he is not in total accord with what he wrote. Tells Haldeman-Julius that his characterization of Woodrow Wilson as the "arch-betrayer of the American people" is correct. Writes that Haldeman-Julius is wrong to forgive Clarence Darrow but not Upton Sinclair for supporting the war, especially since Darrow still holds Woodrow Wilson in high esteem and Upton Sinclair has "confessed his error and done everything in his power to make amends for it."
Telegram to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that Marcet Haldeman-Julius will be coming to Terre Haute, Indiana to do a story on EVD's funeral. Asks that TD do what he can to help her out.

Hale, Oliver: Poem titled "Old Picture" to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/?/67. Mentions that the poem was originally published in the Spring, 1952 issue of the CAROLINA QUARTERLY.

Hall, Covington: Letter to EVD, 11/6/19. Says that he wished he had "one-half" of EVD's "dauntless faith and courage." Writes that he met J. C. McNealus, one of the oldest members of the Texas legislature and editor of the DALLAS DEMOCRAT, who read him a an editorial based upon a letter sent from William Taft to a Mr. Williams, saying that EVD should not be released from prison. Mentions that other politicians like Tom Watson are doing all in their power to get EVD pardoned. Tells EVD that Edward Bellamy's prediction that the end of capitalism is near "seems to be coming true." States that it has been EVD's imprisonment that has done more to destroy the Democratic Party more than anything else.
Note to TD, 11/18/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Writes that he has written a poem in EVD's honor because he did not want to see EVD go down in history "merely as a mawkish lover of humanity." Includes poem titled "A Hymn to Hate."
Poem titled "Father Gene" to EVD, 1/3/20.
Poem titled "Father Gene" to EVD, 10/23/21.
Note from EVD to Mabel Dunlap Curry, n.d. Says that Hall is a "revolutionary poet" which is published widely in the radical press. Writes that he will have TD make a copy of it and have him send it to Otto Branstetter.

Hall, Florence S.: Telegram from EVD, 3/1/26. Asks that Hall tell Oswald and Cynthia Moseley that he will not be able to attend the dinner in their honor because of a serious illness in the family.
Letter to EVD, 7/5/26. Writes that she has heard that both EVD and TD have not been feeling well. Says that she would like to know how both he and TD are doing now. Tells EVD that she is to marry George Kirkpatrick next week and if he is feeling up to it she would like him to attend the ceremony. Includes note from George Kirkpatrick which says that he would be delighted if EVD could attend the wedding.

Hall, Meda Bagnell: Letter to TD, ?/?/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Hallin, H. E., SEE Nevins, David W.

Halperin, Jacob SEE Sigman, Morris

Halushka, Mandel V.: Letter to TD, 8/8/43. Writes that while the socialist movement is weak the "spirit of Socialist comradeship is still great." Expresses hope that once the war is over the socialists can make great gains towards building the cooperative commonwealth. Assures TD that the seeds planted by EVD, Victor Berger, and Morris Hillquit will one day bloom. Mentions that he recently heard from Bill Snow. Tells TD that he heard that Seymour Stedman is "leaning towards" the Communists.
Letter to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/27/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Hamilton, R. A.: Letter to EVD on Llano Co-Operative Colony letterhead, 12/16/21. Expresses hope that one day penal institutions will no longer be necessary. Writes that he remembers when he first met EVD back in 1895 at the American Railway Office in Terre Haute, Indiana. Assures EVD that he will never be forgotten and that it will be from his work that a new society will be created.

Hamme, John A., Jr.: Letter to EVD, 10/17/20. Writes that he recently heard James Mauer speak on a street corner in Reading, Pennsylvania. Tells EVD that he is a fourteen year old "slave boy." Note from EVD to TD saying that "here's a class-conscious little wage-slave-at once splendid and pathetic."

Hampton, George and Meta: Letter to EVD, 10/4/20. Says that he and his wife are writing to cheer EVD up while he is in prison. Writes that they heard EVD speak at Dreamland Rink in San Francisco, California. Mentions that he and his siblings fought in the 1916 Easter Rebellion in Ireland. Tells EVD that he and some of his comrades have started a paper called RANK AND FILE. Says that if EVD would like to receive it he would be happy to send it.

Handgen, W. B.: Photocopy of letter to EVD, 12/5/22. Says that he is looking for a good socialist newspaper and asks if EVD could recommend any to him.

Handy, John K.: Letter to EVD on State of Utah Executive Office letterhead, 9/18/15. Writes that EVD's letter written in behalf of Joe Hill has been filed with the State Board of Pardons. Says that he is enclosing for EVD's perusal a copy of the court's decision in regard to Hill's case.

Hanford, Ben: Letter to EVD, 5/2/08. Writes that unless EVD is in his "grave clothes" he must agree to be the Socialist Party's candidate for President. Tells EVD that there is no one else that can take his place. Says that the Socialist Party must "conquer" much new ground in the next election and become the only and true party of labor. Assures EVD that if he agrees to be the candidate he will not overtax his strength.
Letter to EVD, 5/6/08. Tells EVD that he was cheered by his last letter. Writes that the socialists must make their fight on the basis of "principle and not of personality." Says that he supports EVD's nomination because he is the best man, even with his many faults, for the position.
Letter to EVD, 5/24/08. Asks that EVD speak on the "Power of the Press" at the Grand Central Palace next week in New York City, New York. Tells EVD that his speech in Girard, Kansas was the best one he has ever given because of its simplicity.

Hankins, Earl V.: Letter to TD, 10/20/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Asks that TD take up the work where EVD left off.

Hankins, F. H.: Letter to EVD on Smith College Department of Economics and Sociology letterhead, 12/18/25. Asks that EVD consider speaking at Smith College as part of the lecture series sponsored by the Baldwin Foundation. Tells EVD that even though the honorarium would be small, the students would definitely profit by his address.

Hanna, Paul: Letter to EVD, 1/16/25. Writes that he appreciates what EVD had to say about his paper, the NEW LEADER. Says that he wants to make the NEW LEADER the home for anyone wanting to write about socialism. Mentions that he would like to see American labor once again identify its rights with those of America as a whole. Asks that EVD write an article for the NEW LEADER. Mentions that when James O'Neal comes into the office he will show him EVD's note.

Hansen, Alfred K.: Letter from EVD on Hotel Perrine, Twin Falls, Idaho letterhead, 2/15/15. Expresses thanks to Hansen and others in Oakland, California, who wrote a letter of encouragement to him.

Hanson, Florence Curtis: Letter to EVD on Federation of Women High School Teachers letterhead, 4/20/25. Tells EVD that she is enclosing a copy of a resolution passed by the Federation of Women High School Teachers on 4/17/25. Includes resolution saying that EVD must have his civil rights restored.
Letter from TD, 4/22/25. Says that because EVD is on tour in the East he is acknowledging her letter dated 4/20/25. Writes that EVD will be deeply touched by the resolution passed by the Federation of Women High School Teachers regarding the restoration of his citizenship rights.

Harding, Louise D.: Letter to TD, 5/22/21. Writes that the SAN FRANCISCO LABOR CLARION's article criticizing EVD has gone to great lengths to show how the San Francisco, California Labor Council is "nothing but the tool of the United Railroads Company." Says that it was the San Francisco Labor Council which refused to support Tom Mooney and, more than any other organization, responsible for Mooney's arrest. Mentions that she expects to see Mooney for the first time tomorrow since he first left San Francisco, California. Tells TD that if the labor movement was not so weak and feeble EVD would not have spent one week in jail.

Harding, Warren: Letter from TD, 8/30/21. Says that Warren Harding's stance on political prisoners is "not only silly and disgusting but cowardly."

Harkins, Leon: Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Harriman, Job: Letter to EVD on INTERNATIONALIST letterhead, 6/3/18. Says that he is writing to ask EVD to write a series of articles on social revolution for the INTERNATIONALIST. Tells EVD that as long as what he writes will not lead to suppression of the newspaper he can cover any topic he wishes. Mentions that he would be willing to pay EVD $10 to $15 for ever 1,500 word article that he submits. Assures EVD that he agrees with him that the Socialist Party needs to restate its position regarding the war.
Letter to EVD on Llano Del Rio Company letterhead, 7/24/18. Says that the Llana Colony is now on its way to becoming a "permanent success." Tells EVD that the colony's members were forced to leave California because of the soil's inability to yield crops and that they came to Louisiana. Writes that he is trying to borrow $150,000 or $160,000 to get enough money to get the colony on its feet. Asks that EVD tell him whether he knows some "wealthy person" who might be interested in investing in the colony. States that the Llano Colony is not just trying to solve the "bread and butter question" but it is trying to also develop a "social spirit, a spirit of fellowship."

Harriman, Theo G.: Letter to EVD on Hotel Melrose, Los Angeles, California letterhead, 10/10/26. Says that he appreciate the letter of condolence EVD sent on the death of Job Harriman. Expresses hope that EVD's health improves.

Harris, Ellis B.: Letter to EVD, 12/21/19. Says that he is writing to reaffirm his affection to EVD. Tells EVD that he has fond memories of the time they spent together in Cleveland, Ohio. Assures EVD that he is the "best loved man in the world." Mentions that he gets to see TD occasionally.
Letter to EVD, 10/1/20. Writes that he is managing the Socialist Party's campaign in Sheboygan, Wisconsin. Says that he is constantly involved in a fight with the Constitutional Defense League. Tells EVD that William Henry and Seymour Stedman have both been in Sheboygan, Wisconsin and it has done a lot of good. Expresses hope that EVD is soon released from prison.
Letter to TD, 10/20/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 12/13/26. Asks that TD send him a photo of M. W. Dykaar's bust of EVD. Says that he would also like some lines of verse. Expresses hope that TD's family is doing well.
Letter to TD, 12/17/26. Writes that he received the photo of M. W. Dykaar's bust this morning. Says that he is going to make a negative of it. Tells TD that he needs to cheer up.
Poem titled "My Gene," n.d.

Harris, Frank: Letter to EVD on PEARSON'S MAGAZINE letterhead, 8/17/20. Says that he wants to create an organization which would use movies as a form of radical propaganda. Writes that the idea came to him when some "moving picture people" came to him, asking for the right to make his novel THE BOMB into a movie. Tells EVD that he would like to extend the story and include some "dramatic incidents" from EVD's own life. Asks that EVD tell him whether he would mind if he did this. Assures EVD that he and the rest of the political prisoners will soon be released.
Letter to EVD, 10/12/20. Says that EVD and Seymour Stedman are the only "worthy candidates for office." Writes that he would like an article from EVD which he could publish in the next issue of PEARSON'S MAGAZINE.

Harris, M. R.: Letter to EVD, 12/21/19. Says that she is writing to express her "sincere affection" for EVD on behalf of her and her husband Ellis Harris.
Card to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/15/46. Says that Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper have inherited from TD a rich "heritage of love, devotion, and companionship that is rare." Writes that since TD's passing they have lost someone special. States that California is a much over-rated state. Mentions that her daughter will graduate from college on 6/1/46. Explains that she has been waiting for this day for seventeen years.

Harvey, W. H.: Letter to EVD on Ozark Trails Association letterhead, 5/14/17. Asks that EVD read his enclosed speech and tell him whether or not he agrees with its basic principles.
Letter to TD on COMMON SENSE letterhead, 4/4/20. Says that he is glad TD is looking after EVD's interests. Writes that he is sending TD several copies of his journal COMMON SENSE. Asks that TD read them and tell him whether or not he is putting the "invisible power" on the defensive and breaking its influence with the people. Mentions that the circulation of COMMON SENSE is increasing daily, but mostly in the northwestern states. Asks that TD help to push COMMON SENSE through the socialist papers.

Haskell, Douglas P.: Letter to TD on NEW STUDENT letterhead, 6/16/25. Says that he appreciated TD's letter with its kind words about the NEW STUDENT. Writes that TD was perhaps a little too hard on William Jennings Bryan. Tells TD that the paper was aiming its ridicule against Bryan's beliefs rather than against him personally.

Hatfield, H. D.: Letter to TD on State of West Virginia Executive Department letterhead, 6/18/13. Says that he appreciates the literature TD sent along with the copy of the TERRE HAUTE STAR. Writes that he had a nice chat with EVD while he was in Charleston, West Virginia and assures TD that the interview was "refreshing and satisfactory." Tells TD that EVD had the wrong impression of him when he first came to West Virginia and says he was glad to tell him personally his position regarding the coal mining strikes.
Letter to TD on State of West Virginia Executive Department letterhead, 6/24/13. Writes that he appreciates the kind statements TD made about him in his last letter.

Hathorne, H.: Letter to EVD, 11/28/20. Says that he is an eight year old boy who is to be a "socialist of the future." Expresses hope that EVD will soon be released from prison.

Hawley, A. H.: Letter to EVD on Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen letterhead, 6/1/14. Asks that EVD join him for dinner when he comes to Peoria, Illinois next Sunday. Mentions that the General Secretary and the Treasurer of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen will be in Peoria, Illinois on the same day.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Hayes, Francis: Letter to EVD on City Club of Cleveland, Ohio letterhead, 1/10/23. Asks that EVD address the City Club of Cleveland, Ohio sometime between January and March.
Letter to EVD on City Club of Cleveland, Ohio letterhead, 2/9/23. Asks that EVD set a date to speak before the City Club of Cleveland, Ohio. Mentions that he was disappointed EVD did not contact him while he was in Cleveland, Ohio last week.
Letter from EVD, 2/12/23. Says that he apologizes for not seeing Hayes while he was in Cleveland, Ohio. Writes that his time in Cleveland, Ohio was limited and that he was besieged with callers for as long as he was there.
Letter from EVD, 2/12/23. Tells Hayes that he must decline the invitation to appear before the City Club of Cleveland, Ohio after hearing that a number of members resigned to protest his engagement to speak. Mentions that he does not want to obtrude himself where his right to speak is being questioned "in a forum avowedly open to free speech." Assures Hayes that he has no ill-feelings towards anyone who objected to his appearance before the City Club of Cleveland, Ohio.

