Eugene V. Debs Letters:
Abstracts for "M"


M., E., Sr.: Letter to EVD, 6/12/26. Writes that he read a copy of EVD's paper. Says that when he found out that EVD went to Bermuda he wondered if EVD would ever return to the United States. Mentions that he is enclosing a poem for EVD that the spirit of Ella Wheeler Wilcox inspired him to write. Encloses a poem titled "The Time Is Nearing."

Mabie, J. F.: Photocopy of letter from EVD, 3/25/04. Tells Mabie that his last letter was filled with the spirit of "genuine comradeship." Assures Mabie that if he is ever in Chico, Montano he will stop in and visit with him. Mentions that his work for socialism is not a hardship but a privilege.
Photocopy of letter from EVD, 12/23/04. Writes that while he appreciated Mabie's invitation to spend time on his ranch that he is not sure when he will be getting out to Chico, Montana. Mentions that he remembers his last visit to Mabie's ranch with much joy.

McAuley, Mary Ethel: Letter to TD on PITTSBURG DISPATCH letterhead, 11/5/20. Writes that she appreciated the letter TD sent her. Says that she voted for EVD not because she is a socialist but because it served as a protest. Mentions that she is glad that EVD received such a large vote. Assures TD that now that the election is over EVD will be freed. Tells TD that she has always printed the opinions of radicals in her column.

McBride, Rollo: Letter to EVD on Parting Of The Ways Home letterhead, 11/20/24. Says that he could tell from a recent photograph of EVD that he is back in perfect health. Assures EVD that that he still appreciates the interview EVD granted him in Atlanta, Georgia. Mentions that he will never forget the nice things EVD said about him and his work. Tells EVD that he thinks that he would make a good warden.

McCaleb, H. A.: Letter to EVD, 12/18/16. Writes that he received the letter and books that EVD sent. Assures EVD that it was the most "wonderful" letter he ever read and that he will definitely read it at the banquet in honor of William Gable. Tells EVD that Robert Gable said that there have been some wonderful things said about his father but that EVD's tribute was the most beautiful. Mentions that he recently received a letter from Albert Bigelow Paine. Writes that William Gable will be receiving books autographed by Woodrow Wilson, Irvine Cobb, William Dean Howells, Ryan Walker, and Albert Bigelow Paine on his birthday. Says that he wishes that EVD could attend the banquet.

McCarton, Mr.: Photocopy of letter from EVD, 2/18/22. Writes that he received McCarton's telegram and is sorry to hear of James H. McDonough's death. Says that he met James H. McDonough many years ago when they worked together organizing union in Terre Haute, Indiana. Assures McCarton that James H. McDonough was true and loyal to the working classes and the labor movement. Remarks that James H. McDonough's memory will be cherished by all who knew him. Asks that McCarton send his condolences to James H. McDonough's family.

McClure, Charles R.: Letter to TD on New Hampshire Fire Insurance Company letterhead, 8/12/12. Writes that he appreciated the letter TD sent. Says that he is disappointed to learn that EVD will not be able to speak in Spencer, Indiana. Tells TD that he believes that J. Mahlon Barnes should be EVD's campaign manager. Mentions that he is disgusted with the position that Victor Berger, John Spargo, and Morris Hillquit have taken in this matter.

McCook, Walter: Telegram to TD, 5/13/20. Writes that the Socialist Party National Convention unanimously nominated EVD and Seymour Stedman as the Socialist Party's candidates for President and Vice-President. Mentions that the nomination resulted in one and a half hours of applause. Says that EVD will be notified of his nomination in the next few days.

McCuaig, J. Aspinall: Letter to EVD, 1/30/15. Writes that he has been lecturing in Wheeling, West Virginia for the past three weeks and heard that EVD was to visit the striking miners there. Says that he was disappointed that EVD did not end up coming to Wheeling, West Virginia. Mentions that he has never forgotten the visit he had with EVD two years ago in Terre Haute, Indiana. Tells EVD that he would like him to send W. G. Creamer a copy of his tribute to Jean Daniel Debs and Marguerite Bettrich Debs. Expresses the hope that he will one day get the chance to see EVD again.

McDermott, T. A.: Letter to EVD, 11/26/20. Writes that his heart goes out to EVD during the holidays. Tells EVD that he voted for him in the last election. Mentions that he voted for Peter Cooper in 1876, J. B. Weaver in 1880, 1888, and 1892, William Jennings Bryan in 1896, Wharton Barker in 1900, EVD in 1904 and 1908, and Allen Benson in 1916. Says that he is a reader of the NEW DAY. Mentions that the ROMAN LEADER is responsible for EVD's large vote in San Francisco, California. Mentions that the editor is a Sin Fein sympathizer. Writes that he heard that a San Quentin guard threatened Tom Mooney when he refused to stand up for the national anthem. Says that he sees a future for socialist work in San Francisco, California. Includes a card saying that McDermott is a Roman Catholic whose politics cannot be dictated by anyone.
Letter to EVD, 5/20/21. Writes that his heart goes out to EVD and the rest of the political prisoners whom he believes are martyrs for a just cause. Says that he is sending EVD a Crucifix to wear around his neck. Mentions that Abraham Lincoln loved Jesus Christ and so should EVD. Tells EVD that he heard from TD the other day and that TD must be over-burdened with work. Says that TD should not send a response to his letter.
Photocopy of postcard to EVD, 5/25/21. Writes that the postcard is a photo of him.
Letter to EVD, 12/5/21. Says that he wishes EVD's fellow comrades imprisoned in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia to know that he sympathizes with them. Writes that if it were not for the hypocrisy with which the Constitution is applied to the American people that they would not be in prison. Mentions that in Moline Township, Illinois he organized the first local of the International Union, he helped to organize a cooperative grocery store and was subsequently elected its first president, and served as a Master Workman of the local chapter of the Knights of Labor. Says that he left Moline Township, Illinois in 1883 because he was blacklisted as a molder. Tells EVD that after being blacklisted he came to San Francisco, California and has been there ever since. Mentions that he was interviewed by the chief of the Secret Service and that he was congratulated on his patriotism. Writes that international socialism is the only panacea for complete happiness. Tells EVD that he walked with the Chinese on Labor Day.

MacDonagh, J. P.: Letter to EVD, 5/18/14. Writes that he apologizes for not responding to EVD's letter sooner but that he has been ill. Says that he is glad that EVD received a copy of his article for the NATIONAL RIP-SAW in which he defended EVD against the attacks made upon him by Grant Hamilton. Mentions that he is happy to know that many of the old-timers in Terre Haute, Indiana remember him.
Letter to the Editor of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW, n.d. Tells the editor of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW that Grant Hamilton lied when he said that EVD published the LOCOMOTIVE FIREMAN'S MAGAZINE with non-union labor. Says that he was president of the Terre Haute, Indiana typographical Union when EVD published the magazine and knows for a fact that EVD had Moor and Langan, a union shop, do his printing. Mentions that EVD helped out the Typographical Union when it was leading a strike against the EVENING GAZETTE by launching a new paper called the EVENING NEWS. Writes that it would not be "healthy" for Grant Hamilton go to Terre Haute, Indiana and say the things he has about EVD there.

MacDonald, A.: Letter to EVD, 11/20/21. Writes that EVD's soul cannot be chained. Says that while he and EVD were strangers a year ago that they are now inseparable comrades. Includes a copy of the letter he sent to Warren G. Harding saying that if EVD was Harding's father he would not be in prison another night.
Untitled poem from "Glengarry's Corner," 11/20/23.
Letter to TD, 3/16/26. Writes that his grandchildren will prize his letters from EVD and TD. Tells TD that he has already gotten 1,168 signatures for his petition to have EVD's citizenship restored. Mentions that he will mail his petition to the offices of the AMERICAN APPEAL later today. Asks that TD send a letter to G. P. MacDonald thanking him for his help with the petition. Tells TD that he will mention his petition efforts in his column "Glengarry's Corner." Includes a poem titled "Tribute to Glengarry."
Letter to TD, 3/27/26. Tells TD that he has obtained 2,228 names on two more petitions asking that EVD's citizenship to be restored. Mentions that this is the first time that he has asked people to sign a petition. Assures TD that he would do anything for EVD. Mentions that the actions of the Seattle, Washington Central Labor Council regarding the petition will be endorsed by the AFL officials in Washington, D. C.
Untitled poem to EVD, 4/11/26.
Letter to TD, 7/27/26. Writes that his thoughts are always with EVD and TD. Tells TD that while he appreciates EVD's generosity in paying him $7 a week for "Glengarry's Corner," he feels like a burden to the cause because of the fact that his articles rarely appear in the AMERICAN APPEAL. Informs TD that he can no longer accept the money paid him weekly if his articles are not printed. Mentions that he knows he does not produce "high-class material" but that he cannot believe that all of his work is unpublishable.
Letter to TD, 7/30/26. Writes that he appreciated the copy of EVD's article that appeared in the INDIANAPOLIS STAR. Says that EVD is challenging the world to let him run a prison on love. Mentions that he has written some lines in honor of EVD and if they are published in the SEATTLE UNION RECORD TD will get a clipping of them.
Letter to TD, 10/12/26. Says that there are a million hearts that go out to EVD. Writes that he cannot wait to hear some encouraging news about EVD.
Letter to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of him, his wife, and H. O. Fuhrberg, and his wife. Includes poems titled "Exodus" and "Success."
Letter to TD on SEATTLE UNION RECORD letterhead, 10/26/26. Writes that he sent TD a letter to the sanitarium. Expresses the hope that it gets forwarded to TD in Terre Haute, Indiana.
Letter to TD, 11/5/26. Writes "in loving sympathy."
Poem titled "The Super-Man," 11/5/26. Informs TD that he is sending this poem to the AMERICAN APPEAL, the NEW LEADER, and the SEATTLE UNION RECORD.
Letter to TD, 11/13/26. Writes that he received TD's touching letter. Says that a "whole world of class-conscious people" are saddened by EVD's death. Tells TD that he appreciated the bundle of papers he sent with articles about EVD in them. Mentions that he will forward to TD any EVD tributes that appear in the SEATTLE UNION RECORD.
Letter to TD, 12/7/26. Writes that H. O. Furhberg found an article critical of EVD in a German paper. Mentions that he is enclosing it for TD to read.
Letter to TD, 12/31/26. Expresses the hope that TD and his family has a happy new year. Assures TD that he is loved by everyone that he ever came in contact with.
Letter to TD, 3/9/27. Says that H. O. Fuhrberg is checking into seeing if EVD's voice was ever recorded before he died. Mentions that he is enclosing some clippings for TD to read.
Letter to TD, 6/1/27. Writes that he hopes that TD's health is restored.
Letter to TD, 11/7/27. Says that he is often asked how TD is doing. Expresses the hope that his letters do not add to much to TD's correspondence. Tells TD that he is writing in honor of EVD's 72nd birthday. Includes a copy of "Glengarry's Corner" from 11/5/27.
Letter to TD, 2/2/28. Writes that he was fired from writing for the SEATTLE UNION RECORD. Tells TD that he was a daily feature in the SEATTLE UNION RECORD for six years. Mentions that he was informed one week when he went to pick up his weekly pay check of $5. Says that he must have hit someone's sore spot to be fired the way he was. Mentions that he wanted to start writing for the MILWAUKEE LEADER but that this newspaper refused to print his articles. Includes MacDonald's final "Gengarry's Corner" published in the SEATTLE UNION RECORD.
Letter from TD, 2/16/28. Tells MacDonald that he is disappointed that the SEATTLE UNION RECORD let him go, especially if it was because the editor of he SEATTLE UNION RECORD yielded to the "deadening influence of money." Mentions that he wished that he knew of another paper that MacDonald could write for but says that the labor press is presently in a weak state. Writes that he always hoped that the AMERICAN APPEAL would become as successful as the NATIONAL RIP-SAW, the MELTING POT, the REBEL, or the INTERNATIONAL SOCIALIST REVIEW were in their heyday but that the paper never received the funding it needed to do so. Expresses the hope that the labor movement is revitalized in the next few years.
Letter to TD, 4/7/30. Writes that he appreciated the Christmas greeting that TD sent him. Says that his light went out when his wife died. Mentions that when he came back to Scotland to visit his boyhood haunts he brought with him one book, DEBS AND THE POETS.
Letter to TD, 12/22/32. Tells TD that his friendship has enriched his life. Expresses his wish that TD and Gertrude Debs have a good holiday season.
Letter from TD, 1/?/33. Assures MacDonald that his Christmas greetings meant a lot to him and Gertrude Debs. Says that he looks forward to the day when he clasp MacDonald by the hand and tell him how highly he is esteemed by the entire Debs family. Expresses the hope that MacDonald enjoys good health and is as happy as he can be in a world where "greed and rapacity" brings about so much poverty.
Letter to TD, 12/4/33. Asks that TD forward a card to an old acquaintance of his who used to work on the AMERICAN APPEAL. Tells TD that he is still in Scotland because he cannot face the loneliness that fills his home. Mentions that he is sending TD a copy of his poem "Success."
Letter from TD, 1/?/34. Writes that he always thinks affectionately of MacDonald in far away Scotland. Tells MacDonald that he placed his poem "Success" in his scrapbook when it first was published. Says that nothing truer could be said of EVD because EVD did not want gold but the respect and love of his comrades.
Postcard to TD, 12/3/34. Expresses the wish that TD has a happy holiday season. Assures TD that his name is among those that are the most beloved.
Letter to TD, 12/13/35. Encloses a passage from a book titled THE MASTER in which the author pays a tribute to EVD.
Letter to TD, 12/18/35. Writes that he wishes that he and TD could meet sometime. Says that he will never forget the time he shook hands with EVD in Seattle, Washington. Tells TD that the handshake bound his soul to EVD's. Mentions that there is no one to take EVD's place.
Letter to TD, 12/10/37. Tells TD that Christmas "warms the heart with tender memories." Includes a poem titled "The Season's Greetings."
Untitled poem, n.d. Includes a note saying that the original was mailed to EVD.
Poem titled "Debs and the Poets," n.d.
Untitled poem from "Glengarry's Corner," n.d.
Untitled poem from "Glengarry's Corner," n.d.
Untitled poem, n.d.

McDonald, Duncan: Letter to EVD on United Mine Workers of America letterhead, 1/3/17. Writes that he read EVD's article in the January issue of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW titled "False Leaders of the Workers." Assures EVD that he agrees with the sentiment expressed in the article. Tells EVD that he does not thinks that he goes far enough in "condemning the men who pose as true representatives of the working class but who turn turtle at every opportunity to get a smile from those in control." Says that he has been a leader of the United Mine Workers of America for 14 years. Mentions that he recently lost his position in the United Mine Workers of America because of a gang of unscrupulous men inside the union. Tells EVD that every socialist in the labor movement is a target for these false leaders of the workers who control all of the trade union publications. Mentions that in order to defend themselves there is a need to unite. Writes that "no institution in America can be of more real service to the workers than a properly conducted labor union" but that "there is no institution in America that can become more corrupt when used by a band of unscrupulous politicians to further their own interests."

McDonald, Frank P.: Letter to TD, 3/27/34. Expresses the hope that TD gets his improperly addressed letter so that he can write TD more in detail later on. Tells TD that he used to be the chairman of the Grand Board of Trustees of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and president of the American Railway Union local number 306. Includes a handwritten note saying that he used to live in St. Joseph, Missouri.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, ?/?/34. Writes that she is acknowledging McDonald's letter instead of TD because TD is ill. Mentions that TD remembers McDonald quite well. Says that if McDonald addressed his letter to 1819 Ohio St. or even just Terre Haute, Indiana TD would receive the letter without delay.

McDonald, Harry: SEE Augusto, Allie.

McDonald, T. J.: Letter to EVD, 1/14/14. Writes that the miners of Christopher, Illinois would like EVD to speak to them 4/1/14 as part of their Labor Day celebration. Mentions that Christopher, Illinois has a small Socialist Party local that will be putting up candidates for the spring election. Tells EVD that in addition to 1,500 miners there will be 2,000 or 3,000 more people on hand to hear him speak. Mentions that he has also invited several unionists to speak, the kind that like to keep politics out of unionism. Asks that EVD inform them how much it will cost to have him speak.

McFadden, I. D.: Poem titled "The Gospel" to EVD, 5/15/20. Includes a note from EVD to TD asking that TD acknowledge McFadden's poem. Mentions that McFadden's poem is witty.
Poem titled "S.O.S." to EVD, 9/11/20.
Untitled poem to EVD, 12/21/20.
Poem titled "Germanophobia" to EVD, 12/21/20.
Poem titled "'Ye Cannot Serve God and Mammon," to EVD, 12/21/20.
Poem titled "A Correction," to EVD, 3/5/21.
Poem titled "Our Gene," to TD, 10/22/26.

Macfarland, John C.: Letter to EVD and TD on State of California Governor's Office letterhead, 4/2/18. Writes that William D. Stephans received EVD's and TD's letters on 3/28/18.

McGann, William.: Letter to EVD on Central Howard Association letterhead, 4/26/20. Tells EVD that he will be sending him under a separate cover the address Owen Lovejoy gave at a conference on social work in New Orleans, Louisiana. Writes that he heard Lovejoy give the address and that he enjoyed it so much that he has made a number of copies of it. Mentions that he is also sending EVD a book titled THE ENCHANTED UNIVERSE by Fred Shannon.

McGill, James H.: Photocopy of letter to J. R. Shannon on McGill Manufacturing Company letterhead, 7/30/47. Writes that he can think of no organization that would be interested in retaining EVD's home. Says that he is surprised that the citizens of Terre Haute, Indiana would not want to preserve EVD's home.

