Eugene V. Debs Letters:
Abstracts for "S"


Sacco, Nicola SEE ALSO Abbot, Leonard D. and SEE ALSO Blackwell, Alice Stone and SEE ALSO Donovan, Mary SEE ALSO Moro, Joseph, and SEE ALSO Vanzetti, Bartolomeo<BR>

Sacco, Nicola: Letter to TD, 10/22/26. Says that he felt badly when he heard that EVD had died. Tells TD that EVD's death is a great loss to humanity.

St. Clair, John W.: Letter to EVD, 7/13/20. Says that his aunt is a socialist who has inspired him to go around telling people to vote for EVD. Tells EVD that he will be 12 years old tomorrow. Remarks that he is planning on writing the Socialist Party headquarters for literature that he can distribute to the workers of Little Rock, Arkansas. Mentions that there are only union people that live around him. Says that he wished that he was older so that he could vote for EVD. Remarks that he read EVD's "Message to the Children" and agrees with what it says. Informs TD that there are a lot of children in Little Rock, Arkansas who have to work.

Sagabard, Raven: Poem titled "My Trinity," n.d.

Salisbury, H. Erwin: Letter to TD, 10/27/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Tells TD that EVD was a citizen of the world.

Salutsky, Jacob Benjamin: Letter to EVD on Jewish Socialist Federation of America letterhead, 5/31/18. Says that it has been announced that EVD will be a speaker at the Poale Zion Labor Party's Jewish National Labor Congress. Writes that since EVD may not be thoroughly familiar with the Poale Zion Labor Party that he would like to give EVD some information about this group. Tells EVD that the Jewish Socialist Federation of America and the Poale Zion Labor Party are in constant conflict with each other because of the Poale Zion Labor Party's "extreme nationalism." Informs EVD that the Jewish Socialist Federation of America opposes the Poale Zion Labor Party because of its plans to turn Palestine into a Jewish state even though 80% to 85% of the population consists of working class Arabs. Mentions that the Jewish Socialist Federation of America is not against the creation of an independent Jewish state but is against acquiring that state "at the expense of another nationality." Says that the Poale Zion Labor Party has called the Jewish National Labor Congress to write a socialist constitution for the future Jewish state. Tells EVD that instead the Poale Zion Labor Party should have called the congress to devise a way to insure harmonious relations between the Arabs and the Jews. Writes that the purpose of the congress is "utterly chimerical and utopian." Remarks that if EVD speaks at the congress it will hinder the work of the Jewish Socialist Federation of America. Asks that EVD decline to speak before the Jewish National Labor Congress.
Letter to EVD on Jewish Socialist Federation of America letterhead, 8/26/18. Writes that Morris Winchevsky and a few other Jewish socialists are preparing a book in Yiddish on EVD"s life. Tells EVD that the book will include a short biography and extracts from a number of his articles and speeches from the APPEAL TO REASON. Asks that EVD contribute a preface to this volume. Tells EVD that the money raised from this book will be used for defending EVD and other arrested socialists.

Sandburg, Carl: Photocopy of letter to EVD on CHICAGO DAILY NEWS Editorial Rooms letterhead, 11/28/22. Says that EVD will always be close to him. Tells EVD that one day he hopes to write a poem about him.
Photocopy of letter to EVD on CHICAGO DAILY NEWS Editorial Rooms letterhead, 10/18/24. Says that if EVD had not stayed so long there would not be as much loneliness as there is with him gone. Asks that EVD take care of himself. Assures EVD that when the book he helped collaborate on comes out that he will make sure that EVD gets a copy.
Letter to EVD on CHICAGO DAILY NEWS Editorial Rooms letterhead, 5/18/26. Says that he is glad that EVD liked his book about Abraham Lincoln. Tells EVD that some day that he hopes to write a biography of EVD's life.

Sanders, Everett: Letter to EVD on United States House of Representatives letterhead, 4/1/18. Tells EVD that he was able to secure for EVD a copy of the final report and testimony of the Commission on Industrial Relations. Says that he thought that EVD might want a copy of these books for his library.
Telegram to John G. Heinl, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Sands, Howard H.: Letter to Calvin Coolidge, 5/26/25. Says that the Royal Gorge Lodge no. 59 of the Brotherhood of the Locomotive Firemen and Enginemen in Pueblo, Colorado has unanimously passed a resolution demanding that Calvin Coolidge restore EVD's citizenship rights. Informs Coolidge that his organization's resolution expresses the sentiments of several hundred thousand railroad workers. Writes that he nor the other members of the Royal Gorge Lodge no. 59 disagree with the necessity of EVD's conviction they all believe that with the passing of the war that EVD's rights should be restored.

Sands, John: Letter to EVD, 10/22/20. Says that he is glad that EVD is in the good health and the best of spirits. Writes that he knows that EVD has been clean in all of his dealings. Tells EVD that if the world had been as kind to him as he was to the world everything would be so different. Assures EVD that he will whip "them" yet. Remarks that the editorial EVD published in the labor paper out of Washington was great. Mentions that he works nights as a railroad switcher.
Letter to EVD, 8/29/21. Says that he is out of work and has been "knocking around the country" trying to find a job. Writes that he is thankful that EVD is still in good health. Asks that EVD tell him what he thinks about the situation in the West Virginia coal fields. Assures EVD that it will only be a few more days until he will be released from prison. Asks that EVD send him a telegram when he gets out of prison so that he can come and be by his side.
Letter to EVD, 10/20/26. Says that he has just read where EVD is ill. Expresses the hope that EVD is doing better. Asks that EVD not give up.

Sandy, Newton B.: Untitled poem to EVD, 12/29/20.
Poem titled E. V. Debs, 1/24/21.

Sanger, Margaret: Form letter, 1/26/16. Says that her trial for advocating birth control has been postponed until 2/14/16. Writes that she is not being prosecuted because federal authorities consider the advocacy of birth control "lewd, lascivious, and pornographic." Remarks that she does not think that it is lewd to teach men and women that the strength of a civilization lies in having well-born children. Asks that letters be written to Judge Clayton and Woodrow Wilson know their opinion of birth control.
Letter to EVD, 2/20/18. Asks that EVD write an article for the May issue of the BIRTH CONTROL REVIEW. Says that since she is hoping to make women the theme for this issue that she would like to use some of the articles EVD has written about women. Tells EVD that his article titled "Fantine" in the NEW YORK CALL was "most excellent." Remarks that she would like to reprint this article along with the article he wrote about Susan B. Anthony. Remarks that EVD's views on women "is the finest of any of our living men today." Informs EVD that she is trying to combine the magazine with both the birth control movement with the "feminist" movement because she fells "it is not only necessary to have birth control knowledge but also the goal that woman should strive for that they have personal and political freedom."
Letter to EVD, 3/4/18. Says that she received the book with EVD's inscription in it. Expresses the hope that EVD's health improves because she has heard that he has not been well. Tells TD that she is glad to have the various articles that EVD has written for her magazine. Writes that she was glad that TD has encouraged Socialists and radicals to support her because it is because of this support that she has "been able to do even the little bit that has been done."
Form letter on BIRTH CONTROL REVIEW letterhead, 8/21/18. Writes that despite her efforts to insure that the BIRTH CONTROL REVIEW kept within the spirit of the postal regulations that the August issue of the BIRTH CONTROL REVIEW has been barred from the mails because it makes reference to Marie C. Stope's book MARRIED LOVE. Remarks that she will not submit to the postal authorities who think of "woman's knowledge of her womanly being as an abomination" calmly. Says that the only way to fight the post office is to increase the BIRTH CONTROL REVIEW's circulation. Writes that every new attack by the post office will mean an "aroused and indignant American womanhood" who will be more significant than a thousand lawsuits. Mentions that her co-worker Kitty Marion has been arrested for passing out a pamphlet titled "Family Limitations."
Letter to EVD on First American Birth Control Conference letterhead, 10/17/21. Tells EVD that a greater concern with over-population has generated a discussion about birth control. Writes that because of this increased interest in birth control that she has called several leading physicians, economists, and social workers together for a conference to be held in New York City, New York on 11/11/21. Asks that EVD give his opinion on over-population and birth control to be read at the conference. Remarks that she has already received opinions from Edward Carpenter, Havelock Ellis, Dean Inge, and the Bishop of London.

Sanial, Lucien: Letter to EVD, 1/17/13. Writes that he read yesterday of EVD's arrest. Says that "demented capitalism" is rushing madly to perdition. Tells EVD that wherever he is that his heart goes with him. Remarks that he thinks that the fabric of America's banking system is collapsing because of greater and greater "trustification." Writes that the real issue during the last Presidential election was socialism or general bankruptcy. Informs EVD that he wished that the Socialist Party had emphasized the financial situation more in the last election. Tells EVD that he is working on a pamphlet about America's financial situation and show how more and more wealth is being concentrated into fewer and fewer hands.
Letter to EVD, 10/23/15. Writes that he is enclosing for EVD a copy of the letter he sent to Walter Lanfersiek protesting the adoption of Arthur LeSueur's "Petition to the Congress of the US" for violating the fundamental principles of socialism. Also writes that he is enclosing for EVD a copy of the petition in question. Tells EVD that the petition is an attempt to turn the Socialist Party into a middle class agrarian movement that is "reactionary and utopian" in nature. Includes a copy of Arthur LeSueur's "Petition to the Congress of the US" which appeared in the 8/14/15 issue of the AMERICAN SOCIALIST. Also includes a letter to Walter Lanfersiek dated 9/7/15 saying that he objects to the petition published in the AMERICAN SOCIALIST on 8/14/15 because it "violates the fundamental principles of Socialism and the consequent policy of the Socialist Party." Informs Lanfersiek that the petition violates the fundamental principles of socialism because it calls for the accommodation of capitalism's exploitive farmers, the enrichment of contractors, political grafters, and land speculators, and the fusion of the Socialist Party with farmers' organizations that are "radically anti-socialistic." Asks that Lanfersiek have the National Executive Council reconsider the petition before it is voted upon.
Letter to EVD, 12/3/15. Writes that he received a copy of the pamphlet "Danger Ahead for the S. P. in Playing the Game of Politics" that EVD sent. Says that 2 days later he received a letter from Arthur LeSueur telling him his reasons for playing the politics game and what the Socialist Party will gain from it. Remarks that he has not yet been able to respond to Arthur LeSueur's letter because he has had to move 60 years of socialist materials out of his house and into a New York City, New York apartment. Mentions that he has rented his house to an able socialist organizer who has a large family. Tells EVD that this comrade is a wage worker who agrees with him about the place of farmers in the socialist movement. Says that he will be mailing EVD copies of his pamphlet "General Bankruptcy or Socialism" and the report of the Socialist Party's committee on banking.
Letter to EVD, 12/8/15. Writes that he was not sorry to hear that EVD declined the Socialist Party's nomination for President. Tells EVD that his place is in Congress so that he can be there when the crisis in the class struggle occurs next year. Says that the present war will lead to the war between the classes. Assures EVD that the working classes will be the lone victors in this war.

Saphir, Rebecca: Letter to EVD, 11/3/20. Writes that yesterday was a great day in her life because she got to cast her first vote for President for both EVD and socialism. Expresses the hope that EVD lives to see the day when socialism will triumph. Tells EVD that she had the pleasure of seeing EVD speak several years ago at Carnegie Hall in New York City, New York. Mentions that she named her son after EVD. Expresses the hope that her son grows up to be at least one hundredth as loved and esteemed as EVD is. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon freed.

Sassoon, Siegfried SEE Le Prade, Ruth.

Sawyer, Ronald D.: Letter to EVD on Commonwealth of Massachusetts, Constitutional Convention letterhead, 5/8/20. Writes that since so many comrades around the world have failed to show solidarity against the war that he feels that he must call EVD friend rather than comrade. Says that he wished that a few thousand socialists had the courage of the few hundred Quakers who went to prison rather than to war. Tells EVD that it is a good time to be in jail because the world is in a precarious state. Remarks that he has been reading David Karsner's "wonderfully fine" biography of EVD. Mentions that he has always had an admiration for EVD, John Peter Altgeld, Jerry Simpson, and Henry Demarest Lloyd because they aroused his idealism and put him on the "right intellectual track." Says that he is currently serving his 7th term in the Massachusetts State House on the Labor-Democrat ticket. Mentions that he and Paul Dennie were talking about EVD a few night ago. Assures EVD that Paul Dennie has a deep affection for him.
Letter to EVD on Commonwealth of Massachusetts, House of Representatives letterhead, 11/19/21. Tells EVD that Kate Richards O'Hare has gotten out a fine edition of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW. Says that there is a general feeling that Warren Harding will do something soon. Writes that the conservatives who are keeping EVD in prison are doing nothing but making EVD a martyr. Remarks that he is currently working on a book titled JESUS THE PHILOSOPHER. Mentions that the last time that he saw EVD was in 1912 when they spoke to 10,000 people at the Boston Arena. Says that at this meeting EVD told some young "hot-heads" from Lawrence, Massachusetts that violence was would only play into the hands of their enemies.

Sayre, William N.: Photocopy of letter to EVD on Grand Secretary and Treasurer, Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen letterhead, 3/17/1875. Writes that EVD and William Huffman will be his correspondents in Indiana. Asks that EVD give him time to respond to his letters because he is kept quite busy. Says that he will always be pleased to hear from EVD and will give him all the advice he can when EVD writes. Tells EVD that he should expect to have some trouble from his members at first. Remarks that EVD must remember that the order is a secret one and so EVD must "jealously" guard his every act. Writes that EVD must instruct the other members of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen that they must not give out any of the secret signs or passwords. Remarks that personal matters should not keep someone from joining the order. Asks that EVD be careful whom he lets in the order. Tells EVD that the collection of dues should begin on 3/1/1875.

Scarborough, Mr. and Mrs. John: Letter to EVD, 8/29/20. Tells EVD that there is one more family out on the Pacific Coast who thinks and talks of EVD often. Says that his whole family knows how brave EVD is to have done the things he has. Writes that many times his family's cheeks have been wet with tears when they contemplate the sacrifices EVD has made. Assures EVD that his family is with EVD is spirit.

Scarborough, W. B.: Letter to EVD on W. B. Scarborough Company letterhead, 12/27/17. Writes that on 10/24/10 Susan M. J. Craven signed a deed giving EVD property in Long Beach, California. Says that he was instructed to send EVD the deed to the property in case of Susan M. J. Craven's death. Tells EVD that Susan M. J. Craven wanted the property to be used for the "furtherance of her principals."

Schaffer, J.: Letter to EVD, 2/22/?. Says that he is sending his heart with this letters. Tells EVD that words fail to express his reverence for EVD. Writes that like Jesus Christ EVD has made a living sacrifice to the world's "disinherited." Assures EVD that the world is a much better place to live in because of EVD. Says that EVD is a big brother to all of humanity. Remarks that he is sending EVD a copy of the book WHAT HENRY FORD IS DOING.

Scharer, Anne L.: Letter to TD, 10/23/20. Says that it is an outrage that EVD is being treated like a common criminal while every other country in the world released their political prisoners long ago. Tells TD that the powers that be are taking the world downhill with all of its exploitation, graft, greed, and oppression. Remarks that the King of England is the next leader to be dumped. Writes that while she does not personally believe in vengeance against the people's oppressors she thinks that such vengeance will be inevitable when the revolution occurs. Mentions that she would like radical journals to review her book which makes Jesus Christ out to be more than just a lamb.