Hayes, Sara Smith: Letter to EVD on Beltrami County, Minnesota letterhead, 5/23/21. Writes that she appreciates the note EVD sent her through TD. Says that more than anything she would like a photograph of EVD. Mentions that her husband saw EVD speak in Bemidji, Minnesota. Says that so much has happened in Bemidji, Minnesota since EVD's visit. Tells EVD that Dave Miller-the man who asked him while he was in Bemidji, Minnesota how long it would take before capitalism relinquished its hold over the workers-declared that after the Bemidgi Riots in 1918 that "he was going to take his family to Russia or some place where it was civilized." Mentions that Miller now owns a lumber company who has an advertisement that says, "Lie makers wanted: No one buts I. W. W.'s need apply." Writes that E. W. Hanna gave a scab a hard time when he came into his second-hand store to buy some fishing line. Explains that she recently had a conversation with a recent Polish immigrant about Padeviski and the fact that he is "no good for the common people." Tells EVD that she recently finished reading the book ANNE OF GREEN GABLES which she greatly enjoyed. Says that it is a shame EVD is in prison. Writes that she wonders what EVD thinks about what William Haywood is going through. Mentions that she heard Haywood speak back in 1912 during the textile workers strike in Lawrence, Massachusetts.

Hayes, William Edward: Letter to EVD on International News Service letterhead, 10/31/21. Asks that EVD read the article he wrote based upon a visit he had with EVD on Friday. Says that if EVD has any comments to make about it he would be happy to hear them. Assures EVD that he is interested in EVD's welfare even though they may have different political views.

Haynes, Benjamin: Letter to EVD, 11/17/21. Writes that he is including a translation of an article that appeared in the Buenos Aires newspaper LA VANGUARDIA about EVD. Says that he would like EVD to write an article for the paper. Mentions that he would be more than happy to translate EVD's article for LA VANGUARDIA. Includes a copy of an article that appeared in LA VANGUARDIA on 10/15/21 saying that EVD refuses to be pardoned if it means that he has to change his principles and abstain from all political propaganda.

Hays, Danforth: Letter to TD, 11/3/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Writes that he had the opportunity to hear EVD speak on four different occasions.

Hays, Dr. Franklin W.: Letter to EVD, 12/3/06. Sends condolences on Jean Daniel Debs' death.

Haywood, William D.: Letter to EVD on Western Federation of Miners letterhead, 9/26/07. Writes that he appreciates EVD's letter of greetings and congratulations. Assures EVD that there is no one else in the country who has done more for him and his comrades than him. Expresses hope that he is able to see EVD soon.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, 6/24/12. Tells TD that he got the papers he sent. Says that he does not like the way the interview was put together.
Letter to EVD on Industrial Workers of the World General Defense Committee letterhead, 11/2/17. Writes that he would like EVD's help in forming a Nonpartisan Defense League to insure that the 116 "class war prisoners" currently behind bars will be provided with an adequate defense. Suggests that the Nonpartisan Defense League work with the Industrial Workers of the World's General Defense Committee out of Chicago, Illinois.
Letter to "Fellow Workers and Friends," 9/?/19. Says that he is writing in memory of R. J. Blaine, Ed Burns, H. C. Evans, James Nolan, Frank Travis, and James Gossard, all of whom died while awaiting trial under the "blanket indictment" against the Industrial Workers of the World. Writes that people can help by donating money to the Industrial Workers of the World's General Defense Committee and insuring that C. W. Anderson, W. Francik, Pail Maihak, E. M. Boyd, S. Shurin, Carl Schell, F. J. Gallagher, George Wenger, Fred Grau, S. Forbes, Robert Poe, F. Patton, M. Hecht, Leo Stark, J. Walberg, Jim Davis, O. E. Gordon, Ray Lambert, Harry Drew, Mike Quinn, A. M. Blumberg, E. J. Huber, S. B. Hicok, Joseph Greshbach, Peter Higgins, and Ernest Henning are provided with an adequate defense.
Letter to EVD on Industrial Workers of the World General Defense Committee letterhead, 11/17/19. Says that he has heard many conflicting rumors concerning EVD's state of health. Writes that everyone would be glad to know how EVD is doing in prison. Mentions that in Italy, Spain, France, and Germany, England, Sweden, Norway, Cuba, South America, and Australia the syndicalist movement is really taking off, but in the United States "the bitter persecution relentlessly continues." Tells EVD that last week another series of raids occurred and hundreds of Industrial Workers of the World members have been arrested.

Head, Percy: Telegram to Kate Debs, 10/21/26. Writes that he would like to offer the Labor Temple as a place for EVD's body to lie in state.

"Heath:" Letter to EVD, 7/15/12. Writes that he wonders what right EVD has to turn the Socialist Party's presidential campaign into a factional fight. Assures EVD that capitalists themselves could not do a better job at tearing the party apart.

Heaton, Elina A.: Letter to EVD, 9/6/20. Writes that she is pleased to know that EVD is likely to be the next President of the United States. Says that she turns twenty one on 10/1/20 and she will be sure to vote for EVD in November. Mentions that, as always, the Republicans and the Democrats "promise faithfully to do nothing." Assures EVD that because of this he is the only man fit for the Presidency even though he is in jail. States that Kate Richards O'Hare has been writing articles about her prison experience for the APPEAL TO REASON. Mentions that W. L. Held has been advising the people to read Upton Sinclair's book BRASS CHECK. Includes untitled poem in honor of EVD.
Letter to EVD, 10/18/20. Writes that she is going to dress up as a cat for Halloween. Mentions that she appreciates the letter TD sent in answer to her letter to EVD. Says that she is anxious to vote the Socialist Party ticket in the upcoming election.

Hedgecock, Lewis J.: Letter to EVD, 2/14/26. Says that he would like to subscribe to the AMERICAN APPEAL. Writes that he sincerely hopes that the paper will be successful. Tells EVD that he wants to thank him for all the sacrifices he has made on behalf of humanity. States that he appreciates the response EVD made to Emanuel Haldeman-Julius' article about pre-war radicals.
Letter from EVD, 2/18/26. Writes that he appreciated the sentiments Hedgecock expressed in his letter. Says that he wished he merited all of the praise that Hedgecock showered upon him. Tells Hedgecock that he is glad that he liked his response to Emanuel Haldeman-Julius' article on pre-war radicals. Expresses hope that one day he can meet Hedgecock in person.

Heeb, Arthur B.: Letter to EVD, 8/24/20. Writes that he reminded his congregation at the Church of the Universal Fellowship last Sunday that EVD was spending his 498th day in prison. Says that to mark the occasion the congregation decided by a unanimous vote to have him send EVD its greetings and best wishes. Assures EVD that he reminds his congregation each week of all those "who have been faithful to conscience in all ages," of whom EVD is certainly one.
Letter to EVD on Church of the Universal Fellowship letterhead, 12/18/20. Says that the congregation of his church has asked him to write EVD a Christmas letter telling him that he has as joyous a Christmas as is possible. Assures EVD that his suffering is not in vain because it is for the "same great vision of common humanity" as Jesus' that he is in prison.
Letter to EVD on Church of the Universal Fellowship letterhead, 5/10/21. Tells EVD that his thoughts are with him every Sunday because when his congregation joins hands in a circle of fellowship EVD's picture is always in view. Mentions that Edwin Markham read one of his poems to his congregation last Sunday which summed up his feelings regarding EVD's imprisonment.
Letter to TD, 9/18/21. Asks that TD read the letters he has enclosed to Arthur Free, United States Congressman, and Warren Harding. Says that although he is not a socialist he wants TD to know that he would do anything for EVD. Writes that he would write a letter about EVD's imprisonment to be circulated among liberal ministers if TD thought that would help.
Letter to Arthur Free, 9/11/21. Tells Free that EVD is still in prison even though many of Germany's war criminals have been released. Says that this a case of "discrimination against the common man." Writes that now that peace has been achieved he sees no reason why EVD should be kept in prison. Asks that Free vote to release EVD. Mentions that he heard EVD speak in Iowa when he was just a boy.
Letter to Warren Harding, 9/11/21. Tells Harding that by keeping EVD in prison he is widening the gulf between the classes. Says that the common man in Europe would see Harding's refusal to release EVD as a sign that he is persecuting his political opponents. Asks that Harding free EVD for the "love of the common man."
Letter from TD, 9/23/21. Says that he appreciated Heeb's letters to Arthur Free and Warren Harding very much. Tells Heeb that the object of the letter-writing campaign is to offset the undue influence the American Legion has on Harding and show that the pro-amnesty forces can have just as much clout. Expresses the hope that after the final peace treaty is ratified that all of the political prisoners will be released.
Letter to TD, n.d. Tells TD that the world would not be in such a mess if the people were not so easily swayed by the "opiates of phrases," those phrases which are constantly used by politicians like Arthur Free. Says that he finds it paradoxical that he must appeal to a man named Free to ask for EVD's freedom in a supposedly free country. Assures TD that in time everything will work out.

Heinl, Fred G.: Telegram to TD, 10/10/26. Tells TD that he and other members of the family are leaving for Lindlahr Sanitarium. Says that he will call TD about 9 P.M. from the hotel.
Letter from William Haas on First Wisconsin National Bank letterhead, 12/3/27. Assures Heinl that he appreciates the copy of EVD's book that he sent him. Tells Heinl that he should be proud to say that EVD is his uncle. Writes that it is unfortunate that only after EVD's passing has his good intentions and aims been recognized.

Heinl, Marie Debs: Note from TD, n.d. Tells Heinl that he is presenting her with a copy of EVD's book with all of the love and devotion a brother can have for a sister.

Heinl, Robert D.: Photocopy of letter to EVD, 7/7/13. Says that he admires EVD's courage and his humanitarianism for taking custody of Helen Cox, a woman of the streets. Asks that EVD tell him more about the case when he gets a chance. Assures EVD he did the right thing because "once a girl gets started on the downward path" "her chances for being saved are small."
Telegram to TD, 3/17/21. Says that today Warren Harding asked Harry Dougherty to review EVD's case. Assures TD that "early action is expected" in this matter.
Letter from S. C. on Barton, Durstine and Osborn Incorporated letterhead, 10/21/26. Tells Heinl that he is not able to tell him how much money Broadway artists typically make. Assures Heinl that "there's a lot of money involved-and it's real." Writes that saw that a Mrs. Heinl was with EVD when he died and asks if this is Heinl's mother. Mentions that he heard EVD speak one night on the Lower East Side of New York City, New York.
Photocopy of Letter to Marie Debs Heinl on Listening In on the United States letterhead, 11/30/26. Says that he is sorry that Marie Debs Heinl was not able to attend EVD's memorial meeting in Washington, D. C. Writes that Norman Thomas gave a beautiful oration. Mentions that about 1,000 people attended the meeting which was held in a Masonic Temple.
Letter to TD, 11/25/36. Writes that he received several copies of the WOMAN'S CLUB BULLETIN with the wonderful tribute to his mother, Marie Debs Heinl, in them. Says that he found out today that it was TD who wrote the tribute and he wanted to thank him for a "fitting climax" to his mother's life.
Letter to TD, 2/9/40. Says that he came across a pleasant reference to EVD in Samuel Hopkins Adams' new book on Warren Harding. Writes that Adams worked for the NEW YORK SUN right before he began writing for that paper. Mentions that Robert Debs Heinl, Jr. Knows him much better. Tells TD that there is also a sympathetic reference to EVD in Henry F. Pringle's new biography of William Taft. Includes an extract from Samuel Hopkins Adams' book INCREDIBLE ERA which describes how EVD came to be released from prison.
Letter from TD, 2/20/40. Says that while Samuel Hopkins Adams has been "most kind and more than generous in his estimate" of EVD "and his characteristics," he wrongly depicts Warren Harding "as a charming personality, a kind, tender, and sympathetic spirit." Writes that Adams' description of the circumstances surrounding EVD's release from prison are not founded entirely on fact. Mentions that Adams does not take into account the incredible pressure Warren Harding was under by amnesty supporters who, more than anyone, in TD's mind, were responsible for EVD's release from prison. Tells Heinl that even after EVD was called to come to Washington, D. C. to meet with Harry Dougherty it was still several months before EVD was actually released. Writes that he went to Atlanta, Georgia based on rumors alone that EVD was to be released around Christmas. Explains to Heinl that it is difficult for Harding admirers to "reconcile is kindly and gentle spirit with his vicious persistence" in keeping EVD and the other political prisoners behind bars for so long. Assures Heinl that when he gets a chance he will look at Henry F. Pringle's book on William Taft, a book he is sure will not discuss Taft's injunction record against organized labor. Mentions that William Taft was the first federal judge to issue an injunction against a labor organization.
Letter to TD, 5/4/43. Says that he received a letter from Claude Bowers who is now a United States ambassador to Chile. Writes that Bowers told him that he provided a great deal of information to a woman interested in writing a biography about EVD.
Letter to TD, 5/6/43. Tells TD that he did not mean to stir up so much excitement when he tried to help a woman referred to him by Theodore Dreiser desirous of writing a biography about EVD.
Telegram to Gertrude Debs, 4/13/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Heinl, Robert Debs, Jr.: Letter to TD on United States Marines letterhead, 10/17/39. Says that he appreciated TD's note of congratulation regarding his recent marriage. Writes that while he has always "respected the warmth and humanitarianism of socialism," his views are probably a bit too conservative to be acceptable to TD.

Heinz, Max P.: Letter to Labor Publishing Co., 12/24/19. Asks that someone send his enclosed postcard to EVD. Says that people can only pray for EVD who has to spend his Christmas behind bars. Writes that there is a great deal of resemblance between Christ and EVD, especially in terms of their character and manhood. Includes a note from G. A. Hoehn, W. E. Eckart, Otto Pauls, and W. M. Braudl saying that they hope that EVD will soon be released from prison.

Heller, Sylvia: Letter to EVD, 12/25/20. Says that she is a thirteen year old girl who is a member of the Young Peoples Socialist League of America. Writes that she is a member of the club so that when she gets older she can help do away with the ruling class. Assures EVD that the workers are awakening and that soon they will rise up against their bosses. Mentions that she is positive that when she gets older she will see the world in a much better condition that it is in today. Includes untitled poem to EVD.