McGrady, Thomas.: Letter to EVD on Thomas McGrady, Attorney At Law letterhead, 8/12/05.
Writes that the books are EVD's property and that he can do with them what he pleases. Assures EVD that he is not interested in getting a cent of royalty from them. Says that if EVD makes a deal with the Appeal Publishing Company which results in a small royalty he wants EVD to know that it belongs entirely to him. Mentions that EVD should not think of him when he decides what to do with his books. Tells EVD that he will be leaving for San Francisco, California next week.
Letter to TD on Thomas McGrady Attorney At Law letterhead, 2/10/07. Tells TD that he has been engaged to give a lecture in Butte, Montana. Writes that he is currently unable to get published in the socialist press because of what he feels is a conspiracy against him. Says that he tried to get an article about the William Haywood, Charles Moyer, and George Pettibone affair published in the APPEAL TO REASON but that its editors refused to publish it. Mentions that there is no way for him to be a help to the cause if no one will let him do anything for it. Writes that the Socialist Party is controlled by "the hobo the tramp and the slum element." Assures TD that it will be a long time before the Socialist Party will get any more Catholic priests in its ranks. Mentions that he is going to spend the rest of his life in pursuit of knowledge and "let the proletarians rot in their chains" because it is useless for him to raise his voice in their defense. Informs TD that his "resignation from a flourishing congregation, with a handsome income, to meet the gibes and insults of the slum proletarians, and endure the persecution of the socialist party, does not present a striking illustration of the material misconception of history." Writes that while he may grow to absolutely detest the Socialist Party he will never turn his back on his Marxist philosophy.
Letter to TD on Thomas McGrady Attorney At Law letterhead, 3/6/07. Writes that he appreciates the way TD has taken an interest in him. Tells TD that he received an apology from Fred Warren for withholding his contribution to the APPEAL TO REASON. Assures TD that his spirit has been renewed and that he is ready once again to join the struggle.

McJunken, Ethel: Letter to EVD, 1/9/21. Tells EVD that her father is presently reading a book about EVD's arrest and conviction. Writes that she feels sorry for EVD. Assures EVD that she does not know how such a good man as he can be kept in prison. Mentions that both of her parents voted for EVD in the last election. Tells EVD that she is sorry that she is old enough to speak in order to get all of the political prisoners out of prison. Says that she is eleven years old.

MacKaye, Percy SEE Le Prade, Ruth.

McKean, C. E.: Letter to EVD, 11/3/20. Writes that he will never forget EVD. Says that he is the one armed man who traveled 82 miles to hear EVD speak in Bismark, North Dakota.

McKeen, Frank.: Letter to EVD on McKeen and Company letterhead, 12/31/1899. Tells EVD that he enjoyed the speech he gave last night. Asks that EVD give him a transcript of the speech so that he can read it in the future.

McKibbin, John H.: Letter to EVD, 10/11/21. Writes that he is enclosing a photo of the son that he and his wife named after EVD. Expresses the hope that their son will grow up to be as "brave and true to his class as the one he was named after." Mentions that he has tried to do what he could for the cause for the past twenty years. Includes a photocopy of a photo of John Debs McKibbin to EVD.

Mcginnis, J. R.: Letter to TD, 10/24/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Asks that TD send him some articles about EVD that deals fairly with his death. Mentions that he used to correspond with TD when EVD was at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Includes a tribute to EVD.

McLain, Ben: Letter to TD, 1/20/20. Writes that he received TD's letter with the little note from EVD enclosed. Says that he will keep the note as a reminder of the "Prussionization of the United States." Tells TD that he did not take EVD's advice and sent him more cigars. Informs EVD that the people in power will stop at nothing to persecute anyone who speaks out against them. Mentions that he cannot believe that Victor Berger and the socialists in the New York assembly were unseated. Asks that TD inform him if he has heard anything from Sam Welch because he does not know what happened to him.
Letter to EVD, 12/8/20. Writes that he is sending EVD a box of cigars. Tells EVD that he hoped for better results in the recent election. Says that he thinks Samuel Gompers is wrong to be so optimistic about the election. Mentions that Samuel Gompers stated in the last issue of the ENGINEERS JOURNAL that "the nonpartisan political policy of the American Federation of Labor is more completely justified than ever and the futility of separate party action more convincingly demonstrated." Informs EVD that if only the Socialist Party had amassed 4 or 5 million votes it would be able to compromise with those in power and EVD would be out of prison.
Letter to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

MacLean, Isabel: Letter to TD, 9/25/13. Asks that TD tell her about where the American Railway Union's $28,000 debt came from. Says that she thought it came from lawyer's fees and other costs incurred from EVD's trial.
Letter from TD, 10/1/13. Informs MacLean that the American Railway Union's debt was composed of office rent, printing bills, lawyers' fees, and money borrowed to keep the American Railway Union afloat when its leaders were in prison. Says that EVD personally assumed responsibility for the American Railway Union's debt and made sure that it was paid off. Writes that EVD paid the debt by speaking on the Chautaqua circuit and Lyceum platform. Mentions that his schedule almost ruined his health.

McLoraine, F. B.: Letter to TD, 11/11/26. Writes that Stephen Marion Reynolds showed him the letter TD sent him. Mentions that he was consoled that his letter of condolence was recognized by TD and the other members of the Debs family. Assures TD that his letter of condolence came from the heart of a man that loved EVD. Mentions that he met EVD 34 or 35 years ago and has always cherished their friendship as priceless. Says that EVD is the "greatest individual of the age." Tells EVD that Stephen Marion Reynolds always speaks highly of TD. Writes that he and Stephen Marion Reynolds were lamenting the loss of so many comrades to the cause last night like Robert Hunter, John Spargo, Carl Thompson, and Irwin St. John Tucker. Assures TD that these men who have found a niche in the "industrial jungle" are "mere pigmies" when compared with EVD.

McMahon, John R.: Telegram to EVD, 11/25/21. Tells EVD that Ryan Walker joins him in sending Thanksgiving greetings to the "freest citizen in the world.

McMahon, P. Maurice: Poem titled "To Gene Debs in Prison--Incommunicado" to EVD, 3/16/21.
Letter to EVD, 3/20/21. Writes that he is sending EVD a poem which he wrote as a tribute to EVD's "grand and lovable soul." Says that no one is more worthy of poem in his honor than EVD. Tells EVD that he is indignant at the way the government has treated him. Assures EVD that while he once had a respect for Woodrow Wilson he does not have one for him any longer. Mentions that EVD's fate is to suffer as Jesus did.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 3/23/21. Writes that he received a beautiful letter and a "generous poetic tribute" from a fine Hawaiian comrade. Asks that TD write McMahon and inform him that he appreciated his letter and poem and that he can only wish himself worthy of them both. Mentions that TD should send the poem to the Social Party national headquarters to be published in the socialist press.

McMahon, William B.: SEE Augusto, Allie.

McNamee, John F.: Letter to EVD on LOCOMOTIVE FIREMEN AND ENGINEMEN'S MAGAZINE letterhead, 3/2/15. Writes that he would be happy to publish EVD's article "Forty Years Ago" in the April issue of the LOCOMOTIVE FIREMEN AND ENGINEMEN'S MAGAZINE. Mentions that it must have a treat for EVD to find the engineer who pulled his train out of Kalispell a delegate to the 1882 convention. Tells EVD that he just received a letter from John Gill who is in danger of being arrested in Fairmont, West Virginia because of his activities on behalf of the striking coal miners. Mentions that John Gill has been trying to reach EVD and Mother Jones.
Letter to EVD on LOCOMOTIVE AND FIREMEN ENGINEMEN'S MAGAZINE letterhead, 9/14/16. Tells EVD that he would be glad to publish EVD's article titled "Publicity and the Income Tax." Mentions that he thought that everything that EVD said in the article was the "gospel truth." Assures EVD that he will also publish James Whitcomb Riley's poem about EVD. Mentions that it was gratifying for him to read about what the "boys" in Indianapolis, Indiana think of him. Says that he appreciated the autographed copy of "Labor and Freedom" that EVD sent. Informs EVD that he thinks the same "brutal tactics" will be used in the case against Carlo Tresca and the other strike leaders that were used in the William Haywood, Charles Moyer, and George Pettibone affair.
Letter to EVD on BROTHERHOOD OF LOCOMOTIVE FIREMEN AND ENGINEMEN'S MAGAZINE letterhead, 10/30/18. Writes that he will no longer be able to send EVD complimentary copies of the BROTHERHOOD OF LOCOMOTIVE FIREMEN AND ENGINEMEN'S MAGAZINE. Tells EVD that it was a decision that was thrust upon him by the War Industries Board.
Letter to EVD, 11/13/19. Writes that he notes what TD says about EVD's transfer to a new prison. Says that he is pained to know that "such a fearless opponent of wrong and injustice should be caged like a dangerous criminal." Expresses the hope that EVD's health will hold out until he is released.

MacNicoll, Mabel: Letter to EVD, 11/2/20. Writes that she wants EVD to know that she cast her first vote for the man that best stands up to her ideals. Says that she knew from the moment that she heard EVD speak that she was going to vote for EVD when given the chance. Expresses the hope that one day women will learn the "true definition of the word Socialism." Mentions that she attended a meeting of the Farmer Labor Party last night in the same hall where EVD spoke several years before. Tells EVD that one of the speakers paid tribute to EVD. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison.

McNutt, B. A.: Letter to TD, 10/28/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

McQuirter, J.: Letter to EVD on Dr. J. McQuirter, Optometrist letterhead, 11/5/20. Says that he is writing to congratulate him on his success in the last election. Tells EVD that in Memphis, Tennessee the papers said only 192 people voted for him. Mentions that in his district the papers reported that there were no votes for EVD. Suggests that the entire ballot box should be thrown out. Mentions that he is sending EVD some of his son's school lessons. Tells EVD that with Warren Harding in office, labor will not get a fair deal. Mentions that if EVD needs anything just to let him know. Includes a copy of Debs McQuirter lessons in math and spelling.

Magee, Hugh W.: Letter to TD, 10/26/20. Writes that he knows that EVD is not allowed to receive letter without special permission. Asks that TD either send his letter to EVD or tell him what he has to say.
Letter to EVD, 10/26/20. Tells EVD that he know that he is a lover of children and an "incessant" fighter against child-labor. Mentions that he read David Karsner's book and saw where EVD said that he thinks of the little children every night before he goes to sleep. Says that the other day his son, Hugh W. Magee, Jr., walked into his study he picked up David Karsner's picture and started to kiss EVD's picture over and over again. Assures EVD that he will vote for him in the upcoming election. Mentions that he has been reading Charles W. Woods' interview with EVD in the most recent issue of the LITERARY DIGEST. Includes a photo of Hugh Magee, Jr.

Magnes, Judah L.: Telegram to EVD, 4/17/18. Asks that EVD address the Palestine Congress of the Jewish socialist organization Poale Zion. Assures EVD that the socialist Zionists could use EVD's encouragement.
Letter to EVD, 5/31/16. Writes that he is happy to know that EVD's health has improved and that he is now able to get around a little. Tells EVD that he regrets that he will not be able to speak at the Palestine Congress. Asks that EVD send a few words of greeting to be read at the opening of the Congress.

Magosy, Mildred: Letter to EVD, 11/2/21. Writes that her class is presently putting together a collection of pictures and autographs of people who are prominent in the world. Says that she has chosen EVD. Asks that EVD send his autograph to be included in the collection.

Mahoney, William V.: Letter from EVD, 11/8/23. Says that while he supports Mohoney's call for a conference to reunite the socialist movement, he does not think that "this is a favorable time for the Socialist party to engage in such an undertaking." Tells Mohoney that the Socialist Party much strengthen itself before doing anything else. Writes that "before there can be any effective coalition there must be something to coalesce with."

Maier, C. W.: Letter to TD on Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen letterhead, 10/22/26. Says that EVD's death came as a shock to him because he did not even know that EVD had been ill. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Mailloux, C. Odilon: Untitled poem, 4/28/1882.
Marriage Announcement, 6/21/1883. Announces the marriage of C. Odilon Mailloux to Emily Debs Mailloux.
Dinner menu, 8/23/00. Says that the dinner was given by C. Odilon Mailloux and Emily Debs Mailloux for H. Ayrton, W. Ayrton, E. Horpotalis, J. S. Thompson, William J. Hammer, H. Ward Leonard, B. J. Arnold, S. M. Thompson, Carl Hering, A. E. Kennelly, [name illegible], F. B. Crocker, Carolyn Leonard, W. S. McWilliam, Ralph W. Pope, and M. LeBlanc.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 6/10/1894. Writes that he was happy that Marguerite Debs Cooper got a chance to visit with him and Emily Debs Mailloux and that she returned home to TD and Gertrude Debs safe and sound. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that while TD may have been disappointed at first that he did not have a boy, he assures her that TD is not disappointed now.
Letter to TD, 7/18/1894. Writes that he heard that EVD has been put in jail for contempt of court. Says that he talked over EVD's situation with a lawyer in his office. Tells TD that this lawyer stated that the judge did not have the right to charge EVD with contempt any more than he has the right to order EVD to be shot. Says that EVD should get a lawyer with a national reputation to represent him like Ben Butler or Colonel Ingersoll. Writes that while he admires EVD's heroism he is afraid that EVD will not come out of his present situation unscathed. Assures TD that if there is anything that he can do to help EVD just to let him know, even if it means selling the shirt off of his back.
Invitation from EVD, 8/30/?. States that C. Odilon Mailloux and Emily Debs Mailloux are invited to attend the Gastronomers' Club annual dinner at the Vigo County Fairgrounds.
Professional Record of C. Odilon Mailloux, n.d. Includes information about C. Odilon Mailloux's education, his membership in technical societies, his honors, his work history, his inventions, and his teaching history.

Mailloux, Emily Debs: Wedding Invitation from S. J. toy, 6/25/1890. Says that C. Odilon Mailloux and Emily Debs Mailloux are invited to attend the wedding of Gertrude Debs to TD.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, 8/1/00. Tells TD that the postcard she is sending him was written on the battlefield of Waterloo.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/3/00. Writes that she thought Marguerite Debs Cooper would enjoy a postacard of a milk delivery wagon pulled by dogs.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 9/3/00. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that she imagines that she is on her way to school. Mentions that because Marguerite Debs Cooper is a year older it will take her less time to put on her shoes.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, 4/28/13. Writes that she will think sadly of Jean Daniel Debs and Marguerite Bettrich Debs tomorrow. Mentions that she will be giving alms in their memories.
Photocopy of postcard from TD, 2/9/17. Says that he sends his love and that he has shipped a package out to them.
Telegram to TD, 10/11/26. Writes that she is happy to hear about a favorable change in EVD's condition. Says that she will not be able to leave before Tuesday.
Letter to TD, 12/1/26. Writes that she went to see Morris Hillquit to tell him that TD disapproved of the Socialist Party's plan to raise $200,000. Says that Morris Hillquit had already called Victor Berger to tell him not to go forward with the proposal. Informs TD that while she did not tell Morris Hillquit anything of her personal feelings for Katherine Debs, she did tell him of "Kate's cruelty from the beginning to the end of Gene's illness and her cruel indifference at his death." Mentions that she told Morris Hillquit how Katherine Debs ignored EVD's last will. Says that she also mentioned Katherine Debs' despisal of the working class and her refusal to let working people or anyone else visit EVD at his home. Assures TD that she did not leave out the fact that Katherine Debs was "money mad," that she "valued nothing but dollars." Mentions that she told Morris Hillquit about the incident with Katherine Debs over the dividends from Jean Daniel Debs' $40,000 estate. Tells TD that she wished that he could have seen Morris Hillquit's expression as she told him about Katherine Debs. Informs TD that Morris Hillquit asked her to work with the Executive Committee in coming up with a suitable memorial in honor of EVD. Mentions that Morris Hillquit told her that TD is "as worthy of recognition" as EVD and expressed the hope that whatever EVD's memorial was that it would help to provide for TD and his family. Suggests that as part of memorial to EVD that she, TD, and Ralcy Husted Bell put together a biography of EVD's life and sell it to finance a permanent memorial in EVD's honor. Asks that TD send her his suggestions as the best way to honor EVD. States that she is enclosing a check for the money she borrowed while she was in Terre Haute, Indiana and an additional $200 for the photos of EVD. Expresses the hope that TD and Gertrude Debs are beginning to get around now. Says that she also hopes that Mabel Dunlap Curry was a help to TD in taking care of the deluge of letters sent since EVD. Writes that she trusts that TD reaches Kate Crane-Gartz in time so that she does not "chance to pour out her purse" for Katherine Debs' Christmas. Mentions that she is still angry at the way Arthur Baur mistreated EVD's ashes on the day of his burial.
Letter from TD, 12/13/26. Assures Mailloux that she did not have rush to return the money that he lent her. Says that he is glad that Mailloux got a chance to talk to Morris Hillquit. Writes that the letter from him she read to Hillquit about Katherine Debs will definitely affect the way that the Socialist Party's National Executive Committee will deal with her in the future. Tells Mailloux that she may have told Morris Hillquit more than was judicious. Mentions that some of the things that Mailloux told Morris Hillquit were not entirely correct, especially in regard to her statements that Katherine Debs did not allow any of EVD's friends to visit him at home and that Jean Daniel Debs' estate was worth $40,000. Tells Mailloux that she should not be ashamed that her parents were poor. Writes that he does not know what would be an appropriate memorial in honor of EVD. Mentions that he is not very excited about having a biography of EVD's life written. Says that he thinks that the matter of the memorial should be left to the originators of the idea. Informs Mailloux that he and Gertrude Debs have not been feeling well. Tells Mailloux that he has been busy moving his belongings out of his and EVD's office.
Telegram to TD, 8/19/27. Says that she is sending TD her congratulations and her affectionate good wishes. Mentions that she hopes to see TD soon. Tells TD that C. Odilon Mailloux is on his way to Italy and that she is on her way to a rest in the country.
Telegram to EVD and TD, n.d. Writes that she is grieved to hear of EVD's condition. Asks that TD tell her if she should leave immediately or if she can wait until Monday.
Note from TD, n.d. Says that he is dedicating a volume to Emily Debs Mailloux with eternal devotion and love.