Schiffer, Jacob, Jr.: Letter to EVD, 11/22/20. Tells EVD that he is an 11 year old boy. Says that while reading over the PENNSYLVANIA SOCIALIST that he read EVD's letter to the children. Assures EVD that he greatly appreciated what EVD said in this letter. Mentions that he read the letter to a number of children connected with the Arbeiter Manneckor. Tells EVD that he is glad to know that EVD has joyous thoughts when he thinks of the children. Remarks that he will be an honest and fruitful comrade in the future.

Schindler, Pauline Gibling: Letter to EVD, 8/22/20. Says that she is sending EVD a copy of one of Rosa Luxemburg's last letters. Remarks that Karl Kraus is currently reading the letter at his lectures and believes that it should be placed next to the GOETHE in German literature. Includes a transcript of a letter from Rosa Luxemburg to Sonia Liebknecht dated 12/?/17 with a note from EVD to TD saying that when he read Rosa Luxemburg's letter his heart became sad and his face became filled with tears. Writes that wherever Rosa Luxemburg now is that he honors her with all of his heart.

Schlesinger, Benjamin: Letter to EVD on JEWISH DAILY FORWARD letterhead, 6/22/25. Tells EVD that the new JEWISH DAILY FORWARD building is now complete. Says that the JEWISH DAILY FORWARD is celebrating the opening of the new building with a banquet at the Morrison Hotel on 6/27/25 in Chicago, Illinois. Remarks that Abraham Cahan, B. Vladeck, and several others will be coming from New York City, New York to attend the event. Tells EVD that no socialist celebration would be complete without him.

Schlossberg, Joseph: Letter to EVD on Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America letterhead, 3/18/18. Writes that he just received EVD's article for the May Day issue of the ADVANCE. Says that he would like to thank EVD for sending it so promptly. Assures EVD that he will send him copies of the ADVANCE issue with his article in it when it comes out.
Letter to EVD on Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America letterhead, 5/6/18. Tells EVD that him copies of the May Day issue of the ADVANCE with EVD's message to the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America in it. Writes that the members of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America are thankful for EVD's message of good cheer. Informs EVD that the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America held its annual May Day demonstration in Madison Square Garden. Remarks that the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America will hold its convention in Baltimore Maryland on 5/13/18. Says that he is sorry that EVD is ill otherwise he would have extended him an invitation to speak before the convention. Asks that EVD send a written message for the delegates to the convention.
Letter to TD on Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America letterhead, 3/17/24. Writes that he is grateful that TD forwarded EVD's May Day message. Says that he is joined by the members of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America in hoping that EVD has a speedy recovery from his illness. Remarks that if EVD is well by May that he would like EVD to speak at the 6th Biennial Convention of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America.
Letter to EVD on Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America letterhead, 5/6/24. Writes that the 6th Biennial Convention of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America will take place in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania on 5/12/24. Asks that EVD consider speaking before the convention if his health permits it.
Letter to EVD on Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America letterhead, 6/22/26. Writes that he is sending EVD a copy of the resolution unanimously adopted at the 7th Biennial Convention of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America. Includes a resolution saying that the 175,000 members of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America demand that EVD's citizenship rights be restored.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Tells TD that EVD's name will live on forever in the hearts of everyone who is a lover of liberty. Says that EVD's death will be mourned by the "enlightened" workers of all lands. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America.

Schmarak, Sidney: Letter to EVD, signed by Schmarak, William Klatzko, and J. Cohen, 10/25/20. Writes that a group of working class children in Brooklyn, New York have organized a club named after EVD. Says that these children have formed the organization to do their utmost to help make the world a better place. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison. Remarks that EVD has an open invitation to visit the club whenever he is in Brooklyn, New York.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 10/25/20. Asks that TD tell the children of the Gene Debs Socialist Club that he is honored and proud to have their club bear his name.

Schmidt, Katherine L.: Letter to EVD, 7/29/16. Writes that she received EVD's note and contribution and appreciated them both deeply. Says that she is sorry that EVD was so busy when he was in Los Angeles, California in April. Tells EVD that all of his traveling must put a real strain on him. Remarks that she wanted EVD to meet her brother, Mathew Schmidt, when he was in Los Angeles, California. Expresses the hope that her brother is soon released from prison. Informs EVD that there is considerable talk that the Capeau case will be dismissed. Writes that sometimes that she thinks that all of the misfits are crowded into the radical movement. Says that while she does not relish her association with the defense league that is helping with her brother's case she will continue to fight for her brother's freedom. Expresses the hope that EVD is elected to Congress. Asks that EVD tell her if he has read the August issue of EVERYBODY'S MAGAZINE with the gossip about EVD in it. Mentions that she enjoyed reading EVD's pamphlet "The American Movement."
Letter to TD, 10/18/27. Says that EVD's passing must have created a big void in TD's life. Writes that she will always treasure her last visit with EVD in Los Angeles, California. Remarks that some of her friends have been attending the convention of the American and told her that they feel that there will be something good that comes out of it. Mentions that her brother has spent over ten years in San Quentin.
Letter to TD, 4/2/31. Writes that she wonders if TD has ever met John D. Barry who was a great admirer of EVD's. Remarks that John D. Barry would love to hear from TD. Assures TD that he offsets all of the sordidness in the world. Tells TD that things are looking very promising for Mathew Schmidt and hopes that he will be released in July. Writes that he is sorry that Tom Mooney mentioned her brother in his pamphlet because a lunatic like Mooney could jeopardize the release of her brother. Remarks that Warren Billings has adopted a completely different attitude from Tom Mooney because Warren Billings has endeared himself to those that have helped him. Tells TD that Tom Mooney will never be revered as much as EVD. Expresses the hope that TD and Gertrude Debs are enjoying better health. Writes that nothing matters to her more than getting her brother out of prison. Says that Mathew Schmidt withdrew his name for parole last November because he did not want to make it hard on the others who were up for parole. Mentions that Mathew Schmidt did not see much for getting paroled anyway. Expresses the hope that Tom Mooney's pamphlet will not stop Mathew Schmidt from getting paroled in July.
Letter from TD, 4/24/31. Writes that it was kind of Schmidt to send the article taken from the SAN FRANCISCO DAILY NEWS of 2/19/31. Says that John A. Barry is made of "superior clay."
Tells Schmidt that the future looks brighter with the promise of Mathew Schmidt's release. Expresses the hope that no incident will frustrate her efforts to get her brother out of prison. Remarks that he regrets what Schmidt says of Tom Mooney. Informs Schmidt that he read Tom Mooney's pamphlet and found "the astounding statements contained therein" to be "true beyond the peradventure of doubt." Tells Schmidt that he even congratulated Tom Mooney for spotlighting the criminal element in the labor movement. Says that he does not understand, however, how Tom Mooney could turn on such men as Fremont Older who are so instrumental in the fight for Tom Mooney's release.
Letter to TD, 5/20/32. Says that Clarence Darrow was in San Francisco and Oakland, California to speak before the Bar Association and the Commonwealth Club. Writes that she wished TD could have heard Clarence Darrow speak because he paid tribute to EVD. Tells TD that she could not keep the tears from flowing when Clarence Darrow talked about the way that EVD influenced his life. Mentions that Clarence Darrow's address was a plea for the poor. Says that she accompanied Clarence Darrow to William Randolph Hearst's ranch in San Simeon, California. Remarks that William Randolph Hearst has the finest private zoo in the world. Says that she thinks that the Tom Mooney decision was outrageous. Expresses the hope that she hears something encouraging next month. Remarks that on 6/20/32 Mathew Schmidt will have been imprisoned in San Quentin for 15 years. Asks that TD tell her if he has ever seen anything equal to the current depression. Mentions that Clarence Darrow thinks that it is only the beginning of something much worse. Writes that perhaps EVD's prediction is coming true and the world is crumbling under its own weight. Remarks that she thinks that Clarence Darrow took the Massie case in Honolulu, California because he has been hit hard by the depression. Expresses the hope that TD and his family are doing well.
Letter from TD, 6/15/32. Writes that Clarence Darrow's and Schmidt's tributes to EVD touched him deeply. Says that the imprisonment of Mathew Schmidt, Tom Mooney, Warren Bilings, and the other working class people fills him with bitterness and resentment. Tells Schmidt that he broods over the "weakness, impotency, and altogether lack of influence of the labor movement" and all of its crooks and grafters. Writes that the 15 anniversary of her brother's imprisonment is close at hand. Expresses the hope that Mathew Schmidt will fare better than Tom Mooney. Remarks that if he believed in the power of prayer then he would be on his knees to ask "the gods to soften the hearts of the flint-faced, callous-hearted, unyielding monsters to whom mercy and justice are strangers." Informs Schmidt that the Tom Mooney decision was outrageous. Says that Tom Mooney would have been out of prison by now if the labor movement had put a boycott on all fruit from California. Tells Schmidt that the world has never witnessed the likes of the present depression. Says that the depression has caused the practical extinction of the middle classes. Assures Schmidt that "Capitalism is doomed, its downfall sure to come." Remarks that before Clarence Darrow left for Hawaii that he had a chance to meet with him. Writes that he can understand why Clarence Darrow was disappointed by the outcome of the Massie case. Remarks that he wonder what Clarence Darrow thought of William Randolph Hearst's ranch.

Schnittkind, Henry T.: Letter to TD on Stratford Company, Publishers letterhead, 5/15/29. Says that he is sending TD 3 complimentary copies of THE STORY OF EUGENE DEBS which have just come off the press. Expresses the hope that TD likes the book. Writes that he has tried in the book to "picture the soul of the hero as well as the material facts of his life."
Letter from TD, 5/24/29. Writes that he appreciated the bound copies of the STORY OF EUGENE DEBS that Schnittkind sent. Assures Schnittkind that he is pleased with the book as a whole but that it is not entirely free from error. Remarks that the reason why 4 of his parents' children died was not from poverty. Tells Schnittkind that when his parents came to Terre Haute, Indiana in the 1850s there was an abundance of fish and game to eat. Mentions that there were no railroads running through Terre Haute, Indiana at that time. Writes that the hardships his parents suffered were all part of life as pioneers. Says that the high infant mortality was due more to malignant fevers, typhoid, and malaria rather than poverty. Informs Schnittkind that EVD did not leave school because of Jean Daniel Debs' inability to support his family. Assures Schnittkind that THE STORY OF EUGENE DEBS will give young people a "better understanding of the causes responsible for the wretchedness, misery and poverty prevalent among the workers of the world."

Schoenenberger, Hermann, et al.: Letter to EVD in German, signed by Schoenenberger, Charles Hettier, J. Canova, Franz Odermatt, Emil Steinemann, William Alex, Gottlieb Haefelin, Adres Bacchi, Martha Jueth, Martha Garteman, Herman Buri, Anna Ruckstuhl, Mathilda Wehrli, Marie Arami, E. Pflaum, Margareth Decker, Tillie S. Preisig, A. Benninger, C. Guller, Kaethi Hafelin, Jacob Schlegel, F. Basso, David Gerber, Emil Frishknecht, Joseph Ragut, S. B. Mueller, and B. Braunwarz,10/27/19.
Translation of letter by unknown translator, 12/25/19. Writes that in America like in Switzerland the powers of reaction reign supreme. Says that EVD's incarceration proves that will not let anything prevent him from carrying on the struggle for the realization of socialism. Assures EVD that for every comrade arrested, deported, and murdered, there will be thousands of new socialists taking their places. Remarks that the "Capitalist International" is trying to crush the first proletarian state in Russia. Tells EVD that it is up to the comrades in America to make sure that the socialist movement in Russia is not crushed. Says that the National Parlimentary elections in Switzerland yesterday show the powerful growth of the social democracy movement in that country. Expresses the hope that day will soon arrive when all the political prisoners of the world are freed and the "Proletarian World Republic of the Soviets" is created. Includes a note from the translator saying that he had some trouble translating Schoenenberger's letter because it was not easy for him to translate the Swiss-German dialect the letter was written in. Expresses the hope that EVD has a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year. Says that if EVD is allowed to receive socialist papers then he will send EVD the ST. LOUIS LABOR.

Schuhardt, Lena: Letter from TD, 4/16/18. Writes that he read today of Schuhardt's persecution in the newspaper. Assures Schuhardt that her "silly, trumped charges" upon which she was dismissed deceives not one intelligent person in Terre Haute, Indiana. Tells Schuhardt that everyone knows that there was nothing wrong with her work but that she was dismissed because as a socialist she was "persona non grata with the capitalist masters who rule in our schools as they do in their factories and stores." Remarks that he is sure that charge of disloyalty will be shown as a falsehood before the matter is closed. Says that Schuhardt's dismissal is a credit and honor to her because she refused the "pollute the mind of childhood by glorifying human butchery and national massacre" and to inculcate her students with "the poison of militarism."
Letter to TD, 10/29/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Schuhardt, F.: Letter to TD, 4/5/17. Says that he is sending TD an audit of the accounts and books of L. R. Smyres. Writes that the auditing committee consisted of him, William Mitch, and M. H. Miller. Includes a copy of the "Fifth District Auditing Committee's Report" with a note from TD on it saying that EVD paid the deficit.

Schwerzgen, Mrs. C. E.: Telegram to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Schwerzgen, J. H., et al.: Invitation to TD, signed by Schwerzgen and J. D. Maynes, n.d. Tells TD that he is invited to a reception to be held in EVD's honor upon his release from Woodstock Jail on 11/22/1895 at Battery D, in Chicago, Illinois.

Scott, Leroy, et al.: Letter to EVD on Author's League of America, Inc. letterhead, 9/10/15, signed by Leroy, Harvey J. O'Higgins and Louis Joseph Vance. Says that they are writing EVD to become a member of Author's League at the request of George Saint-Armour. Writes that the purpose of the Author's League of America is to improve the business relationship between writers and their publishers, improve copyright laws, and protect the copyright interests of its members.
Letter to EVD on the Author's League Fund letterhead, 4/10/18, signed by Scott, Ellis Parker Butler and Eric Schuler. Asks that EVD send funds to help a destitute author.

Scudder, Vida D.: Letter to EVD, 7/27/12. Writes that as a dues-paying member of the Socialist Party that he objects to the naming of J. Mahlon Barnes as campaign manager. Says that she speaks before a great many church audiences and is afraid that J. Mahlon Barnes' appointment will support the stereotype of socialism as "lax in its sex morals and an enemy to the family." Assures EVD that if J. Mahlon Barnes remains in his post that it will be more difficult for people like her to convert the public to socialism. Remarks that the Socialist Party vote might even be affected.

Seay, William A.: Letter to EVD, 10/16/20. Tells EVD that he is writing to fulfill one of his greatest desires, which is a copy of EVD's signature for his only son. Says that he is bringing up his son to detest the capitalist system and to "love and worship socialism, as his only salvation." Writes that he is suffering from tuberculosis and has only a few months left to live. Informs EVD that he wants the autograph to serve as a reminder for his son that his father was a socialist who at one time communicated with the greatest socialist of his time. Expresses the hope that EVD one day makes it to Washington.

Sebree, Shubert: Letter to TD, 1/13/16. Writes that he received TD's kind letter. Says that the knowledge that TD sent his sympathy upon the death of his father was most helpful. Assures TD that his father always loved EVD. Remarks that his father's favorite book was DEBS: HIS LIFE, WRITINGS AND SPEECHES. Says that although his father was not an emotional man that his eyes often filled with tears when reading EVD's writings and speeches. Remarks that he has found more sympathetic understanding among socialists than anywhere else.
Letter to TD, 12/25/17. Writes that he deeply appreciated TD's kind greetings. Says that the knowledge that TD and EVD thought of him is an inspiration.