Helmuth, Mrs. Louis: Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/15/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Hemingway, S. M.: Letter to EVD and Katherine Debs, 5/30/1889. Says that she appreciated the flowers EVD and Katherine Debs sent as a tribute to Hemingway's mother. Includes note that says that Hemingway is the niece of Chauncey Rose.

Henderson, Arthur: Telegram to EVD, 4/13/23. Asks that EVD write a 250 word article on May Day for the LABOUR MAGAZINE.
Letter from EVD, 4/16/23. Says that Otto Branstetter gave him a telegram asking for a brief May Day greeting which he is enclosing for the LABOUR MAGAZINE. Tells Henderson that the Socialist Party is reorganizing itself which he hopes will meet with gratifying results. Assures Henderson that is "gratified to note the splendid progress" the Labour Party is making in England in turning the working class into the rulers of Great Britain.
Letter from EVD, 4/16/23. Says that in the recent municipal campaigns the socialist vote more than doubled. Mentions that there are still fifty political prisoners behind bars for speaking out against the war. Assures his British Comrades that the Socialist Party is reorganizing itself upon a "more secure foundation." States that within a year the Socialist Party "will be stronger and more efficiently organized in every way than ever before. Mentions that he is happy to see all of the progress the Labour Party is making in England, especially in reference to its increasing representation in the House of Commons.
Letter to EVD on Labour Party letterhead, 5/3/23. Tells EVD that his May Day greetings will be "received with great acclamation by the supporters" of the Labour Party. Says that he hopes that EVD has recovered from his incarceration and that he will have many more years ahead of him.

Hennesy, J. A.: Letter to EVD, 11/15/21. Says that he is sending EVD a ballad he wrote to cheer EVD up. Assures EVD that the "dawn is breaking."

Henrich, H. E.: Telegram to EVD, 4/15/?. Asks that EVD attend the Jewish Labor Congress's annual convention. Assures EVD that he will arrange the conference to suit his schedule.

Henry, Ed: Letter to TD on Socialist Party of Indiana letterhead, 6/11/32. Says that he is writing to inform EVD that he has been nominated Lieutenant Governor of Indiana by the Socialist Party. Asks that TD accept the nomination. Tells TD that it will mean a lot to the Socialist Party to have the name Debs on the ballot. Writes that the Socialist Party of Indiana is making good progress in the state even though the organization is constantly under-financed.
Letter from TD, 6/14/32. Says that while he appreciates the fact that he has been nominated Lieutenant Governor of Indiana, he is unable to accept the Socialist Party's nomination because he has not taken an active part in the Socialist Party's affairs in many years, he is not able to publicly address people on the rostrum, his doctor has warned him to avoid excitement, and he has suffered a nervous and physical breakdown from which he is still trying to recover.

Henry, Emma: Letter to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Henry, John: Letter to EVD, 12/22/20. Says that he is writing to send EVD his Christmas greetings. Expresses hope that EVD will soon be released. Tells EVD that the future looks black. Assures EVD that the oppressed needs his counsel.

Henry, William H.: Letter to TD on Socialist Party of Indiana letterhead, 4/20/18. Says that he is sorry that EVD's article in the Socialist Party of Indiana's bulletin was printed with a mistake in it. Tells TD that he has received requests from people in Anderson, Elwood, Elkhart, Kokomo, Fort Wayne, South Bend, Indianapolis, Linton, Evansville, Coalmont, Jasonville, Princeton, Mishawaka, Muncie, Sullivan, Wabash, Wanatah, Clinton, and Richmond, Indiana asking that EVD speak in their towns. Asks that TD try to accommodate all of these people. Writes that there is a new local in Winslow, Indiana with 62 members. Says that most of the members are miners, but that there are also carpenters, machinists, and barbers in the local. Includes a list of names and addresses for TD to contact to arrange EVD's speaking schedule for his tour of Indiana.
Letter from EVD, 4/22/18. Writes that he appreciates Henry's zeal and interest in helping to arrange EVD's speaking schedule for his tour of Indiana. Says that he has already scheduled several meetings throughout the state. Tells Henry that he has decided not to have EVD speak in Sullivan or Wanatah because "it is doubtful if either of them could get up much of a meeting" being such small places and he does not want to waste EVD's energy "on a small place where either a very small meeting would be held, or possibly no meeting at all." Informs Henry that EVD will be speaking in Canton, Ohio on 6/16/18, Terre Haute, Indiana on 6/23/18, and Cleveland, Ohio on 6/3018. Asks that Henry send him write to him again after EVD's speaking schedule has been verified.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party of Indiana letterhead, 5/24/18. Tells TD that he is enclosing a list of places where EVD will be speaking on his tour of Indiana.
Photocopy of telegram to Madge Stephens, 9/6/19. Assures Stephens that the convention was a complete success. Says that the small crows of people who bolted from the convention made a big mistake. Tells Stephens that he would like the Socialist Party members of the 5th District to begin making preparations for the 1920 campaign.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, 10/7/19. Says that he just left EVD at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Writes that EVD looks good and that he appears to be in good spirits.
Letter from EVD, 6/10/26. Says that he feels that W. S. Hutchins is violating the Socialist Party's constitution by supporting both the Socialist Party and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers, an organization that collaborates with the Democratic Party and other politicians from the "capitalist class." Writes that collaborating with the capitalist class means "abandoning the class struggle" and thus demoralizing the Socialist Party. Assures Henry that David I. Walsh, the Brotherhood of Locomotive Engineers' choice for United States Senator, is not a "working class candidate." Explains to Henry that Hutchins must make his own decision as to whether or not he should stay in the Socialist Party but writes the he "would rather see him leave the party with his record intact than to be placed in a position that would subject him to party discipline."
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Writes that John Haynes Holmes cannot serve. Suggests that Norman Thomas be used instead. Asks that TD advise him what to do.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Contains same text as the other copy of the telegram dated 10/21/26.
Telegram from Social Democratic Party of Germany in German, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter from TD, 12/7/26. Tells Henry that EVD's ashes were interred at Highland Lawn Cemetery in Terre Haute, Indiana on 11/23/26. Says that Katherine Debs will be taking care of placing a grave stone there. Writes that EVD personally was averse to cemetery displays because he thought it was better to "gratify the vanity of the living than to preserve the memory of the dead." States that Henry misinterpreted what he said about receiving some kind of remuneration for supplying material for the AMERICAN APPEAL's section titled "From the Pen of Debs." Assures Henry that it is not a matter that needs to be handled by the Socialist Party's National Executive Committee. Explains to Henry that he does not want the National Executive Committee to patronize him, considering the fact that he and EVD gave the Socialist Party the right to profit from EVD's speeches and writings.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 12/23/26. Writes that the National Executive Committee has decided to obtain a radio station as a tribute to EVD. Assures TD that a radio station is an appropriate memorial to EVD because it would serve to carry forward "the message that leads towards a better world." Tells TD that he has been selected to serve on the station's board of trustees. Informs TD that James Maurer, Samuel Levin, John Haynes Holmes, Albert Coyle, Jane Addams, Norman Thomas, Roger Baldwin, A. M. Todd, John Whitlock, R. T. Wood, B. C. Vladeck, Theodore Debs, Victor Berger, Morris Hillquit, Harriet Stanton Blatch, Robert Morse Lovett, Harry Ward, A. Philip Randolph, Elisabeth Gilman, Herbert Bigelow, William Mitch, Channing Sweet, Joseph Baskin, Sidney Hillman, Abraham Baroff, Cameron King, and Upton Sinclair have also been chosen to be on the board of trustees.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 1/27/27. Writes that James O'Neal told him that the National Executive Committee has decided on $7,500 for the year. Says that it looks as if the Socialist Party finances are in "fairly good shape."
Letter to TD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 2/24/27. Says that he received TD's letter about EVD's will. Assures TD that he will have Morris Hillquit and Joseph Sharts look into the matter. Writes that it would be up to the Socialist Party's National Executive Committee to contest EVD's will and take Katherine Debs to court.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 9/16/27. Informs TD that he is mailing him the first copy of WALLS AND BARS to come off the press. Writes that the book is made of the very best materials and that it has been trimmed in 22 karat gold. Assures TD that he agrees with him that Chicago, Illinois is too expensive a city to house the Socialist Party headquarters. Says that the AMERICAN APPEAL is not doing well because of the fact that the paper reflects the opinion solely of its editor who is responsible for writing most of the articles that appear in it.
Letter from TD, 9/19/27. Assures Henry that he appreciates the fact that he has been sent the first copy of WALLS AND BARS. Writes that he cannot allow Henry to print Walter Hurt's letter to him without the consent of Hurt. Says that he agrees with Henry's position that the Socialist Party must get itself out of debt. Also says that Henry's impression of the AMERICAN APPEAL is correct and that something needs to be done to make the newspaper more interesting. Informs Henry that the Socialist Party is in need of more young people who will not become members of the party if the AMERICAN APPEAL continues publishing its "long, heavy scientific articles."
Letter to TD on Socialist Party National Office letterhead, 4/7/28. Asks that TD attend the Socialist Party's upcoming convention. Says that if TD agrees to come he will pay for some of his expenses. Asks that TD find a copy of a letter written by EVD saying that Kate Richards O'Hare allow her case to be handled by the Socialist Party National Office with the rest of them. Tells TD that most of the records concerning Kate Richards O'Hare's case were confiscated by the government. Mentions that he wants TD to find the letter because Kate Richards O'Hare has been "writing nasty letters in UNITY MAGAZINE, saying that the party did not offer her assistance" after she was arrested. Informs TD that he has a number of records that indicate that Kate Richards O'Hare was "perfectly willing to hook up with the party when she came out of prison," and even had her expenses paid by the Socialist Party during the election of 1920. Asks that TD get the letter to him no latter than Tuesday. Expresses the hope that TD will be able to attend the Socialist Party convention.
Letter from TD, 4/9/28. Informs Henry that although he appreciated the invitation to attend the upcoming Socialist Party convention that he will not be able to do so. Says that he is encouraged that there will be representatives at the convention from nearly every state in the union. Remarks that his memory regarding the events of 1918 is "rather hazy." Tells Henry that he remembers that the Socialist Party National Office "aggreed to look after the legal defense of all of its members, and even of others under charges of indictment." Writes that EVD wrote several letters to Kate Richards O'Hare after her arrest but that he has no copies of them in his files. Tells Henry that he might consider looking at back issue of the EYE-OPENER for information.
Letter from TD, 4/17/28. Writes that he supports the nomination of Norman Thomas and James Maurer as the Socialist Party's candidates for President and Vice-President. Says that "no better selection could have been made to present to the working class and the people generally the lofty ideals and high principles for which the Party stands."
Telegram to TD, 4/18/28. Writes that he is sending greetings to TD on behalf of the delegates to the Socialist Party's National Convention.

Henson, William: Letter to EVD, 9/10/20. Says that he is writing EVD to thank him for all that he has done for him. Tells EVD that he has suffered a great deal since being imprisoned in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Assures EVD that he could do the right thing is he was just given the chance. Asks that EVD write to him once he gets out of prison. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that Henson is "colored." Also includes an untitled poem to EVD. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that Henson's case is a tragic one and that when he gets the chance he will tell TD all about it. Writes that just thinking of Henson makes him feel as though he will never laugh again.
Letter to EVD, 9/14/20. Says that he is glad EVD liked his last letter. Writes that God loves EVD because he there is no evil in his heart. Tells EVD that he appreciates the way he spoke on his behalf before D. R. Weaver. Assures EVD that he has only good in his heart.
Letter to EVD, 9/24/20. Tells EVD that he has made up his mind to be a better man. Writes that he never had a chance in life and that he hopes he will get that chance in the future. Says that when he was in the "hole" for sixteen months he only had God to keep him company. Mentions that when he gets out of prison he wants to work for EVD. Includes a poem titled "Waiting" to EVD.
Letter to EVD, 9/26/20. Says that he cannot stop writing EVD because he considers him such a dear friend. Writes that it was EVD who prevented him from going back into the hole. Tells EVD that when he was in the hole he was treated like a dog. States that most people do not know what goes on in a prison and it is important that they find out. Includes a poem titled "The Best Memory System" to EVD. Also includes a note from EVD to TD saying that this letter is the "cry of the wounded heart of a cruelly outraged colored lad" whose words "should shock and horrify" everyone.
Letter to EVD, 10/6/20. Assures EVD that he is very interested in EVD's work. Mentions that he read about EVD's trial in Cleveland, Ohio. Tells EVD that he would like to see him in the White House. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison but says that once he is free he will miss EVD. Includes a note from EVD to TD asking that TD read Henson's letter and "weep with compassion over this sweet-souled colored child that never had the ghost of a chance."
Letter to EVD, 10/10/20. Says that EVD is both a mother and a father to him. Tells EVD that he loves him as a father loves his son. Writes that while the Democrats would like to keep EVD in prison he knows that one day EVD will be released. Includes a poem titled "Mother" to EVD.
Note from EVD to TD, 10/10/20. Tells TD that he hopes God will help "keep this black boy with a white soul to freedom and to a human chance in the world."
Letter to EVD, 10/16/20. Writes that he is disappointed that the warden refused to see him. Says that he does not know how he is to get out of prison if no one will allow him to demonstrate that he has changed. Tells EVD that if he has any newspapers or books that he would like him to give them to Judas. Asks that EVD tell Joe to send some tobacco to him through Joe.
Letter to EVD, 11/8/20. Says that he would not have known what to do if EVD had not have helped him. Writes that he has asked God to give EVD great power to win his battle for socialism. Tells EVD that he thinks that the Socialist Party is a great party. Assures EVD that he will support him when he runs for President in the 1924 election. Writes that Socialist Party is for him and for a lot of other "Negroes" as well. Mentions that it is hard for the working class to get ahead these days because of the high cost of living. Writes that it would all be different if the "Big Men" of Wall Street worked like poor people for a while. Includes an untitled poem to EVD. Also includes a note from EVD to TD saying that all Henson needs is a chance and that he will do everything in his power to make sure that he gets it.
Letter to EVD, 11/17/20. Says that he is writing to thank EVD for the cigars he sent him. Expresses the hope that EVD has a pleasant Thanksgiving. Includes a poem titled "A Great Man" to EVD.
Letter to EVD, 3/27/21. Tells EVD that he hopes to be out of prison by 1927. Asks that EVD try to help him get out before then. Says that he would like to read a book containing EVD's history.
Letter to EVD, 4/13/21. Includes an essay titled "The Meaning of the Motto 'He Profits Most Who Serves Best'" saying that service not selfishness should be the guiding principle in modern life. Also includes a poem titled "That's Luck" to EVD.
Letter to EVD, 8/19/21. Assures EVD that he is the only true friend he has in the world. Tells EVD that he is not a bad man, only a man who never had a chance.
Letter to TD, 9/5/21. Says that he received TD's address from EVD. Tells TD that he is writing so that he would write to him once in a while. Assures TD that he has complete confidence in EVD and his work.
Letter to EVD, 11/13/21. Expresses the hope that EVD is released by Thanksgiving. Tells EVD that he wrote to TD a few days ago and is waiting for a response. Writes that he hopes to see EVD again before he is released. Says that if he keeps following the rules that one day he will be released too.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Tells TD that Henson had a ten year sentence in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia until he assaulted a guard in an escape attempt and received another ten years. Writes that after Henson was captured he was kept in solitary confinement for eighteen months. Says that he first met Henson after he came out of solitary confinement. Explains that when he first met Henson he was "nearly blind, had entirely lost his speech, and his mind was affected." Tells TD that once he is able he is going to see what he can do for Henson.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Tells EVD that Henson has been applying himself and doing his best to improve his mind.