Mailly, Bertha H.: Letter to EVD on Rand School of Social Science letterhead, 10/18/15. Writes that he is glad that EVD will be visiting the Rand School of Social Science on Wednesday. Assures EVD that his speech was an inspiration. Mentions that EVD's forthcoming Carnegie Hall engagement may just be the "last great mmeeting before we attain our political power." Says that the Socialist Party branches in New York City, New York are planning a big educational campaign to begin after the upcoming election. Asks that EVD mention the importance of understanding the basic principles of socialism in his speeches.
Letter from TD, 5/10/43. Says that although he has not written Mailly recently that he keeps himself in close touch with the "glorious work" that the Rand School is doing. Writes that he would like Mailly to give him information about Josephine Costantino whom he says is interested in writing a biography about EVD. Mentions that he is particularly interested in knowing if Josephine Constantino is a "Socialist, Communist, Liberal, Fifth Columnist or what."
Letter from TD, 9/21/43. Writes that because he is getting on in years that he wants to make arrangements for some of EVD's papers to be placed in the Rand School's library. Says that most of the material that he is considering giving to the Rand School is in bound volumes. Writes that he wants to know if the Rand School would be interested in acquiring this material.
Letter to TD on Tamiment, America's Summer Camp for Adults letterhead, 9/29/43. Assures TD that any material pertaining to EVD's life that he would like to donate to the Rand School would be most welcome. Says that the Rand School already has a special cabinet to hold the materials that have already been received. Mentions that she is referring TD's letter to the Rand School Board of Directors so that they can confirm what she says about acquiring EVD's papers. Tells TD that she is still hoping that some day "the proper person" will write a biography about EVD who will be able to successfully interpret his "marvelous spirit."
Letter from TD, n.d. Writes that he is happy to know that the materials about EVD's life will be well taken care of by the Rand School. Mentions that EVD, himself, wished that all of his materials worth preserving be sent to a working class institution. Tells Mailly that he thinks the Rand School is a good choice because its staff will use discretion in giving access to EVD's papers, especially to Fifth Columnists. Says that he hopes that Mailly has as merry a Christmas as is possible with a war going on.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/23/47. Writes that ever since TD's passing that she has been dreading the task of disposing of the papers of EVD. Says that now that Irving Stone has returned the materials of EVD's that he had in his possession, she feels that it is necessary to find a place for them before anything happens to her or Gertrude Debs. Mentions that she does not want to see them burned as happened in the case of the EVD materials that were left in his house after Katherine Debs' death. Tells Mailly that TD said that he wanted EVD's papers placed in the Rand School and says that she wants to know if the school is still interested in acquiring them.

Maitain, John: Letter to EVD, 3/26/21. Asks that EVD consider taking up his case if he is released in the near future. Writes that he knows he will not be paroled unless he has help in convincing the board that he really does want to "make good." Says that he did not deserve a five year sentence for what he did, especially since several men who committed similar crimes that he has talked to only got 1 and a half to 2 year sentences. Signs his letter with his prison number, 11604, and his nickname, "The Barber."

Maitra, Harendranath: Letter to EVD, ?/?/23. Writes that he is from Calcutta, India and is presently in America on a lecture tour. Says that he would consider it a privilege to come to see EVD. Mentions that he will be in Terre Haute, Indiana on Monday at noon.
Letter to EVD on Real Press letterhead, n.d. Says that he was the person who visited EVD a couple of years ago. Writes that because he spoke badly of England it is very difficult for him to go back to India. Informs EVD that now that he stuck in America that he is finding it difficult to find a job that pays. Asks that EVD send a line of introduction to the editor of the NEW LEADER.

Mak, Klarenc Wade: Letter to EVD on Dr. Klarenc Wade Mac, Health Specialist letterhead in reformed spelling, 3/4/18. Asks that EVD consider giving a speech in Kansas City, Missouri to help with the campaign there. Mentions that he is the editor of the FOOL KILLER and did all he could for EVD when he ran for Congress two years ago. Asks that EVD inform him how much it will cost to have him come and give one speech. Tells EVD that he is the socialist candidate for mayor and his campaign was opened yesterday with a big meeting. Mentions that the old parties are so scared that they have united with the labor fakirs and created a united Citizens-Labor Ticket.

Malkiel, Leon A.: Letter to TD on Leon A. Malkiel, Attorney and Counselor At Law letterhead, 10/21/26. Tells TD that he and Theresa Serber Malkiel were shocked to read that EVD has passed away. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 3/29/?. Writes that he received TD's letter with the enclosed note from EVD. Says that he has always thought of EVD as a "symbol of everything pure and ideal; a glimpse into the distant future, a noble example of what mankind is going to be in the glorious days to come." Mentions that he has refrained from writing EVD because he knows that it must be exhausting for him to wade through the thousands of letters he receives. Also mentions that he has written for the articles. Assures TD that if he needs help in any way, he knows that the comrade in New York City, New York would do what they could for him.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Sends EVD selections from works by Thomas Paine.

Malkiel, Theresa Serber: Letter to EVD on Socialist Suffrage Campaign Committee letterhead, 7/26/15. Says that she read EVD's "splendid" article in the AMERICAN SOCIALIST and it has given her the courage to write to him. Writes that so few of her comrades "realize the seriousness of the 'Woman Question.'" Tells EVD that the socialist campaign in the East could mean a "great victory for Socialism," but only if the women get the vote in those states. Says that the Socialist Party's Woman's National Committee wants EVD to write a short pamphlet or two in support of woman's suffrage.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Suffrage Campaign Committee, 10/1/15. Says that she is anxiously awaiting EVD and TD's arrival in New York City, New York. Assures EVD that his promise to come to New York City, New York has already done a great deal to rejuvenate the movement there. Writes that she wants to know where EVD would like to stay while he is in New York City, New York. Asks that EVD send a short press release to announce his trip so that it can be used in the socialist press.
Letter to EVD, 3/29/21. Writes that she received word about EVD's trip to Washington D. C. while she was in Chicago, Illinois. Says that she as well as many other comrades rejoice that he had the chance to fill his lungs with interstate air and to spend some time on the other side of the prison gates for a while. Mentions that the message she and Leon Malkiel received from him will always be cherished. Tells EVD that his greatest gift is his ability to reform "wandering souls." Mentions that EVD does not have to respond to her letter. Includes a note from Leon Malkiel saying that he joins Theresa Serber Malkiel in sending EVD greetings.

Malkin, Beulah : Letter to TD, 9/16/29. Says that she has been thinking about TD a great deal lately because she knows that he must be upset over the death of Victor Berger. Writes that she is in the process of renovating an old house. Tells TD that she wishes that he could visit her. Includes a poem by Elta A. Boring titled "In Honor of the 60th Birthday of Gene Debs" with a note on the back saying that her mother wrote this poem for EVD in 1915.

Mallory, R. L.: Letter to EVD on Socialist Party of Elkhart, Indiana letterhead, 12/23/20. Says that on Christmas not only will Jesus Christ be remembered, but so will EVD. Assures EVD that 1,000,000 homes will hold his name sacred. Tells EVD that his name his said with reverence not only in America, but in Russia, England, France, and Italy. Mentions that EVD has "more treasures hidden and buried in the hearts of men than all of Rockefellers' millions could buy." Writes that 1/1/21 will mark the beginning of a new epoch in American history.

Malone, Dudleyfield: Telegram to EVD, 11/5/19. Writes that he has just agreed to speak to 10,000 people in Milwaukee, Wisconsin on the subject of general amnesty. Says that he wishes EVD to know this on his birthday. Mentions that liberty in America cannot die while men like EVD are still alive.

Maniscaleo, P.: Letter to EVD, 8/25/25. Says that he thanks EVD for the photograph that he sent. Writes that he is sending EVD a frame which he would like him to keep. Expresses the hope that he will be able to see EVD soon.

Manley, Joseph: Telegram to EVD, 8/14/23. Tells EVD that he would like him to meet with the Federated Farmer-Labor Party's Executive Council. Mentions that the committee is composed of Alexander Howat, William Z. foster, and Otto Wangerin. Says that the council can meet with EVD any time between 8/27/23 and 8/30/23.
Letter to EVD on Federated Farmer-Labor Party letterhead, 8/27/23. Writes that this letter will be presented to EVD by Alexander Howat, Otto Wangerin, and William Z. Foster. Says that they are authorized to discuss with EVD certain matters regarding the Federated Farmer-Labor Party. Expresses the hope that EVD is in good health. Executive Council of Federated Farmer-Labor Party requests EVD to meet Alex Howat, William Z. Foster and Otto Wangerin.

Manly, Basil M.: Letter to EVD on United States Commission On Industrial Relations letterhead, 4/21/15. Informs EVD that the United States Commission on Industrial Relations will be holding a public hearing in Washington D. C. during the first two weeks of May. Says that he would like EVD to appear as a witness before the commission on 5/12/15. Writes that EVD's testimony should cover his own experiences with the courts and what he thinks should be done enforce the law in industrial disputes. Tells EVD that the United States Commission on Industrial Relations will hold its sessions at the Shoreham Hotel. Mentions that EVD should be at the hotel by 10 A.M. on the day of his appearance. Assures EVD that he will receive compensation for his time in the amount of 5 cents a mile for travel expenses from Terre Haute, Indiana to Washington, D. C. and $2 each day he attends the hearings.
Letter from TD, 4/27/15. Says that EVD is currently suffering from a torn ligament and is not sure how long it will be before he will be completely recovered. Informs Manly that although EVD appreciates the invitation to speak before the United States Commission on Industrial Relations that he will be unable to do so in his current condition.
Letter to EVD, 10/9/15. Tells EVD that he has just finished reading the reviews he wrote for the NATIONAL RIP SAW concerning the United States Commission on Industrial Relations. Assures EVD that he greatly appreciated the way EVD paid tribute to the commission even though it does not take "much courage to tell the truth from the secure position of a government commission." Mentions that he cannot wait until the day that it will take courage for a government official "not to tell the truth."
Letter to EVD on Committee on Industrial Relations letterhead, 12/24/15. Says that as soon as he received EVD's letter he mailed out 100 copies of the statement he requested. Writes that the work of the commission is going magnificently and he thinks that it will yield large results. Mentions that the he and the other members of the Committee on Industrial Relations are currently trying to get Congress to agree to publish 200,000 copies of the report and 10,000 copies of the complete testimony of the United States Commission on Industrial Relations. Assures EVD that he has every hope that they will be successful in this pursuit. Tells EVD that Henry Barnhart is the head of the House Committee of Printing and if he can pressure him in any way to insure that the United States Commission on Industrial Relations reports and testimony do in fact get published it would be of great help.
Letter to EVD, 7/19/16. Says that he appreciated the letter and article that EVD sent. Tells EVD that he is sending him 30 copies of the article that he requested. Expresses the hope that EVD will distribute them to the leading socialist papers for publication.

Manly, Pauline Kunderd: Letter to TD and Gertrude Debs on A. E. Kunderd letterhead, 7/8/32. Writes that her father wants TD and Gertrude Debs to have some gladioli for their garden. Tells TD and Gertrude Debs that before they plant the gladioli bulbs she is sending that they should soak them in warm water for 24 hours. Says that her father does not know if Katherine Debs is still living but that if she is that TD should share the bulbs with her. Assures TD that the Debs name is spoken with love in her household. Mentions that if TD and Gertrude Debs ever get the chance that they should come for a visit.
Letter from TD, 7/13/32. Writes that he received the box of gladioli bulbs that she sent. Assures Manly that he greatly appreciates the bulbs and cannot wait to plant them in the garden. Tells Manly that that "for years our living-room and garden have been enriched and beautified by 'Kunerd' blossoms." Mentions that he remembers the visit her father made to Terre haute, Indiana with fondness. Writes that he is dividing the bulbs with Katherine Debs.

Mann, Tom: Postcard to F. W. Taylor, 12/30/25. Writes that he is sending F. W. Taylor New Year's greetings. Says that he wishes EVD good luck in his work for the cause.
Letter to EVD on National Minority Movement letterhead, 2/5/26. Says that he appreciated the kind reference EVD made to him in his letter to F. W. Taylor. Tells EVD that he is now involved with the National Minority Movement, an industrial organization working with the trade unions. Writes that the transformation of the trade union is making slow progress in England but not as slow as the AFL is in recognizing the class struggle in the United States. Assures EVD that it is good to know that he remains "so young in heart and outlook." Mentions that he is sending EVD some information so that he can see what the British movement is all about. Tells EVD that he is 70 and still heavily involved in the fight.

Manning, J. L.: Telegram to EVD, 8/16/18. Writes that he has not yet received word as to whether or not EVD will be able to speak next Wednesday or Thursday in New York City, New York on the situation in Russia. Says that there is overwhelming sentiment to have EVD speak. Asks that EVD send word immediately if he will be able to come to New York City, New York.

Mantzke, Caroline: Letter to EVD, 11/27/20. Writes that she has heard EVD speak several times and knows a great deal about him. Tells EVD that there was a "straw vote" in her school a few days after the recent election and she was the only person who voted for EVD. Mentions that her teacher did not even know there was a socialist on the ballot. Says that she has read about EVD in the NEW YORK CALL, the NEW DAY, and the CITIZEN. Mentions that she has also read EVD's message to the children. Assures EVD that she believes in socialism and will always vote the socialist ticket. Tells EVD that she is just ten years old.

Maple, Otto Delton: Letter to EVD, 2/2/21. Writes that he is sorry that he has not written since EVD's "fatherly, brotherly helpful letter" that EVD sent him while still in the ministry. Says that soon after the letter the head of the Meneley Chautauqua System came to seem him about speaking under its auspices. Tells EVD that the man who was opposed to socialism said that EVD "is sincere and makes all who hear and know him feel his sincerity and I believe he would die for what he thinks is right." Mentions that these words in addition to EVD's letter made him love EVD even though he has never seen nor heard him speak. Writes that he regrets that Woodrow Wilson has not yet released EVD from prison. Mentions that EVD's imprisonment may do much to convert people to socialism. Asks that EVD let him know if there is anything that he could do to help him. Mentions that he is acquainted with the Warren Harding and will make sure that he will write him about releasing EVD. Tells EVD that he is sending him a book which he hopes that he will read, especially the last chapter.

Marcy, Mary: Letter to EVD on Charles H. Kerr and Company letterhead, 2/18/18. Asks that EVD send her a copy of his article titled something like "The Rising Sun" that appeared in the TRUTH. Says that she is now prohibited by government order from mailing copies of any magazine. Tells EVD that as an alternative she will be publishing a labor scrapbook every month or two that will pass as a book. Mentions that in her next scrapbook she will be publishing an article by Herman Cahn on the "Collapse of Capitalism." Says that she was losing faith in the cause until she read Herman Cahn's article. Assures EVD that capitalism will collapse and then their day will begin.
Letter to EVD on Charles H. Kerr and Company letterhead, 3/6/18. Tells EVD that the interview with him in the TERRE HAUTE TRUIBUNE pleased her very much. Says that in New York City, New York several meetings are being held regarding the situation in Russia. Mentions that at one meeting alone $560 was collected. Writes that some of the comrades in New York City, New York are trying to organize volunteers to fight if Russia gets invaded. Informs EVD that he should think about addressing some of these meetings after the socialists take an official position in the matter.
Letter to EVD on Charles H. Kerr and Company letterhead, 3/19/18. Writes that she appreciated the article that EVD sent titled "The Bluff that Failed." Says that Charles H. Kerr is quite ill but is still working regularly. Mentions that she is trying to get out another scrapbook for May Day like the one she already sent EVD. Tells EVD that he will notice that she published half of Herman Kahn's new book in the last scrapbook. Writes that his analysis of the money situation makes sense to her. Says that she agrees with Herman Cahn that all of the unbacked money in circulation will eventually lead to capitalism's own collapse. Mentions that the war is just exacerbating the situation. Writes that Germany will never last if it goes off the gold standard unless the "German Imperialists" resort to some kind of slavery.

Markham, Edwin: Letter to Emily Debs Mailloux, 5/9/1899. Writes that he appreciated her comments regarding his poem titled "The Man with the Hoe." Says that this poem is the cry of his heart because it contains the "accumulated fire and indignation of a lifetime." Assures Emily Debs Mailloux that some day the "Kingdom of Social Justice" will be built upon the earth. Asks that Emily Debs Mailloux send his greetings to her brother.
Letter to Emily Debs Mailloux, 2/28/01. Says that he just received Emily Debs Mailloux's letter but regrets to inform her that he will be busy tomorrow afternoon. Writes that he will try to meet her a 6 P.M. Tells Emily Debs Mailloux that when he appears before her club he could do no better than to give a reading of his poetry and provide commentary on it. Mentions that if Emily Debs Mailloux has music planned for the occasion it should come at the middle the his reading. Says that he remembers Emily Debs Mailloux from the kind letter she sent in reference to his poem titled "The Man with the Hoe." Assures Emily Debs Mailloux that he cannot wait to meet her.
Letter to Emily Debs Mailloux, 3/26/04. Tells Emily Debs Mailloux that she and C. Odilon Mailloux are invited to attend his son's birthday party. Mentions that he intends on visiting Emily Debs Mailloux the next time he spends a night in the city. Includes an invitation to attend Virgil Markham's birthday party.
Letter to the APPEAL TO REASON, 2/7/09. Says that "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity" are the "holiest of all words."
Letter to "Dear Friend," 8/20/17. Writes that he is happy to see that there is a project under way to build a People's House in New York City, New York, a "place suitable for public dining rooms and a public gymnasium." Mentions that it should also be a place dedicated to free speech. Says that such people as Reverend Percy Stickney Grant, Reverend John Haynes Holmes, and Frederic C. Howe are backing the project. Writes that there is a push to obtain some property to build the People's House on 15th Street. Mentions that the property is partly paid for but that there is a need for more money. Says that he is trying to come up with the money by asking people to invest in 4% bonds. Writes that for more information Bertha H. Mailly should be contacted.
Poem titled "July," 7/20/25.
Poem titled "A Prayer," 4/?/33.
Poem titled "Outwitted," 11/?/33.
Poem titled "The Man with the Hoe," n.d.