Seckels, N. D.: Letter to EVD, 9/25/20. Says that he considers EVD to be the world's "nearest" ideal man. Writes his own ideals come closest to matching EVD's more than anyone else. Remarks that he has always believed that EVD was a "sincere reformer" and "educational type." Mentions that he has never known EVD to have ever have had a thought of violence. Assures EVD that it is better to be in prison with a pure heart rather than out of prison with a vicious mind. Says that EVD will probably never become President but that he will be respected throughout the ages. Assures EVD that his imprisonment can only make him more revered because he is bearing his imprisonment with such "manly fortitude." Remarks that some time he would like to send EVD a manuscript to read. Expresses the hope that EVD gets the vote that he deserves in the upcoming election. Writes that if EVD got all of the socialists at heart to vote for him then he would be President. Assures EVD that he is already elected in the hearts of the people. Tells EVD that he is a scientific radical who uses education alone as his weapon. Says that he looks forward to the day when the "real" anarchists are thrown out of power. Writes that he is sure that EVD would serve the entirety of his sentence because EVD would never be a traitor. Expresses the hope that EVD is doing well. Remarks that he one day hopes to shake EVD's hand.

Secord, W. E.: Letter to EVD, 10/5/23. Writes that he is sending EVD some cards that he might recognize. Says that he hopes that the cards will be enough to grant him the opportunity to once again shake EVD's hands. Includes a traveling card from the Switchmen's Mutual Aid Association dated 4/20/1893 and signed by R. K. Shaffer and W. H. Morris. Includes an American Railway Union Clearance Card dated 8/20/1894 and signed by C. F. Hahn and John McFadden saying that Secord "has done nothing to injure the cause of the American Railway Union." Includes a note from John D. McFadden saying that Secord is a member of good standing in the American Railway Union and has been with the American Railway Union "through the whole of the late strike." Includes a receipt from the Switchmen's Union of North America dated 10/?/23.

Seidel, Emil: Telegram to EVD, 3/29/18. Asks that EVD speak on behalf of Victor Berger's senatorial campaign on 3/30/18.

Selby, Eugenie Debs: Letter from EVD, 10/3/1874. Writes that he will not be able to make it home to Terre Haute, Indiana because unemployment is high and he needs to stay where he is so that he can support himself. Says that he will be returning to Terre Haute, Indiana after he has saved a little money and has proved that he can "act manly." Tells Selby that he spends a great deal of time with the Duche family, all of whom think the world of him. Remarks that he heard about Stewart's death before Selby told him about it because he knew the young man. Mentions that he thought that Stewart was a "dead beat." Tells Selby that Johnnie Clay has recently arrived in East St. Louis, Illinois and embezzled $160 from the bank he was working at. Tells Selby that if Johnnie Clay returns to Terre Haute, Indiana that she and the rest of his family should stay away from him. Writes that he expects to have a job next week. Asks that Selby send his regards to the Meger family. Mentions that he is glad to hear from TD that the game chickens are doing so well. Says that Terre Haute, Indiana is the only place in the world that he has any love for.
Letter from EVD, 10/8/1874. Says that he had already heard about the death of Mr. Fisher before Selby told him about it. Writes that while it is indeed sad that it was the "will of the Almighty." Tells Selby that he will be returning to Terre Haute, Indiana in a few days because a master mechanic told him that when a job opens up on his road that he will send for EVD. Remarks that he was supposed to start work last week but that the engine he was supposed to work broke down. Asks that Selby send Ella Grant his kindest regards as well as anyone else that Selby sees. Remarks that he has been making some money firing up switch engines at night. Includes a letter to TD dated 10/8/1874 saying that he is glad to hear that all of the chickens are doing well. Expresses the hope that TD is being a "good boy." Tells TD to do all that he can to help Jean Daniel Debs and Marguerite Bettrich Debs. Mentions that be was bothered by bed bugs a great deal the other night.
Letter from EVD on Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen letterhead, 10/17/1881. Writes that he is glad that things are good at home. Says that after he finishes Selby's letter that he will be writing a letter of congratulations to the Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen who meet for their convention next week. Tells Selby that it is his desire to insure harmonious relations between the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen and the Brotherhood of Locomotive Enginemen because one should try to serve the interests of the other. Remarks that he sent Helen Jeffers a letter regarding the Marshall Concert and her future. Mentions that she consider Helen Jeffers one of the "grandest" women that she has ever met and wants to do everything he can to enhance her interests as a performer. Says that he admires Helen Jeffers' "simplicity and goodness of heart." Writes that he can only imagine how it must be to have every aspiration "trampled upon and crushed out of existence." Assures Selby that whoever helps Helen Jeffers develop her talent that they will have reason to be proud. Informs Selby that he is getting along nicely.
Letter to Emily Debs Mailloux on Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen letterhead, 6/21/1883. Writes that he finds it hard to have to say goodbye to Emily Debs Mailloux. Says that she is hoping that this letter will spare the pain that a verbal parting would cause. Expresses the hope that Emily Debs Mailloux and C. Odilon Mailloux will meet with every success. Assures Emily Debs Mailloux that she will write Emily Debs Mailloux and C. Odilon Mailloux at every possible opportunity.
Letter to Mrs. S. J. Toy on Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen letterhead, 11/9/1883. Writes that she is sending Toy a "fac simile" of herself. Says that she has heard from several sources that Toy and her family are doing well. Asks that Toy tell her if she has seen the Hyner's baby yet. Remarks that she and EVD are planning on going to Texas for 10 days and so will not be attending the conductor's excursion to Denver, Colorado.
Letter from EVD on American Railway Union letterhead, 11/5/1895. Writes that he received Selby's letter dated 11/4/1895. Says that he trusts that Selby and Marguerite Bettrich Debs prepared the contents of the box that came with the letter. Tells Selby that today his prison cell is like a temple where is heart and soul have refuge. Remarks that on his 40th birthday neither iron bars not distance can separate him and his family. Says that the future will be all that he is "capable of making it." Tells Selby that it is necessary for his family to remain in close touch. Writes that he is glad to hear that his nephew is improving. Remarks that Bart Young was pleased to get a piece of Selby's cake. Mentions that Joe Schwerzgen and his wife are visiting him today to make final arrangements for 11/22/1895. Assures Selby that the reception will be an "eye-opener." Includes a transcript of the letter written by TD.
Letter to TD on Standard Publishing Company letterhead, 11/11/02. Writes that she received TD's letter with enclosures. Says that the emergency equipped TD with "language and dignity" as well as courage. Tells TD that he and EVD are a "pair of champions not to be ignored." Assures TD that she is glad that TD and EVD are there to defend the honor of the family. Mentions that she was "appalled, stupefied, struck dumb" by what happened while Arthur did not seem to lose his head because he knew that he was innocent. Says that she got Gertrude Debs' and Marguerite Debs Cooper's letters. Assures TD that Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper are more than welcome to visit. Mentions that 17 years ago she changed her name. Remarks that a lot of other things have changed since then.

Selby, Howard: Photocopy of postcard from EVD, 9/28/05. Says that he is sending his greetings from Youngstown, Ohio.
Photocopy of postcard from EVD, 10/11/05. Says that he is sending his loving thoughts from Atchison, Kansas.
Photocopy of postcard to TD and Gertrude Debs, postmarked7/4/09. Says that he is in Trenton, New Jersey and will be leaving tonight for New York. Also says that he is sending his love to TD and Gertrude Debs.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, postmarked 7/20/09. Says that he wished Marguerite Debs Cooper was with him in Detroit, Michigan because it is a great place.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, postmarked 7/21/09. Says that he will probably be home before this postcard reaches Marguerite Debs Cooper.

Seldomridge, Edwin: Letter to EVD on Edwin Seldomridge, Peaches, Berries, and Grapes letterhead, 11/8/20. Writes that he read in the KANSAS CITY TIMES today that it does not look like Woodrow Wilson will pardon EVD. Says that EVD's boyhood friends are sorry that Woodrow Wilson does not see fit to release EVD. Assures EVD that his boyhood friends have not forgotten him.

Senior, Clarence: Letter to TD on Debs Commemoration Dinner letterhead, 9/29/33. Expresses the hope that TD's health has improved since the last time that he wrote him. Says that he is writing to invite TD to attend an EVD memorial meeting in Chicago, Illinois. Asks that TD give a short talk at the dinner. Remarks that he hopes this dinner and others like it being held across the country could be used to "reinstill the spirit of Debs in the workers who have dropped away from Socialism." Mentions that there might a nation-wide radio broadcast by Norman Thomas on the night of the dinner.
Letter from TD, 10/5/33. Says that he is happy that the National Executive Committee is planning on holding an EVD memorial meeting in Chicago, Illinois. Writes that there is a great need for EVD's voice in these days of universal upheaval. Tells Senior that he is sorry but that he will be unable it to the dinner because of ill health. Remarks that these are important days for the Socialist Party. Expresses the hope that the Socialist Party will be able to recover its lost ground.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party of America letterhead, 3/30/34. Writes that the next annual convention of the Socialist Party will be held in Detroit, Michigan starting 5/30/34. Requests that TD make an appearance at the convention because "hundreds of comrades" would appreciate seeing him. Asks that if TD is unable to attend the convention that he think about sending a few words of greetings for the convention journal regarding the advance of socialism in America and what socialists must do to head off fascism.

Sercombe, Parker H.: Letter to EVD on General Prevention Laboratory letterhead, 10/13/23. Writes that the last time that he received an invitation to join the Socialist Party that he sent in the application and $2 fee but did not sign a pledge or promise because he felt like paying the fee was sufficient to demonstrate his commitment to socialism. Assures EVD that he supports him but will not sign any pledge saying that. Remarks that his application and fee was returned and thinks that if he tried to joined the Socialist Party again that the same thing would happen.

Sesinger, Lawrence F.: Letter to EVD, 4/15/14. Writes that since his work often appears next to EVD's in the NATIONAL RIP-SAW that they have a mutual interest in each other. Tells EVD that he is a reporter for a local daily newspaper in Lewistown, Pennsylvania. Says that he always wanted to be a cartoonist and used to draw for HOPE MAGAZINE and the COMING NATION. Informs EVD that he has started a cartoon service for the American socialist press but has only had 3 requests for it. Asks that EVD tell him what is wrong with the socialist press. Also asks that EVD tell him if the financial condition of the socialist press will improve to make a cartoon service successful. Mentions that he set the cost of his service at $2.50 for 4 cartoons.
Letter to EVD on Lawrence F. Sesinger, Artist letterhead, 10/10/16. Writes that he cannot believe that his cartoons are worthy of the praise that EVD has bestowed upon them. Says that he is glad that the work he is turning out getting noticed. Tells EVD that his "virile" editorials are the kind at continuously urge to workers on to socialism. Assures EVD that he finds them most inspirational. Remarks that he has just finished drawing another cartoon for a November issue of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW. Expresses the hope that the voters of Terre Haute, Indiana and its environs send EVD to Congress because his victory will be a great boost to the movement.

Sessions, Alanson: Letter to EVD on THE INTERNATIONALIST letterhead, 6/3/18. Asks that EVD contribute a series of articles to THE INTERNATIONALIST. Says that THE INTERNATIONALIST is one of the leading socialist journals in America and is edited by Job Harriman. Remarks that the magazine has a circulation of over 10,000. Tells EVD that his articles can be of the same style as appeared in the SOCIAL BUILDER. Mentions that THE INTERNATIONALIST is buying the SOCIAL BUILDER's mail list from Phil Wagner.

Settles, Claude N.: Letter to EVD on Rose Polytechnic Institute letterhead, 5/16/26. Asks that EVD grant him an interview. Says that as a professor of economics that he has a great interest in EVD's work.

Shannon, John R.: Photocopy of letter from TD, 12/7/41. Expresses the hope that what he is sending Shannon will be helpful. Says that he is sending Shannon a copy of letter to Robert Parker about the recording "Winning the World."

Sharts, Joseph W.: Letter to EVD on Joseph W. Sharts, Attorney at Law letterhead, 11/24/20. Says that he has just returned from a 3 day trial in Troy, Ohio. Assures EVD that he has not forgotten about him. Says that in addition to editing the MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST he has taken it upon himself to peddle the paper door to door. Remarks that the MIAMI VALLEY SOCIALIST is now the official Socialist Party newspaper for the state of Ohio because of the split in the Socialist Party that left control of the TOILER to the left wing. Tells EVD that the "Communist obsession hit Ohio worse than any other state." Mentions that it will be hard work rebuilding the Socialist Party in Ohio because only the "Jews and the Finns" remained in party after the split. Mentions that only by going out and collecting 10,000 signatures was EVD's name able to get on the ballot. Tells EVD that the EVD received 57,147 votes. Writes that he is going to Akron, Ohio to debate Marguerite Prevey on the resolution "that industrial action is all important for the emancipation of the workers." Mentions that the longer that EVD is in prison the harder he is going to work for socialism. Remarks that his wife cast her first vote for EVD on 11/2/20. Expresses the hope that EVD will speak in Dayton, Ohio when he gets out of prison. Says that he is sending EVD greetings from Dan Farrell, Shorty Motter, and Joe Woodward.
Photocopy of postcard from EVD, postmarked 5/23/22. Says that it was kind of Sharts to speak to Dr. Cowan and Dr. Lindlahr. Writes that he deeply appreciated Sharts' kindness.

Shaw, George Bernard: Copy of letter to J. Mahlon Barnes, 7/28/21. Writes that he has no interest in coming to America because if they put EVD in prison for 10 years for an extraordinary mild remark that they would probably electrocute him. Says that he will be safe as long as he is out of America.

Shawhan, James Martin: Note to EVD, 7/26/21. Writes that he is sending EVD a poem that he has written. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released. Includes a poem titled "I Want the Flowers and Singin' Now."

Shay, Felix: Letter to EVD on Roycroft Shops letterhead, 12/15/15. Tells EVD that he has voted the socialist ticket ever since he was able to vote. Says that he would like EVD to write an article for FRA MAGAZINE which he edits. Writes that EVD will not get paid for the article. Asks that EVD focus his article on his Presidential reform programs and how they have become co-opted by the Republican and Democratic Parties.
Letter to TD on Roycroft Shops letterhead, 9/6/16. Says that he will run the picture of EVD that TD sent in FRA MAGAZINE. Remarks that he is sending TD 6 copies of the issue of FRA MAGAZINE with EVD's article in it. Asks that TD get EVD to write a one hundred word piece on his opinion of FRA MAGAZINE. Tells TD that no matter what EVD says that it will be printed.