Herbold, Charles J.: Letter to EVD, 10/23/20. Writes that while he is not a socialist he will vote for EVD in the upcoming Presidential election because the two major parties are a sham. Assures EVD that he is the most lovable, generous, courageous, and incorruptible candidate running in the election. Says that while there have been many opportunities for him to sign petitions demanding EVD's release he has refused to sign any of them. Tells EVD that if "workingmen" were truly worth the name men they would have demanded EVD's release a long time ago.

Herman, Ruby: Letter to EVD, 5/23/20. Says that she is writing to get EVD's opinion on forging a "United Socialist Movement in America." Tells EVD that she is the wife of political prisoner. Writes that many of the factional fights in the socialist movement have been "artificially induced by hired agents of the capitalist class." States that in her effort to unite the socialist movement EVD will be needed as a "nucleus" around which the "United Movement" would coalesce. Informs EVD that what he needed to do was to refuse to accept the nomination for President on any particular third party ticket and accept it in the name of all socialists. Says that since EVD has accepted the nomination in the name of the Socialist Party she has gone against the constitution of the Communist Party and supported EVD's candidacy for President. Writes that her action has been looked upon as an act of treason by the Communist Party. Asks that EVD write her a note saying that he approves of her unity campaign. Includes a form letter saying that their is a great need for a unified socialist movement.
Note from EVD to TD, 5/25/20. Asks that TD write Herman and tell her that prison rules prevent him from writing the note that she requests. Tells TD to say to her that he appreciates what Herman is trying to do. Writes that she needs to know that he accepted the Socialist Party's nomination for President because the Communist Party and the Communist Labor Party were outlawed at the time when the Socialist Party asked him to be its candidate. Asks that TD tell her that he hopes her husband will soon be released from prison.

Hermann, Harry: Postcard to TD, 1/14/21. Includes poem titled "Acrostic Poem" to EVD.
Letter to EVD, 7/15/22. Writes that he appreciated the greeting EVD sent through TD. Writes that he is enjoying EVD's articles in the L. A. EXAMINER about his prison experience. Includes poem titled "Acrostic Poem" to EVD.

Herr, Henry P.: Letter to EVD, 7/9/21. Tells EVD that he first wrote to him when EVD was still an assistant editor for the APPEAL TO REASON. States that he feels like a criminal with EVD in prison. Writes that he wished there was something he could do for EVD. Informs EVD that he passed through Terre Haute, Indiana a couple of weeks ago and "bared his head" in front of EVD's house to honor him. Mentions that he had not been in Terre Haute, Indiana since he heard EVD speak there in 1909. Says that knowing that people like EVD and Tom Mooney are in prison makes him ashamed of America. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison.

Herring, John W.: Letter to TD, 11/11/26. Tells TD that he wrote down some of his thoughts about EVD and thought he would share them with TD. Says that he first became aware of EVD when he visited Woodstock, Illinois and talked with a man who had been the assistant sheriff when EVD was a prisoner there in the county jail in 1895. Writes that he first met EVD in Terre Haute, Indiana when he was a not-so-distant neighbor of his. Mentions that as the secretary of Terre Haute, Indiana's local speakers' bureau he often took visitors past EVD's home. Tells TD that he last saw EVD when he visited EVD's office on Main Street. Mentions that below EVD's office was a Ku Klux Klan printer. Writes that he would not be surprised if that in the future EVD's life story took on a mythical quality.
Letter to TD on League for Independent Political Action letterhead, 6/30/32. Writes that he is preparing a series of articles on the major political developments of the twentieth century. Asks that TD send him some information regarding EVD's role in the socialist movement for one of the articles he is writing.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/5/32. Says that because TD has been ill she is responding to Herring's letter. Writes that she is sending him what information she has been able to locate regarding EVD's political career. Mentions that TD wanted her to send Herring his warmest greetings.

Herron, George D.: Letter from TD, 1/15/14. Sends condolences on the death of Herron's wife, Carrie Rand Herron.
Letter to TD, 3/14/14. Tells TD that illness and grief has prevented him from writing sooner. Says that it is only because he knows that she is still with him in spirit that he is able to endure. Includes an announcement noting the death of his wife, Carrie Rand Herron.
Letter to TD, 6/4/15. Tells TD that even though he and EVD disagree over the nature of the war in Europe that he still admires EVD. Says that he has been serving as a member of the Mayor's Committee in Italy to greet the soldiers before they go off to fight on the war front. Informs TD that he has been impressed with a certain indefinable exaltation among the soldiers. Writes that one young peasant told him that he was fighting because "there could be no freedom or socialism or humanity left in Europe unless Prussia was destroyed." Mentions that he appreciated what EVD had to say about the sinking of the Lusitania.
Letter to EVD, 1/24/16. Says that he thinks the war will last another two or three years. Tells EVD that he doubts whether there will be peace in the world for another half a generation. Informs EVD that he plans on coming back to America once he has closed all of his affairs. Expresses the hope that he can spend the rest of his years working for the Rand School and the socialist movement. Assures EVD that if he were in America he would stand for "unqualified disarmament."
Letter to EVD, 12/19/16. Says that EVD's letter reached him without "any erasure on the part of the censor." Tells EVD that most American socialist do not "have the least moral or intellectual understanding of what has happened and is happening." Mentions that while Walter Kruesi, William English Walling, and Carrie Allen seem to know what is going on they do not have any power within the Socialist Party itself. Assures EVD that the socialists of Belgium, France, Italy, and England will never sit down together with the socialists of Germany. Writes that he has been publishing a series of articles on the war which have been widely read throughout Europe. Says that he has been attacked by both Catholics and Germans for his views.
Letter to EVD, 1/10/17. Tells EVD that he has met with the chief of the French Propaganda Bureau about counteracting the widespread pro-German influence in America. Asks that EVD inform the bureau chief of how much pro-German sentiment he has seen in the America general public and in the Socialist Party. Assures EVD that a victory in France and England will mean "a speedy coming of the Cooperative Commonwealth and the abolition of militarism in both countries."
Letter to TD, 9/26/19. Says that he does not know why EVD has been imprisoned or even where he has been sent. Asks that TD send the enclosed letter to him. Tells TD that he also wants to send EVD a copy of his book THE GREATER WAR.
Letter to EVD, 9/26/19. Says that he thinks of EVD often. Writes that he does not know why EVD is in prison. States that he does not support EVD's position regarding the war because German aggression was a definite threat to democracy. Assures EVD that he still has love and confidence in him. Mentions that if there is one man who has walked in Christ's footsteps it is EVD. Tells EVD that he envies the way he represents "the divine revolt of the soul of man against its antagonists."
Letter to Woodrow Wilson, 9/26/19. Says that he is appealing for a pardon for EVD. Assures Wilson that EVD is as "intensely America" as are all Hoosiers. Writes that EVD is a modern manifestation of St. Francis of Assisi. Asks that Wilson do America a great service and free EVD.
Letter to TD, 10/4/19. Tells EVD that he is sending him a copy of a letter he wrote to Woodrow Wilson in behalf of EVD. Says that he would like TD to keep the letter confidential.
Letter to TD, 12/6/19. Writes that he has written Woodrow Wilson another letter because he found out that the first one did not reach him. Says that Bela Kun has destroyed socialism and democracy in Hungary instead of establishing the socialist republic that the working classes of America think he has. Writes that the same thing has happened in Bavaria. Informs TD that the world is "drifting into a pit," a pit into which Europe and America are sure to go.
Letter to TD, 2/13/20. Informs TD that the only thing published these days are lies. Says that there is no longer anything called the free press. Writes that all of these lies has turned the news into propaganda. Tells TD that no one is getting the truth about the affects of the war on Europe. Mentions that he is working to arrange the release of prisoners in Turkestan who are dying at a rate of one to two thousand a day.
Letter to TD, 4/16/20. Says that he is happy to know that EVD's condition is better. Writes that he has not yet received David Karsner's book about EVD. Tells TD that Italy is the only country where he sees the possibility of a cooperative commonwealth being created. Assures TD that western civilization is leading towards its own complete disintegration because it has no sense of self-regeneration. Mentions that it will take an "entirely new and more synthetic labor movement" to bring about a new world order.
Letter to TD, 9/18/21. Writes that he is shocked to hear that Warren Harding has refused to release EVD from prison. Tells TD that there is no salvation for western civilization. Says that in this apocalyptic time evil will reign but that a new world order will eventually emerge which will bring the "Kingdom of Heaven" to earth.

Hesse, Frances B.: Letter to EVD, 10/29/20. Writes that she is sending EVD a poem which she hopes will lead EVD to "grasp the true intent of the emotions of the soul." Says that while she feels for EVD there is still much to be happy about. Assures EVD that he is still loved even though he is in prison. Encloses poem titled "the Master's Call" to EVD.
Letter to EVD, 9/20/21. Writes that she is sending EVD a poem she has written for him. Expresses the hope that EVD's health has improved. Encloses a poem titled "Debts Due to Debs" to EVD.

Hewit, E. J.: Letter to EVD on letterhead of Ashtabula, Ohio Local of Socialist Party, signed by Hewit, J. H. Ojala, John Kaski, Matt Jankovin, Marthe Naaralainen, Aili Johnson, Auton H. Lehto, Anton Toivonen, Isaac Rautole, H. Arnold, V Aalta, Julia E. Hewit, F. Saarinen, J. Kaskiven, William Naaralainen, Minie Toivonen, Vieno Toivonen, Otta Ran, Lydia Aunela, Fiia Kujala, John W. Ellison, John Ellison, Jr., Mrs. Corniellison, Filippo Carbone, Bertha Keturi, Antti Makela, Aileen Eckles, Hilda Ojala, Selma Makela, Gauil Wiljamaa, Joe Roinone, Harry Ayers, J. W. Conway, Jr., Ida Karhulahti, [name illegible], John McCall, George E. Ralzam, Liri Aalta, Luvie Cervone, Joe Batalini, Mary Batalini, 11/2/21. Sends greetings on EVD's 66th birthday.

Hibben, Paxton: Letter to EVD on American Committee for Relief of Russian Children letterhead, 6/19/26. Says that he is writing personally to thank EVD for his contribution for the relief work his organization is doing for Russian children. Writes that he not only appreciates EVD's contribution but also his faith in the Russian experiment. Tells EVD that while the Russian experiment is not perfect it needs a broad generosity of understanding to make it a success. Includes a receipt from the American Committee for Relief of Russian Children for $20.00.

Hibner, George: Letter to EVD and TD, 1/21/20. Writes that war represents the eternal contest between the "everlasting Old" and the "everlasting New."
Letter to EVD, 6/30/21. Writes that he thinks of EVD often as do many other people in Idaho. Says that the socialist spirit is spreading and spreading in Idaho.
Letter to TD, 11/15/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Writes that in October he was visited by the spirit of EVD who urged him to continue his work on behalf of the "great human cause."
Untitled Poem to TD, 10/19/33.
Letter from TD, 10/22/33. Writes that he appreciated Hibner's tribute to EVD but regretted the fact that the poem was mutilated when it was published in the press.
Untitled poem to TD, 5/24/35.
Letter to TD, 4/7/37. Writes that it is hard for him to get done everything he has to do. Says that he will find TD the Funk and Wagnalls book he is looking for. Tells TD that he is returning some pamphlets he borrowed.
Letter to TD, 9/15/37. Assures TD that he deeply appreciated the portrait of EVD he sent.
Untitled poem to TD, 11/5/40.

Hickey, Tom: Letter to TD on State of Texas, County of Lavaca letterhead, 6/20/21. Assures TD that even though he has been battered he is still agitating for socialism. Asks that TD send him word of how EVD is doing. Writes that he would like TD to get in touch with J. A. Sommerlatte. Asks that TD tell George Brewer and Dan Goggan that the Irish are whipping the English in Ireland.

Hickox, John: Letter to EVD, 11/1/21. Says that he is writing to send EVD congratulation on his 66th birthday and expresses his joy by quoting from Percy Shelley.

Higgins, J. F.: Letter to TD, 10/27/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Morgantown, West Virginia local of the Socialist Party.
Letter to TD, 11/8/26. Tells TD that EVD is now one with Spartacus, Wat Tyler, Giordano Bruno, John Brown, Wendell Philips, and Abraham Lincoln. Says that EVD name will become an inspiration to millions of people in the future.

High, J. A.: Letter to EVD, 12/24/20. Writes that EVD's sacrifice has won for him the American people's admiration. Expresses the hope that EVD will soon be released from prison. Assures EVD that the "common people" want to see him freed.

High, Maurene: Letter to EVD, 1/9/21. Tells EVD that both her mother and her father voted for him. Assures EVD that she thinks of him often. Mentions that she is eight years old.