Marks, Jeannette: Letter to 1/1/27. Writes that it was kind of TD to send the information she requested about EVD, especially since the demands upon him must be endless. Says that for years she has had pictures of EVD and John Brown in her workshop. Tells TD that it has inspired her in her work. Mentions that she will be sending TD a copy of her book titled GENIUS AND DISASTER. Includes a poem titled "Garden."

Marky, Alexander: Telegram to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Marquardt, Emil.: Letter to TD, 10/26/26. Tells TD that he had a vision on 10/19/26 in which the spirit of EVD appeared to him. Mentions that it is a shame that EVD never got his citizenship restored before he died. Assures TD that EVD's soul will rule the earth for eternity. Writes, "May Humanity soon unite to a one great Union and be ruled by one gentle honest soul, with justice to the poor and war only against the destructive forces in nature."

Marston, J. C.: Letter to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Writes that when EVD spoke in Walpole, Massachusetts 18 yeas ago she got the chance to shake his hand. Mentions that EVD kissed her 1 and a half year old daughter then and it is a kiss she has never forgotten. Tells TD that she is 73 years old and will soon pass on herself. Says that she only wishes that she could have done as much good for the world as EVD.

Martel, Frank X.: Letter to EVD on Detroit Federation of Labor letterhead, 11/22/20. Writes that enclosed with his letter EVD will find a resolution that was passed by the Detroit Federation of Labor. Says that copies of the resolution were sent to Samuel Gompers and Woodrow Wilson. Includes a copy of a resolution passed by the Detroit Federation of Labor saying that EVD, Tom Mooney, and other political prisoners should be granted general amnesty.
Letter to EVD on Detroit Federation of Labor letterhead, 4/6/21. Tells EVD that since public sentiment for his release from prison is so strong that he will undoubtedly soon be freed that he consider making his first public appearance under the auspices of the Detroit Federation of Labor. Assures EVD that the people of Detroit, Michigan are behind EVD 100%. Says that although Detroit, Michigan has always been seen as a reactionary city that it is beginning to gain some recognition as a center of progressivism.

Martig, Leo: Letter to EVD, 3/29/21. Tells EVD that he is praying for his freedom. Says that if the Lord is willing that he wants to reap the benefits of all that EVD has suffered for. Writes that it will be EVD's honor to bring the new light into the world. Mentions that he hopes to meet EVD in the near future.

Martin, Mr.: Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, n.d. Writes that she appreciated Martin's letters even though she has been slow to acknowledge them. Says that she has had a great deal of work to catch up on at school and that ever since her mother's death she has not been able to catch up on her correspondence. Assures Martin that she was glad that she was able to be with him last Sunday morning to celebrate the 100th anniversary since of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen's founding.

Martin, Fred: SEE Augusto, Allie.

Martin, John A.: Letter to EVD, 10/16/15. Writes that he received a copy of EVD's tribute to Eugene Field, Bill Nye, and James Whitcomb Riley. Says that when he made a trip to the Pacific Coast over the summer that he passed where Bill Nye's office used to be and saw that his name was still pained on the window. Assures EVD that people like Eugene Field, Bill Nye, and James Whitcomb Riley help to make life livable. Mentions that he also received a pamphlet honoring EVD. Tells EVD that he would rather see him become a martyr than falter in his faith. Says that EVD is greater than Eugene Field, Bill Nye, and James Whitcomb Riley because he has trod an unpopular path. Writes that since the two terms he served in Congress he has returned to his law practice in Pueblo, Colorado. Mentions that he made a speech after the Ludlow Massacre that had wider circulation than anything he ever said in Congress. Says that the people of Colorado like to use tax money to help employers win strikes.

Martin, Logan Pascal: Poem titled "War" to EVD, ?/?/20.

Martine, James E.: Letter from EVD, 6/23/13. Writes that he would like to thank Martine for the service he has rendered in behalf of the suffering miners in West Virginia by committing himself to investigating the situation. Assures Martine that he knows well the barriers he faced in his work, especially those that were put in place by the "brutal mine barons." Says that Martine did his job with courage, sympathy, and a sense of justice. Tells Martine that only the most heartless of men could sit unmoved by the testimony given by the striking miners and their families.

Martinez, Ancel: SEE Augusto, Allie.

Mason, Vernon: Letter to EVD, 1/1/20. Tells EVD that he did not support EVD's actions during the war. Also tells EVD that he is not a socialist. Says that he hopes that EVD has a Happy New Year. Assures EVD that if he had the power that he would pardon him. Writes that America needs more men like EVD who have the courage to say what they think. Mentions that democracy will never be successful until men can listen to critics and not gag or muzzle them.

Masters, Edgar Lee: Letter to Katherine Debs, 11/13/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Assures Katherine Debs that EVD was one of those Americans who "by the purity and strength of his character, add to the real richness of the nation."

Matchett, Clara E.: Letter to TD, 6/15/20. States that she appreciated TD's recent letter with enclosures. Writes that she particularly enjoyed EVD's tribute to Marguerite Bettrich Debs. Tells TD that her brother spoke of EVD kindly in his last days. Asks that TD tell her if it is true that her brother brought EVD into the socialist fold. Says that she had the chance to visit EVD while she was in Atlanta, Georgia. Mentions that everything there looked like it was in "good shape and orderly." Expresses the hope that soon all political prisoners will be given amnesty.
Letter to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Matchett, Harriet.: Letter to TD, 10/3/28. Says that she is writing to inform TD of the death of Clara E. Matchett. Writes that her health had been growing worse over the past two years. Tells TD that an oil painting of her brother will go to the Rand School of Social Science. Mentions that when her house is sold half of the proceeds will go to the Socialist Labor Party.

Matthews, A. C.: Letter to TD on La Veta Hotel, Gunnison, Colorado letterhead, 12/11/21. Says that he hopes that his letter will get to TD in time to save EVD's life. Writes that he has had a vision in which EVD is leaving the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia and gets shot by a member of the Klu Klux Klan or the Knights of Columbus. Tells TD that with the outcome of the Armament Conference he cannot possibly see how EVD will ever get home safely. Informs TD that he needs to hire 100 "well-armed determined socialists" to protect EVD. Mentions that he would give 10 years of his life to be there.

Maurer, George: Letter from EVD, 6/25/25. Tells Maurer that he would be willing to allow his name to be used only if the National Conference's purpose is to "consolidate or at least to combine the various labor defense bodies so as to constitute an independent, all-inclusive, defense organization for the purpose of affording protection and defense to all workers arrested, prosecuted or imprisoned because of their activities in the labor movement, irrespective of their affiliation or non-affiliation, and with equal consideration for all, and for the purpose of combating vicious and despotic legislation and court decisions, and otherwise serving, as may be deemed necessary, those who serve the working class." Says that it will be impossible for him to attend the conference because of several months filled with speaking engagements.

Maurer, James H.: Letter to TD on City of Reading, Pennsylvania Department of Accounts and Finance letterhead, 6/23/28. Tells TD that although he said not to respond to his letter that he felt it necessary to write back. Writes that a Bureau of Municipal Research may be created some time in the future. Mentions that it will not be until the two new departments--a purchasing agency and a municipal machine shop--have been whipped into shape. Informs TD that he has known the Mr. Gale that he refers to in his letter for a long time. Mentions that he is not surprised by what TD says about him. States that his program will have to be approved by the local branch of the Socialist Party.
Letter to TD, 1/25/36. Says that a letter from TD always brings back many memories for him of EVD. Tells TD that the movement misses him and Morris Hillquit immensely. Writes that Jim Oneal visited him for a few days and told him of TD's health problems. Informs TD that his health is also failing after 70 years. Says that when he thinks of the 40 years of his life he spent building up the Socialist Party with TD, EVD, Victor Berger, Morris Hillquit, and many other dear comrades, it makes his "blood boil" to see what has happened to the movement since World War I. Writes that preachers like Norman Thomas are doing their utmost to ruin the Socialist Party. Tells TD that if these "Bible pounders" end up in heaven when they die then that would be worse than hell for him.
Letter to TD on Maurer's Confectionery letterhead, 12/10/43. Writes that because of the holidays he will not send his book IT CAN BE DONE until after New Year's. Tells TD that while he knows that TD's eye problems will prevent him from reading much of it that he thinks that it would be a shame if his book did not have a place in the "House of Debs." Mentions that if TD does pick it up that he should read pages 148 to 150 and 249 to 250.
Letter to the Family of James Maurer from TD and Gertrude Debs, 3/28/44. Sends condolences on the death of James Maurer. Tells Maurer's family that Maurer was all man. Mentions that when Maurer first entered the labor and socialist movements that there was not much of either, but that he had the privilege of seeing both of them emerge into powerful entities during his lifetime. Writes that it is perhaps best that Maurer is dead, especially since he suffered so much in the latter days of his life.

Maxim, Victor: Letter to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Maxwell, Joseph S.: Letter to EVD, 11/4/21. Writes that he wants to congratulate EVD on having so many birthdays, especially since they have been "under a system as bad as the one we have." Mentions that he will be 72 in January. Says that he hopes that EVD lives to be 100 years of age. Assures EVD that he is blessed with good principles and the courage to stand up for them. Tells EVD that he admires his work. Mentions that he thinks of EVD in connection with Elijah Lovejoy, William Lloyd Garrison, Wendell Phillips, Charles Sumner, and many other good men. Says that he was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania and that when he was a boy he got to wave to Abraham Lincoln. Assures EVD that the cause he supports is just as worthy as the cause Abraham Lincoln served. Expresses the hope that EVD's liberty will be restored to him.

Mayer, Louis SEE ALSO Minns, Hervey

Mayer, Louis: Letter to TD, 5/5/19. Writes that he should have responded to TD's letter "overflowing with warm appreciation" for his "effort to hold for future generations the aspiring and inspiring features" of EVD. Mentions that the cast made of EVD's bust in Akron, Ohio was defective in many ways and required a great deal of reworking. Says that he finished his work a few days ago and is sending TD the first picture of it. Assures TD that EVD will receive a model of the bust as well as the Rand School for Social Science. Mentions that he started a bust of Scott Nearing last Friday.
Letter to EVD, 6/5/19. Assures EVD that his devotion to him has not diminished even though he has not written recently. Says that he is enclosing a photo of the completed bust for EVD. Mentions that he had both the bust and the medallion of EVD on display at the bazaar sponsored by the NEW YORK CALL. Writes that next week he will be sending the Rand School for Social Science and TD copies of the bust. Mentions that he plans on making a smaller version of the medallion and put one of EVD's sayings on the back of it. Tells EVD that Scott Nearing has suggested the line, "So long as there is one man in prison I am not free," while Theresa Serber Malkiel thinks he should use the statement, "I would rather be jailed a thousand time than betray the working class once." Assures EVD that he wants him to choose the words that will go on the back of the medallion. Mentions that he is glad to hear that EVD's circumstances are "reasonably bearable." Expresses the hope that EVD will one day visit him and his family in New York City, New York.
Letter from TD, 7/1/19. Says that he received the bust of EVD and that it came in perfect condition. Assures Mayer that the "bust is a wonderful piece of work" that words prove futile in trying to describe it. Mentions that the bust far surpasses his expectations. Tells Mayer that his bust has a remarkable likeness to EVD. Writes that EVD received Mayer's letter and planned on responding to it except for the fact that his sudden removal from the prison in Moundsville, West Virginia left many things undone. Mentions that EVD is now in a federal prison where he is only allowed to write one letter a week, and that to his wife. Tells Mayer that EVD has been assigned to work in the prison clothing department and spends the rest of his time in his cell. Informs Mayer that EVD is not even allowed to receive socialist literature of any kinds. Says that he is convinced that A. Mitchell Palmer moved EVD to Atlanta, Georgia to break his body. Assures Mayer that EVD's spirit will never be broken--"never in a million years."
Letter to TD, 7/8/19. Tells TD that he was grateful for his approval of EVD's bust. Says that the work that went into creating the bust was a reward in itself, especially if he succeeded in capturing the essence of EVD's soul. Writes that he read TD's farewell letter to EVD and felt the strong attachment that existed between them. Mentions that Louis Lochner showed him the issue of the APPEAL TO REASON with the A. Mitchell Palmer interview in it. Tells TD that the situation does not look good for EVD. Assures TD that his hopes are not shattered and that TD will see EVD again. Mentions that he is about to strike a medal of EVD. Also mentions that he is in town finishing up his bust of Scott Nearing.
Letter to EVD, 10/28/19. Writes that Hervey Minns stayed with him for 2 weeks. Says that during that time he had Hervey Minns pose for him so that he could sculpt his profile. Tells EVD that he attended one of John Haynes Holmes' church services where he spoke on the "Who's Who in Prison." Mentions that since John Haynes Holmes' church burned down he has been having his services at the New Amsterdam Theatre. Says that the NEW YORK TRIBUNE had a picture of his bust of EVD in it. Tells EVD that next week he will be going to Washington D. C. to start working on a bust of Robert LaFollette. Expresses the hope that EVD will not be a "public victim" much longer.
Letter to TD, 12/22/19. Writes that between his own activities and what is going on around him to keep the world safe for democracy that he hardly has time to sleep. Says that his immediate concern is what is going to happen to EVD. Tells TD that the holidays will only make the injustices heaped upon EVD and the "apostles of love" all the more obvious. Writes that he thinks that there are many more stars shining brightly in the East than there are in the West. Mentions that the story of persecution repeats itself like the circuit of the solar system. Assures TD that EVD is one of the "fortunates" despite his present situation.
Letter to EVD, 4/1/20. Writes that he thought that EVD would have been freed by now. Says that he once believed that he lived in a democracy but now knows that this is not true. Tells EVD that the world is driven by the pursuit of the dollar. Writes that he is sorry that he has not written EVD more. Mentions that David Karsner sent him a copy of his book about EVD for Christmas. Assures EVD that David Karsner did a brilliant job with the book. Mentions that he sent a copy of the book to Hervey Minns. Tells EVD that he will not be freed until the professors of democracy start acting democratically.
Letter to TD, 5/14/20. Writes that the last tribute paid to EVD makes it more than apparent that the rank and file have not forgotten him. Says that the concerted actions of the Socialist Party convention will bring greater harmony to the movement and bring it one step closer to victory. Mentions that he is curious to find out how the Washington delegation will be received. Writes that President Woodrow Wilson and A. Mitchell Palmer will not be able to "play their game of intimidation" much longer. Expresses the hope that the present distress will lead to EVD's release. Says that he was hoping to see TD at the Socialist Party convention. Writes that on the same day that EVD was nominated for President he received the first reproductions of his bust of EVD. Asks that TD tell him what he thinks of the prints that he had done of it. Tells TD his bust of EVD was not put on display at the Rand School for Social Science until February. Says that he had to go himself to arrange the display.
Postcard to TD, 7/8/20. Writes that he is sending TD his greetings from Maine.
Letter to EVD, 11/7/20. Says that David Karsner made a special toast in honor of EVD last night at Art Young's GOOD MORNING dinner. Writes that he sat next to Scott Nearing who had just returned from France. Mentions that Helen Keller was also at the dinner. Tells EVD that he has been much more tolerant of the present confusion in the ranks than most other people in the movement. Writes that he knows that in spite of everything EVD's "vision" has not deserted him. Mentions that he hears from Hervey Mills frequently and that he is holding on bravely.
Letter to TD, 1/28/21. Says that he has been thinking of him and EVD over the past several days. Tells TD that 3 weeks ago a Mr. Borrowman approached him about making a small relief of EVD which he could reproduce in bronze. Mentions that Mr. Borrowman is a businessman, not a socialist. Writes that he has agreed to work with Mr. Borrowman and gave him a plaster model of the relief this morning. Mentions that he has given all rights to the relief to Mr. Borrowman. Says that he was hoping to visit TD in Terre Haute, Indiana when he was in Battle Creek, Michigan. Tells TD that he expects him to come to New York City, New York after EVD is freed to celebrate in Madison Square Garden. Mentions that there was a note in the NEW YORK TIMES today that suggested that EVD might soon be released. Assures TD that EVD's day is soon coming.
Telegram to EVD, 3/27/21. Says that soon EVD will be resurrected.
Letter to TD, 5/23/21. Tells EVD that President Warren Harding will be giving an oration in New York City, New York. Expresses the hope that President Warren Harding remembers America's political prisoners in his address. Mentions that he appreciated the hope that Frank Harris has expressed in PEARSON'S MAGAZINE. Says that he is sending TD a plaster model of the relief sculpture of EVD that he is making for Mr. Borrowman.
Letter to EVD, 1/6/25. Writes that he deeply appreciated the Christmas card and book that EVD sent. Says that he is sorry that EVD and Katherine Debs did not get a chance to get away to Daniel Webster Hoan's cabin last summer. Mentions that when he saw Victor Berger a few weeks ago that he said that EVD was back to his old self. Says that William Haynes Holmes saw his small sculpture of EVD and wanted one for him and his brother. Writes that he has treasured the book DEBS AND THE POETS for several years. Mentions that in the next edition one of John Haynes Holmes' poems must be included.
Letter to TD and Katherine Debs, 10/24/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that EVD's soul was with him at the Community Church this morning. Mentions that William Haynes Holmes paid tribute to EVD several times during the service and had his bust of EVD on display in the front of the church. Includes untitled poems by William Gaskell and Samuel Longfellow.
Note to TD, n.d. Says that he has sent TD several prints of EVD's bust. Writes that he is selling them at the Rand School Book Shop for 15 cents each. Mentions that these prints will have to be a substitute for the medals he planned on making because of their prohibitive costs.