Shedd, Kendrick P.: Letter to EVD, 11/3/20. Writes that it looks as if EVD made a magnificent showing during the election. Says that it was a great joy for many to cast their vote for EVD once again. Tells EVD that the cause is prospering and that part of the reason is due to EVD's imprisonment. Remarks that he is glad that EVD is remaining true to his principles. Asks that EVD be of good cheer.
Letter to EVD and TD, 12/20/20. Says that he is sure that the red ink with which he has typed his letter will not terrorize EVD like that color terrorizes the "Capitalist apostles of Privilege." Remarks that the "red rag before a bull" for capitalists in America is "tame compared to the terror and the horror of the Russian situation." Expresses the hope that EVD and TD have a good New Year's. Writes that EVD and TD have long traveled the road of an unpopular cause that they know is "vital and right." Informs EVD and TD that for years he lived in ignorance and hated EVD and all other things considered "red" because he knew nothing of socialism. Writes that he did not begin to appreciate EVD until after he spoke in Rochester, New York and that he could see for himself that EVD was no "monster." Remarks that he never expected to one day count EVD among his friends. Says that he used to teach at a college but that now he is a high school science teacher. Tells EVD and TD that they are both teachers of the truth like Jesus Christ and Socrates. Mentions that even though he has become unpopular for becoming a socialist and lost his job that he does not regret his decision.
Letter to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that one of his greatest possession is a photo of him, EVD, and TD. Assures TD that EVD was a man ahead of his time.
Note to TD, 2/23/36. Tells TD that he is sending him a copy of a letter he wrote to his Congressman regarding the US military. Includes a copy of a letter to James P. B. Duffy dated 2/13/36 saying that he opposes the proposed bill that makes it illegal to speak disparagingly of the US army and navy. Writes that, like EVD, he would rather go to prison rather than not speak his mind. Informs Duffy that he hates war and that he feels that it is his right to express his opinions no matter what big business says. Remarks that if he was a younger man that he would be out on the street corner telling the "red-baiters" where to get off. Expresses the hope that the proposed bill gets "snowed under."
Christmas Card to TD, 12/30/36. Says that the memories he has of TD and EVD are always with him. Writes that he recently turned 70. Remarks that William Richards, who is now 93, has a framed picture of EVD and TD in his house.
Letter to TD, 12/22/42. Writes that he wishes TD a joyous holiday season. Says that his second wife is 19 years younger than him and that they live in Naples, New York. Tells TD that he has 6 grandchildren and that one of his sons heads up the Liberty Mutual Insurance Company. Mentions that he thinks of TD and EVD every day. Remarks that the picture he has of EVD helps to keep him rebellious.
Letter to TD, 12/7/44. Says that he wonders when the war will end. Also says that he wonders how long it will be until the American people know how "regimented" they are. Writes that he recently read to a friend EVD's Canton, Ohio speech. Remarks that he loves both TD and EVD a lot. Mentions that he spoke last Sunday at the Labor Forum in Rochester, New York on what he is a collectivist.
Untitled poem to TD, 12/?/44.
Letter from TD, 1/11/45. Says that between 1945 and 2000 he wonders if cooperation will replace capitalism. Writes that he and EVD often spoke of their trip to Rochester, New York. Informs Shedd that the most wonderful people that he has met during his life were those that he met through the Socialist Party. Expresses the hope that Shedd is enjoying good health.

Sheppard, Jacob I.: Letter from EVD, 12/22/14. Writes that the rift between Sheppard and Stephen Marion Reynolds needs to be mended or that their disagreement is going to hurt the People's College. Tells Sheppard that if he and Stephen Marion Reynolds do not reach some kind of understanding that their disagreement will be taken before the Socialist Party's National Executive Committee and the officials of the People's College. Remarks that as long as he has known Stephen Marion Reynolds that he has never heard him say an unkind word about another comrade. Says that Stephen Marion Reynolds claims that Sheppard has been receiving payments from the Lasalle School and has also reneged on an agreement made between him and Reynolds and is now purposefully ignoring him. Tells Sheppard that Stephen Marion Reynolds cannot believe the way that Sheppard treated him. Writes that Stephen Marion Reynolds would like to meet with Sheppard to resolve this matter. Mentions that a great many people are impressed by Stephen Marion Reynolds' teaching and this his classes are some of "instructive and fascinating" out there.
Letter to EVD on Sheppard, Sheppard, and Sheppard, Attorneys at Law letterhead, 7/3/16. Says that if all men were like EVD there would indeed be a heaven on earth. Tells EVD that he just won a great victory and is now starting on the cases of Alexander Howat and Fred Holt. Mentions that great sums of money have been spent to incriminate Alexander Howat and Fred Holt. Writes that he appreciated EVD's words of commendation. Remarks that everything that EVD says about Frank Walsh is true. Assures EVD that good use must be made out of Frank Walsh's investigation.

Sheppard, Leonora: Letter to EVD, 8/8/21. Writes that she appreciated the kind words EVD sent through TD. Says that EVD is a "truly great" man because of all the time that he spends on renewing the courage of those who are weary. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison. Assures EVD that his imprisonment has done the autocratic system more harm than if EVD was not in prison.

Sheridan, Frank: Letter to EVD, 10/14/20. Writes that in the 10/16/20 issue of the SATURDAY EVENING POST a letter he wrote to Samuel Blythe is quoted. Says that he is not a member of the Socialist Party, but that he will be voting the socialist ticket this year. Tells EVD that he is a "high salaried" actor and the owner of the John Franklin Music Company.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 10/15/20. Tells TD that he received a letter from an actor stating that he will be voting for EVD in the upcoming election. Says that he would like to take Sheridan's hand and thank him not for his vote, but for his manliness. Remarks that he is glad that part of Sheridan's letter was published in the SATURDAY EVENING POST because this periodical has never been kind to the cause. Assures TD that Sheridan's letter is "great."
Letter to EVD, 10/28/20. Writes that he received a letter from Mabel Dunlap Curry telling him how much EVD appreciated what Sheridan said in his letter to Samuel Blythe. Tells EVD that no one deserves a medal for helping people to live. Assures EVD that he is proud of EVD's praise.

Sheron, Wilbur: Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/5/45 [sic]. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that he did not know that TD had died. Sends condolences on TD's death. Writes that he has been unable to read the newspapers for the past 6 or 7 years because of poor eyesight. Informs Marguerite Debs Cooper that in 1920 and 1923 he served as the State Secretary of the Socialist Party in Indiana. Remarks that it was at this time that he started sending TD an annual Christmas card. Says that although he never knew EVD or TD personally that he considered them both to be good men. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that so many of the people that he worked with in the Socialist Party have passed on. Remarks that he heard the other day that William Henry had died in California. Mentions that Lilith Martin died about 5 years ago, A. J. Hart died a year ago, and J. Mueller died in November. Writes that since he is not able to read print anymore that he is learning Braille. Remarks that he has started writing poetry.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/5/46. Says that he is writing Marguerite Debs Cooper to insure that he got his letter and was able to read it all right. Remarks that the last time he changed his typewriter ribbon that he did not put it on properly and a lot of his correspondence was completely illegible. Expresses the hope that Marguerite Debs Cooper did not receive one of these letters. Writes that in case Marguerite Debs Cooper received one of these letters that he wanted to tell her how sorry he was to hear of TD's death. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that he thinks that teaching is the grandest of all professions.

Sherwood, Isaac R.: Letter to EVD on US House of Representatives letterhead, 8/18/23.
Writes that the telegram EVD sent congratulating him on his birthday meant a great deal to him. Expresses the hope that if EVD is ever in the area that he stop by and visit.

Shields, James: Letter to EVD on District Attorney's Office, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania letterhead, 9/18/20. Writes that as a great admirer of Eugene Field that he is completing a private printing of annotations to Eugene Field's semi-autobiographical worked LOVE AFFAIRS OF A BIBLIOMANIAC. Remarks that as he was looking for the first appearance of John H. Finley's "The Other Saints" and Sinners' Corner" that he came across a statement by Eugene Field saying that EVD was the most lovable man that Eugene Field ever knew. Asks that EVD tell him about his friendship with Eugene Field by answering questions relating to when they first met, how often they saw each other, whether EVD knew of Eugene Field's collaborators, whether EVD knows where any Eugene Field original manuscripts can be located, or if EVD knows what ever became of Eugene Field's death mask.

Shingler, Dr. S. E.: Letter to EVD, 10/28/20. Says that he will feel honored to vote for EVD in the upcoming Presidential election. Assures EVD that he is an idol of the people of Newark, New Jersey. Tells EVD that while he reads his daily messages in the NEW YORK CALL that he would be honored to receive a personalized message from EVD. Expresses the hope that EVD is in the best of health.

Shinn, Minnie A. SEE ALSO Watson, Blanche<BR>

Shinn, Minnie A.: Letter to EVD, 1/16/20. Says that she is writing to remind EVD that there are thousands of people who look up to him. Tells EVD that became associated with him in Denver, Colorado with Channing Sweet and Comrade Maynard. Writes that she gathers courage and wisdom from EVD's loving memory.
Letter to EVD, 2/28/21. Says that she is amazed that the few lines she wrote from a railroad waiting room brought so much cheer to EVD. Writes that she wished that thousands of others would write EVD and send him words of good cheer. Remarks that many look up to EVD as a person who lives up to the "high ideals for which other human benefactors lived and died." Tells EVD that he must love all, even his enemies as Jesus Christ did. Writes that while loving his enemies will not be easy to do it will give EVD peace and added power.
Letter to Mabel Dunlap Curry, 3/1/21. Writes that she appreciated the touching letter from Mabel Dunlap Curry. Says that Mabel Dunlap Curry must love being able to help out the way that she is instead of just standing around and waiting for EVD to be released like she is. Assures Mabel Dunlap Curry that some day she will be working for the direct good of all when her husband and children do not need her anymore. Remarks that she was surprised to receive a response to her letter to EVD because of the amount of correspondence that he must get.
Letter to EVD, 3/28/21. Writes that EVD's words to Woodrow Wilson were powerful. Says that Woodrow Wilson needs to be forgiven for denying EVD the way that he did. Tells EVD that the Nobel Prize should have gone to EVD instead of Woodrow Wilson.
Letter to EVD, 7/18/21. Says that she thought that EVD would have been released from prison by now. Tells EVD that the worst in the best people will disappear and the brotherhood of man will come. Writes that the near-victory in Ireland is wonderful. Remarks that the world is advancing faster because of EVD's imprisonment.
Letter to TD, 7/26/21. Writes that she appreciated the letter TD sent with the note from EVD enclosed. Tells TD that EVD dispels ignorance with wisdom. Says that EVD must know what he has done and be thanked for it. Asks that TD let Mabel Dunlap Curry and Katherine Debs read her letter when he has finished it.
Letter to EVD, 9/25/21. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison. Tells EVD that even though his body is in prison that his soul will always be free. Says that EVD has been consecrated with divine powers to solve the problems of humanity.
Letter to EVD, 11/12/21. Writes that EVD is the citizen of the world and the brother of every being intent on realizing the vision of a "true Humanity." Expresses the hope that EVD has a speedy release from prison.
Letter to TD, 11/19/21. Writes that something glorious has crystallized in the life of EVD. Says there will be great rejoicing when EVD comes home. Asks that God bless the entire Debs family.
Letter to EVD, 10/23/23. Writes that she appreciated the information EVD sent regarding his summer lecture tour. Says that both she and her husband were sorry that they did not get a chance to hear EVD speak on his tour. Tells EVD that her husband recently died. Assures EVD that her husband is alive and well in the hereafter. Asks that EVD be good to himself because he must reserve some of his strength for the future. Asks that EVD send greetings to TD and Mabel Dunlap Curry. Mentions that the baby named after EVD is now walking.
Letter to EVD, 5/16/26. Writes that she is sending her sympathy to EVD and Katherine Debs in the time of EVD's illness. Remarks that it was wise for EVD not to attend the Socialist Party's convention in his present state of health. Assures EVD that even though is not on the platform that his words are being heard because there are people always listening to his cosmic language of justice.

Shipley, Maynard: Letter to TD on NORTHWEST WORKER letterhead, 5/30/16. Tells TD that he has resigned as editor of the NORTHWEST WORKER to do a lecture tour. Says that on his tour he would like to come to Indiana to help EVD with his campaign for Congress. Writes that he loves EVD and wants to do what he can for him. Asks that TD forward his literature to the proper official in charge of EVD's campaign.
Letter to TD on THE WORLD letterhead, 11/24/20. Says that he was glad that EVD appreciated the birthday greetings that he sent because he did not know if EVD was allowed to receive mail from people outside of his family. Tells TD that if he knew that EVD was allowed to receive mail from him that he would have written him sooner. Remarks that if EVD says that it is okay that he will write as soon as he can find some time between editing THE WORLD, organizing, and lecturing. Says that he is concerned about the rumor that EVD has written a statement of support for the communist backed paper, the RANK AND FILE. Informs TD that if EVD made such a statement that it will hamper the work of his own paper, THE WORLD. Writes that the RANK AND FILE is a "mongrel" paper that is serving the interests of the Farmer-Labor Party and the communists. Tells TD that both of these groups are against the Socialist Party. Remarks that San Francisco and Oakland, California are too interconnected for more than one labor paper. Writes that he thinks that the RANK AND FILE, a paper without a socialist basis, should go, especially considering the fact that THE WORLD is the official newspaper of the Socialist Party in California.
Letter to TD, 5/31/21. Writes that he is sending for EVD a copy of a tribute written by John D. Barry in the SAN FRANCISCO CALL. Remarks that the marked paragraphs are ones that developed out of things that he told John D. Barry about EVD. Says that when he met John D. Barry he gave him a copy of DEBS AND THE POETS. Writes that although John D. Barry does not know a great deal about the class struggle that he is still an exceptional man. Mentions that he is also sending TD some information about the "infamous" Schwartz, a man whom he considers to be a "liar and a cur." Tells TD that Norman Hapgood seems to think that political prisoners will soon be released. Expresses the hope that Norman Hapgood is right. Informs TD that all of the factionalism is the socialist movement has been a real blow to him because it makes him question the intelligence and integrity of those whom he used to call comrade.
Letter to TD, 10/17/21. Writes that he appreciated TD's last letter with the message from EVD in it. Says that he is glad that his words to EVD brought him some comfort. Remarks that a part of his spirit dwells in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia with EVD. Says that it saddens him to think that no great social or political advance has come without the ruling class first demonstrating its unsuitability to rule. Tells TD that it is like Karl Marx says, the ruling class digs its own grave. Remarks that for every day EVD is in prison another grave dug for the ruling class. Says that the ruling class is composed of nothing but fools and morons if its members think that keeping EVD's body in prison will make him any less dangerous to them. Writes that even with EVD in prison that his soul is free. Assures TD that nothing is teaching the masses about the class struggle more than the imprisonment of EVD. Tells TD that America's agitators should be happy with what Harry Daugherty and Warren Harding are doing for the ruling class's own demise. Says that he is glad that the pain experienced by so many comrades has been an activating force for progress.
Letter to Harry Daugherty, 3/20/24. Asks that Harry Daugherty not commercialize his notoriety.
Letter to TD, 6/3/24. Writes that he has read in papers where EVD is ill again. Says that this news has brought him much sorrow. Tells TD that his heart goes out to him, EVD, and Katherine Debs. Informs TD that EVD is one of the "sweetest, noblest, fiercest--fiercest against iniquity clothed in the garb of 'righteousness'--soul that has ever graced--and justified--this world of selfishness, pride, vain-glory, inhumanity, ferocity, hypocrisy, cant, spiritual ignorance and moral short-sightedness." Writes that EVD's sense of love can only be compared to the love exhibited by Jesus Christ. Assures TD that both he and his wife are at TD's service and are ready to do what they can for EVD even though he is no longer connected with the Socialist Party.
Letter to EVD and TD on Maynard Shipley, Illustrated Lectures letterhead, 7/4/26. Writes that he appreciated the clipping from the ST. LOUIS LABOR that EVD and TD sent regarding EVD's meeting in Cincinnati, Ohio. Says that Herman Stern passed away yesterday. Remarks that he is just finished writing a book called THE WAR ON MODERN SCIENCE. Tells EVD and TD that it is a book that examines the Fundamentalist attack on evolution. Expresses the hope that EVD and TD are happy.
Telegram to TD, signed by Maynard Shipley and Miriam Shipley, 10/21/26. Says that EVD death need not be grieved.
Letter to TD on Maynard Shipley, Illustrated Lectures letterhead, 10/28/26. Tells TD that the right side of his face has been paralyzed for the last 3 weeks. Says that there is no way for him to express how sad he feels over the death of EVD. Assures TD that he will continue to use EVD's life as the standard by which to measure his own ideals and aspirations.
Letter to TD on Science League of America, Inc. letterhead, 12/7/26. Writes that there is not a day that goes by that he and his wife do not think of TD, Katherine Debs, and EVD. Assures TD that EVD is functioning and doing well in another dimension of life. Says that he and his wife expect to meet EVD again in the hereafter. Informs TD that his paralysis has completely disappeared.
Letter to TD, 5/26/27. Writes that he appreciated the order TD placed on his book, THE WAR ON MODERN SCIENCE. Says that he is sure that TD will like the book. Tells TD that he is busy building up the Science League of America. Remarks that because of the current depression his work is progressing slowly. Informs TD that he has heard that Seattle, Washington is like a graveyard. Writes that Russia is the one bright spot on the globe.