Hill, Edward G.: Letter to EVD on Ontario, Canada Agricultural College letterhead, 4/27/20. Writes that he appreciates EVD's courage and bravery. Says that EVD should be called a "brother and comrade, hero and martyr, prophet and seer." Assures EVD that he would rather be in EVD's shoes rather than in Woodrow Wilson's. Tells EVD that the capitalist system is ready to crack. Writes that Abraham Lincoln, Ulysses Grant, Robert Lee, George Washington, and John Brown do not hold a candle to EVD in the class war.
Letter to EVD, 10/3/21. Tells EVD that the working class will again have the chance to show their ignorance in the upcoming Canadian elections. Writes that the working class must be "fooled, misled, and bamboozled" at "the political slaughterhouse" before it comes to its senses. Says that Bob Russell who had been imprisoned for his part in the famous Winnipeg, Canada General Strike is running for office on the socialist ticket. Mentions that Russell has a great deal of support from the One Big Union. States that the Independent Labor Party is cooperating with the Farmer Party. Informs EVD that in a debate about socialist tactics he told a groups of socialists that EVD was not merely for political action but industrial unionism as well. Asks that EVD visit him and his wife when he gets out of prison. Mentions that he was talking a Bulgarian worker who said in broken English that EVD was a good man.

Hill, Frank G.: Letter to EVD, 9/28/20. Writes that he thinks of EVD often. Says that his mother Emma More knew EVD when she was a child. Tells EVD to let him know whether or not he remembers his mother.

Hill, Samuel: Photocopy of letter to EVD on Hotel Deming, Terre Haute, Indiana letterhead, 7/27/26. Writes that he is writing a biography of James J. Hill at the behest of his brother. Says that he would like EVD to write about his impressions of the Great Northern Strike of 1894. Mentions that even though he, James J. Hill, and Charles Babcock were against EVD and the American Railway Union during the strike, he is not still bitter about the affair.

Hillman, Sidney: Letter to TD on Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America letterhead, 3/13/15. Says that if an earlier date is impossible he will be satisfied to have EVD speak on 4/3/15. Writes that the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America are involved in a "terrific struggle" to organize tailors all across the country. Assures that EVD's presence will do much to help the union drive succeed.

Hillquit, Morris: Letter to EVD, 11/15/13. Writes that he is grateful for EVD's suggestions to help strengthen the argument in his article on religion. Assures EVD that he will try to clarify his distinction between the "church as a religious insitution" and the "church as a political machine." Tells EVD that a lack of space prevents him from going into more depth about the clergy in the antebellum period. Says that he questions the veracity of the incident Bouck White describes in his work, the "Call of the Carpenter." Mentions that what White describes does not mesh with what he knows about the "general spirit and mental attitude of the Belgian workers." Informs EVD that he should feel guilty for taking a break from his work. Says that he has more than earned it.
Letter to EVD, 1/19/14. Tells EVD that PUCK, a "comic weekly," will now be edited by Nathan Straus, Jr. Says that Straus has "unlimited resources" and will work towards developing a "very large circulation." Writes that Straus has offered him the chance to edit a section devoted to socialism and social problems. Asks that EVD tell him whether or not he should accept Straus' offer. Mentions that if he did take he would expect the "active co-operation of a group of responsible comrades" to "share the burden" with him.
Letter from EVD, 1/21/14. Assures Hillquit that he should accept Nathan Straus' offer to write for PUCK. Asks him, "Why should we not take advantage of such a fine opportunity to get our message to the vast and varied clientele of this high grade capitalist publication?" Says that while capitalism and socialism cannot long dwell in the same house together PUCK represents an important opportunity to propagate the socialist cause. Tells Hillquit that the offer demonstrates just how "powerful and influential and respectable" socialism has become for a capitalist paper "to recognize it and give it respectful consideration in its columns." Informs Hillquit that he would be happy to help him in any way.
Letter to EVD, 9/24/17. Says that he is sorry to hear that EVD is ill and thus unable to make his powerful voice heard at a critical time in the Socialist Party's history. Asks that EVD get well so that he can return to the cause strong and healthy.
Letter to EVD on Hillquit and Levene letterhead, 8/5/18. Asks that EVD sign a copy of the motion he has enclosed which would be the first step in quashing the indictment against him. Says that EVD should mail the motion to Morris Wolf.
Letter to TD, 4/27/19. Says that he is enclosing a check to go towards providing EVD with some "little comforts" while he is in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Writes that he appreciated TD's appeal in EVD's behalf.
Letter to EVD, 6/30/20. Tells EVD that he would have written sooner except for the fact that he did not want burden EVD with more mail. Says that he is writing to explain why the Socialist Party has taken the positions it has in an effort to put to rest EVD's fears that the Socialist Party is trying to make itself more "respectable" by becoming more "conservative." Informs EVD that it is time for the Socialist Party to be "constructive" now that the war is over because the Party cannot sustain itself on "perpetual negative protest" alone. Explains that the Socialist Party's Declaration of Principles has been removed of obtuse Marxist language because of the fact that the average American does not understand that "Social Revolution" does not mean "guillotining" and the "class struggle" does not mean terrorism." Assures EVD that the Socialist Party has not lost sight of the class struggle. Writes that the Socialist Party did not endorse the Third Internationale because it meant "surrendering some of the most cardinal things" the Socialist Party stands for and losing a great deal autonomy to develop the Party at will. Tells EVD that, like him, he supports what the people in Russia are trying to do. Writes that when the Russians attempt to elevate their actions "into a general and universal maxim of Socialist conduct in all countries," he must refuse to accept it. Mentions that Comrade Zinovieff, the head of the Third Internationale, refuses to cooperate with the Independent Socialists of Germany, the Socialist Party of France, and the Independent Labour Party of England. Explains to EVD that the only hope for a successful Internationale is through a unity which allows for self-determination.
Letter to EVD on Hotel Chelsea, Atlantic City, New Jersey letterhead, 10/9/20. Writes that he is sending EVD a greeting from Atlantic City, New Jersey, the home of William Feigenbaum. Says that EVD's articles for the United Press and his interview with Norman Hapgood represent some good work and should all be effective. Assures EVD that he is doing more in jail than "1,000 ordinary propagandists could do at large." Tells EVD that he is feeling much better and that he is now back to work.
Letter to TD, 10/27/20. Assures TD that he is feeling much better and that his life is returning to normal. Expresses the hope that he will soon get the opportunity to see TD and EVD and tell them how much comfort he has received from their kind messages.
Letter to EVD, 3/1/26. Tells EVD that he has made some interesting discoveries regarding EVD's citizenship status. Assures EVD that he is "still a full fledged citizen of the United States with all rights of citizenship including the right to vote and to hold office." Writes that there is no constitutional provision which deprives a person of citizenship for committing a felony. Says that it is the states who determine the rights of citizenship and suffrage. Mentions that the state of Indiana makes it clear that people are only disfranchised "during the period" of their imprisonment. Informs EVD that he should go ahead and apply for a passport but make no reference to his incarceration. Suggests that EVD should visit Bermuda because of the fact that no passport is required to go there.
Letter from EVD, 3/4/26. Tells Hillquit that the discoveries he made regarding his citizenship surprise him, especially since a "formidable array of high authorities" have said exactly the opposite. Informs Hillquit that Warren Harding told him that he had been disfranchised and that the Justice Department told him that his citizenship has been forfeited. Says that he is not allowed to register to vote in Terre Haute, Indiana. Also says that an Indiana law passed when he was an inmate at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia prevents him from holding office. Asks that Hillquit contact the Attorney General or the Pardon Attorney for verification. Mentions that because of Hillquit's advice he and Katherine Debs have decided to leave for Bermuda next week.
Letter to EVD, 3/9/26. Writes that "the popular notion that a conviction of crime carries with it loss of citizenship is widespread and by no means confined to laymen." Assures EVD that he cannot be barred from re-entering the country after taking a trip abroad. Tells EVD that he went through the Indiana state laws and could not find a provision which disfranchised people for serving time in prison. Says that perhaps EVD should think about making a fight for his rights in the court. Mentions that he is glad that EVD and Katherine Debs have decided to go to Bermuda.
Letter to John Sargent, 3/11/26. Tells the Attorney General, John Sargent, that EVD was convicted under the Espionage Act and had his sentence commuted without a pardon. Says that he is writing to find out whether or not EVD is still entitled to his citizenship rights.
Letter to EVD, 3/15/26. Says that he wrote to John Sargent about the status of EVD's citizenship and is waiting for a reply.
Letter to EVD, 3/19/26. Tells EVD that he has not yet heard from John Sargent. Says that he expects Sargent's letter to be "non-commital and evasive." Writes that he is still convinced that EVD's citizenship rights are intact. Assures EVD that even though EVD was convicted under the Espionage Law that he has not forfeited his citizenship rights. Tells EVD that from his research he has discovered that because citizenship is granted by the federal government, the individual states have no power to take it away. Mentions that the individual states do have a right to bar ex-convicts from holding office.
Letter to TD, 6/10/26. Says that he is returning the letters EVD sent him from Judge D. C. Westenhaver. Writes that he believes that EVD still has a right to hold a federal office and his "right to vote at all elections are entirely unimpaired." Tells TD that he is sorry to hear that EVD is ill.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 11/3/26. Says that while EVD's death has meant a great loss to the socialist movement it has meant an even greater loss to TD. Writes that he is wondering if TD will continue the work of his brother. Tells TD that he does not underestimate TD's "sterling qualities of heart and mind" simply because they were over-shadowed by EVD's personality.
Letter to TD, 9/26/29. Writes that he appreciated what TD said about him in the bound volume of tributes given to him to mark his 60th birthday.

Hillquit, Nina: Telegram to Morris Hillquit, 10/22/26. Says that he has been requested to speak at the Debs' burial on behalf of the International. Mentions that she received a telegram from Adolfo Dickman sending condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Agentine Socialist Party.

Hillquit, Vera: Letter to TD, 10/16/33. Writes that because TD is one of Morris Hillquit's oldest friends, his words of condolence meant a lot to her.
Tribute from TD, n.d. Says that the death of Morris Hillquit is an irreparable loss to the working classes. Writes that he was an "inspiration and joy to his comrades." States that his "pen wielded a great influence in directing the course of the Socialist movement" in America.

Hilsdorf, Mr. and Mrs. William: Letter to EVD, 12/14/20. Says that they are writing to wish EVD a merry Christmas. Expresses the hope that the new year will bring EVD his freedom. Mentions that they will be sending EVD a package containing fruitcake, candy, nuts, apples, and cigars.

Himmelreich, Paul J.: Letter to EVD, 5/5/21. Says that he knows on Mother's Day EVD will be thinking about the memories he has of his own mother whose "love and gentleness have been instilled" in EVD. Writes that it is her spirit, the "love and devotion" of Katherine Debs, and his million followers which sustains him. Assures EVD that his thoughts and prayers are always with him.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 5/6/21. Writes that Himmelreich's Mother's Day letter touches his heart and fills him with tender emotions. Asks that TD write to Himmelreich and tell him that he greatly appreciated his letter.
Letter to TD, 10/22/26. Asks that TD send him copies of the Terre Haute, Indiana papers which include articles about EVD's funeral.

Hindon, Constance: Letter to TD, 10/25/26. Says that she was disappointed to see that EVD had died. Writes that she is the grand-daughter of Professor Nicholls and she had written EVD when she was 12. Mentions that Professor Nicholls still has the letter TD sent him dated 9/12/21. Expresses the hope that some day she gets the chance to meet TD.

Hines, Paul J.: Letter to TD on Home and School Library Association letterhead, 10/18/42. Says that he recently drove through Terre Haute, Indiana on his way to Bloomington, Illinois and stopped to send a telegram at the Western Union office. Writes that the clerk had only nice things to say about EVD. Mentions that it was a joy for him to be in Terre Haute, Indiana, the home of one of the greatest men of the twentieth century. Tells TD that he should consider writing a biography of EVD's life. Informs TD that Max Eastman gives the impression that EVD's generosity was actuated by whiskey rather than "an innate love for his less fortunate fellowman" in his new book HEROES I HAVE KNOWN. Mentions that he was glad to see where an "authentic" biography of John Peter Altgeld was written. States that EVD's life story is an important one to tell because his ideas have been actualized in the New Deal and the Congress of Industrial Organization.
Letter from TD, 11/7/42. Says that he must apologize for not writing sooner but that he has been ill. Mentions that he never heard of the incidents Max Eastman describes in his book and assures Hines that EVD never required a stimulant to be generous. Writes that he wonders if Hines knows James Maurer, Algernon Lee, William Bohn, Abraham Cahan, or James O'Neal. Mentions that he withdrew from the Socialist Party to take up membership in the Social Democratic Federation. Says that he has absolutely no use for Communists.
Letter to TD on Home and School Library Association letterhead, 11/26/42. Writes that he deeply appreciated the literature that TD sent to him. Tells TD that he does not know who should write a biography of EVD's life. Mentions that none of the books about EVD produced so far are worthy of him. Informs TD that EVD's biography should not be sentimental but represent a "true account of his life and work ." Says that it should be a book which shows that EVD as a man who was at least thirty years ahead of his time.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/12/43. Writes that she is responding to Hines' letter because of her father's illness. Says that TD appreciated both his letter and his holiday greeting.
Letter to TD on W. B. Saunders Company letterhead, 8/11/43. Says that when he was in a used book store he came across a book by John Swinton called A MOMENTOUS QUESTION which was about the Pullman Strike of 1894. Writes that if TD would like to read it he would be more than happy to send him his copy of it. Tells TD that he still thinks someone should write a good biography of EVD's life.
Note to TD, 2/17/45. Says that TD should read the article he has marked from the PROGRESSIVE. Mentions that when he was in Terre Haute, Indiana last Saturday it appeared that the town was in the "throes of war prosperity."
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 3/24/45. Writes that TD wishes to thank him for the marked copy of the PROGRESSIVE he sent him. Mentions that Irving Stone has taken on a considerable undertaking, "quite sufficient to keep him engaged for some time in the future."
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Home and School Library Association letterhead, 12/26/45. Says that he appreciated Marguerite Debs Cooper's card telling him that TD had passed on. Writes that he did not know how he missed seeing it in any of the newspapers. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that she should write a biography of EVD and TD's lives. Mentions that while Irving Stone is a noted writer his book about EVD will not be historically accurate. Informs Marguerite Debs Cooper that a generation of people has grown up since EVD's death who know nothing about him. Mentions that they also do not know about the "early struggles and sacrifices to organize labor" and the "gains now enjoyed by labor were vouchsafed by [many] courageous pioneers in the labor movement." Asks that Marguerite Debs Cooper tell him how to procure a copy of EVD's book WALLS AND BARS.