Maynard, J. B.: Letter to TD on Indiana Bureau of Statistics letterhead, 6/29/1894. Writes that he was happy to receive a card announcing the birth of Marguerite Cooper Debs. Says that he can only imagine how much brighter Marguerite Cooper Debs has made TD and Gertrude Debs' home. Expresses the hope that one day Marguerite Debs Cooper will get a little brother.
Letter to TD, 11/20/1895. Writes that he is glad that he was able to contribute "something for the happiness" of those who love EVD. Says that he knows that the reunion with EVD on 11/25/1895 will be a joyous occasion.
Untitled poem to TD, n.d.
Poem titled "November 22nd, 1895," n.d.

Mayoan, G. H.: Letter to EVD, 11/21/20. Assures EVD that his heart is filled with love for him. Says that he would go to great lengths to see EVD freed. Tells EVD that his "heart aches and bleeds daily" for him. Writes that his constant prayer is that EVD is released from prison. Mentions that whenever he reads anything that EVD has written he becomes blinded with tears. Writes that an oil worker friend of his who lives in Florida wants to visit with EVD. Assures EVD that if he met him he would take him in his arms like he would a father or a brother.

Meeks, Mary H.: Letter to EVD, 7/1/26. Says that since there are so few comrades down in the South that she would write to EVD. Tells EVD that her father brought her up to be a socialist. Mentions that both of her parents have heard EVD speak several times. Writes that she is now teaching her husband and children all about socialism. Tells EVD that she has named her new-born son after him. Says that she has read David Karsner book about EVD. Asks that EVD send her a few lines with his signature so that she can show them to her son when he is grown.

Meinecke, Freida: Letter to EVD, 6/17/21. Writes that she is out of school now. Says that it must be dreadfully hot in his prison cell. Mentions that his father remarried recently to his mother's sister who has recently come to America from Austria. Tells EVD that her sons are in the Red Army. Says that her father told her that if he could live anywhere it would be Russia.
Letter to EVD, 7/6/21. Writes that she was glad to hear from EVD. Says that it is hot in Springfield, Illinois. Tells EVD that the dark cloud over America will pass when the people are freed from their chains. Asks that EVD send her the names of some book about socialism that she should read. Mentions that socialist speakers rarely come to Springfield, Illinois. Assures EVD that when he comes to Springfield, Illinois after he gets out of prison that she wants to speak to him.
Letter to EVD, 8/30/21. Writes that she was glad to hear from EVD. Tells EVD that she will soon be going back to school. Says that she wants to "learn and be something in this world." Assures EVD that she is going to get all of the education that she can.

Melvin, Floyd J.: Letter from EVD, 7/25/15. Writes that he would like to thank Melvin for his book SOCIALISM AS THE SOCIOLOGICAL IDEAL. Says that he has read enough of Melvin's book to know that it is excellent. Assures Melvin that his book is a genuine contribution to the cause of socialism.

Meng, J. A. C.: Letter to EVD on Young Men's Christian Association letterhead, 10/26/20. Writes that he is a 61 year old porter for the American Railway Express Company. Says that he is a wage slave and has always been one. Tells EVD that before he became a porter he was a salesman. Assures EVD that even as a salesman he was a socialist. Mentions that his employers knew of he was a socialist but that they did not fire him. Writes that when he lost his salesman job in 1912 because the firm went out of business he spent 8 years on the "scrap-heap" of life. Tells EVD that in 1907 he had his throat cut for preaching socialism. Mentions that his family lives in Arkansas while he lives in Youngstown, Ohio. Says that he wishes that he could take EVD's place. Mentions that he knows that his 8 hour day and good wages are a result of the struggle led by EVD.
Photocopy of postcard, 10/26/20. Tells EVD that when he moved to Youngstown, Ohio with his son he shaved off his mustache. Says that when he sent a picture of his clean-shaven self to his daughter in St. Louis, Missouri she thought it was a picture of EVD. Mentions that he could not have been more pleased with her comment.
Letter to EVD on Young Men's Christian Association letterhead, 12/23/20. Tells EVD that he sent him the wrong poem and asks that he destroy it and read the one he is enclosing instead. Includes a poem titled "The Prisoner of Atlanta."
Letter to EVD on Young Men's Christian Association letterhead, 12/24/20. Asks that EVD accept the poem he has written for him as his "loving comrade and unworthy discipline." Includes a poem titled "My Birthday."
Letter to EVD on Young Men's Christian Association letterhead, 1/24/21. Writes that he is enclosing for EVD a revised version of his poem titled "The Prisoner of Atlanta." Mentions that he is thinking about sending a copy to President Woodrow Wilson. Tells EVD that he is unworthy of his love and confidence.
Poem titled "Must These Remain in Jail?" to EVD, 5/19/21.
Letter to EVD on Young Men's Christian Association letterhead, 5/22/21. Tells EVD that he has not seen his family for 8 months and does not expect to see them for another 4. Says that he is happy to know that EVD has not "embraced heaviness" while in prison. Writes that the happiest time in his life was the 10 years he spent as a street corner socialist agitator. Mentions that he disapproved of Kate Richards O'Hare's article "The Kind of People We Are" because it had a "bourgeois twang" to it. Assures EVD that justice will be done in the end.
Letter to EVD, 5/22/21. Quotes Bible verses. God has shown him the way through Jesus -- persecution to the cross. Wants to use his talents. Only happy years of his life were decade he was Socialist agitator. Grieved at Comrade Kate's [Richard O'Hare?] "The Kind of People we Are" which had bourgeois twang.
Letter to EVD, 3/9/26. Says that he has in his possession a letter written by S. S. McClure saying that he did not publish an article EVD wrote back in 1894 as a response to the use of federal troops in the Pullman Strike because it was "oratorical and vituperative." Assures EVD that while the article was indeed oratorical that it was anything but vituperative. Tells EVD that there is no kinder man who walks the earth. Writes that he has always dreamed of meeting EVD but that it will never happen because they come from such different world. Remarks that he first became a socialist 24 years ago as a result of his religion. Mentions that he served as a delegate to the Socialist National Convention in 1912. Tells EVD that he finds that there he has no conflicts between Christianity and socialism. Mentions that he is not the kind of socialist, like Dr. Wells LeFever, the seducer of Ernest Untermann's wife, who would turn his back on his religion after becoming a socialist. Says that he is a prohibitionist like Upton Sinclair. Writes that when he was 18 he was a clerk for a storekeeper who sold whiskey from the back of his store. Mentions that his father, a preacher, went to the storekeeper and told him that his son was not to have anything to do with alcohol whatsoever. Says that because of his father that he has taken up the temperance cause. Assures EVD that a socialist millennium is closer now that the saloon is gone. Mentions that someone once told him that drink had been the ruin of EVD but that he did not believe it. Tells EVD that the liquor traffic now debauches the rich more than it does the poor. Writes that EVD is wrong to think that prohibition has failed because of graft and corruption. Says that it is preposterous for EVD to think that government officials could take the profit out of the liquor trade when they are not socialists, the only people who do not believe in the profit motive. Informs EVD that he is cannot believe the way he is suspicious of all prohibitionists because so many of them are bootleggers in disguise. Tells EVD that his statement not only accuses him and every other honest prohibitionist of despicability. Says that EVD's article about prohibition has disturbed him greatly. Mentions that he does not want to break with EVD. Asks that he read the letter that he received from Victor Berger supporting his views.
Letter from EVD, 3/12/26. Writes that he does not have much time to respond to Meng's letter because he and his wife are getting ready to leave for a trip to Bermuda. Tells Meng that he did not have him personally in mind when he wrote his article about the "rotten and utterly damnable administration of the enforcement laws of prohibition." Says that he aimed his article at the "so-called prohibitionists" who are also bootleggers. Informs Meng that he is the "uncompromising enemy of prohibition and always have been." Tells Meng that he does not believe in the "blue law fallacy" that "men can be made moral and decent by prohibition and repression and by the enforcement of brutal punitive regulations." Mentions that Meng should not get the wrong idea and think that Victor Berger is a supporter of the present system of prohibition. Remarks that Meng is wrong to think that the liquor traffic affects only the rich. Mentions that Meng could not be more wrong. Assures Meng that thousands of people have turned their homes into breweries and will never be stopped from producing alcohol. Says that as long as there is corn, wheat, and grapes grown there will be alcohol. Writes that "true manliness and self-respect are not the product of prohibition and suppression but of freedom and independence." Mentions that he wrote his article about prohibition after two prohibition agents came to Terre Haute, Indiana and used a prostitute as a ploy to arrest a man on a narcotic's charge.
One-Act Play titled, "Debs and the Attorney-General," to EVD, n.d.
Poem titled, "I Was In Prison," to EVD, n.d.
Poem: "I was In Prison," n.d.

Mercer, Ida F.: Letter to TD, 11/27/13. Says that she would like to thank TD for the kind letters since that her sent her after her bad experience in Littleton, Colorado with her son-in-law. Writes that she does not remember if she told TD that she was arrested by her son-in-law for disturbing the peace after she went up to him to ask if he had hired a nurse to take care of her daughter and her new-born grand-daughter. Mentions that she was found guilty of disturbing the peace and fined $5. Tells TD that a week later her daughter was rushed to St. Luke's Hospital in Denver, Colorado to have an emergency operation. Writes that his son-in-law has terrorized his daughter by behaving like a "maniac or a demon." Says that she is not a welcome visitor in his home. Mentions that she would like to kill her son-in-law but that she does not know how it would affect her daughter. Assures TD that EVD's visit uplifted her spirit wonderfully. Tells TD that EVD is an inspiration to her. Mentions that her heart goes out to the striking miners in Denver, Colorado. Tells TD that the situation is probably much worse in West Virginia. Writes that she sees EVD and Myron Reed as the modern teachers of religion. Informs TD that while patriotism is now seen as a virtue that one day it will be equated with bigotry.
Letter to TD, 4/18/14. Writes that he thinks that Daniel DeLeon and his newspaper, the PEOPLE, should be above publishing many of the things it does. Tells TD that the paper is full of slanderous articles and repeated misrepresentations. Assures TD that she enjoyed the editorial on the labor situation in the last issue of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW. Mentions that she appreciated TD's last letter deeply because it came at a time when she was in deep despair.
Letter to EVD, 9/8/14. Writes that EVD's letters always help her during her periods of depression. Assures EVD that his hope and courage will carry her through her trial. Mentions that she is currently reading the last issue of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW and says that its articles seem to be written in his life's blood. Writes that if it were not for times of "divine exaltation" there would be nothing to carry people through this capitalist hell that they live in. Tells EVD that if she is sentenced to a prison term that she plans on finishing up a book on piano method, write a booklet titled "Glimpses of Myron Reed," and reread a couple of Karl Marx's works. Mentions that she should be able to get all of this done as long as she is put in a "condemned cell." Assures EVD that her crime was not pre-meditated and thinks that it will be a difficult thing for the prosecution to prove. Says that her defense will be that the shooting was in self-defense. Mentions that she will soon be sending EVD a book of poems which she would like for him to keep. Tells EVD that she has no anxiety right now about her trial because she is confident that her lawyers will be able to discredit a couple of witnesses who did not even lie in her "language." Writes that she has written an outline of the events that led to tragic incident of 5/2/14 which she says should help her lawyers a great deal. Tells EVD that between the politics of the Democrats and the religion of Billy Sunday everything is being done to keep the working class "in ingnorance and subjection." Remarks that she was sent a one-act play titled SOLIDARITY by Phil Engle about the striking coal miners in Colorado. Tells EVD that she has stipulated that her daughter be treated gingerly when she is being cross-examined.
Letter to TD, 11/5/14. Assures TD that she deeply appreciated his last two letters even though he did not get a chance to respond to them. Expresses the hope that the socialist fared well in the recent election. Mentions that she does not expect much from the voters of Colorado because they need to be more thoroughly organized. Says that the division of the Denver, Colorado local of the Socialist Party into wards has had a paralyzing effect on the movement there. Tells TD that so few socialists in Denver, Colorado with a knowledge of "revolutionary or scientific socialism." Says that the working class element is split between the Industrial Workers of the World and the American Federation of Labor. Informs TD that she found her verdict of manslaughter surprising. Writes that her counsel made serious blunders in the handling of her case, especially in its summation of the case. Mentions that her head counselor cheated her uncle out of $500 when all that was really owed to him was $75. Tells TD that her daughter will have nothing to do with her. Mentions that she does not expect TD to respond to all of her letters.
Book of poetry, 12/25/14. Includes poems titled "A Dream Which Was Not All a Dream," "The Orators," "Lines to Arline On Her Birthday," "How Can I Know, Beloved," "Exaltation," "Phantasy," "In Memoriam Myron N. Reed," "The Wind," "The Balanced Rock: In Memorium Daniel DeLeon," "Lines to My Mother on Her Birthday 1905," "The Household Drudge," "Captive," "To Live My Life Is All I Ask," "To My Mother," "Confidence," "La Vie Est Une Vase Fragile," "Sweet Lavender," "In the Glint and the Glow of the Fire," "Estrangement," "The Surf at Ocean Beach," "When the Car Goes By," "I Had a Wish," "Mourn Not Above the Lonely Mound," "Infelice," "In the Shadow," "The Storm," "The Slum Proletariat," "Nocturne," "Fate," "Mother: In Memoriam Mrs. Kate E. Mercer," "Fidelity," "Voiceless," "Beneath My Smile I Hide a Grief," "Eugene V. Debs," "The Paris Commune," "The Latin Races," "E. V. D.," "The Clock," "Alarm Looks Forth from the Soft Eyes," "I Have Broken My Heart 'Gainst a Will of Steel," "Human or Inhuman?," "A Letter to Arline," "I Wonder," "Condemned," "The County Jail, From the Inside," "Thanksgiving," "Thanksgiving," and "Christmas."
Letter to TD, 12/31/14. Writes that even though 1914 was a troublesome year for her that it has brought her much healing. Mentions that her troubled times have reaffirmed many friendships. Tells TD that she apologizes for not answering his letters sooner. Mentions that she has "deluged" Clarence Darrow with letters regarding her situation. Remarks that she has been in prison for 8 months now and will soon be going to the prison in Canon City, Colorado. Says that her daughter still will not accept any financial aid from her. Asks that TD tell her if anything will result in the upheavel in Terre Haute, Indiana. Mentions that the striking miners in Colorado got little good out of the federal investigation that took place there. Tells TD that the Industrial Workers of the World's Los Angeles, California local has cleaned out its anarchists. Writes that she has learned much from the several cell mates that she has had. Says that the Common of Safety is making cutting back the number of employees working at the prison. Includes a poem titled "A Happy New Year!"
Letter to TD, 2/20/15. Tells TD that her one of her lawyers' suits against her for nonpayment of services rendered may cause her to lose her house. Says that since she has been moved to the prison in Canon City, Colorado that she is defenseless to do anything to stop this suit. Mentions that her uncle is doing little to protect her daughter.
Poem titled "Arline's Birthday," 10/24/15.
Letter to EVD, 9/14/17. Writes that imprisonment was the only way she could free herself from the self-imposed bondage to her daughter. Says that her daughter has demonstrated her ability to deal with the most adverse of circumstances. Mentions that if EVD is ever in Denver, Colorado that he should visit her daughter. Tells EVD that she dreads the affect that 25 years of stress and strain has had on him. Assures EVD that he will see the ultimate good of all his work. Asks that EVD take ample time to recover while he is in Boulder, Colorado. Mentions that TD will be able to handle everything in the meantime.
Letter to EVD, 9/13/18. Tells EVD that she has not been able to follow his trial. Says that EVD's verdict will go down in posterity. Writes that she does not know what the verdict will be except upon what she knows of the procedures of the courts and the stringency of recently enacted laws.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Writes that it is too good to be true that EVD is in Denver, Colorado. Says that she heard both about EVD's ill health and his stay in Estes Park, Colorado. Mentions that the letters she received from TD helped her through a very trying time. Remarks that EVD is the embodiment of all that is divine. Tells EVD that the "class war" is raging again in Colorado. Tells EVD that she wished the working class could discern its enemies from its friends. Writes that she would be a blessing if EVD could find time to visit her in prison.

Merrick, Allora: Letter to EVD, 11/17/21. Tells EVD that she would like for him to know that she is thinking of him ever since he first went to prison. Assures EVD that the "Spirit of Divine Love" is working day and night for great change which will bring with it a heaven on earth. Mentions that EVD looks the same as he did twenty years ago.
Note from EVD to TD. Says that while Merrick knows only poverty that she gives freely her love.

Merrick, Mrs. C. D.: Letter to EVD, 6/2/13. Tells EVD that she is sorry that it has taken her so long to thank him for the help he provided in helping the oppressed people of West Virginia. Says that her anti-slavery father taught her to scorn oppression. Remarks that the Supreme Court is a disgrace. Expresses the hope that in the future EVD will get all of the "cheer and comfort" he so much deserves.
Letter to EVD, 4/25/20. Tells EVD that she met him when he spoke in Parkersburg, West Virginia in 1906. Says that a "colored man" that she knows is a great admirers of EVD's. Writes that she just moved into a new house of the south side of Parkersburg, West Virginia.

Merrick. Fred H.: Letter to EVD on Justice Printing and Publishing Company letterhead, 2/5/12.
Says that he appreciated the kindness EVD showed in visiting him in prison. Tells EVD that he was treated "abominably" while in prison for refusing to work for nothing and to attend the chapel services. Mentions that he was put in the dungeon as a result of his actions. Writes that he is suing the prison for $10,000 as a way of publicizing his treatment. Asks that EVD write an article for the COMING NATION about the brutal treatment taking place in Wilmington, Delaware. Says that the Socialist Party is in a critical state and asks that EVD be the party's candidate for President in the upcoming election. Tells EVD that he owes it to the Socialist Party to accept the nomination.