Shipley, Miriam deFord: Letter to TD, 6/29/34. Informs TD that Maynard Shipley died on 6/18/34 from a stroke. Says that worry over his financial situation as much as anything else killed him. Remarks that in going through Maynard Shipley's personal paper she has found several beautiful letters from TD. Writes that she does not know what she is going to do now that her husband is gone. Mentions that before Maynard Shipley died that he came to the conclusion that the afterlife was nothing but self-deception. Informs TD that she has no desire to live because she is too old to start life again. Tells TD that just as he will never get over the death of EVD that she will never get over the death of Maynard Shipley. Mentions that Maynard Shipley's brain was willed to Cornell University and the rest of his body was cremated. Says that there was no funeral for him. Writes that she does not have the means to support herself.
Letter from TD, 7/6/34. Says that he was shocked to hear of Maynard Shipley's death. Informs Shipley that Maynard Shipley's death came close on the heels of the death of one of his closest friends who had a stroke and died while visiting him. Writes that both he and EVD were taken with Maynard Shipley. Assures Shipley that Maynard Shipley was gifted in both mind and heart. Says that only time can dull her pain and bring solace to her heart. Mentions that he and his wife reached their 44th wedding anniversary the other day. Remarks that Shipley must continue on. Assures Shipley that he still remembers the visit he and EVD had with her.
Letter to TD, 7/10/34. Tells TD that no one writes a better letter than he does. Says that she is trying to keep going for the sake of her mother in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Writes that everyone who knew Maynard Shipley loved him. Mentions that today she has to pick up Maynard Shipley's ashes. Writes that she is sending TD a copy of a picture she made for some of Maynard Shipley's closest friends. Remarks that she is planning on staying in Sausalito, California until August and then will be going on a trip to Hawaii before moving to Berkeley, California where she will try to write a book about Maynard Shipley's life. Informs TD that no matter how many sorrows he and Gertrude Debs have suffered that their 44 year commitment to each other outweighs all of them. Expresses the hope that TD's health improves.
Letter from TD, 8/16/34. Says that he is sorry that he has not responded to Shipley's last letter sooner but that because of the present heat wave in Terre Haute, Indiana he has not been able to do anything. Writes that he deeply appreciated the photo of Maynard Shipley that Shipley sent. Expresses the hope that Shipley's affairs allow her to take a much needed trip to Hawaii. Remarks that he read Shipley's recent contributions to THE NATION with deep interest and appreciation.
Letter to TD on Ambassador Hotel, 2/25/40. Tells TD that one of her friends, Mathilde Weil, an old-time socialist and literary agent, is eager to have someone write the definitive biography of EVD's life. Remarks that although she is very busy that she would consider writing this biography if no one else could be found to do it. Says that TD should write EVD's biography himself. Writes that she has 2 books coming out soon. Tells TD that one is a biography and one is a reference work.
Letter from TD, 3/8/40. Writes that his illness has depleted his strength and that is why he has not responded to Shipley's last letter sooner. Informs Shipley that he was visited by C. Van Woodward who was gathering materials for a biography about EVD. Tells Shipley that he never had any correspondence with a John Stuart. Says that he has little use for communists.
Letter to TD on Ambassador Hotel letterhead, 3/13/40. Tells TD that she is sorry to learn that he is ill. Says that she is glad to learn that someone is currently working on a book about EVD. Writes that she plans on overworking herself until she dies. Remarks that she is currently working on a biographical dictionary for a New York City, New York publisher.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/23/46. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Shoemaker, J. E.: Letter to EVD on Joint Protective Board, Brotherhood of Railway Carmen of America letterhead, 2/2/21. Writes that he just read about Woodrow Wilson's denial of EVD's pardon. Says that he was not surprised by EVD's comment that he would not accept a pardon unless it was an unconditional one. Tells EVD that he was proud, as a socialist, of the statement he made. Remarks that he is glad that EVD is good health.

Shorey, Seforest: Letter to EVD, 7/4/20. Says that he does not see the point of Independence Day because there has never been a truly free people. Writes that there is no point to words like "liberty" and "puruit of happiness" with so many people living in industrial slavery and mental bondage. Remarks that the mind has been twisted by press, pulpit, and school. Informs EVD that there are a few, like EVD, who are chosen by nature to be "heaven hearers."

Showalter, Phil: Letter to EVD, 12/26/20. Asks that EVD be of good cheer because he is sure that Warren Harding will release EVD. Says that even though neither he nor EVD will be alive to see it that socialism will win in the end. Tells EVD that he ever come to Girard, Kansas that he would be happy to see him. Includes a clipping from an unidentified newspaper stating the socialist vote is growing.

Shults, Harrison: Telegram to TD, 10/20/26. Writes that long ago EVD touched his heart. Asks that TD tell EVD goodbye and that he loves him.
Telegram to TD, 10/20/26. Contains same text as other telegram dated 10/20/26.
Letter to TD on Harrison Shults, The Rawleigh Retailer letterhead, 10/26/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Remarks that one of the greatest days in his life was when he cast his ballot for EVD.

Shutt, W. P.: Telegram to TD, 10/20/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Siedel, Emil SEE Fraenckel, Gustave<BR>

Siegel, Joseph: Letter to EVD, 3/3/20. Expresses the hope that EVD will soon be out of prison. Tells EVD that William Thurston Brown told him today that the best people are in prison.

Siegl, Helen: Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Writes that Siegl, a member of the Providence, Rhode Island, Young People's Socialist League sent him an acrostic that was "quite clever" for an 11 year old. Tells TD that the Providence, Rhode Island, Young People's Socialist League is a "bright and busy bunch." Asks that TD send the Providence, Rhode Island chapter a letter of greetings. Also asks that TD tell this chapter that he saw Siegl's May Day song in a letter to Joseph Coldwell and appreciated it very much. Remarks that Siegl makes the future look promising.

Sigman, Morris SEE ALSO Baroff, Abraham<BR>

Sigman, Morris: Letter to EVD on International Ladies Garment Workers' Union letterhead, signed by Sigman and Abraham Baroff, 4/23/24. Says that he is writing EVD to invite him to attend the 17th convention of the International Ladies Garment Workers' Union on 5/5/24. Remarks that this convention will mark the 25th anniversary of the organization. Assures EVD that a visit from him would be deeply appreciated.
Letter to EVD on International Ladies Garment Workers' Union letterhead, signed by Sigman, Abraham Baroff, and Jacob Halperin, 5/5/26. Writes that the Unity House Committee of the International Ladies Garment Workers' Union would like to invite EVD and Katherine Debs to the opening of the organization's summer home in Forest Park, Pennsylvania on 6/18/26. Says that such a trip would give EVD a chance to get some rest.
Telegram to Katherine Debs, signed by Sigman and Abraham Baroff, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the International Ladies Garment Workers' Union.

Simons, Algie M.: Letter to TD on COMING NATION letterhead, 4/17/11. Informs TD that he will see to it that Comrade Froeb receives the COMING NATION. Says that it will be impossible for J. Mahlon Barnes serve another term in the Socialist Party's national office because of his disreputable character. Remarks that he would like TD to become the next national secretary of the Socialist Party because he is "outside of any factions" and demonstrated himself capable by his activities on the Red Special campaign. Asks that TD inform him whether he would be willing or not to run for national secretary of the Socialist Party.
Letter from TD, ?/?/11. Writes that after serious consideration it would impossible for him to accept a nomination for national secretary of the Socialist Party. Says that he deeply appreciates the confidence that Simons has in him. Remarks that he has fond memories of Simons during the Red Special campaign.
Letter to EVD on MILWAUKEE LEADER letterhead, 10/14/15. Says that the time has come for action. Writes that the kind of action that he wants is that supported by the International Socialist Conference which met in Switzerland. Remarks that he sees what occurred at this socialist conference as the beginning of the "new International." Asks that EVD consider supporting the views of the International Socialist Conference because it is a "peace move" that is not made problematic by the "dirty finger marks of capitalist diplomacy."
Letter to EVD, 11/21/15. Asks that EVD reconsider his refusal to accept the Socialist Party's nomination for President. Says EVD is the only candidate around whom everyone in the Socialist Party could unite. Remarks that if EVD does not run for President on the Socialist Party ticket that the pro-German socialists might just take over the party. Writes that since the war will determine whether the Socialist Party goes up or down that EVD cannot let go of the organization now.
Letter to EVD, 11/27/15. Writes that he is sorry that EVD has refused to accept the Socialist Party's nomination for President. Says that if EVD would only see his way clear to reconsider his decision that the current path of the Socialist Party would become much smoother. Tells EVD that a "pro-German, pro-officialdom, anti-democratic faction" of the Socialist Party is trying to take over the party. Assures EVD that the election of Victor Berger and Morris Hillquit to the Socialist Party's National Executive Council is a part of this scheme. Says that an opposition group must be organized. Asks that EVD send a letter the AMERICAN SOCIALIST asking the members of the Socialist Party not to endorse any candidate for office who does not state his position regarding nationalism and militarism. Remarks that fortunately not all Germans are for the "pro-Kaiser crowd" as evidenced by the positions taken by the NEW YORK VOLKZEITUNG and the ST. LOUIS ARBEITER-ZEITUNG.

Sims, Robert B.: Letter to EVD on Arizona State Prison letterhead, 5/14/13. Tells EVD that a resolution is currently being considered in the state of Arizona to let the voters decide whether or not the death penalty should be abolished there. Asks that EVD tell him what his position is regarding the death penalty.
Letter from EVD, 5/23/13. Writes that abolishing the death penalty is a measure that should appeal to every "just and humane person" in the state of Arizona. Tells Sims that capital punishment is a "relic of barbarism." Says that there is no reason for its survival because a crime of passion is not nearly as irreprehensible as the crime "committed by the State when it deliberately puts to death the individual charged with such crime." Remarks that society cannot condemn murder as long as it is a perpetuator of it. Writes that since crime is a disease that criminals need to be treated "with the same degree of patience" that is "bestowed upon other hum derelicts and infirmities." Says that he is glad that the state of Arizona is so progressive as to consider doing away with the death penalty.

Sinclair, Heck: Letter to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he had some pleasant times with EVD when they did campaign work together in Oklahoma.

Sinclair, Upton: Letter to EVD, 7/27/14. Writes that he is preparing an anthology of socialist literature and would like to include 2 extracts from EVD's writings. Asks that EVD tell him what he thinks would be best to use.
Note to EVD, 1/7/16. Asks that EVD tell him his opinion of the enclosed petition. Says that if EVD agrees with the position taken by the petition that he would like him to sign it. Includes a petition demanding that socialists "adjust themselves to events" by supporting liberal institutions, realizing the impossibility of disarmament, creating an alliance with other socialist organizations of the world to protect democracy, calling for the democratization of diplomacy, supporting the maintenance of the US army and navy, insuring that no private profit is gained from making military supplies, and calling for the democratization of the military.
Letter from EVD, 3/5/18. Says that he has looked over the first issue of UPTON SINCLAIR'S. Informs Sinclair that because the introductory message to his magazine makes such a strong appeal to thinking people that he hopes that Sinclair's periodical is successful. Remarks that UPTON SINCLAIR'S is admirably put together and has a great deal of character. Assures Sinclair that the periodical sounds a clear note in support of social justice. Writes that he appreciated the copy of KING COAL that Sinclair sent. Mentions that he read it with great satisfaction. Says that he thinks that KING COAL is a greater book than THE JUNGLE. Tells Sinclair that he appreciated his graphic description of the "horrors of slavery as it exists in the mining industry" as someone who has spent time as a special organizer for the United Mine Workers and the Western Federation of Miners. Remarks that a copy of KING COAL should be placed in every public library. Mentions that he has read Frank Harris' review of Sinclair's work in PEARSON'S MAGAZINE.
Letter to TD, 10/7/20. Says that he is going to publish Ruth Le Prade's book, DEBS AND THE POETS. Writes that he would like to have 500 copies of this book autographed by EVD and sold at $5.00 a copy to raise a fund to publicize the DEBS AND THE POETS "in style." Remarks that he is writing the warden of the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia to see if he will allow to autograph the books. Mentions that he is sending TD 2,000 leaflets advertising the book.
Copy of letter to Ruth Le Prade, 10/7/20. Informs Le Prade that he has not yet received the $500 that she said was coming. Tells Le Prade that he plans on publicizing her book with his own in the same advertisement. Says that Le Prade's idea for an autographed edition of DEBS AND THE POETS is an excellent one and would like to sell this special edition for $5.00 a copy to create a fund to publicize the book. Remarks that Le Prade might try to get papers like the NEW YORK CALL, the OAKLAND WORLD, and the SEATTLE UNION RECORD to offer the book on a commission basis.
Copy of letter to W. B. Conkey Company, 10/7/20. Asks that W. B. Conkey print 15,000 advertisements for Ruth Le Prade's book and send 1,000 to Ruth Le Prade, 2,000 to TD, and the rest to him. Says that he would like the autographed edition of DEBS AND THE POETS to be put on a heavy weight egg shell paper with a handsomer cover than the regular edition.
Letter to TD, 10/7/20. Says that he is sending TD an article clipped from the CHRISTIAN SCIENCE MONITOR. Asks that TD tell him if it is true that EVD tried to obstruct the draft during the war.
Letter to TD, 10/14/20. Writes that he appreciated the copy of Tom Mann's letter that TD sent. Says that he is going to be sending TD 200 circulars for the BRASS CHECK. Includes advertisements for THE STORY OF A PATRIOT, THE BRASS CHECK, THE JUNGLE, and DEBS AND THE POETS.
Letter to TD, 11/13/20. Says that he does not share TD's hope that EVD will be released from prison. Writes that he does not expect either Woodrow Wilson or Warren Harding to relent. Informs TD that he thinks that only way that EVD will be released is by using the tactics of the "woman's party, the militant suffragettes." Remarks that only when 50 people picket the White House, go to jail, and start a hunger strike that EVD will be released from prison. Mentions that he made a suggestion similar to this in the pages of the APPEAL TO REASON. Tells TD that he has not followed up on the matter because his place is writing for the movement not leading it. Says that orders for DEBS AND THE POETS are coming in with rapidity.
Letter to EVD, 11/16/20. Says that he received EVD's note regarding the gossip surrounding THE JUNGLE. Writes that the only reason why THE JUNGLE is out of print is because he did not have enough money to put out an edition of it. Informs EVD that he is presently in the process of putting out 5,000 cloth and 10,000 paper issues of THE JUNGLE. Remarks that he will send EVD a dozen copies of THE JUNGLE to distribute as he sees fit to dispel the gossip surrounding his work. Mentions that the printers will start shipping copies of DEBS AND THE POETS starting 11/19/20. Asks that EVD autograph the special edition as quickly as possible so that they can be sent out by Christmas. Remarks that Sara Bard Field and C. E. S. Wood acknowledge them by name when EVD signs their copies of DEBS AND THE POETS. Assures EVD that he has not sold out to the Beef Trust.
Letter to TD, 4/23/23. Writes that he received the gift that EVD and TD sent him. Says that he is embarrassed that EVD and TD went to such expense on his account. Assures TD that he appreciated the gift with all of his heart.
Letter to EVD, 1/9/26. Says that he was glad to see the copy of the letter EVD sent to Emanuel Haldeman-Julius. Remarks that he does not know why EVD marked it confidential because to him what it says relates to a very public matter. Tells EVD that he is sending him the letter he sent to Emanuel Haldeman-Julius. Expresses the hope that Emanuel Haldeman-Julius publishes it in his periodical. Mentions that he is sending EVD's letter on to Kate Crane Gartz for her to read.
Letter to TD, 10/28/26. Tells TD that EVD was "America's greatest living public man." Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 7/16/27. Asks that TD tell him if he received the copy of OIL that he sent. Remarks that he found his adventures in Boston, Massachusetts amusing.
Letter to 1/16/28. Writes that the ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS has published an article about him that was filled with the most vicious abuse. Says that he has filed a libel suit against the ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS. Remarks that the ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS called him a turn-coat and a coward for his actions during the war. Tells TD that he does not know what gives the ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS the right to condemn him when the newspaper also came out for the war. Writes that the ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS also stated that for his position that he earned the contempt of EVD. Says that from letters he has from EVD that this is not true.
Letter from TD, 1/22/28. Writes that he has not seen the attack made upon Sinclair in the ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS. Assures Sinclair that EVD held him in the highest regard and never questioned his "integrity, sincerity, honesty of purpose," nor condemn him for his position during the war even though EVD personally disagreed with it. Says that if Sinclair wants proof of EVD's feeling for him that he should read the article that appeared in the HALDEMAN-JULIUS WEEKLY on 1/9/26.
Letter to TD, 7/17/30. Writes that he has published a book called MENTAL RADIO about experiments in telepathy. Says that he went with William McDougall to see the well-known medium Arthur Ford. Informs TD that he took five wrapped letters with him, of which one was from Jack London and another, from EVD. Tells TD that before he could tell the medium who the letters were from that Arthur Ford declared that Jack London was present. Writes that Arthur Ford went on to make a lot of statements about Jack London and EVD. Mentions that at one point Arthur Ford said the name Ben Wilson. Asks that TD tell him whether or not EVD knew a man named Ben Wilson. Says that although he is critical of spiritualism that his wife if a firm believer in mind-reading.
Letter to TD, 7/28/30. Says that he appreciated TD's last letter. Tells TD that he is in the process of writing George Brewer. Remarks that he will let TD know when he finishes the article he is writing.