Hirschman, Esther: Postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/17/70. Writes that she appreciated the pamphlet Marguerite Debs Cooper sent about EVD's life. Says that EVD led quite a "purposeful life." Mentions that she enjoyed an article on EVD which appeared in a book called FIFTY GREAT AMERICANS.

Hjorth, Orpha: Letter to TD, 3/7/18. Writes that she is glad TD took time out of his busy schedule to send her a letter. Mentions that she appreciated the pamphlets he sent. Says that she hopes that EVD will get the chance to speak out West again because she wants her little five year old daughter to hear his voice. Tells TD that her daughter is already such a little rebel.

Hoan, Daniel W.: Letter to EVD on City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin letterhead, 8/15/16. Writes that he did not participate in a preparedness parade to show his support of American militarization but rather to show his national loyalty. Says that Citizens Committee changed the purpose of the parade when it found out that neither the socialists nor the Federated Trades Council would participate in a parade for American militarization. Assures EVD that the official announcements for the parade made it very clear that it was not for militarization. Tells EVD that he is enclosing Osmore Smith's article from the MILWAUKEE LEADER about the parade so that he see what the parade was really all about. Mentions that it was important to show that socialists are "imbued with a genuine patriotic spirit."
Letter from EVD, 8/17/16. Tells Hoan that he disagrees with his view regarding patriotism. Says that "socialists are not required to demonstrate their patriotism for the benefit of the capitalist class and that class will not only not thank them for it but hold them in greater contempt." Writes that because the parade was to serve capitalist ends he would not have had anything to do with it. Informs Hoan that his "vote-catching politics" has tarnished the good name of socialism everywhere. Mentions that he would quit the Socialist Party before he would march in a capitalist parade to show his patriotism. Includes a copy of Osmore Smith's article on the Milwaukee, Wisconsin preparedness parade which appeared in the MILWAUKEE LEADER.
Letter to EVD on City of Milwaukee, Wisconsin letterhead, 8/29/24. Writes that he is glad that EVD and Katherine Debs have accepted his invitation to go to Carpenter Lake. Asks that when EVD and Katherine Debs are there they make themselves at home and stay as long as they would like.
Letter from TD, 2/14/36. Says that he appreciated the copy of the pamphlet "Abraham Lincoln A Real American" he sent. Writes that Hoan did a magnificent job of depicting Lincoln's "high ideals" and "aspirations." Tells Hoan that "Lincoln was one of the common herd, and he never forgot the class in which he was born and reared and his great, loving, tender, humanitarian heart beat in perfect unison with their own." States that he was touched by the way that Hoan compared EVD to Lincoln and Karl Marx.
Letter to TD, 2/18/36. Tells TD that he is glad that he liked his pamphlet. Says that he has long thought that socialists needed a more thorough understanding of psychology. Writes that the only reason the socialists were successful in Milwaukee, Wisconsin was because they were able to "sell Socialism in the light of American thinking" there. Asks that he be allowed to use TD's letter for the purpose of publicizing his pamphlet.

Hodge, Viola and Lila: Letter to EVD from Viola Hodge, 11/27/20. Writes that she appreciated EVD's message that appeared in the NEW DAY. Says that she wishes she could help EVD get EVD out of prison. Mentions that she does not think that "good people ought to be there." Tells EVD that she is an eight year old socialist.
Letter to EVD from Lila Hodge, 11/27/20. Tells EVD that she is a six year old socialist. Says that she wished EVD was out of prison. Mentions that she would like to sit on EVD's lap.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 12/3/20. Says that Viola and Lila are both "dear sweet kiddies." Mentions that he would love to have Lila Hodge sit on his lap so that he could "tell her stories and play with her."

Hodges, Hattie: Letter from TD, 1/17/45. Writes that he would have replied to her Christmas greeting sooner except for the fact that he has been ill. Assures her that EVD never forgot the kindness she showed him in Mishawaka, Indiana. Expresses the hope that all of the members of the Hodge family will be returning home once the war is over, "safe in mind and body."

Hoehn, G. A.: Letter to EVD on ST. LOUIS LABOR letterhead, 1/4/16. Says that after speaking with Adolph Germer he has decided that EVD is the only "proper" Socialist Party candidate for President. Tells EVD that the Socialist Party needs a "strong fighter" to lead the struggle against American militarism. Asks that EVD "act, and act promptly."
Letter to EVD on ST. LOUIS LABOR letterhead, 5/17/17. Writes that EVD should visit K. Wessel when he is in his neighborhood. Says that when EVD does come to see him to take with him a letter of introduction written by Hoehn. Asks that before EVD starts his speaking tour of the West that he spend a few hours in St. Louis, Missouri. Mentions that he recently found out that he had ruptured something in his "lower region."
Letter to K. Wessel from EVD in German, 6/1/17. Writes that he is happy to be back home. Says that Wessel is a "rare old comrade, one who courageously fought life's battles" without losing his character or compromising his principles. Tells Wessel that seeing him reminded him of his father. Mentions that now the likes of he and Wessel are old pioneers of the socialist movement, a movement that is now the largest international movement for socialism in all of human history. Tells Wessel that if only the movement had been founded ten years earlier the war "would never have been brought about." Expresses the hope that when the war ends, the socialist movement will be "stronger than before, better prepared for the fight, with greater solidarity, and more resolve to lead the war against capitalism, until the brutal system collapses and socialistic republics become a matter of fact throughout the entire world." Says that he is sorry he did not get to see G. A. Hoehn again on his return trip home.
Letter to EVD on ARBEITER-ZEITUNG letterhead, 6/7/17. Says that he is sorry that he did not write sooner but that the war has left him with much to do. Writes that he has translated the letter to K. Wessel into German as EVD requested and has sent it off to him. Tells EVD that his visit with Wessel will certainly leave a lasting impression on him. Mentions that if Charles Edward Russell and Allan Benson had one-tenth of the "spirit, confidence, and convictions" of Wessel, the socialist movement would be very different.
Letter to EVD on Labor Publishing Company letterhead, 12/23/20. Says that while he has often wanted to write EVD, but he did not know what to say. Mentions that he did not want to give the impression that he was childishly trying to encourage EVD or cowardly pitying him or even flattering him in such a way as to be "unworthy of comradeship." Tells EVD that his entire family wishes him a merry Christmas and a happy New Year. Asks that EVD extend this greeting to Joe Coldwell. Assures EVD that at least he is better off than Voltaire was in his time because of the fact that EVD has not been exiled from his homeland.

Hoelscher, George C.: Letter to EVD, 11/30/21. Tells EVD that it is never too late to "reach the hand of a man." Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison.

Hoffman, Robert A.: Letter to TD, 11/9/26. Writes that he appreciated the copies of the Terre Haute, Indiana papers that TD sent with articles about EVD in them. Says that one of the finest tributes to EVD appeared in the BUFFALO EVENING NEWS in an article written by Barnet Nover. Mentions that Nover is "fearless in expressing his opinions and is allowed great latitude because his column is widely read." Tells TD that he arranged a memorial service for EVD last week and an account of it was subsequently published in the NEW LEADER. Writes that he was one of EVD's "advance men" during his last speaking tour in 1923. Says that he will always cherish the inscribed picture EVD gave to him. Asks that TD consider putting together a book in memory of EVD containing a life story and a collection of the tributes written after his passing. Mentions that the profits for the volume could be used to rebuild the Socialist Party.

Hogan, Freda: Letter to TD, 12/26/19. Writes that she has not stopped thinking about EVD since his imprisonment. Says that she does not know how the workers of America are able to tolerate the fact that EVD is in prison. Mentions that with all of the pain and sorrow in the world it would not be difficult for her to lose her "socialist faith and become a raving anarchist." Asks that if there is anything that she or her father could do for EVD that TD not hesitate to let them know. Tells TD that she and her father are getting ready to start a daily newspaper. Mentions that she will be the business manager and her father will be the editorial writer. Assures TD that she will never forget the time she got to spend with him and EVD when they were in Oklahoma. Says that she wished that she and some of the younger comrades had been imprisoned instead of EVD.

Holbrook, Alice L.: Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 9/16/20. Asks that TD thank Alice Holbrook for her "kind letter."
Letter to EVD, 9/17/20. Says that she is hoping to lift EVD's spirits by writing to share with him how much she admires him. Mentions that she heard EVD speak several years ago in Brockton, Massachusetts. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison. Tells EVD that he must not "give up the good fight."
Letter to EVD, 12/25/20. Tells EVD that she thought he would have been released by now. Writes that she recently went to hear Norman Hapgood speak in Boston, Massachusetts. Mentions that when he said that EVD was the "best loved man in America" the audience of 2,500 people "cheered and cheered." Asks that EVD keep up his faith and courage.
Letter to EVD, 3/25/21. Tells EVD that she is sending him two poems she has written, one of which she would like to dedicate to EVD. Says that she anxiously awaits EVD's release from prison. Mentions that she has been rereading Upton Sinclair's book the BRASS CHECK, a book that points out how very uncivilized the world still is.
Poem titled "Freedom" to EVD, 3/25/21.
Poem titled "What a Tree Told Me" to EVD, 3/25/21.
Poem titled "A Vision of Life" to EVD, n.d.
Note to EVD, n.d. Says that when she was singing the "Messiah" last Sunday, the lines in one of the choruses made her think of EVD. Encloses the lines, "Surely He hath borne our griefs and carried our sorrows. He was wounded for our transgressions: He was bruised for our iniquities: the chastisement of our peace was upon Him" and "All we like sheep have gone astray: we have turned every one to his own way: and the Lord hath laid on Him the iniquity of us all," from the "Messiah" for EVD.

Holl, Frank X.: Letter to TD, 11/8/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 12/26/43. Writes that he received TD's Christmas card. Mentions that he was not able to send any cards out himself because of illness. Tells TD that he has sent all of his correspondence with EVD to the University of Texas. Says that TD should write the university and get a copy of the pamphlet it puts out titled "Chapters in Labor." Mentions that it was a Ruth Allen who was anxious to get EVD's letters to him.

Holland, Anne: Telegram to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Hollingsworth, J. H. SEE ALSO Helen Hollingsworth Bard.

Hollingsworth, J. H.: Letter to TD, 1/19/10. Tells TD that he appreciated the turkey the Debs family sent over to mark his 61st birthday. Asks that TD thank everyone who helped make the turkey dinner possible.
Letter to TD, 10/25/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that like Abraham Lincoln's fame, EVD's will increase in the passing years.
Letter to TD, Gertrude Debs, and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/30/33. Writes that it means a lot to him that the Debs family still remembers him, Says that it is nice for him to know that he still has some loyal friends who "have a place in their big warm hearts for him."
Letter to TD, Gertrude Debs, and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/12/35. Expresses the hope that the Debs family has a restful Christmas and New Year's Day. Says that they should look at Mark Sullivan's OUR TIMES--THE TWENTIES because in it was published a picture of EVD.
Letter to TD and Gertrude Debs, 1/6/38. Writes that with so much discord in the world it would be easy to overlook the holiday spirit. Assures TD and Gertrude Debs that their friendship means a lot to him.
Letter from TD, 1/19/39. Writes that on behalf of the entire Debs family he would like to wish Hollingsworth a happy 90th birthday. Says that it has been many years since he first heard Hollingsworth speak at the Nickeldome Theatre on economics. Tells Hollingsworth that he has not forgotten the way that he was persecuted during the war. Mentions that he hopes that Hollingsworth has many more years of life ahead of him.
Letter to TD, 1/29/39. Says that he appreciated TD's letter, along with the ninety others, which all were sent to mark his 90th birthday. Mentions that he even received letter from people he had married forty-five years ago. Tells TD that he remembers fondly the old days, including EVD's campaigns for office and the local Socialist Party meetings. Writes that he does not feel that his and TD's efforts were in vain. Says that he believes that a heaven on earth is still possible.
Letter to TD, 4/5/41. Writes that the "people are doomed to suffer another capitalist war to keep the wobbly capitalist system on its wobbly legs." Says that he is sympathetic with the British. Mentions that Marguerite Debs Cooper thought Hollingsworth was the most charming of men.
Letter to TD, 1/5/42. Says that he wished he had the chance to talk with TD again. Writes that apart from his immediate family, he knows few people in Grand Rapids, Michigan. Tells TD that he wonders how long it will take before the world becomes sane again. States that he remains an enemy of the present exploitive social system.
Letter to TD, 1/3/43. Says that the special EVD Supplement in the NEW YORK CALL brought back many fond memories for him. Expresses the hope that TD feels better soon. Tells TD that he is still greatly needed in the world.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that as the year comes to a close he is reminded of one of Horace Traubels' songs. Includes lines from one of Horace Traubels' poems.
Letter to TD, n.d. Tells TD that several months ago he suffered a paralytic stroke on the left side of his body. Says that even though he is 92 years old there is still much of interest to keep him in this world. Writes that TD is still a "bad, bad socialist" who manages to "drop his quota" of bombs on America's "sacred institutions." Mentions that the Northern and Southern wings of the Methodist Church have reunited, having been separated since the Civil War. States that he simply abhors all of the "war, suffering, waste, [and] death" that is going on in the world. Informs TD that in such a state of affairs the only people to turn to are the "bad" socialists.

Holman, Helen A.: Letter to EVD on Waists, Silk Suits, and Children's Dressmakers' Union letterhead, 11/3/21. Writes that she is sending greetings to EVD from 150 "colored strikers," all of whom are members of local 15 of the Waists, Silk Suits, and Children's Dressmakers' Union.