Merrill, Herbert M.: Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Socialist Party members from New York.
Letter to TD and Katherine Debs on Schenectady Trades Assembly letterhead, 10/28/26. Writes that the Schenectady Trades Assembly unanimously voted to honor the memory of EVD with a moment of silence at its meeting on 10/27/26.
Letter to TD on New York State Socialist Party Committee letterhead, 11/1/26. Tells TD that he is enclosing a copy of the resolutions adopted at the Panken, New York mass meeting held on 10/31/26. Includes a resolution signed by Herman Koble saying that attendees of the mass meeting in Albany, New York declare that EVD is "worthy to be acclaimed only with the noblest and greatest of mankind."

Merts, Dora: Letter to TD, 1/6/18. Writes that she hopes that TD's letter has had some effect in raising funds for Stanley Clark's defense. Tells TD that she hopes that his letter will work in favor of Stanley Clark but says that she is not optimistic. Remarks that TD's letter is being circulated throughout Texas and Oklahoma. Mentions that she appreciated the letter TD wrote for SOCIAL REVOLUTION. Includes a copy of a letter from EVD and TD saying that Stanley Clark's only crime is his "loyalty to the working class." Asks that people send in funds for his defense.

Meserole, Katherine M.: Letter to EVD on Women's University Club letterhead, 10/20/20. Tells EVD that she has written him a song for his campaign. Writes that the Women's University Club will be hosting a political debate next week between Al Smith, Dudley Field Malone, and Jesse Hughan. Says that this year's political debate represents a triumph for radicalism because two years ago Scott Nearing was not allowed to attend a similar debate. Includes a song titled "Campaign Song" to EVD, 10/20/20.

Metzen, John L.: Letter to EVD, 2/1/21. Remarks that EVD is the most discredited President this country has ever had for campaigning against entering the war and then doing the exact opposite after his election. Tells EVD that nothing less could be expected from a man "who neither has the manhood to accept a merited rebuke, nor the conscience to admit a when all can see it."
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 2/2/21. Tells TD that Metzen is a "clear-headed, true-hearted friend." Asks that TD send him a letter of thanks for his kind words.

Meyer, Ernest L.: Letter to TD on THE CAPITAL TIMES letterhead, 11/11/26. Tells TD that he appreciated his kind letter. Assures TD that his editorial on EVD fell far short of his aim. Writes that during EVD's trial and conviction he was in Camp Sherman for objecting to the war. Remarks that he never served a prison sentence for objecting to the war because the "military powers" did not know how to classify a "humanitarian individualist with strong anarchistic leanings."

MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST: Photocopy of postcard from TD, 8/30/19. Says that he would like 6 copies of the 8/30/19 issue of the MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST. Writes that he can make good use of them.
Photocopy of postcard from TD, postmarked 9/26/19. Says that he would like 6 copies of the 9/26/19 issue of the MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST.
Photocopy of letter from TD, 12/7/22. Asks that the MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST send one or two issues of the newspaper to the enclosed person.
Photocopy of letter from TD, 3/1/23. Says that he would like a few copies of the 2/23/23 issue of the MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST. Writes that the MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST just gets better with age.

Michel, Art: Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/27/08. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that he will be staying in the Planters Hotel while he is in St. Louis, Missouri.
Telegram to TD, 10/10/26. Says that he is hoping for the best. Asks that TD wire him if EVD's condition worsens.
Photocopy of telegram to EVD, 10/13/26. Says that he is happy to hear of the improvement in EVD's health and expresses the hope that he has a speedy recovery.
Telegram to TD, 10/17/26. Writes that Emily Debs Mailloux is leaving for Elmhurst, Illinois on the early train and that he will be ready to leave on short notice. Asks that TD please keep him advised as to EVD's condition.
Telegram to TD, 10/19/26. Says that he received TD's message and that he grieves with him. Tells TD that he plans on reaching Terre Haute, Indiana on Thursday afternoon. Mentions that if TD wants him to come sooner to let him know.
Telegram to TD, 7/15/31. Writes that Louise Debs Michel passed away today at 6:30 P. M.
Letter to TD, 10/6/38. Says that he thanks TD for the $1,479.89 check. Tells TD that he must be relieved that there are no more transactions to be completed in the management of Jean Daniel Debs' estate. Expresses the hope that Marguerite Debs Cooper will make a profit off of TD's investments. Remarks that he knows what TD has been through because of his own work to settle an estate. Writes that if he had stayed in Terre Haute, Indiana and made a good income he would have turned 1102 Wabash Avenue into a shrine. Mentions that while Indiana will always have a special place in his heart that he is now a New Yorker. Tells TD that he regrets not having the chance to get together with him more often.
Letter from TD, 10/11/38. Assures Michel that he appreciated what he had to say about the "old home." Writes that he has many fond memories of the home when Jean Daniel Debs and Marguerite Bettrich Debs were still in their prime. Mentions that it was in Jean Daniel Debs and Marguerite Bettrich Debs' home that both Marie Debs Heinl and Louise Debs Michel were married. Says that he does not expect to reap huge profits off the property, especially since the real estate boom in Terre Haute, Indiana is over. Tells Michel that he will find the final report regarding the settling of Jean Daniel Debs' estate. Remarks that it stirs his "bile to the boiling point" that the Baur family was a beneficiary in Jean Daniel Debs' estate. Writes that he regrets that he is not able to see Michel more.
Note to Marguerite Debs Cooper, n.d. Says that he translated a poem Jean Daniel Debs wrote to Marie Debs Heinl soon before he died. Mentions that his translation is not literal because he wanted to keep the it smooth. Assures Marguerite Debs Cooper that the sentiment is exactly as Jean Daniel Debs would have wanted it. Includes a poem titled "The Dream of Alsace."

Michel, Frederick: Letter to EVD on Social Scientific Society of New York letterhead, 9/23/20. Writes that the Social and Scientific Society will be celebrating its golden jubilee next November. Says that to commemorate the anniversary the organization is putting together a souvenir album. Asks that EVD send a few words to be included in the volume. Also asks that EVD answer the question, "What and how in practical daily life can the intellectuals of all lands contribute towards the reconciliation of the peoples who opposed each other in the recent war, and towards a lasting brotherhood of man?"
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 9/23/20. Tells TD to answer the question, "What and how in practical daily life can the intellectuals of all lands contribute towards the reconciliation of the peoples who opposed each other in the recent war, and towards a lasting brotherhood of man?" with the answer, "By uniting with the International Socialist Movement in educating and organizing the masses for the purpose of socializing industry and thereby laying the economic foundation for the brotherhood of the race."

Michel, Louis: Letter to EVD on Starr Piano Company letterhead, 11/25/20. Expresses the hope that the few lines he has enclosed for EVD will be of good cheer to him. Includes an untitled poem.
Letter to TD on Starr Piano Company letterhead, 1/19/21. Assures TD that he is doing his best to "plough the field for political non-shackled action on the part of the Negro in 1924." Says that he hopes to see EVD in good health and elected President in that year. Asks that TD support him in his stand regarding the "Negro people."
Letter to EVD on Starr Piano Company letterhead, 10/24/21. Writes that he is enclosing a clipping from the 2nd oldest "race paper," the NEW AGE. Says that the author is an old friend of his, William Pickens. Remarks that he cannot believe the way William Pickens implicated EVD in the barring of "our colored brothers" at a mass meeting that took place several years ago in Birmingham, Alabama. Remarks that EVD needs to tell the world what really happened at that meeting. Assures EVD that it is important for him to tell the 13 million "Negroes in America" that he did not knowingly speak at a meeting that had excluded a "Negro member of the human race," especially since the "Negroes" are moving away from the "moorings" of the Republican Party. Mentions that he believes in William Pickens' honesty and tells EVD that he would not write something unless he had a strong reason to think that it is true. Asks that EVD tell William Pickens of his attitude towards the "suffering Negro People." Assures EVD that he will be released from prison before Christmas. Includes an article titled "Negroes 'Running' for Office" by William Pickens.
Letter to TD on Starr Piano Company letterhead, 11/28/21. Includes a copy of TD's letter to Louis Michel saying that the article by William Pickens that appeared in the NEW AGE is "pure fabrication." Includes a note from William Pickens saying that he was the man who was refused admission when EVD spoke in Birmingham, Alabama several years ago. Assures TD that EVD "knew nothing about it for he was not the doorkeeper" and is not to blame. Mentions that it is the white people who prevented him from entering the hall.
Poem titled "Cain--Woodrow Wilson!" to EVD, n.d.

Michel, Louise Debs: Letter to TD and Gertrude Debs on Henry Michel Idlewild Conservatories letterhead, 5/26/1894. Tells TD and Gertrude Debs that she received the telegram announcing the birth of Marguerite Debs Cooper. Says that she is proud that she has a new niece. Expresses the hope that Gertrude Debs has a speedy recovery. Tells TD that J. W. Clark would like to meet EVD.
Photocopy of postcard to Gertrude Debs, postmarked 6/11/07. Writes that she went to the Church of Christ Scientist this morning and feels better for doing so. Says that the church is a magnificent edifice.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, postmarked 6/13/07. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that her aunt sends her greetings from New York City, New York.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, postmarked ?/?/08. Says that she is sending greetings to Marguerite Debs Cooper from Marion, Indiana.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/2/09. Writes that she has marked on the front of the postcard where Arthur Michel lives in New York City, New York.
Photocopy of telegram to EVD, 10/13/26. Says that she is glad to hear that EVD is feeling better. Expresses the hope that EVD has a speedy recovery.
Note from TD, n.d. Writes that she is presenting her with a copy of EVD's last book WALLS AND BARS with love and devotion.

Michelson, Clarina: Telegram to EVD, 6/15/26. Asks that she be allowed to use EVD's name as a member of an emergency committee designed to provide relief to the strikers' children in Passaic, New Jersey. Mentions that Norman Thomas will be the chairman of the committee.

Middleton, Louis V.: Photocopy of postcard to EVD, postmarked 8/5/10. Expresses the hope that EVD has a speedy recovery.

Milhollin, John H.: Letter to TD, 9/21/21. Writes that he would like TD to forward to enclosed article to EVD if that is possible. Says that he has been wanting to write EVD but that he thinks that there other much abler people that already shower him with letters. Mentions that there is a peace arch erected in a place in Washington where EVD once received a majority of votes.

Millard, Daisy C.: Letter to EVD, 4/10/18. Says that she wants to know if EVD is currently filling any lecture dates. Writes that the Socialist Party local in Cincinnati, Ohio would like EVD to come speak on 5/5/18. Mentions that the Cincinnati, Ohio local is getting ready to open a new headquarters with a seating capacity for about 1,000 people. Assures EVD that his presence in Cincinnati, Ohio would do much to bolster the cause there. Tells EVD that she and her husband Walter Millard are passing through a crisis in their personal life because of his stance in favor of the war. Asks that EVD tell her what stand the Socialist Party has taken in the matter.
Letter from EVD, 10/8/18. Tells Millard that her last letter touched him. Writes that there is little regret in going to prison for the cause. Expresses the hope that he will get to see Millard again.

Miller, Clarence R.: Letter to TD, 10/24/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Miller, Eugene: Letter to EVD, 11/12/20. Says that he apologizes for neglecting to write EVD. Expresses the hope that EVD remembers him. Remarks that he is now 14 years old. Mentions that he has never forgotten the moment when he met EVD over 9 years ago. Tells EVD that he will always be his "affectionate namesake."

Miller, Gabriel B.: Poem titled "The Prisoner of Atlanta," 1/1/20. Includes a note saying that he gets a speedy release from prison.

Miller, George: Letter to EVD, 10/14/21. Tells EVD that he has always been a Republican. Says that in the last two months, however, that he has decided to vote the socialist ticket. Remarks that the change came as a result of the way that the Republican Party has treated EVD. Asks that EVD keep up the good word because he is gaining thousands of voters to his cause. Mentions that he could put a letter from EVD to good use.

Miller, Martin H.: Letter to TD, 8/24/33. Writes that the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen will be holding a 50th anniversary celebration in September. Says that the first lodge of the old Brotherhood of Railroad Brakeman was named in EVD's honor because of all the work he did with U. S. Osterhout in behalf of the organization. Tells TD that he would like to know if he has any letters between EVD and U. S. Osterhout that contain any information about the Brotherhood of Railroad Brakemen. Remarks that if TD does not have any correspondence that he write with some of his own recollections of the difficulties encountered in trying to organize the brakemen.
Letter from TD, 8/30/33. Says that he has a "pretty clear recollection" of the Brotherhood of Railroad Brakeman's creation because he was an employee of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen at the time. Writes that U. S. Osterhout informed EVD that he formed an organization for brakemen for the purpose of "entertainment, social intercourse, and for the betterment of the brakemen" of Oneonta, New York. Remarks that EVD told U. S. Osterhout to make the organization national in scope. Tells Miller that U. S. Osterhout came to Terre Haute, Indiana and he and EVD discussed plans for establishing a new railway organization. Mentions that EVD promised support from the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen for the Brotherhood of Railroad Brakemen. Says that EVD was honored at the 5th annual convention of the Brotherhood of Railroad Brakemen with the following tribute, "On my left sits our godfather, Brother Eugene V. Debs. A man who everyone has learned to love for his many manly qualities. He was our friend when we most needed a friend, and you and I in our life will never be able to repay him for what he has done for us and for the benefit of our Brotherhood." Writes that it is unlikely that many letters between U. S. Osterhout and EVD were preserved.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Indiana Joint State Meeting Association of the Brotherhood Railroad Trainmen and Ladies Auxiliary, 10/5/55. Writes that the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen and Ladies Auxiliary are honoring the 100th anniversary of EVD's birth at a banquet to be held at the Terre Haute House on 11/5/55. Says that the banquet is in honor of EVD's "unselfish services he so wholeheartedly gave to the formation and early years of the Brother of Railroad Trainmen." Mentions that services will also be held at the Highland Lawn Cemetery where W. P. Kennedy will place a wreath of flowers on EVD's grave.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen letterhead, 11/9/55. Writes that he greatly appreciated Marguerite Debs Cooper's presence at Highland Lawn Cemetery last Sunday morning. Says that his daughter was glad to meet her because of her fond memories of both EVD and TD. Mentions that he has enclosed a picture taken at the memorial service.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen letterhead, 11/11/55. Says that he is enclosing for Marguerite Debs Cooper a copy of the last issue of the TRAINMEN NEWS. Assures Marguerite Debs Cooper that for several years he has wanted to the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen to acknowledge the great debt it owes to EVD which was finally accomplished at the recent state meeting.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen letterhead, 1/3/56. Writes that he is enclosing for Marguerite Debs Cooper a copy of the TRAINMAN NEWS from 1/2/56. Says that W. P Kennedy thought that part of Marguerite Debs Cooper's last letter should be quoted in the TRAINMAN NEWS. Expresses the hope that the year 1956 will be a good one for Marguerite Debs Cooper.

Miller, Samuel: Letter to EVD, 12/10/19. Assures EVD that his name is on every comrade's lips. Says that he wished that EVD could have attended the recent mass meeting held in Madison Square Garden. Expresses the hope that EVD will be able to write him a letter so that he can frame it for posterity. Mentions that he wants EVD to tell him how his health is and how he is being treated in prison. Asks that EVD excuse his poor use of the English language but that he has only been in America for a few years. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that he appreciated the sentiments expressed by this "fine young comrade." Asks that TD write Miller and tell him that prison rules prevent him from sending Miller a letter.
Letter to EVD, 4/13/20. Writes that he just returned from attending a meeting held in EVD's honor. Tells EVD that he is optimistic that he will soon be released from prison. Mentions that he received a letter from TD and appreciated the kind words that it contained. Says that he is enclosing a photograph of his daughter.

Millinery Workers Union
, SEE Rose, Alex

Mills, Daisy L.: Letter to TD on Seneca Christian Endeavor Union letterhead, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Mills, Ernest: Letter to EVD on Western Federation of Miners letterhead, 1/5/16. Writes that the receipt EVD mentioned in his last letter was an old one because John M. O'Neill is now editing the TRINIDAD FREE PRESS for the United Mine Workers of America. Tells EVD that the trouble in Butte, Montana has "severely crippled" the Western Federation of Miners. Remarks that the strikers in Arizona are undergoing great hardship because the Western Federation of Miners are not able to provide them with the necessities of life. Says that he will comply with EVD's wish and let his subscription expire at the end of the year. Mentions that he will use the other $.50 on his account to send the MINER'S MAGAZINE to a striker in Arizona.
Letter to EVD on International Union of Mine, Mill, and Smelter Workers letterhead, 11/22/18. Writes that he received EVD's registered letter to Charles Moyer several days ago. Says that he did not reply sooner because he expected Charles Moyer back at headquarters before now. Remarks that Charles Moyer will not receive EVD's letter until the early part of next week. Includes a return receipt for a letter mailed on 11/18/18.

Mills, J. B.: Letter to EVD on Mills Garage letterhead, 11/6/20. Expresses the hope that EVD will run again for President and that next time that he will actually win. Tells EVD that he is 10 years old and wishes that he could vote. Mentions that his grandfather is a politician and that he often stops and listens to him. Writes that he is glad that James Cox did not win the election because he said that he was for the League of Nations.