Skemp, J. C.: Letter to EVD on Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators, and Paperhangers of America letterhead, 10/10/21. Writes that the delegates to the general assembly of the Brotherhood of Painters, Decorators, and Paperhangers of America send their greetings to EVD on behalf of all the members of the Brotherhood. Says that the members of the Brotherhood of Painter, Decorators, and Paperhangers of America respect EVD and deeply appreciation of the sacrifices he has made for the causes of freedom and humanity. Expresses the hope that EVD's liberty is soon restored.

Skoog, Karl F.: Letter to TD, 11/18/19. Says that by the request of John A. Perry that he is sending TD a copy of his relief sculpture of EVD.
Letter to TD, 1/15/20. Writes that he is glad that TD like his sculpture of EVD. Says that knowing that his work is appreciated is the highest compliment that he could ever receive. Tells TD that recently his work has been on display at the National Academy and the American Numismatic Society. Remarks that he has sold 200 plaster reproductions of his relief sculpture of EVD. Mentions that he would like to find a distributor to make it possible to sell even more.

Sleigh (?), Fred: Letter to TD on Lowry Hotels, Hickory, North Carolina letterhead, 10/29/26. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Slausky, George: SEE Augusto, Allie

Sloan, Boyd: Letter to EVD, 10/11/20. Says that Norman Hapgood's articles in THE SUNDAY AMERICAN and the ATLANTA GEORGIAN have called attention to the greatest scandal in American history, the imprisonment of the nation's political dissenters. Writes that he hopes that Norman Hapgood's articles will help the American people understand what the government has done in imprisoning EVD and others. Remarks that even though he is not a socialist that EVD and the other political prisoners should be released. Asks that EVD tell him what he could do to aid in the amnesty campaign.

Slobodin, Henry L.: Letter to EVD on Henry L. Slobodin, Attorney and Counselor at Law letterhead, 10/23/16. Writes that he is sending EVD some money to help him with his election. Says that he thinks that EVD has a real chance to win. Remarks that if EVD does win the election that it would help to rejuvenate the socialist movement. Assures EVD that his voice is the true voice of the American working class.

Slonimsky, Marion C.: Letter to EVD, 6/21/23. Writes that he used to teach philosophy and psychology in a western university but after marrying a professor of ethics at a Hebrew college in Cincinnati, Ohio that he has been studying the social and political philosophy of the peace movement. Remarks that while he has lost his faith in America and humankind that he is glad that EVD has continued to keep his. Mentions that the "powers of darkness" have lifted EVD up for all the world to see and have helped to make him the embodiment of the "divine spirit." Says that with the same spirit that the followers and supporters of Jesus Christ and St. Francis of Assisi touched their garments that he would like to touch the hands of EVD. Expresses the hope that he will be able to meet with EVD before or after his speech tonight in Cincinnati, Ohio.
Letter to EVD, 6/23/23. Says that EVD has left his life forever enriched. Tells EVD that he will never forget meeting him. Writes that before finishing his letter that he received the letter and book, DEBS AND THE POETS, that EVD sent. Assures EVD that the poems in the book are remarkable. Remarks that he would have liked to have written EVD a poem about his imprisonment but that the thought of EVD behind bars brought him too much pain. Says that when he was younger he received some recognition for his poetry from people like Edwin Markham. Writes that there is a great need for a radical political analysis of capitalism rather just an economic one. Tells EVD that "predatory" capitalism is the cause of war. Informs EVD that if he were to speak out it would be from the standpoint of reason not love. Assures EVD that even with their differences that they are "wholly one." Mentions that he is sending EVD copies of his poems titled "Saint Francis" and "The All Souls Eve."

Smiley, James L.: Letter to EVD, 2/2/20. Says that it was good of TD to respond to the letter he wrote EVD. Tells EVD that he thinks of him daily. Writes that he recently saw a picture of John Bunyan which reminded that one generation's criminals are another generation's heroes. Remarks that the lines from the hymn "How Firm a Foundation, Ye Saints of the Lord" never fails to inspire him.
Letter to EVD, 5/15/21. Says that he is one of thousands of people that are constantly thinking of EVD. Writes that his prayer for EVD is that God will strengthen him by his grace. Reminds EVD that St. Paul and other early Christians spent time in prison and sent forth messages of inspiration even in chains. Assures EVD that he has the power to do the same thing. Expresses the hope that EVD and the other political prisoners will soon be released and the entire prison system will be reconstructed.
Letter to EVD, 10/9/21. Says that today he will honor his birthday by writing to EVD. Tells EVD that he thinks that he would be interested in the article he recently wrote in the CHURCHMAN, regarding the disarmament conference in Washington. Writes that in the letter he said that the people are rising up in harmony with William Borah and demanding that there be a drastic reduction in armaments. Tells EVD that the churches must lead the movement for disarmament and do so not only with prayer, but with action as well. Remarks that if something is not done to eradicate war that a revolution occur.

Smillie, Robert: Letter to EVD, 10/4/24. Writes that he was glad that EVD received the autographed copy of his book, MY LIFE FOR LABOUR, that he sent. Remarks that the book is a collection of articles he wrote for a weekly journal. Says that the political fight in England is becoming more "intense." Tells EVD that he thinks that this political battle will result in a union of the country's conservative and liberal forces. Informs EVD that he is confident that the Labour Party will continue to make advances. Says that he would not be surprised if the Labour Party moved forward at a much more rapid pace than it did over its first 20 years. Mentions that he let Tom Johnston, the editor of the GLASGOW FORWARD, see the letter that EVD sent him and now wants to publish it in his newspaper. Remarks that he just received a letter from a man imprisoned in California. Says that he has decided to forward the letter to EVD to see if he knows anything about this man's case.

Smith, Anna Ferry: Letter from TD, 12/16/08. Writes that Smith's letter dated 12/5/08 filled his heart with sorrow. Assures Smith that she will overcome her afflictions and again take up her noble work. Tells Smith that he and EVD are with Smith in spirit. Remarks that he deeply appreciated the picture that Smith sent.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, postmarked 12/21/08. Expresses the hope that TD has a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.

Smith, E. A., et al.: Letter to Warren Harding, signed by Smith and L. Boyd, 3/18/21. Says that in the name of the Boot and Shoe Workers Union, local 366 that they are writing to protest against the continued imprisonment of EVD and the other political prisoners. Writes that they demand autocratic persecution against political prisoners cease.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked ?/?/21. Writes that Smith and Boyd's letter cheered him up immensely. Says that the letter is an example of "labor with its hat on it head issuing its command to its servants."

Smith, Harry T.: Letter to TD on NEW YORK TIMES letterhead, 12/22/26. Says that he is sending TD the clippings about EVD's death that appeared in the foreign labor papers. Informs TD that the best tributes to EVD were written by Jean Longuet and journalists with the ARBEITER-ZEITUNG, the TAGWACHT, and the VANGUARDIA.
Letter to TD on NEW YORK TIMES letterhead, 1/17/27. Writes that he is glad that TD appreciated the clippings that he sent. Tells TD that he appreciated the writings of EVD that he sent. Expresses the hope that TD is in good health.

Smith, Ledyard L.: Letter to EVD, 11/4/20. Writes that he is sending EVD a photo of him holding up a picture of EVD as a token of love. Says that although he is only 6 years old that he knows what socialism is. Tells EVD that his heart is sad because not all the children of California can go to school because there is not money enough to pay for all of the teachers necessary to make it possible. Remarks that when his teacher asked him who he supported in the Presidential election that he said EVD. Says that if he was with EVD that he would sit on his knee and tell him about California. Includes a photo of Smith holding up a picture of EVD in front of a Socialist Party banner.

Smith, Oscar D.: Letter to EVD, 4/12/20. Says that he takes the greatest pleasure in writing EVD because he is the "dearest Comrade on earth." Tells EVD that he just finished reading David Karsner's book about him. Asks that EVD tell her what to do to get his prison door opened. Informs EVD that his name is as immortal as that of John Brown's.

Smith, Richard M.: Letter to EVD on Society of the Messiah letterhead, 3/18/21. Writes that appeals have long been made for EVD's release. Says that just today Warren Harding has asks that EVD's case to be reconsidered. Remarks that he heard EVD speak once and knows him to be a man of love. Assures EVD that he must continue to use his "pulpit" to speak out against the spirit of the state that advocates war. Tells EVD that the time has come for the American people to unite in a declaration of loyalty to God and fight against jealousy and selfishness.
Note from EVD to TD, 3/21/21. Asks that TD save Smith's letter. Says that every one of the 1,800 prisoners in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia would sign a petition to end war if they had the chance. Tells TD that this letter has touched his heart.

Snelgrove, Isabel: Telegram to TD, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death . Says that she is the artist that TD met in 1925 in Cleveland, Ohio.

Snider, J. E. SEE Bradley, Charles

Snider, R. S.: Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that he is sending EVD a poem that he wrote. Includes a poem titled "My Dream." Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that he remembers Snider and sends him his love.

Snodgrass, S. C.: Letter to TD, 11/23/26. Says that he is one of the thousands who laments EVD's death. Writes that he is enclosing a clipping from a Democratic paper. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Snow, G.: Letter to EVD, 8/3/21. Says that he has been in a spiritual prison for as long as EVD has been in a physical one. Informs EVD that when men go to prison for exercising their rights of free speech that he must go with them. Writes that Henry Ward Beecher once said that "Free speech is to a great people what minds are to ocean and malarial regions; which waft away the elements of disease and bring new elements of health; and where free speech is stopped miasma and death ensue." Remarks that he is glad that EVD is familiar with Comrade Brown of Brooklyn, New York. Says that he once met EVD in Goldon, Colorado at an encampment meeting where they both spoke.

Snow, W. R.: Letter to EVD on Socialist Party of Illinois letterhead, 5/8/25. Writes that he has been following EVD's tour of the East. Tells EVD that he was happy to hear about the large donation the JEWISH DAILY FORWARD made to the Socialist Party. Says that he is sending EVD some suggestions on how to raise more funds for the Socialist Party. Remarks that the Socialist Party of Illinois is planning fund raising events in East St. Louis, Illinois on 7/4/25 and in Chicago, Illinois on 8/29/25. Includes a letter to the Members of the National Executive Committee dated 5/8/25 saying that he has some suggestions on how best to rebuild the Socialist Party. Writes that the Socialist Party should appoint a Director of Organization as well as 10 field organizers to build up the party's local branches, to secure subscriptions to the party's official paper, the AMERICAN APPEAL, and to do fundraising for a special organization fund. Suggests that George Kirkpatrick should be appointed as the Socialist Party's Director of Organization.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party of Illinois letterhead, 10/20/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the comrades of Illinois. Says that he always will appreciate the way that EVD helped to rebuild the Socialist Party after the war.
Letter to TD on Socialist Party of Illinois letterhead, 10/27/26. Informs TD that he attended a "wonderful" memorial meeting yesterday at the Ashland Auditorium. Says that when he drives through Terre Haute, Indiana after the campaign that he hopes to visit.

Snyder, J. E.: Poem to TD on Socialist Party of Kansas letterhead, 8/3/08.
Telegram to EVD, 2/24/17. Writes that Tom Mooney has been sentenced to hang. Says that Tom Mooney will be doomed unless the Socialist Party and other labor organizations act. Tells EVD that he is needed in this cause.
Letter to TD on THE WORLD letterhead, 5/10/16. Says that he is sending TD a check for $20.65, one fourth of the collection taken at EVD's meeting at Idora Park in Oakland, California. Writes that EVD was so tired after his meetings in Los Angeles and San Francisco, California that he assigned A. K. Gifford to accompany EVD on the rest of his meeting dates in California. Remarks that EVD established a good rapport with A. K. Gifford. Says that there was so much noise at the amusement park where EVD spoke in Oakland, California that it was not as successful as it could have been. Informs TD that he has spent the last 8 months trying to build up THE WORLD. Writes that the Socialist Party local in Oakland, California is one of the strongest in the state. Tells TD that he should read THE MASTER BUILDER.
Letter to TD on THE WORLD letterhead, 11/26/19. Writes that he has been in jail twice over the past 2 weeks for criminal syndicalism and sabotage. Says that he and the 6 others arrested at the same time will put up a good fight. Expresses the hope that EVD is feeling better than the reports in the press indicate. Informs TD that he will always view the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia as the place where one of America's "noblest sons" were glorified.
Letter to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of he and Lena Morrow Lewis. Includes a resolution from the Vallejo, California locals of the Brotherhood of Carpenters and Joiners of America and the Culinary Workers Union of America sending their condolences on EVD's death.

Snyder, W. L.: Letter to EVD, 2/24/21. Says that the poem he is sending EVD is the same one that he mailed to Warren Harding. Writes that he sees no good reason to keep EVD in prison. Includes an untitled poem.