Holmes, John Haynes: Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 11/26/19. Tells EVD that he was hoping to give thanks to God on Thanksgiving Day for the release of all political prisoners in America, but was sadly disappointed. Says that nonetheless he is still thankful for people like EVD who can "endure all things" for the "cause of truth and the love of men." Mentions that he was happy to see that the Labor Party that was formed recently in Chicago, Illinois passed a unanimous resolution supporting the release of EVD. Says that this goes to show that the cry for amnesty is growing.
Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 4/14/20. Tells EVD that he is writing to mark the anniversary of his imprisonment. States that he is moved by all of the "love and reverence" that is everywhere felt for EVD. Mentions that his protest against the war and his subsequent imprisonment is an inspiration to all. Tells EVD that he was glad to see in the NEW YORK CALL that EVD is to be transferred from the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia to a "farm colony." Assures EVD that the day of his release is soon at hand. Mentions that he is to speak next week at a public meeting for the amnesty of all political prisoners.
Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York, New York City letterhead, 11/1/20. Writes that he is thinking about all of the people who will be voting for EVD tomorrow on election day. Assures EVD that he will be among them. Says that if votes were counted by "love, devotion, and reverence" for the candidate instead of by number, EVD would become the next President.
Letter from Grace Keller, 12/10/20. Tells Holmes that his public letter to Woodrow Wilson protesting the imprisonment of EVD was the "first public utterance on this subject that has adequately expressed [her] own wrath and sense of outrage." Says that she has been asking herself again and again, "How long can a man like Wilson, in a country like America, play jailer" to EVD? Writes that EVD's imprisonment represents a lost sense of America's liberty. States that there is no justice here as long as EVD is not free. Mentions that she thinks it is time to picket the White House.
Letter to Grace Keller on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 12/14/20. Writes that he had been "utterly discouraged" by EVD's imprisonment until he made a trip to Washington D. C. and talked to Lawrence Todd, a correspondent there for the NEW YORK CALL. Says that Todd is sure that the political prisoners will be released as suddenly as the conscientious objectors to the war were just a few days before. Mentions that he would not be surprised if the political prisoners were even released by Christmas. Tells Keller that he is willing to wait until after New Year's to see what happens. Says that if nothing happens by then, amnesty efforts should be aimed at the new administration, especially if a liberal is named as the next Attorney General.
Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 12/24/20. Writes that he was hoping that EVD would have been released by now. Says that it will put a damper on his Christmas festivities.
Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 10/24/21. Writes that he hopes that now that the Peace Treaty has been signed that EVD and the other political prisoners will soon be released. Says that if such a course is not taken he promises EVD that "there are going to be some mighty interesting developments." Assures EVD that he thinks of him often and that he has no reason to feel discouraged.
Letter to TD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 11/10/21. Writes that he appreciated TD's letter that said how much comfort and courage he has brought to EVD. Says that is will be sending TD two newspapers that contain articles on the amnesty question for his perusal. Mentions that while he is often discouraged he feels as though his activities just might "accomplish something in the end."
Letter to TD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 11/29/21. Writes that he agrees with what TD says about the American Legion. States that he is sending TD a copy of the last issue of UNITY in which there is an article that deals at length with his impression of this organization. Tells TD that he is cheered by the rumors that EVD will be released by Christmas, but says that because of past disappointments he is not "any too confident" that it will actually occur.
Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 8/27/25. Writes that he was happy to see where EVD will be coming to New York City, New York in the fall to speak on behalf of Norman Thomas to help him in his campaign for Mayor of New York City, New York. Says that he hopes EVD will get a chance to speak at the Community Church of New York City, New York. Asks that EVD consider speaking at the Community Church on Sunday, October 25, 1925. Assures EVD that he would be allowed to speak on any topic that he wished.
Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 6/1/26. Says that he is writing to ask EVD if he plans on being in New York City, New York any time in the next year so that he could have him speak at the Community Church of New York City, New York. Writes that he would gladly cover any expenses incurred to make the trip.
Letter to TD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 6/7/26. Writes that he is sorry to hear about EVD's poor health. Says that he is glad EVD has TD to stand by him. Tells TD that he is amazed by all the stressful situations that EVD has survived through. Mentions that EVD always has an open invitation to speak at his church.
Letter to TD on Community Church of New York City, New York, 7/1/26. Writes that he was happy to receive the copy of the ST. LOUIS LABOR that TD sent with an article by him in it.
Letter to EVD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 8/18/26. Writes that he is sorry to hear that EVD is still ill. Says that it is difficult for him to hear of his illness because EVD has lived his life so energetically. Tells EVD that he is needed in the "great days" that are yet to come.
Letter to TD on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he touched that TD wants him to speak at the funeral in Terre Haute, Indiana but that he will be unable to make it to the service. Writes that he is preparing a special memorial issue of UNITY in honor of EVD.
Letter to Kate Crane-Gartz on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 11/29/26. Says that he is glad to know that his tribute to EVD meant so much to her. Writes that she is right to say at least the world still has TD.
Letter to Blanche Watson on Community Church of New York City, New York letterhead, 2/21/27. Writes that he was glad to hear that the BOMBAY CHRONICLE "quoted so liberally from UNITY." Says that he was disappointed that Blanche Watson's article about EVD was not published at the same time as Rosalie Goodyear's. Tells Watson that he has just seen this week's issue of UNITY and her article does indeed appear in it. Includes a letter from Blanche Watson to TD, n. d. Tells TD that she wants to make her three stories about EVD into a little book. Says that TD should write a short biographical sketch of EVD's life to go with them. Informs TD that this proposed book would help to fill a void in the dearth of writings about EVD currently available. Mentions that Scott Nearing would be able to secure a publisher for it.

Holt, Fred W.: Letter to EVD, 2/23/15. Writes that a letter coming from EVD, a man who has first-hand "felt the sting of Capitalism," means a lot to him. Says that he heard about EVD's tour of the West from TD. Tells EVD that he and his comrades are doing the best they can in their strike, but that the local government is doing everything in its power to smash it. Informs EVD that the striking miners are getting $.30 a day for food for themselves and $3.00 a week for their wives and children. Mentions that he has started up a Socialist Party local here with 36 members. Tells EVD that he is enclosing a list of miners now imprisoned in Fort Smith, Arkansas who were involved in the strike. Includes a list of names of miners imprisoned in Fort Smith, Arkansas.
Poem "Dedicated to the Members of the Hi-Ki Hunting Club" to TD, n.d.

Horgan, E.: Note to EVD on Lindlahr Sanitarium letterhead, n.d. Writes that W. E. Burns and R. T. Sims both phoned for EVD. Says that Sims wishes that EVD call him back.

Horner, Thomas R.: Letter to TD, 10/7/21. Says that Henry Fuhrburg has asked him to write a letter requesting a pardon from Attorney General Harry Daugherty for EVD. Tells TD that such a letter will probably do little good because of the fact that reactionaries are in control of the government. Mentions that he recently read David Karsner's book DEBS: HIS AUTHORIZED LIFE AND LETTERS. States that Karsner's book did not say that thing that was not true. Informs TD that because of all the corruption in the government he is not surprised EVD is in prison.

Hornung, Henri: Letter from Pearl York Gibson on Terre Haute, Indiana Chamber of Commerce letterhead, 1/30/48. Writes that the banks in listed in the 1880 Terre Haute, Indiana City Directory were the First National Bank, McKeen and Company, the National State Bank, the Prairie City Bank, Shannon's Bank, and the Terre Haute Savings Bank. Mentions that the First National Bank, McKeen and Company, and the National State Bank merged to form the Terre Haute First National Bank. Tells Hornung that Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Cooper Debs are dear friends of hers.
Letter to Chamber of Commerce, n.d. Asks that the Chamber of Commerce forward her a list of banks that were in existence around 1880. Says that she deposited some money EVD gave her into one of them 55 years ago.

Horton, C. E.: Telegram to EVD, 10/20/26. Says that while he is sorry to know that EVD is dying that EVD should know that "death is sweet" to a man of his type.

Houser, George: Telegram to Gertrude Debs, 4/14/1945. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Housman, Lawrence SEE Le Prade, Ruth.

Howat, Alexander: Telegram to EVD, 4/14/17. Tells EVD that Ida Callery has died and that her funeral will be on 4/16/17. Asks that EVD attend the funeral.
Letter to EVD on United Mine Workers of America letterhead, 3/23/21. Writes that the Kansas Executive Board of the United Mine Workers has voted to send EVD $100. Says that no one thinks less of EVD because he is in prison. Mentions that he wants EVD to know that the 12,000 United Mine Workers members in Kansas are behind him.

Howe, Nannie: Letter to EVD, 12/18/20. Writes that she has been too heart sick to write EVD, but wants to let him know that she has been praying for him. Says that she spent yesterday at the Socialist Party headquarters helping to prepare Christmas packages for all of the Socialist Party's political prisoners. Tells EVD while she was at the Socialist Party headquarters she saw a painting of EVD and it made her very happy. Expresses the hope that by Christmas EVD will be released from prison.

Howe, R. H. SEE Fraenckel, Gustave.

Howe, W. H.: Letter to Warren Harding and Harry Daugherty, the SATURDAY EVENING POST, and the CHICAGO DAILY NEWS, 11/5/21. Writes that it is his religious duty to ask for the release of EVD from prison. Says that he would like to see EVD released before the Disarmament Conference commences. Asks that Harding and Daugherty do their best in the name of justice to free EVD.

Howell, N. C.: Letter to EVD, 12/16/19. Writes that on Thanksgiving he had nothing to be thankful for. Says that he noticed where the Senate ignored Woodrow Wilson's peace proposition. Writes that the coal strike was called off and the "steel strike is knocking along on one cylinder." Tells EVD that where he is a slave in the outside world, EVD is free inside the prison walls.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Writes that he is glad that Woodrow Wilson only has two more days in office. Tells EVD that he is not sure if Warren Harding will be much better, but is hopeful that he will be. Says that the first four digits of EVD's prison number--9653--stand for internationalism, fraternalism, education, and cooperation. Informs EVD that he is convinced there is a connection between his "prison number, the numbers which they signify, and the ideas which [are] today shaking our civilization to its foundation."
Letter to EVD, n.d. Writes that when he was teaching in Guadalupe, Mexico he sent a petition supporting EVD's release to Warren Harding. Says that he saw where EVD made a trip to Washington D. C. Includes song titled "Debs in Prison."
Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that he wished EVD were able to write back to him. Writes that he sees where the war with Russia is raging. Tells EVD that if it were possible he would gladly serve half of EVD's sentence in prison. Informs EVD that he was greatly saddened to learn that Cornelius Lehane had died. States that he was glad that Emma Goldman had been liberated. Mentions that even though her politics are very different from what the socialists advocate that nonetheless her heart is still in the right place. Also Mentions that he is sorry about the split in the Socialist Party.

Howell, Perdita: Letter to TD, 7/22/37. Asks that TD excuse her for not writing sooner to thank him for the copy of DEBS AND THE POETS he gave her. Says that she was ill. Writes that she looks forward to seeing TD again when she is back in Terre Haute, Indiana. Mentions that it must be satisfying for TD to know that so many "real" people loved EVD.
Letter from TD, 8/9/37. Tells Howell that he was blessed to have such a brother as EVD. Writes that it was good to see her when she visited.

Howieson, Peter: Letter to EVD, 9/11/20. Writes that he is a young Scottish communist who is only 19 years old. Says that he works as a brakeman as a colliery. Mentions that the owner of the nearby paper mill has forbidden him from preaching communism around his plant. Tells EVD that his friends have warned him that if he continues to disobey the mill owner's orders he will be "taken to the Tower of London" and get his "brains blown out."

Howland, Arthur H.: Letter to EVD on GOOD MORNING letterhead, 11/5/21. Writes that even though he has never met EVD in person he wanted to send EVD greetings on his birthday.

Huebsch, B. W.: Letter to EVD on B. W. Huebsch, Inc. letterhead, 5/13/25. Writes that he liked what EVD had to say about Waldo Browne's biography of John Altgeld and asks that he be allowed to use it in publicizing the book. Mentions that he attended the dinner held in EVD's honor a few weeks ago in New York City, New York.

Huff, Charlie H.: Letter to EVD, 12/24/20. Expresses the hope that EVD is in good health. Tells EVD that he would be more than happy to take his place in prison. Says that EVD will always be his champion in the fight for "justice and right."

Hughan, Jessie Wallace: Letter to EVD, 10/26/21. Writes that she is thinking of EVD as another election day comes around. Says that he is her inspiration. Mentions that it is nice to know that EVD's torch still burns brightly.

Hughes, S. T.: Letter to EVD on Newspaper Enterprise Association letterhead, 1/4/16. Asks that EVD as one of America's "first citizens" to send him a brief letter telling him what hope EVD sees for an early peace in Europe and what kind of form the peace treaty should take. Tells EVD that he represents a consortium of 117 Scripps newspapers.

Hughes, V. L.: Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death in behalf of the members of the Painters' Union of Houston, Texas.

Hulman, Herman: Letter to EVD Hulman and Company letterhead, 10/13/1893. Writes that he was happy to receive EVD's congratulation on the completion of Hulman and Company's new building. Writes that EVD's feelings of esteem and friendship are mutual.
Letter to EVD on Hulman and Company letterhead, 6/13/17. Writes that the conference he had with EVD was pleasing. Says that he advises EVD not to close the door to the American people. Tells EVD that he must accept the American flag and "pledge allegiance to it." States that liberals and socialists alike must align against the Central Powers to insure the future of democracy. Mentions that after Henry Ford's failure to stop the war through his peace mission he offered his factory to the American government for war purposes. Tells EVD that only time will show who will be right.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that EVD must get in tune with the world and have an open mind. Mentions that even William Jennings Bryan has come out for the war. Tells EVD to buy a Liberty Bond. Writes that he has risked a great deal--all of it out of friendship--to tell EVD that he should support the war before it is too late. Assures EVD that the war is between German autocracy and American democracy.

Hulman, Mrs. Theodore: Note to EVD and Katherine Debs, 5/3/03. Writes that she and her family greatly appreciated the flowers and message EVD and Katherine Debs sent in condolence for a death in the family.

Hume, Ola Bagly: Letter from Aubrey Yates, 11/26/26. Asks that after Hume and Genevieve Bennett Clark read the clippings about EVD Hume send them on to TD. Tells Hume not to leave the clippings at Clark's house because she might lose them. Says that TD might like to have them, especially if he wants to write a book about EVD.
Letter to TD, 1/23/27. Writes that she would have sent these clippings sooner but that she had misplaced them. Says that she was the only woman in her area to vote for EVD in 1920. Mentions that she has a nephew named after EVD.