Minns, Hervey W. see also Mayer, Louis

Minns, Hervey W.: Letter to EVD, 10/27/19. Writes that he was in New York City, New York a few weeks ago to visit Louis Mayer. Says that he slept in Louis Mayer's studio surrounded by busts of EVD, Abraham Lincoln, and John Haynes Holmes. Writes that seagulls remind him of EVD.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 10/29/19. Writes that he thought that Minn's letter was "poetic." Asks that TD answer the letter with love.
Letter to EVD, 1/7/20. Writes that he feels bad that he has not written to EVD sooner. Assures EVD that he is always with him in his heart. Tells EVD that everyone should be ashamed and humiliated for forsaking EVD, the embodiment of both love and beauty. Remarks that the Declaration of Independence no longer reads "life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness," but "life, liberty, and the pursuit of property." Says that he had a dream where Jesus Christ condemned the rich and "assumed his real character of sorrow and pity for the downtrodden and outcast." Mentions that Louis Mayer had been busy with his work and has just finished his bust of Robert LaFollette. Says that Louis Mayer is beginning to work on a bust of Victor Berger.
Letter to TD, 12/28/20. Tells TD that he is sending him three photos of EVD. Asks that TD remember him to EVD. Assures TD that his heart is always with EVD. Mentions that someone will pay dearly for EVD's imprisonment. Writes that Russia "holds the most encouraging lamp" for him.
Letter to TD, 1/7/21. Says that he just received a copy of DEBS AND THE POETS. Writes that his wife is in the hospital awaiting a serious operation. Tells TD that there will never be a book of poetry written about Woodrow Wilson or anyone of his "vampire breed."
Letter to EVD, 3/6/21. Assures EVD that the spirit of Walt Whitman must visit him every night in his prison cell. Says that his wife survived her operation. Tells EVD that he must be happy to know that he will be immortally loved. Mentions that he stays in close contact with Louis Mayer. Writes that Louis Mayer's work is now on display at the Independent Artists Exhibition at the Waldorf-Astoria and he will soon have some of it on display at the Metropolitan. Assures EVD that he is hoping and working for better things. Includes a poem titled "Insanity."
Letter to Gertrude Debs, 8/1/21. Writes that he sent out the picture that Gertrude Debs ordered yesterday. Says that he is in disbelief that he has not sent a portrait yet to Katherine Debs. Tells Gertrude Debs that his heart aches at the way EVD has been treated for telling the truth. Mentions that if anyone communicates with EVD that they must tell him that Minns is thinking of him every day.
Letter to EVD, 8/25/21. Writes that he apologizes for his "unpardonable neglect." Says that Louis Mayer always speaks of EVD in his letters. Mentions that a profile of EVD that Louis Mayer made for him hangs beside a clay likeness of his brother who fought in the Civil War. Assures EVD that Marguerite Prevey is well and heavily involved in her work of humanitarianism.
Letter to TD, ?/?/21. Says that TD's letters reveal the breadth of his great understanding in these trying times when it might just be kinder to let loved ones pass on into the state of unconsciousness. Writes that he and TD both work so that life will be better for others.

Minor, Robert, SEE ALSO Engdahl, J. Louis.

Minor, Robert: Letter to EVD on International Workers' Defense League letterhead, 11/6/16.
Says that he has written a story about the five laborers falsely charged with sabotaging a preparedness parade for the APPEAL TO REASON. Tells EVD that they want to do their publicity campaign exactly right, meaning that he wants EVD to write a short appeal on behalf of the prisoners. Mentions that he is enclosing for EVD a copy of his article as he is sending it into the APPEAL TO REASON. Expresses the hope that EVD will not be too tired after his campaign to write the appeal. Assures EVD that unlike the McNamara brothers these prisoners are innocent of the crime they are charged with.

Minshall, Rachel H.: Telegram to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD on Railroad Commission of South Carolina letterhead, 11/4/26. Writes that she was greatly grieved to hear of the death of EVD. Says that she had not heard directly from EVD since last Christmas. Tells TD that she is now handles the correspondence for the new governor of North Carolina. Says that she apologizes for not writing sooner but that she had spent several months in a sanitarium. Asks that TD send her the address for Mabel Dunlap Curry.

Mint, Lucile D.: Letter to TD, 6/28/21. Writes that she thinks of EVD and TD with joy because of their good work. Says that she cannot believe that EVD is in prison while so many cowards and traitors are running free. Says that the world will be freed because "evolution is a law that will change all things." Asks that TD write her and tell her what the prospects for EVD's free are like.
Letter to TD, 10/24/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Minteer, Edwin D.: Letter to EVD on TERRE HAUTE POST letterhead, 2/14/25. Writes that EVD will find enclosed in his letter a clipping from the 2/12/25 issue of the TERRE HAUTE POST. Says that he was away when the controversy between Roger Baldwin and the American Legion first appeared in the pages of the TERRE HAUTE POST. Tells EVD that he would like to meet with him some afternoon to discuss the letter he sent regarding this controversary.
Letter from EVD, 2/18/25. Says that he would like to believe that the TERRE HAUTE POST is clean, fearless, and independent, but that its treatment and attitude towards Roger Baldwin makes him think otherwise. Tells Minteer that he thinks that it is too late to print his article on the subject, but he has no objection if Minteer wants to publish it on his own account. Assures Minteer that he has given his article to the socialist press whose columns are open to him. Mentions that he could meet with Minteer when he returns from Chicago, Illinois. Includes an article titled "Baldwin Answers Legion," n.d.

Miree, Maxine [Secretary of the Minneapolis, Minnesota Chapter of the Youth for Henry Wallace]: Letter to TD, 3/31/48. Tells TD that she recently finished reading Irving Stone's book titled ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Says that she found TD's character just as inspiring as EVD's. Asks that TD permit her to visit him to talk with him about his life. Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/11/48. Writes that Miree's letter touched her and Gertrude Debs very deeply. Informs Miree that TD passed away on 4/13/45.

Mischke, George M.: Copy of letter from Newton D. Baker, 1/5/20. Says that he received Mischke's petition asking for the amnesty of all political prisoners. Assures Mischke that he favors the early release of all persons "incarcertaed in the various prisons throughout the country, who, though they may have in some way reansgressed on some of the war time Acts and provisions of the law, are nevertheless a class of people who can not be classified as criminals." Tells Mischke that the people who fit the description of his petition are not under the jurisdiction of the War Department, but the Department of Justice. Informs Mischke that he is forwarding his petition to the Attorney General's office. Writes that those persons imprisoned in the "disciplinary institutions of the Army for being conscientious objectors during the war will be retrained to "secure for them honorable restoration of their military status, or, where that is not possibly, as great assurance as possible of usefulness in civil life after their discharge." Assures Mischke that the War Department is studying each of these cases and says that while "no general delivery of delinquents is wise, the Department is endeavoring to use sound judgment and to expedite the process of rehabilitation in each case as much as possible."
Letter to EVD on Book Corner letterhead, 2/20/20. Expresses the hope that the front page article that appeared in the 2/20/20 issue of the NEW YORK SUN is true. Tells EVD that he has enclosed a copy of a letter he received from Newton D. Baker. Writes that he did not find the letter too encouraging. Remarks that he is sending EVD a copy of Roswell Field's book titled BONDAGE OF BALLINGER. Says that John Haynes Holmes is currently on a lecture tour of the mid-west.
Letter to EVD on Henry Malkan, Inc. letterhead, 5/14/20. Says that he wants to congratulate EVD for being nominated for President. Writes that EVD has many loyal comrades throughout New York City, New York's book shops. Assures EVD that his suffering is not in vain. Tells EVD that he will work hard to have a "great" demonstration on EVD's behalf before the election. Includes a note from EVD to TD asking him to send all of his love to this "splendid comrade and noble soul."

Mitchell, Broadus: Letter to EVD on John Hopkins University, Department of Political Economy letterhead, 2/15/21. Says that he is sure that EVD has received several letters from many unknown friends since President Woodrow Wilson's refusal to pardon him.
Writes, "In the face of your clear exposition of the causes of social wrongs, your high-minded devotion to the people, your kindliness in everything, your bravery in resolute suffering under terrible personal injustice, I am without words beyond, for my part, a very grateful acknowledgement." Assures EVD that he believes in his ultimate triumph no matter how badly the American government treats him. Tells EVD that every man with a social conscience should express their indebtedness to EVD's courage.
Letter from J. C. Koons on Post Office Department letterhead, 3/31/21. Writes that in response to Mitchell's inquiry he found out from the Superintendent of Prisons, Department of Justice that his letter to EVD was returned because officials in Washington D. C. suspended EVD's writing privileges. Tells Mitchell that EVD's writing privileges have now been restored and if he re-mail s his letter with new postage it will be delivered to EVD.
Letter to EVD on John Hopkins University, Department of Political Economy letterhead, 4/4/21. Writes that he is enclosing a letter he received from the First Assistant Post Master General. Tells EVD that the letter is self-explanatory.

Mitchell, Rachel C.: Telegram to EVD, 10/10/20. Tells EVD, "Thank God for Norman Hapgood."

Mitchell, Ruth: Letter to EVD, 11/3/20. Says that she read EVD's article "Love to the Little Children" that appeared in the UNION RECORD. Tells EVD that he is the holiest, lovable, and most Christ-like man that she has ever heard of. Writes that she is 10 years old and has two sisters. Asks that EVD write to her some time. Remarks that she lives across from Woodland Park in Seattle, Washington. Informs EVD that she distributes papers for the Farmer-Labor Party. Says that her mother voted for EVD in the last election instead of the Farmer-Labor candidate.

Mitchell, Thomas: Letter to EVD on Socialist Labour Party of Great Britain letterhead, 7/9/21. Writes that he is sending EVD greetings and best wishes on behalf of John McLean who is currently serving 3 months in prison for urging workers to "not to read sporting papers or bet on horse racing but to give their money to the Socialists."
Letter from EVD to TD, 9/22/21. Writes that he just received today a letter by Thomas Mitchell in July. Asks that TD write to Mitchell and tell him that Samuel Castleton, in whose care the letter was placed, was away for several months and only gave his mail to the warden this afternoon. Says that he was greatly pleased with Mitchell's message, even though he regrets to hear that John McLean was in prison. Remarks that people like him and John McLean may continue to be arrested but that the movement for the emancipation of the working class will never be arrested.
Letter to TD on Socialist Labour Party of Great Britain letterhead, 10/27/21. Writes that he appreciated TD's recent letter and is glad to know that EVD is doing well. Expresses the hope that EVD will soon be released from prison. Says that John McLean had gotten out of prison and rearrested since he wrote EVD in July. Mentions that he is expecting word of his own retrial having been sentenced to 3 months in prison last June.

Mitchell, Mrs. W. G.: Letter to TD, 3/12/45. Writes that she found TD's sympathetic letter comforting. Says that although her husband and TD did not see much of each other during his last 5 years, he always held TD in high regard. Expresses the hope that TD regains his health with the coming of spring.

Molloy, John Francis: Note to TD, 10/25/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Monroe, Harriet Earhart: Poem titled "An Encounter," n.d.

Moon, Marshal: SEE Augusto, Allie.

Mooney, Rena: Letter to TD on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee, 11/11/20. Writes that she deeply appreciated TD and Gertrude Debs' words of love. Assures TD and Gertrude Debs that they are "dear comrades" who never forget about the persecution of others. Says that she often thinks of EVD and tells TD that "the recent election tell us how he is remembered all over the country." Remarks that she will never remember meeting EVD soon after she married Tom Mooney and said that he loved her because he loved Tom Mooney. Asks that TD send EVD her and Tom Mooney's love.

Mooney, Thomas J.: Photocopy of letter from EVD to "To Whom It May Concern" on APPEAL TO REASON letterhead, 6/28/09. Writes that Thomas J. Mooney accompanied him on the Red Special last fall and was of invaluable service to him. Says that Mooney is "one of the most earnest and active workers in the labor movement" that is "absolutely honest and trustworthy and is filled with energy and ambition to better the condition of his class."
Letter to the Officers and Members of the International Molders' Union of North America on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee letterhead, 12/23/16. Writes that C. M. Fickert, the District Attorney prosecuting his case, has become the laughing stock of San Francisco, California for using witnesses from the dives of the underworld who blatantly perjured themselves on the stand. Says that one "negro convict" confessed that he was "promised money and liberty to swear to a ridiculous story" in which he gave the convict $500 to blow up the Liberty Bell. Remarks that W. Bourke Cockran, the "famous New York attorney and orator conspicuous in National Life," has agreed to defend himself and his co-defendants. Explains that W. Bourke Cockran came to handle the case after concluding that Warren K. Billings' conviction, based on the "evidence of hired criminals and prostitutes," was "one of the most outrageous miscarriages of justice he had ever seen." Mentions that Frank P. Walsh has also agreed to aid in their defense. Writes that George West has publicly declared that the police apprehended the wrong people. Mentions that the United Press Service is sending 2 men to cover the trial. Remarks that the United Hebrew Trades are organizing a conference to devise ways of aiding in their defense. Says that the International Association of Machinists is raising funds for co-defendant Edward Nolan. Asks that the officers and members of the International Molders' Union adopt resolutions to support himself and his co-defendants. Also asks that the individual locals of the International Molders' Union purchase copies of the pamphlet, "The Frame-Up System," written by Bob Manor and published by the International Workers' Defense League, for each of its members. Mentions that he will be sending each International Molders' Union representative a copy of the weekly paper, the TRI-CITY LABOR REVIEW, because it provides the most information about his and his co-defendants' case. Writes that he is enclosing a picture of himself and his wife on the roof of their home "AT EXACTLY THE MOMENT WHEN THE STATE'S EYE WITNESS, A DRUG FIEND, SWORE THAT BILLINGS AND I WERE AT THE SCENE OF THE CRIME, A MILE AND A QUARTER AWAY." Mentions that the street clock located in the original photograph shows the time that photo was taken. Assures the officers and members of the International Molder's Union that he is innocent of the crime he is charged with.
Telegram to EVD, 5/21/17. Writes that the Rena Mooney trial started today. Says that the Chamber of Commerce is supporting the prosecution in the case. Mentions that under these circumstances a fair trial is impossible. Asks that EVD help to organize demonstrations and protest meetings to exert the best efforts to prevent further persecution.
Letter to EVD on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee letterhead, 3/23/18. Tells EVD now that the Supreme Court has decided to uphold the decision of hanging him that "our fight has been brought to a clear-cut issue." Writes that his only hope is in the labor movement, not the courts of California. Assures EVD that his splendid efforts over the past 20 months have been greatly appreciated, but that his help is still needed. Says that although Israel Weinberg has been "taken out of the clutches of the law-and-order gang of the Chamber of Commerce" and the district attorney will probably not try for any more convictions, that his future is in jeopardy, especially since he will soon be taken to San Quentin. Tells EVD that he is sure that he and his co-defendants will all ultimately be vindicated, but says that this can only happen through the "united and determined action of the entire working class in this country." Asks that EVD and his comrades help him to raise enough funds to liquidate a debt of $3,000 he has to his printer for the publication of 100,000 copies of the pamphlet, "Justice Raped in California." Remarks that if it had not been for the publicity he has aroused surrounding his case, he and his co-defendants would all be "rotting in a bed of quicklime by this time."
Letter to EVD on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee letterhead, 6/14/18. Writes that he would like to say a few words to EVD before he is taken to San Quentin. Says that it is unlikely that the Governor of California will take President Woodrow Wilson's advice and see that he gets another trial. Tells EVD that the Governor has a "tendency to show that he is not in the slightest degree favorably disposed to do the right thing in this case." Asks that EVD do everything that is in his power to publicize his situation to the nation's progressive element. Writes that a plan of action is being formulated by the International Workers' Defense League whereby the AFL, and all of its affiliated bodies, "request the President to take the whole matter out of the State's hands." Informs EVD that he wants absolute vindication for the crime he has been accused of because the real issue is not his own life but the "right of every working man to a fair and free trial" and the "right of Labor to organize without being victimized by powerful, criminal, plotting, anti-union labor employers' organizations." Says that the London Central Labor Council is appealing to the American Ambassador of England, the President of the United States, and the Governor of California for a new trial.
Letter to TD on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee letterhead, 7/17/18. Writes that he has received TD's letter and appreciated its contents. Assures TD that he has sympathy for EVD who is in a similar predicament as he. Writes that he is dictating this letter on the eve before his departure for San Quentin. Asks that TD give to EVD his kindest regards and best wishes. Says that organized labor will not permit their persecution to continue. Includes a note saying that Mooney was sent to San Quentin just as he expected.
Letter from EVD on Marguerite Prevey, Optometrist and Optician letterhead, 11/30/18. Assures Mooney that the working classes are aroused as never before and that they will "tear the murderous clutch of criminal capitalism from your throat." Says that if the capitalists insists on war, "let it come."
Letter to TD, 3/30/31. Says that if TD has not yet seen the pamphlet "Labor Leaders Betray Tom Mooney" that his sister will send one to him. Writes that it is his desire to place this pamphlet in the hands of every class conscious worker in America. Asks that TD send him a list of people that would be interested in reading the pamphlet. Remarks that he is now finishing up his 15th year in prison. Writes that both TD and EVD are often in his thoughts. Assures TD that he spent some of the happiest months of his life working on the Red Special campaign.
Letter to TD, 5/16/31. Writes that he deeply appreciated TD's last letter. Tells TD that he will soon get a hearing before the Governor of California to discuss his future. Remarks that it is not likely that he will be released from prison. Says that he appreciated the address lists that TD sent and assures him that they will be helpful. Explains that on Monday the Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee will be bringing out the 2nd edition of the pamphlet "Labor Leaders Betray Tom Mooney." Mentions that just like the 1st edition there will be 100,000 copies of the pamphlet printed. Asks that TD stir up everyone he knows to write the Governor of California for a pardon.
Tribute to Mary Mooney, 9/3/34. Writes that the memory of his dearly departed mother will live on in American working class history forever.
Letter to TD, 10/1/34. Writes that he greatly appreciated TD's letter of condolence that was sent at the time of his mother's death. Remarks that the death of his mother was a great shock to him.
Letter from TD, 11/15/34. Writes that he was honored to receive a copy of Mooney's tribute to his mother.
Letter to TD on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee letterhead, 5/25/36. Writes that he is enclosing for TD a photostatic copy of a letter EVD wrote for him in 1909. Says that it is the letter he used to introduce himself to comrades in the American west for a contest sponsored by WILSHIRE MAGAZINE where the person with the greatest number of new subscriptions would be given a trip around the world. Remarks that EVD did not like the idea of giving him a letter for any such cause and refused to mention the contest in his letter. Mentions that he told EVD when he visited in 1924 that he never regretted a single thing about his life and that if he had to do it all over again that he would not change a thing.
Letter to TD on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee letterhead, 12/21/36. Writes that he was sorry to hear about the death of TD's sister and of EVD's widow, Katherine Debs. Says that despite TD's suffering that his letter brought him comfort and cheer. Remarks that his recent hearing gave him some hope regarding his case. Mentions that his real hope, however, is in the decision to be rendered by the Supreme Court sometime next year. Tells TD that he is enclosing a receipt for the $2 he sent for the Tom Mooney Defense Fund.
Letter from TD, 1/8/39. Writes that the "glorious day of Justice--long, long, bludgeoned into the mire by the cold-blooded, brutal and criminal interests which have ruled and robbed the people of California for more than half century--has finally come to make atonement, as far as this may be possible, for the monstrous wrong of which you have been the cruelly persecuted and outraged victim for more than a score of years." Says that he congratulates Mooney on his pardon and his release from prison.
Press Release titled "Statement by Tom Mooney," 2/3/39. Writes that the story in the SAN FRANCISCO EXAMINER saying that Tom Mooney wants a divorce from his wife is "an inspired story deliberately studied an calculated to defeat" his work. Remarks that the SAN FRANCISCO EXAMINER is the same paper that was responsible for the "campaign of false and vicious propaganda which was a major factor in sending me to a living death for almost a quarter of a century." Explains that he has been working night and day since his release for the immediate liberation of one of his co-defendants, Warren Billings. Remarks that the "reactionary influences" against the Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee have tapped the committee's telephone wire and are listening in on all conversations. Says that he realized that his telephone line had been tampered with when he was one the phone with Dick Sellers of the Chicago, Illinois CIO Newspaper Guild discussing that union's strike against the Hearst publications. Writes that he has a great deal of sympathy for Rena Mooney. Asserts that he and Rena Mooney's relationship has been incompatible for the past 16 years. Asks that the public withhold its judgment regarding the question of divorce until after Warren Billings is released from prison. Says that Ernest Lenn, a reporter for the SAN FRANCISCO EXAMINER, told Rena Mooney he was a federal agent and threatened that she would lose her job with the Federal Music Project if she did not answer his questions.
Letter to TD on Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee, 7/21/39. Writes that he is back in the Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee headquarters after several weeks of campaigning for the release of Warren Billings. Says that he just finished reading two letters from TD that had not yet been answered. Remarks that the letters touched him to the depths of his soul. Tells TD that Rena Mooney is one of the most pathetic figures in the world, that is, since she let herself be used by the ruling class's newspaper reporters. Mentions that CLICK and LOOK have both published a series of articles that make him out to be a scoundrel for deserting his wife. Informs TD that Rena Mooney has not been connected with the work of the Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee for the past 16 years. Writes that he is being attacked for working to free Warren Billings and to unite the fractured labor movement. Says that he sees himself as going through the same things as EVD went through after the Pullman Strike of 1894. Says that the Tom Mooney Molders Defense Committee is in debt for $20,000. Remarks that the American labor movement is in need of leadership. Mentions that he thought that EVD should have continued to work with the Brotherhood of Firemen and Enginemen instead of creating the American Railway Union because "greater results would have accrued therefrom than did from the course pursued." Assures TD that any movement that aims at the betterment of the working classes needs to be domiated by the workers. Mentions that the conservative labor leaders of America are doing everything in their power to stop his work.