Socialist Party of America: Letter from EVD, n.d. Says that he is writing in regard to the selection of J. Mahlon Barnes as campaign manager. Writes that he can no longer ignore the protests he has received from every part of the country contesting J. Mahlon Barnes' appointment as campaign manager for his personal indiscretions. Writes that while it is not for him to pass judgment on J. Mahlon Barnes that he does not support his appointment because it is disrupting the work of the Socialist Party. Asks that there be a referendum on this issue. Says that all he wants to do is to use this influence to clear the matter up. Writes that the Socialist Party is on the verge of a great campaign and it must not be diverted by disunity.
Copy of letter from TD, n.d. Says that he is writing to send greetings to the delegates of the Socialist Party convention. Writes that in this time of upheaval this convention will be one of the most important in the entire history of the Socialist Party. Remarks that while differences of opinion will arise at the convention that they must be used to promote intelligent discussion and greater knowledge. Says that there must be "no shilly-shallying, no evasion, and no compromise of the revolutionary principles" for which the Socialist Party stands. Expresses the hope that the convention will be harmonious.

Socialist Party of Dayton, Ohio: Photocopy of letter to Katherine Debs, 1/14/22. Writes that the members of the Socialist Party of Dayton, Ohio would like to thank Katherine Debs for the "noble and enduring way" she has been the wife of EVD. Says that if Katherine Debs was humiliated by her husband's imprisonment then his return home must show her that he was innocent of any wrong-doing. Expresses the hope that Katherine Debs does not look upon herself as the husband of an ex-convict. Assures Katherine Debs that she has proven herself to be the ideal wife. Says that Katherine Debs is the epitome of what Robert Ingersoll meant when he said, "It takes a hundred men to make an encampment, but it takes only the influence of one woman to make a home."

Socialist Party of Brooklyn, New York, Boro Park Branch: Telegram to Katherine Debs, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Socialist Party of Vigo County, Indiana: Copy of letter from TD, 7/30/36. Says that he is no longer in accord with the policy and direction of the Socialist Party since the National Executive Board has assumed a "disrupting, dictatorial" role in the organization by revoking the state of New York's charter. Writes that he cannot believe that these comrades were kicked out of the Socialist Party after standing fast to the organization throughout the war. Remarks that he was also disgusted by the way that the National Executive Board packed the last convention. Says that he would feel like a hypocrite if he did not resign his membership with the Socialist Party. Writes that he would like, after 33 years, to tender his resignation as a member of the Vigo County branch of the Socialist Party.

Solberg, Mrs. S. P.: Letter to EVD, 10/19/21. Says that she is writing EVD to assure him that she has not forgotten him. Writes that she thinks of EVD every day. Tells EVD that she wonders how long Warren Harding will keep him in prison. Informs EVD that she wrote a letter to Warren Harding telling him that even Helen Keller, "who is stone blind," is able to see that EVD should not be in jail. Remarks that EVD is the greatest man after Abraham Lincoln. Assures EVD that she sees better days ahead. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released. Says that yesterday she saw in the paper where Warren Harding wanted EVD to come to Washington to promise that he would quit the Socialist Party if released.
Letter to TD, 11/5/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that EVD suffered a great deal at the hands of capitalism.

Solomon, Isabel: Letter to EVD on State of New York Assembly Chamber letterhead, 11/16/20. Says that she has read some of EVD's speeches. Writes that she did not understand everything that was in them because she is only 8 years old. Tells EVD that she is sorry that EVD was not elected President. Assures EVD that if he was elected President America would be the greatest country on earth and her father would never be ousted from the New York Assembly. Remarks that EVD's picture is hanging in her family's house. Writes that she is saving her pennies so that she can visit EVD.

Solomon, U.: Letter to EVD on New York State Socialist Party letterhead, 12/17/15. Says that he is writing to ask EVD to reconsider his decision not to serve as the Socialist Party's candidate for President in the upcoming election. Tells EVD that although he was initially against having EVD serve as the Socialist Party's candidate a 5th time that he now wants EVD to accept the nomination because his choice, Charles Edward Russell, has come to take an unacceptable position regarding the question of preparedness. Says that each of the remaining candidates "lack the chief qualifications to be the standard bearer of the party." Assures EVD that the 1916 campaign will be a failure unless there is someone leading the party who "not only has the confidence and good will of the membership, one who personifies all that is high and noble in our movement, but above all, one who can instill enthusiasm in our ranks and fire the hearts of the comrades with a renewed hope for the justice of our cause, the cause of International Socialism." Says that EVD is needed to fill this role. Remarks that if he accepts the nomination that the comrades in New York would be eternally grateful.

Sonnanstine, Dr. E. E.: Letter to EVD, 12/23/20. Asks that EVD remember when he told Sonnanstine that prison experiences are the best credentials for being a good socialist. Assures EVD that he still has good credentials. Writes that he would rather be in prison and have the respect of the people rather than be an dishonored President. Says that his love increases for EVD every day. Remarks that EVD's refusal to ask for a pardon will place his name up high in the halls of fame.

South, Mary: Letter from TD, 10/21/41. Sends condolences on the death of South's mother.
Letter to Marguerite Cooper Debs and Gertrude Debs, 4/17/45. Sends condolences on TD's death. Writes that she recognized what a grand person TD was because she had known him since she was a little girl.
Letter to TD and Gertrude Debs, n.d. Says that she is writing to let TD and Gertrude Debs know that she and her mother are thinking of them. Writes that she and her mother both know what kind of loss TD and Gertrude Debs suffered with the death of EVD. Remarks that she was sorry that Emily Debs Mailloux was not able to visit on her way back home because sometimes she and her mother get very lonely.

Southworth, Otis M.: Letter to TD, 10/12/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Spaan, H. N.: Letter to EVD on H. N. Spaan, Lawyer letterhead, 4/10/16. Says that he is positive that the current war will lead to a "tremendous" advance in socialist ideas once the soldiers in the trenches come to realize that the war is at their expense, physically, mentally, and financially. Writes that one of the great problems in the world is the ignorance of the masses who have been led astray by the false cry of patriotism in Germany, Russia, Italy, England, and France. Remarks that only when the laboring men of the world realize their strength will there be any change. Says that he wonders how long God will allow the world to go on like it is. Tells EVD that when the war is over the laboring men of the world will finally come to their senses. Informs EVD that what is happening in Germany to ration food is but one example of how socialism is coming into being. Writes that the day is coming when there will be more people on earth than supplies. Tells EVD that when this occurs a new method of distribution will be necessary. Says that he is writing EVD about all of this because he knows that EVD has spent his life fighting for these ideas. Remarks that he wants EVD to know that there are thousands of people who are not laborers but who are keenly aware of all of the injustice in the world.

Spargo, John: Letter from EVD, 7/12/12. Says that he is writing in response to the statement made by Spargo and Morris Hillquit in which declared that anyone who opposed them in the selection of J. Mahlon Barnes as campaign manager were not true socialists and the Socialist Party did not need them. Tells Spargo that he is sending him a letter from an old comrade who has organized over a dozen Socialist Party locals so that Spargo can write to him and tell him why the party does not want him anymore. Assures Spargo that there are a great many socialists in the Socialist Party who are against having J. Mahlon Barnes serve as the organization's campaign manager. Writes that he is going to giving his own statement on the matter. Says that he will make sure that those comrades who are responsible for the situation will have to face it. Tells Spargo that he will not bear the brunt of the scandal because it will be up to Spargo and Morris Hillquit to explain the organization's position on free love.
Letter from EVD, 7/12/12. Writes that he could not believe the letter Spargo sent on 7/9/12 was from the same man that recently invited him to his home since Spargo called him an "ally of human monsters" who turned innocent women into harlots and caused the death of an unfortunate comrade. Assures Spargo that if he knew that Spargo felt this way that he would never have darkened the doorstep of Spargo's house. Says that Spargo has outrivaled the most vulgar falsifier with his slanderous comments. Remarks that he remembers a time when Spargo said of him that his love had an immeasurable impact on the socialist movement. Writes that Spargo's letter was full of cheap heroics. Remarks that Spargo overlooked the fact that while he and his machine succeeded in electing J. Mahlon Barnes that he failed in defeating in EVD. Informs Spargo that he did not need Spargo's support during the nomination process because he had all of the support that he needed from the rank and file. Tells Spargo that while he does not harbor any malice towards his opposition that he feels that those socialists that opposed him were not completely fair and open with him as evidenced by Spargo's statement before the Socialist Party's convention that there was not much demand among the membership for EVD's nomination. Assures Spargo that he is right that the main issue in the Socialist Party is between "bossism and democracy." Informs Spargo that he never demanded J. Mahlon Barnes' resignation even though he thought that his election was unfortunate and could harm the Socialist Party. Says that he is surprised that his thoughts concerning J. Mahlon Barnes has outraged his sensibilities when Spargo was not the least bit perturbed when Mother Jones was branded a blackmailer and robber. Says that he could not let the women involved in the J. Mahlon Barnes affair to be maligned like they have.

Spence, J. K.: Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that EVD sacrificed himself for all mankind.

Spencer, Irving L.: Letter to EVD, 2/4/20. Says that although he fought in France during the war that he believed every word EVD said in the speech he gave for which he was arrested. Writes that by seeing war in all of its horror that he knows just how wrong it is. Remarks that he is now in a government hospital being treated for tuberculosis. Informs EVD that he is currently studying law and hopes to devote his life to the cause. Says that EVD's courageous act will be remembered long after the Woodrow Wilson administration passes into oblivion.
Letter to TD, 3/3/20. Says that he gives TD full permission to publish his letter to EVD if he so desires. Assures TD that he meant every word of what he said to EVD.

Sperry, Marvin Gates: Form letter titled "Compulsory Universal Military Training" on Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America letterhead, 2/13/20. Writes that the Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America is opposed to the idea of compulsory universal military training because it is both "vicious and un-American." Says that although the President of the American Legion supports compulsory military training the great bulk of American men and women do not. Remarks that the plan for compulsory military training will do nothing but promote war. Writes that if Congress decides to spend a billion dollars on compulsory military training then it should spend 3 billion dollars on promoting peace. Says that the United States of America should lead the rest of the world towards peace not war. Mentions that it is wrong of the American Legion to try to attach the widely popular demand for a $500 bonus for veterans into the bill for compulsory military training. Writes that no one wants the "Prussianized, universal, compulsory military training bill, and nobody wants to pay a dollar to support it."
Letter to the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America on Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America letterhead, 8/10/20. Says that although is often considered to represent the voice, spirit, and aspirations of all ex-servicemen that the leaders of the organization are wrong to assume that they represent the interests of all veterans. Remarks that the leaders of the American Legion have become so presumptuous that they claim to speak for both members and non-members of the organization. Asks that Congress reconsider the charter of the American Legion because of the "scandalous and disgraceful conduct of a small coterie of self-constituted, self-perpetuating officials."
Copy of letter to Harry Daugherty, 3/25/21. Writes that he would like to congratulate Daugherty on the courageous course he has taken regarding EVD. Says that no matter how much the "militarists, bourbons and reactionaries" complain Daugherty is right to want to free EVD and the rest of America's political prisoners.
Copy of letter to Warren G. Harding, 3/26/21. Writes that he is pleased by the liberal course that Warren Harding has taken in EVD's case. Says that he is sure that every just American would approve of Warren Harding's and Harry Daugherty's proposed action.
Copy of letter to Warren Harding on Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America letterhead, 7/30/21. Says that John G. Emery's letter to Harding regarding EVD's case should be rebuked. Assures Harding that John G. Emery does not represent the great mass of veterans when it comes to the issue of amnesty. Remarks that no one really believes that EVD would ever harm another human being. Writes that he has known EVD for 27 years when they were both locomotive firemen together. Tells Harding that while he is no socialist that he does not approve of the way that John G. Emery is trying to slander and persecute EVD. Mentions that John G. Emery's statement that the pardoning of EVD would be "interpreted as a license to disregard all law and order" is a statement of "such deplorable and incendiary character that it may very easily become the incitation to even more widespread and dangerous violence." Informs Harding that the American Legion's charter should be repealed.
Letter to EVD on Private Soldier and Sailors Legion letterhead, 8/2/21. Writes that he is sending EVD a copy of the letter that he sent Warren Harding regarding his case. Informs EVD that he is trying to do his best to get EVD released from prison.
Copy of letter to Warren Harding, 8/4/21. Says that he is writing Harding to challenge the remarks made by Edward S. Betteheim, Jr. of the Veterans of Foreign Wars regarding John G. Emery's position on EVD's case. Tells Harding that the 48 state department heads of the American Legion consulted in the matter regarding the Legion's position in EVD's case are not a representative cross section of the 4.5 million soldiers who served in the war. Writes that Bettelheim knew this when he stated that a majority of ex-servicemen are against EVD's release but made the statement just to deceive Harding and the American people. Assures Harding that a majority of veterans would have only good will towards him if he pardoned EVD and the rest of the political prisoners.
Copy of letter to Harry Daugherty, 8/6/21. Writes that he is glad to know that Daugherty is enforcing the statute of 1873 that prohibits ex-Presidents from prosecuting claims which arose during their Presidencies. Says that former government leaders' ability to prosecute huge claims against the government is a national scandal and a disgrace.
Letter to Warren Harding on Private Soldiers and Sailors League of the United States of America letterhead, 8/6/21. Contains same text as letter to Warren Harding dated 7/30/21.
Letter to EVD on Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America letterhead, 8/15/21. Writes that he was pleased to hear from EVD through TD. Assures EVD that he is glad that his letters and documents have cheered him up. Asks that EVD be of good cheer because his day of freedom is nearing. Remarks that the American Legion will be too busy defending themselves that they will not be bothering EVD for a while.
Letter to Harry Daugherty on Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America letterhead, 8/15/21. Says that he noted in Alvin M. Owsley's address that he opposes the pardoning of EVD and the other political prisoners because it is the unanimous opinion of veterans that EVD be kept in prison. Writes that as the president of the Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion that Alvin M. Owsley misrepresented the views of ex-servicemen when he made this statement. Assures Daugherty that there are many veterans who consider EVD to be an "honest, kind-hearted man, who all his life has been striving earnestly and whole-heartedly in peaceful ways for the welfare of his fellow-man." Mentions that he is sure that EVD's release from prison would be approved heartily by American citizens. Writes that Alvin M. Owsley's major claim to fame is breaking up women's political meetings by "mob methods."
Copy of letter from Harry Daugherty, 8/16/21. Says that he is glad to know that the Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America are supporters of EVD's release from prison.
Copy of letter to Warren Harding, 8/27/21. Says that he is writing under direction of the National Executive Committee of the Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America to ask for early amnesty for EVD and America's other political prisoners.
Copy of letter to Warren Harding, 9/24/21. Writes that he has been directed by the National Executive Committee of the Private Soldiers and Sailors Legion of the United States of America to submit a petition asking that Harding grant general amnesty to all political prisoners still in prison. Includes a copy of the CONGRESSIONAL RECORD dated 8/15/21 with Sperry's petition to Congress demanding that the charter of the American Legion be revoked in it.

Spicker, Samuel: Letter to TD, 4/4/20. Says that when he heard EVD speak in that he became a socialist and joined the Socialist Party. Asks that TD get him a letter signed by EVD. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison.

Sprague, Frank L.: Letter to EVD on Pennsylvania System Telegram letterhead, 12/25/20. Tells EVD that he is a telegraph operator employed on the Pennsylvania line and thought that he would write EVD while working on Christmas day. Expresses the hope that EVD has a happy holidays. Includes a poem titled "The Heart-Throb of Judea."