Hunter, Robert: Letter to EVD, 7/24/08. Says that he spent yesterday with Lincoln Steffens reading over the first part of his article on EVD. Writes that EVD has won Steffens over. Tells EVD that the only problem with Steffens' article may be that his "eagerness and keenness to do the best in him will work against his quiet power." Mentions that Steffens will send EVD the proofs as soon as he finishes the article. Also mentions that Steffens would like a photograph that shows EVD with his heart in his face and his hands outstretched.
Letter to EVD, 1/27/10. Writes that EVD's letter in the INTERNATIONAL SOCIALIST REVIEW was like a "blow in the face." Says that he wants to make his position clear in regard to the Socialist Party's stance towards the trade unions. Tells EVD that he does not want to see a break between him and A. M. Simons, Morris Hillquit, Victor Berger, and John Spargo. States that he believes that the American Federation of Labor plans on starting a Labor Party for the purpose of "crushing" socialism. Tells EVD that the Socialist Party's National Executive Council decided to use organizers to convince trade union members to support the Socialist Party. Mentions that such the Socialist Party's organizing campaign was a success because the United Mine Workers, the International Association of Machinists, the Pattern Makers' League, the United Metal Workers, the Boilermakers and Iron Ship Builders' Union, the Amalgamated Engineers, the United Brewery Workmen, the Bakery and Confectionery Workers, the Boot and Shoe Workers, the Textile Workers, the International Ladies Garment Workers Union, the United Cloth, Hat, and Cap Workers, the Woodworkers, the Flint Glass Workers, the Amalgamated Glass Workers, the Carriage and Wagon Workers, and the Western Federation of Miners, all have endorsed the Socialist Party's political program. Informs EVD that the Socialist Party should concentrate on organizing these unions because collectively they represent a strategic position in the labor movement. Mentions that control of these unions would mean the ability to control the conventions of the American Federation of Labor. Writes that while he agrees with EVD that industrial unions are inevitable he does not believe in dual unionism. Asks that if EVD is not willing to help the Socialist Party create a large socialist bloc within the American Federation of Labor that EVD, at the very least, not hinder other Socialist Party members from doing so.
Letter from EVD, 2/4/10. Tells Hunter that he does not disagree with the Socialist Party's attempt to organize the American Federation of Labor's rank and file, but he draws the line at bringing in the "traitors and fakers" who run the American Federation of Labor. Writes that he completely disagrees with the way that Victor Berger and other socialists "slobber" over Samuel Gompers and who are "puked on in return." Says that in the long run he will have gained the trust of the rank and file because he refuses to work with the likes of a Samuel Gompers or a John Mitchell unlike Hunter and A. M. Simons. Informs Hunter that both he and A. M. Simons has made a mistake and that the time will come when both of them will realize it.

Hurley, Ruth: Letter to TD on NATIONAL RIP SAW letterhead, 3/23/14. Writes that EVD will be speaking in April in California, Pennsylvania, Clarksburg, West Virginia, Paterson, New Jersey, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Akron, Ohio, Lansing, Michigan, and Bellaire, Ohio.
Letter to TD on NATIONAL RIP SAW letterhead, 3/28/14. Assures TD that from now on she will give both the meeting time and its place in her schedules. Tells TD that she will no longer tell people, as he requested, precisely when EVD will be coming into town for his speech.
Letter to TD on NATIONAL RIP SAW letterhead, 4/2/14. Says that she is writing to solidify dates for EVD's July encampment tour. Asks that TD try to accommodate a speaking engagement in Bear Lake, Michigan by moving the entire speaking tour back a week.
Letter to TD on NATIONAL RIP SAW letterhead, 4/8/14. Says that she is writing to TD to ask for a write up for Duncan Robertson, the man who is in charge of EVD's meeting in Bloomington, Indiana.
Letter to EVD on NATIONAL RIP SAW letterhead, 4/8/14. Asks that EVD tell her what to do with requests to have him speak in the West. Says that she has been telling people that EVD will not be doing a tour of the West until after 1/1/15.
Letter to EVD on NATIONAL RIP SAW letterhead, 6/19/14. Writes that she has received a request from W. H. Wilson for EVD to speak at an encampment in Groesbeck, Texas at the end of July. Tells EVD that if he wanted to make the trip he could do it on 8/3/14. Asks that EVD tell her whether or not to accept the date.

Hurt, Walter: Letter to EVD on CULTURALIST letterhead, 12/18/06. Sends condolences on the death of EVD's father, Jean Daniel Debs. Mentions that he appreciated what EVD had to say about one of his poems.
Letter to EVD, 6/11/09. Sends EVD condolences on his latest bereavement.
Letter to TD, 10/4/10. Tells TD that he is sending him a copy of his book AN INTRODUCTION. Asks that TD read it and give his "frank opinion" of it.
Letter from TD, ?/?/10. Says that he has glanced through Hurt's book AN INTRODUCTION and is pleased to find that it contains many fine gems. Mentions that Hurt's book is beautiful and superbly done in every way.
Letter to TD on Horton and Company letterhead, 8/8/13. Tells TD that he is enclosing a letter from C. J. Kluser, who, several years ago, used to support militant activities of all kinds. Says that the "entire controversy has been a mistake." Writes that EVD does not need a defense because he has nothing to defend himself against. Mentions that he would not offer a public defense of EVD any more than "a man would think of arguing the question of his wife's chastity."
Letter from TD, 8/12/13. Assures Hurt that C. J. Kluser is a "lying, malicious scoundrel in the garb of a priest." Tells Hurt that EVD never threatened Kluser with a libel suit for saying that EVD was paid $5,000 for his campaign and lived in a mansion. Informs Hurt that he and EVD have no to defend themselves against "such a serpent" as Kluser.
Letter to TD on PALADIN letterhead, 11/16/19. Writes that he has not written to TD since EVD went to prison because he knows that TD has been swamped with mail. Asks that TD send him word of how EVD is doing in prison. Says that EVD's imprisonment is the "foulest blot that ever had marred the face of our so-called modern civilization." Mentions that he has suffered a nervous breakdown and will be spending some time in a sanitarium.
Letter to TD on PALADIN letterhead, 3/21/21. Asks that TD tell him how likely it is that EVD will be released under Warren Harding's presidential administration. Says that he always considered Harry Daugherty to be a "decent chap," at least for his class. Mentions that he thinks that Harding is a "well-meaning person of provincial miond and negligible importance." Asks that TD send him Ralcy Husted Bell's address.
Letter to EVD on PALADIN letterhead, 6/18/21. Says that he wanted to write EVD to assure him of his "unfaltering devotion." Tells EVD that even though he is in prison he is the freest man in the world.
Letter to TD, 10/21/26. Writes that he went to Elmhurst, Illinois but was too late to see him before he left with EVD's body. Says that he would have went to Terre Haute, Indiana for the funeral except for the fact that his ill health prevented him from taking the journey. Tells TD that he is enclosing a copy of the tribute to EVD that he sent to Murray King for the AMERICAN APPEAL.
Letter to Murray King, 10/21/26. Tells King that he wanted to write a tribute to EVD to mark their many years of friendship. Says that he is sending King a tribute to EVD that he hope will be published.
Letter to TD, 10/23/26. Says that EVD's epitaph should be, "He who labored incessantly for others, at last has found rest: he who waged ceaseless strife in behalf of his brothers, has entered into the eternal peace."
Letter to TD, 11/23/26. Tells TD that he did not expect him to reply to his letter, especially while he is still grieving for the loss of his brother. Mentions that he marvels at TD's "spiritual poise." Says that he appreciated George Kirkpatrick's article in the EVD memorial issue of the AMERICAN APPEAL. Writes that he missed EVD's funerals because he was in intense agony from his incurable ulcers. Assures TD that he appreciated the memorial issue of the NEW LEADER that TD sent. States that there should a national memorial to EVD erected in the form of a library.
Letter to TD, 1/7/27. Writes that he deeply appreciated the flowers TD and Gertrude Debs sent him while he was in the hospital. Says that the doctors are not entirely sure, besides the ulcers, what is wrong with him.
Letter to TD, 9/10/27. Says that he read WALLS AND BARS at a single sitting, a book which he characterizes as "the most intensely dramatic human document" he ever read.
Letter to TD, 9/10/27. Contains same text as other letter dated 9/10/27.
Letter to TD, 10/1/27. Says that he received the limited deluxe edition of WALLS AND BARS that TD sent. Writes that it is an exquisitely beautiful volume. Tells TD that he deeply appreciated TD's personal inscription.
Letter to TD, 10/8/27. Tells TD that it is not necessary for him to pay for anything that he publishes. Writes that he appreciated the list of names TD sent. Mentions that he is sending TD a clipping from Charles Joseph's syndicated column "Random Thoughts." Says that Joseph edits the JEWISH CRITERION, a newspaper for the "most plutocratic Jewish community in America."
Letter to TD, 11/10/27. Writes that he would like to find out who wrote the text underneath a picture of EVD's birthplace in the 11/5/27 issue of the AMERICAN APPEAL.
Letter to TD, 6/4/28. Writes that with the death of William Haywood he has been commissioned to write an article on the Haywood trial of 1907. Says that in an attempt to be impartial he would like TD to send him his impressions of Haywood and Clarence Darrow. Asks that TD be nothing but frank with him because whatever he says will be held in the strictest of confidence. Also asks that if TD has any information regarding Harry Orchard, George Pettibone, or Charles Moyer he would be happy to have it.
Letter to TD, 6/19/28. Says that he appreciated the articles TD sent about William Haywood. Writes that TD's impression of Haywood coincides with his own. Tells TD that he knew Haywood well because while he was the labor editor of the DENVER POST, Haywood was the secretary-treasurer of the Western Federation of Miners, headquartered in Denver, Colorado. Mentions that whatever else he may have thought, he never questioned Haywood's "sincerity, his class integrity, nor his passionate devotion to the cause of the workers." States, however, that he did find Haywood's personality "repulsive" and his "lack of moral fiber" alarming. Writes that it is impossible to compare EVD to Haywood. Informs TD that he believed Haywood and the Western Federation of Miners guilty of all the crimes charged against it. Tells TD that he is convinced Harry Orchard told the truth on the witness stand. Says that he is glad that both TD and EVD thought highly of Clarence Darrow.
Article titled "Debs Memorial Should Be a Shrine," n.d. Writes that a fitting memorial for EVD would be in the form of a "library, a free and creedless hospital, or a home for orphan children." Concludes that "only by serving mankind" can the memory of EVD be truly honored.
Tribute to EVD titled "Words are Worthless," n.d. Says that the only fitting tribute for EVD can be expressed through his silence and his tears.
Inscription from TD, n.d. Says that he honors Hurt with a volume with "deep and lasting affection."

Hyndman, H. M.: Letter from EVD, 1/31/13. Writes that he just read Hyndman's editorial in the last issue of JUSTICE and wanted to express his thanks for what Hyndman has said about the socialists in America. Tells Hyndman that while the syndicalists have received a lot of press lately in American papers that the Socialist Party is not in danger because of it. Says that after syndicalism has had its fling the Socialist Party will emerge all the stronger. Assures Hyndman that the Socialist Party is opposed to sabotage. Concludes that "revolutionary political action and revolutionary industrial organization will finally win out against all opposition from without and within."

Hynes, W. F.: Letter to TD, 3/6/36. Writes that when TD mentioned in his letter that he recently heard from W. P. Borland he was suddenly reminded by all of the talented people who wrote for the LOCOMOTIVE FIREMAN'S MAGAZINE like Colonel Maynard, T. P. O'Rourke, and Ida Harper. Says that the LOCOMOTIVE FIREMAN'S MAGAZINE has no writers of this calibre on its staff today. Tells TD that he has written at the behest of Edward Keating about his experiences with the railroad brotherhoods. Mentions that he has titled the manuscript BETWEEN THE RAILS. States that Keating gave the manuscript to John McNamee to be published in the LOCOMOTIVE FIREMAN'S MAGAZINE but it was never published. Asks that TD read over the pages of the manuscript that he has enclosed and check them for factual errors.
Letter to TD, 4/15/36. Says that TD is entirely correct to attribute the beginning of the American Railway Strike to the slashing of wages and the firing of workers. Writes that that is glad that TD liked what he wrote about EVD. Tells TD that he has no desire to make the same mistakes that Mark Sullivan does when he writes about labor issues. Informs TD that he and his family have all agreed that TD is a very talented writer. Mentions that the LOCOMOTIVE FIREMAN'S MAGAZINE is now as "dry as dust." States that he has been a member of the railroad brotherhood for over 60 years. Asks that TD give him news about his family.
Letter from TD, 5/30/36. Writes that he has long regretted not taking advantage of getting a good education when he was young. Tells Hynes that he did not know that wages were slashed on the Southern Pacific Railroad after the Pullman Strike. Says that he has not read a copy of the LOCOMOTIVE FIREMAN'S MAGAZINE in many years.
Letter to TD, 3/25/37. Tells TD that he was sorry to hear about the death of his sister, Marie Debs Heinl. Says that he greatly appreciated the copy of DEBS AND THE POETS that TD sent. Informs TD that he has written a manuscript about his experiences with the Indians between 1866 and 1869. Mentions that he is also a member of the Indian Council Fire, an organization, centered in Chicago, Illinois, for the assistance and advancement of Indians. Informs TD that while he was a soldier he came to admire much about the Indians, notwithstanding their "cruelty and barbarism."
Letter from TD, n.d. Says that in reading Hynes' manuscript he found one or two statements that were not entirely correct. Writes that he does not want Hynes' work to contain any factual flaws as was the case with a book he was recently reading by Mark Sullivan. Tells Hynes that the cause of the Pullman Strike was a general slashing of the wages not simply the product of an action led by the upholsters. Mentions that the strike did actually stop the slashing of wages, all as part of a "conspiracy hatched up at a secret meeting of the General Managers' Association." Informs Hynes that his characterization of EVD was "beautiful." States that most of his family has now passed on, all that is left is him and his oldest sister, Marie Debs Heinl.


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