Mooney, Tom [Tennessee]: Letter to TD on Ellis Hotel, Chattanooga, Tennessee letterhead, 3/26/20. Asks that TD think about having cards and stickers printed with a picture on them of EVD nailed to a cross with a crown of thorns of his head above a caption reading, "Cruxified, because he favored humanity." Tells TD that he is traveling at his own expense to garner support for the release of political prisoners. Remarks that he recently spoke before the Central Trades Council of Mobile, Alabama and Little Rock, Arkansas. Asks that TD tell EVD that he is not a "piker" who will get cold feet. Says that he has been on the "firing line" since 1896.

Moore, Charles: Letter to The Executors of EVD's Estate on Library of Congress, Division of Manuscripts letterhead, 10/23/26. Asks that the executors of EVD's estate consider donating the papers of EVD to the Library of Congress, a "natural repository of letters and papers of persons who have taken a leading part in the history and development of this country."

Moore, Mary B.: Letter to TD, 10/28/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Moore, Samuel SEE ALSO Boardman, Helen and Sweet, William E.

Moore, Samuel: Letter from Jacob Panken on New York City Municipal Court letterhead, 7/8/21. Tells Moore that his lot is not an enviable one. Says that spending 29 years in prison is to have spent "more than a life-time there." Writes that Moore is wrong to say that he is friendless because any "person who has had the privilege of basking in the rays of kindness and friendliness radiated" by EVD can hardly claim to be friendless. Remarks that he is sending Moore some toothpaste, a comb, a pipe, and some soap. Includes a note from EVD asking that TD save this letter.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked, 7/?/21. Asks that TD acknowledge this "beautiful letter" from Jacob Panken, the socialist judge. Writes that he appreciates all that Jacob Panken has done for Moore.
Letter from EVD to "To Whom It May Concern," 2/2/23. Writes that he personally knows Samuel Moore, having spent over two years serving at the same penitentiary where Moore was also a prisoner. Says that he has "not the slightest hesitation" is declaring for Moore's unconditional release. Remarks that Moore has spent over 30 years being brutalized behind bars. Writes that should Moore be released with the proper encouragement he would definitely become a useful member of society.
Telegram to TD and Katherine Debs, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 11/2/26. Writes that there is nothing that can diminish the sorrow he feels over the loss of EVD. Says that with EVD's death people on both sides of the "color line" have lost something important. Tells TD that it will be a long time before the world sees another man like EVD. Assures TD that he will always brag about his friendship with EVD. Remarks that if ever there is a monument erected in EVD's honor that he wants the privilege of being the first to give something towards its erection.
Letter to TD, 2/26/27. Says that the monotony of prison life gives him little of interest to write about. Writes that last week he lost his pet pigeon, Adam. Remarks that he had taken care of Adam since he was 3 weeks old. Tells TD that his spirit is "staggering" from the blow given him by the loss of his bird. Assures TD that he appreciated the $25.00 he sent a while back even though he never acknowledged it.
Letter to TD, 7/31/27. Says that he is motivated to write to TD because he has not yet sent him a copy of an article he wrote about EVD. Tells TD that he apologizes for his "poor attempt" to do justice to "one so great" as EVD. Writes that he does not like living in Chicago, Illinois. Remarks that he is having a difficult time finding a job because "there is so much prejudice against the colored man as in the South." Includes an article titled "Eugene Victor Debs, The Superman: A Close Up View of Him" saying that while many others are more educationally equipped to write about EVD, he is doing so because his "intimate association" with him. Writes that he is privileged to have been considered a friend of EVD. Says that he first met EVD when he was taken to the hospital in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia after suffering a nervous breakdown during his 10th month of solitary confinement. Remarks that this was where he first met EVD who took care of him until being sent back into solitary confinement. Writes that EVD spent much of the next month trying to get him released from solitary confinement after which he was returned to the prison hospital. Explains that this is when he became close to EVD and spent a great deal of his time talking to EVD and marveling at "his wonderful nature." Says that EVD was the first man who ever treated him with any kind of kindness and it changed his life forever. Mentions that he had not known EVD on week before he knew that he wanted to be just like him. Writes that he is convinced that EVD was born to suffer like Jesus Christ.

Moore, T. E.: Letter to EVD on ONE BIG UNION BULLETIN letterhead, 2/18/26. Writes that his fellow comrades in Winnipeg, Canada are disappointed that EVD could not set a concrete date to make a trip to visit them. Says that he appreciated the autographed booklet that EVD sent. Assures EVD that the seeds of industrial unionism which EVD had sown so many years ago are now bearing fruit in Canada. Remarks that there are a great many craft union who are in the process of seceding from their international affiliations and joining the One Big Union. Assures EVD that 1926 will be an important year for the emancipation of the working classes from the wage system.
Letter to EVD on ONE BIG UNION BULLETIN letterhead, 11/17/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Writes that William Montgomery Brown spoke at their memorial meeting held on 11/7/26.

Morgan, Angela: Poem titled "Superman," 11/28/21. Includes a note saying that the poem first appeared in the WASHINGTON TIMES on 11/9/21.

Morgan, Thomas SEE ALSO Fraenckel, Gustave

Morgan, Thomas: Letter to TD, 8/17/00. Tells TD that changes in the American socialist movement have made it a force that is greater than any single socialist. Says that it is now the duty of socialists to "work with and not against the great trend of affairs," even when it goes in directions not necessarily marked out. Writes that TD must recognize the activities of Social Democratic Party's National Campaign Committee and work with it, not against it. Asks that TD confer with them so that he can see that the members of the National Campaign Committee are "reasonable comrades," worthy of TD's association. Remarks that he is hoping to have a conference soon with EVD.

Morgenstern, Henry: Letter to EVD, 11/5/20. Says that he supposes that EVD is doing okay and that he keeps up his spirit by smiling. Assures EVD that his beautiful smiling face is continuously on his mind. Remarks that he had the chance to read David Kasner's book about EVD. Writes that it was book that makes his want to work "very hard for the cause." Mentions that during the recent campaign he carried signs advertising meetings and sold $75 worth of literature. Tells EVD that he is only 15 years old and is the youngest member of the Schenectady, New York Young People's Socialist League. Mentions that he wrote a letter to President Woodrow Wilson demanding that EVD be released from prison. Explains that he is glad that EVD polled so well in the last election. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison.

Moro, Joseph, SEE ALSO Blackwell, Alice Stone and Sacco-Vanzetti

Moro, Joseph: Letter to TD on Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Committee letterhead, 10/9/26. Says that he is enclosing a receipt for TD's greatly appreciated contribution to the Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Fund. Assures TD that it is only through the continued support of people like TD that the Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Committee is able to carry on its work. Includes a receipt for $10.00 with a note from TD saying that the donation was actually EVD's last contribution to the case before his death. Includes a letter dated 10/20/26 from Nicola Sacco to EVD saying that he had a vision where he saw EVD in the morning sunlight and said that he felt all better now. Asks that EVD have courage in his time of illness. Expresses the hope that EVD recovers from his illness because he wants to see him once again before his death.
Telegram to TD, 10/20/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Committee.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD on Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Committee letterhead, 10/27/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti on and the entire Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Committee. Writes that TD has probably heard that Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti have been refused a new trial, but that the case will be going to the Supreme Court of Massachusetts nonetheless. Says that when he saw Bartolomeo Vanzetti last Monday that he wanted to know if TD had any objection to using extracts from his and EVD's letters for an article for an Italian newspaper about EVD.
Telegram to TD, 8/24/27. Writes that the funeral for Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti will be held on Sunday. Says that he is advising that all memorial meetings in honor of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti's be held simultaneously on that same day.
Letter from TD, 8/24/27. Writes that he appreciated the information he received regarding the funeral plans for Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti. Says that the "blood of Sacco and Vanzetti is on the hands of and heads of Massachusetts puppet officials." Remarks that the trial of Nicola Sacco and Bartolomeo Vanzetti was a "brazen travesty of justice," the governor's commission a "fraud," and the "murder" of these men a "disgrace to our civilization." Asks that Moro give his condolences to the relatives of Nicola Sacco and Barolomeo Vanzetti.
Letter to TD on Sacco-Vanzetti Defense Committee letterhead, 12/20/27. Writes that he is returning the letters EVD received from Bartolomeo Vanzetti, the use of which he greatly appreciated.

Morones, Louis N.: Telegram from EVD, 11/16/18. Tells Morones that he must not be deceived by Charles Moyer's statement. Says that Charles Moyer is "training" with the "fakirs" that wanted to hang him 12 years ago. Remarks that Charles Moyer is now "maligning" the men who had previously worked to save his life. Informs Morones that he is the only man who can furnish Morones with the truth and dares Samuel Gompers to deny it.

Morris, David: Letter to EVD, 3/27/21. Tells EVD that people all over the world will rejoice when EVD will finally be freed. Assures EVD that he has inspired him with his "noble spirit" and "devotion to the people." Writes that during the war he fought overseas for "Democracy," but says that now he fights for a greater cause, the same cause for which EVD is now in prison. Expresses the hope that one day he will meet EVD in person.

Morrison, James E.: Letter to TD, 10/20/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that EVD was the "bravest defender of the common people we ever had."

Moskovitz, Laurence: Letter to EVD, n.d. Writes that he is feeling better than when EVD saw him last. Tells EVD that he is in the 3rd grade. Assures EVD that he is his "little comrade."

Mosson, J.: Letter to TD on Mosson Brothers Lumber letterhead, 4/19/24. Says that he apologizes for not responding to the letter TD sent sooner but that there was a death in his family. Assures TD that the pamphlet for a Comrade Crosswaith will be ready for distribution shortly. Mentions that if he is in Terre Haute, Indiana next week he will be sure to visit TD.

Mothers' Protective League of Strawberry Mansion: Letter to EVD, n.d. States that the women of the Mother's Protective League of Strawberry Mansion send their congratulations on EVD's release from prison. Expresses the hope that EVD will continue his work until there is "freedom for all, forever."

Motsinger, N. H.: Letter to TD, 10/25/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Includes a poem titled "For Debs' Epitaph."

Mott, C. M.: Letter to EVD, 11/18/21. Writes that he is enclosing a copy of a resolution passed by the citizens of Conneaut, Ohio at a mass meeting, demanding the immediate release of all political prisoners with an unconditional pardon. Says that the collection taken up at the mass meeting was sent to Katherine Debs not as a gift, but as "the acknowledgement of an obligation" owed to him.

Moyer, Charles H. SEE Mills Ernest and Wallace, James L.

Moyer, Harvey SEE ALSO Fraenckel, Gustave

Moyer, Harvey P.: Letter to EVD, signed by Moyer, Edward M. Winston, Bernard McMahon, William A. Cunnea, Robert H. Howe, Gustave T. Fraenckel, and Thomas J. Morgan, 8/3/11. Says that the enclosed affidavits have been verified. Requests the recommendations regarding this matter be in the best interests of socialism and the Socialist Party. Includes copies of an affidavit stating that J. Mahlon Barnes impregnated Jean Keep, took her to an abortionist, and then made her his mistress, resulting in the birth of a child on 5/4/04.

Mueller, Jacob: Telegram to Katherine Debs, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of all the comrades in Indiana.

Mulford, J. Bentley: Letter to EVD, 11/7/20. Says that as a member of the Washington D. C. local of the Socialist Party and an ex-soldier, he would like to get EVD's views on the question of bonuses for the veterans of World War I. Tells EVD that he has been opposed to every proposed on this matter so far. Writes that the veterans are being used as "toolsk to work on the sympathies of the public at large." Expresses the hope that William Randolph Hearst will not be successful in pulling the wool over the eyes of the American people.

Munsell, Alex: Letter to Howard D. Hamilton, 1/4/68. Writes that he apologizes for delaying in responding to Howard Hamilton's letter dated 6/21/62. Tells Howard Hamilton that he will send his clippings about the Debs family as soon as he hears from him. Mentions that if Howard Hamilton does not already have the book GENE DEBS, THE STORY OF A FIGHTING AMERICAN, he will send his copy. Remarks that he wonders what EVD would think of Mao Tse Tung's LITTLE RED BOOK.

Murray, John F.: Letter to EVD on THE STAR letterhead, 2/28/08. Writes that his faith has been strengthened by EVD's "every public utterance." Says that he is friends with many of EVD's comrades like Davis H. Waite, J. A. Wayland, James G. Maguire, and James H. Barry. Asks that EVD inform him whether or not he has a copy of James G. Maguire's anti-injunction article that appeared in THE STAR when EVD was imprisoned in Woodstock Prison. Remarks that all of THE STAR's records were destroyed in the 1906 fire in San Francisco, California.

Murphy, Dan: Letter to EVD, 7/25/15. Asks that EVD advise him regarding his parole. Writes that he has the permission from a heating firm in Chicago, Illinois to use it as a reference. Also writes that he has the support of Julie K. Somner, a school teacher and a lecturer in theosophy. Assures EVD that he will file the petition that he wrote requesting a fair hearing of his case. Remarks that wish such support it should not be hard for him to get parole. Says that according to the laws governing parole, he thinks that he is entitled to one. Asks that EVD inform him what to do if he is refused parole. Mentions that the hostile opinion leveled against EVD only makes him feel more confident that he could do something for him. Tells EVD that he hopes that he is not asking for too much, but that EVD is the only person he can turn to.

Murphy, John: Letter to EVD, 11/30/20. Writes that he is enclosing for EVD a poem which expresses his feelings on the class struggle. Mentions that he is the nephew of one of EVD's neighbors. Includes an untitled poem.
Letter to TD, 7/4/21. Writes that he is feeling good now that he has heard that EVD is to soon be released. Tells TD that he has enclosed a poem for EVD and asks that TD make sure that he gets it. Includes an untitled poem.

Muste, A. J.: Telegram to EVD, 10/29/19. Writes that the national convention of the Amalgamated Textile Workers of America, along with its 50,000 members, send EVD their greetings. Says that EVD's work will help bring them one step closer to the complete emancipation of the working class. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that he would like him to acknowledge this "fine message."


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