Spry, William: Letter from EVD, 8/20/15. Says that he is writing on behalf of Joe Hill. Informs Spry that from what he knows about Joe Hill's case that there is "more than a reasonable doubt as to the guilt of this unfortunate brother" because he was "convicted on circumstantial evidence, denied the right to choose his own counsel, while at the same time there was unquestionably a strong prejudice against him on account of his activity in the labor movement." Assures Spry that the crime of murder is unthinkable to Joe Hill. Asks that Spry grant Joe Hill executive clemency.

Squires, Mother: Untitled poem to EVD, n.d.

Stake, Carl and Mary: Photocopy of postcard from EVD, postmarked 5/7/16. Says that he is sending his greetings to Carl and Mary Stake from the Pacific coast.
Photocopy of letter from EVD on Hotel Lockwood, Crystal Falls, Michigan letterhead, 6/24/16. Writes that while he will in Michigan for a few days that he will be unable to make it to Bay City, Michigan to visit. Informs Carl and Mary Stake that he will be speaking in Norway, Michigan on 6/23/16, Crystal Falls, Michigan on 6/24/16, Negaunee, Michigan on 6/25/16, Muskegon, Michigan on 6/27/16, and Lansing, Michigan on 6/28/16. Remarks that from Lansing, Michigan he will be speaking at meetings in Ohio and Pennsylvania. Expresses the hope that in the near future that he will be able see Carl and Mary Stake again. Assures Carl and Mary that Mr. and Mrs. Stake were in the best of health when he left Terre Haute, Indiana on his tour.

Stallard, H. H.: Letter to EVD, 5/7/18. Writes that he saw EVD speak in Ohio. Says that EVD's speech did him a lot of good. Informs EVD that he is afraid that EVD is going to make a mistake if he continues lecturing as much as he is unless he has a "big stout fellow" protecting him. Remarks that he thinks that EVD and the Socialist Party should reconsider its position regarding the war. Includes a copy of an article Stallard wrote titled "Repeal the War Program" saying that Socialist Party's position regarding the war is wrong not only because socialists have always prided themselves on being law-abiding citizens but also because it is injuring the cause.

Stalley, W. A.: Letter to EVD on James-Heddon's Sons letterhead, 3/18/18. Says that it was with "profound sorrow and indignation" that he read about the "foul conviction" of Kate Richards O'Hare. Writes that he is enclosing for EVD money for a one year's subscription to the SOCIAL REVOLUTION and a donation to Kate Richards O'Hare defense fund. Assures EVD that the "ruling class--the damned skunks of society" will pay for Kate Richards O'Hare's conviction. Remarks that the imprisonment of Kate Richards O'Hare appears "as if the slave holders of the world have fired on Fort Sumter, and just as truly as the chattel slavers of the 60's, when firing the first shot at Fort Sumter of those days, dug their own graves, so the wage slavers of today are digging theirs."

Stamm, Cora: Letter to EVD, 9/22/21. Says that she is writing EVD to let him know that she is still alive and on firing line. Remarks that her 2 boys have been out of work for 6 months. Tells EVD that she often thinks of the words he told her after she presented him with roses at a meeting in Youngstown, Ohio. Assures EVD that her heart keeps tune to the "Marseilles." Expresses the hope that all political prisoners are released.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Asks that TD thank Stamm for her "noble" letter. Writes that he has not forgotten Stamm or her family. Says that Stamm and her family are "true warriors in the cause."

Standifer, W. H.: Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Stanton, Tom and Clara: Letter to TD, 10/25/26. Writes that TD's message was delivered to Joe Finn. Says that W. E. Burns lives on Park Avenue in Chicago, Illinois. Mentions that he found a letter from George Mawman waiting for him when he returned to Chicago, Illinois.
Letter to Gertrude Debs, 4/14/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.

Stark, C. W.: Letter to EVD on Georgian Hotel, Seattle, Washington letterhead, 8/2/20. Says that EVD is providing a "glittering" example for all through his noble deeds. Informs EVD that he spent time in prison in 1905 while still in Russia. Writes that it saddens him to think that here in "free America" the powers that be would "torture such a noble soul" as EVD. Assures EVD that the seeds that he has sowed are beginning to sprout. Remarks that EVD will live to see the harvest just like the "great 'Babushka'" did in Russia in 1917.

Starkey, Julia SEE Barratt, Lillian S.

Starks, S. Margaret: Letter to EVD, 11/2/20. Writes that her mother and father went to the polls today and voted for EVD. Says that she wished that she was 9 years older so that she could vote for EVD, too. Assures EVD that it would be a wonderful victory for freedom if the American people elected him President. Tells EVD that she has a picture of him in prison that she cut out of the pages of the LIBERATOR. Says that she often wonders if EVD is happier in his prison cell than Woodrow Wilson is occupying the White House because EVD has a clear conscience while Woodrow Wilson does not. Writes that she is anxiously awaiting to hear the election returns. Assures EVD that once the majority of children are no longer "misled by capitalistic propaganda in the schools, or misinformed by a lying press" that they will come to love EVD as much as she does now.

Stavenow, Edward: Letter to EVD, 10/31/21. Writes that he met EVD in Chicago, Illinois in 1886. Says that he has been fighting for the same ideals as EVD ever since. Informs EVD that if he became an evangelist after getting out of prison and started saying that socialists were the true followers of Jesus Christ that he would be able to bring about many of the changes that he wants.

Stedman, Irene: Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/14/05. Says that she is writing to send her greetings from Los Angeles, California.

Stedman, Seymour: Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, postmarked 7/2/08. Says that he is writing to send his greetings from Milwaukee, Wisconsin.
Letter from EVD, 7/12/12. Says that last Monday when he asked Stedman about the charges that had been filed against J. Mahlon Barnes he said the charges were untrue. Informs Stedman that among these charges was one claiming that J. Mahlon Barnes impregnated a woman and had a child with her. Asks that Stedman tell him if this charge is true or untrue. Writes that he needs this information to prevent a possible injustice from being done. Remarks that he could use a denial to the charge to the best advantage.
Letter to EVD on Stedman and Soelke, Lawyers letterhead, 7/22/12. Informs EVD that the charge that J. Mahlon Barnes was "intimate" with Jean Keep and had a child is true. Says that the charge that Jean Keep was employed by the Socialist Party under an alias is also true. Remarks that the charges that Jean Keep was drugged, that she did not know that J. Mahlon Barnes was not married, or that her books of accounting were not right were untrue. Tells EVD that since Theodore Roosevelt will be leading the third party that he thinks that William Howard Taft will win the Presidency.
Letter from TD, 2/29/16. Writes that he is glad that Stedman has taken some time out of his busy schedule to help the inmates at the Cook County Jail in Joliet, Illinois. Says that he has no problem with Stedman forwarding Stuart's letter to the Governor of Illinois as long as he gets the letter back. Remarks that while he would normally not allow the letter to be forwarded that the desperation of the situation warrants it.
Letter from Thomas M. Kilbride on State of Illinois Board of Pardons letterhead, 5/1/16. Tells Stedman that Herbert Rahn and Albert Bergman have both been ordered paroled.
Letter from Thomas M. Kilbride on State of Illinois Board of Pardons letterhead, 5/1/16. Tells TD that Herbert Rahn and Albert Bergman have been ordered paroled. Includes a note from TD to Stedman saying that Stedman's efforts have born fruit. Assures Stedman that Herbert Rahn and Albert Bergman will be eternally grateful to him for his involvement in their cases.
Letter to TD on Stedman and Soelke, Lawyers letterhead, 5/4/16. Informs TD that he also heard from Thomas M. Kilbride.
Letter to EVD on Stedman and Soelke, Lawyers letterhead, 11/20/18. Writes that he is sending EVD a copy of a letter he wrote to D. C. Westenhaver. Includes a copy of a letter to D. C. Westenhaver saying that he would like the territorial restriction placed on EVD modified now that an armistice has been signed. Says that condition set forth in EVD's bond no longer serve a war purpose now that the war is over.
Letter from D. C. Westenhaver on District Court of the United States letterhead, 11/21/18. Says that he looks unfavorably upon Stedman's request to modify the restrictions placed on EVD's bond.
Letter from Abraham Lillienthal on Forscher and Lillienthal, Attorneys at Law letterhead, 11/29/19. Says that now that the emergency situation created by the war is over that he would like to know what the chances would be to secure EVD's release on a writ of habeas corpus. Remarks that he is asking Stedman this question because he represented EVD before the United States Supreme Court. Informs Stedman that EVD should get released because he was convicted under the Espionage Act, a war measure that he thinks becomes unconstitutional in times of peace. Writes that he is encouraged in this matter by the view that Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. and Louis Brandeis have taken in the case Abrams vs. The United States, decided 11/10/19.
Copy of letter to Abraham Lillienthal, 12/20/19. Informs Lillienthal that the only way that he could see a writ of habeas corpus applying to EVD's situation is in regard to the "improper" removal of EVD from Moundsville, West Virginia to Atlanta, Georgia. Says that he thought about pursuing the matter at the time EVD's transfer took place but that the Department of Justice would have just rationalized the move as a precautionary measure since there were several people advocating the use of physical force in attaining the release of EVD. Tells Lillienthal that he received inside information that EVD will be released as soon as a peace treaty is ratified by Congress. Writes that EVD's prison sentence cannot be abrogated since the law under which he was convicted was legal at the time of his arrest. Remarks that because of this Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr.'s opinion will not be much help to getting political prisoners released.
Letter to TD on Stedman, Soelke, and Johnson Law Offices letterhead, 12/20/19. Says that he has heard that EVD will be released once the peace treaty is signed. Writes that he is sending TD a letter he received from Abraham Lillienthal. Remarks that TD might consider writing Abraham Lillienthal and thank him for his letter.
Letter to EVD on Stedman, Soelke, and Johnson Law Offices letterhead, 9/29/20. Writes that he spent 12 days of his speaking tour in Oklahoma and then went on to the coast. Says that at every stop he was asked when EVD was to be released from prison. Remarks that even though the Socialist Party is viciously criticized by the press and the American Legion wherever he goes that the socialist movement has not been affected. Informs EVD that there are a great many socialists who are looking tactically towards the Russian example rather than the political tactics of the Socialist Party. Assures EVD that the ousting of the socialist representatives from the New York Assembly and the general repression of socialist political activity in America should be enough to demonstrate to those people who regard "political action as inconsequential" that the political work of the Socialist Party has an "uncompromising purpose" that rouses a "fever heat of opposition." Says that he is doing the best he can without EVD in the campaign. Remarks that the government does not know what to do with EVD since it looks as though the may be on the brink of a depression. Tells EVD that the opportunities for the Socialist Party in the next 2 to 4 years will surpass those available to the Socialist Party ever before. Expresses the hope that EVD is enjoying the best of health. Tells EVD that he has been treating TD like he did Terry McGovern.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 10/4/20. Asks that TD tell Stedman that he was pleased with his letter because it reminded him of the old days. Also asks that TD tell him that he has heard about Stedman's "wonderful" meetings and applauds his efforts. Says that he agrees with Stedman's outlook of the future. Remarks that this outlook is reason enough for the Socialist Party put forth its best effort in the cause. Tells TD that Terry McGovern took him to the only prize fight that he ever saw. Writes that in that fight Terry McGovern beat George Dixon. Mentions that the fight almost made him faint.
Letter to EVD, 12/27/20. Writes that he read on Christmas Eve that EVD was not going to be pardoned. Says that the news made him anything but merry. Assures EVD that if Jesus Christ appeared on earth that he would be put in prison, too.
Letter to TD on Stedman and Feinstein, Attorneys at Law letterhead, 2/23/34. Writes that he was shocked to hear about the death of Frank Roderus and the circumstances under which he died. Tells TD that Frank Roderus had a full, rich life. Says that he sympathizes with Frank Roderus' wife.
Letter to TD on Seymour Stedman, Attorney at Law letterhead, 5/12/39.
Tells TD that Ovum Tapper is a lawyer working for the Water Office Collection Department in Chicago, Illinois. Says that his brother speaks well of Ovum Tapper. Remarks that Ovum Tapper is not a communist. Writes that C. Van Woodward comes very highly recommended as a biographer of EVD's life. Tells TD that his health is in such a state that he needs to go to Battle Creek, Michigan to build it up. Says that he thinks that Ovum Tapper's biography of EVD's life would be of a much more intimate than the one proposed by C. Van Woodward.
Letter to TD, 1/9/44. Writes that he was glad to receive TD's Christmas card because he had heard that TD died. Says that his health has not been good over the past few months. Remarks that he keeps himself apprised of all foreign and domestic war news.
Letter to TD, 3/16/44. Tells TD that he has been recalling some old times. Mentions that he will never forget when Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper came for a visit and Marguerite Debs Cooper saw women smoke for the first time. Says that although penicilen looks like a promising "elixer of life" its medicinal qualities have been discovered too late to help him. Remarks that he fells as though he is near death. Asks that TD tell "Roddy" that he is pulling for her. Mentions that he has had contact with Marie Nagh Grossland, Fred Warren, Fred Strickland, and John Lloyd. Informs TD that Art Young died at the end of 1943.
Letter from TD, 4/23/44. Says that he remembers well the story Stedman told about Marguerite Debs Cooper. Tells Stedman that neither Gertrude Debs nor Marguerite Debs Cooper smoke. Writes that he has not smoked in 4 years. Says that at one time he smoked "as many as 20 cigars in a day." Remarks that he remembers when Marguerite Debs Cooper embarrassed him by giving away the fact that EVD was around when he was trying to tell a perfect stranger that he was not. Says that while penicillin will not help his generation that it will help future generations, even if it has no other virtues than curing venereal diseases. Tells Stedman that he does not think that W. P. Borland had been able to write since his stroke. Mentions that he was very sorry to hear about the death of Art Young. Assures Stedman that world will miss Art Young's humor and cartoons. Says that he received an announcement saying that James Maurer had died. Tells Stedman that the "loss of a single friend--I don't mean just an acquaintance--but friends, friends that know you and have stood and withstood the test of time; who stood by, not aside, in every hour of need--becomes more and more painful as we grow older and as friends become fewer with each passing year." Writes that to the end he is sure that neither he nor Stedman will raise the white flag.
Letter to TD, 10/27/44. Writes that Irene Stedman has just finished reading him McAlister Coleman's book about EVD. Says that he was generally pleased by the volume. Remarks that he could add a great deal to the part that TD played in the movement. Asks that TD tell him if he remembers Jesse Cox and the "Manhatten Cocktails" he used to make. Mentions that he has had a small stroke.
Incomplete letter from TD, 12/19/44. Writes that he received a letter from Jane Borland saying that W. P. Borland has been confined to his bed since last July.

Steffens, Lincoln: Copy of letter to EVD on EVERYBODY'S MAGAZINE letterhead, 8/1/08. Says that he finished writing up his interview with EVD last night. Writes that EVD will be getting a copy of it in the next few days to look over. Remarks that William Ghent, Morris Hillquit, and Robert Hunter all liked the article as it stands. Tells EVD that the article must go to print by 8/5/08. Asks that EVD make as few as changes as possible. Assures EVD that he has profited greatly by his meeting with EVD.
Copy of letter from EVD on APPEAL TO REASON letterhead, 8/12/08. Assures Steffens that he told the editor of EVERYBODY'S MAGAZINE that the article was "magnificent." Remarks that he wished that some things were different in the article. Informs Steffens that he never made the statement that he expects to do a foolish thing at a critical time when it could have disastrous repercussions. Tells Steffens that he wanted Steffens to leave out the part where he and Victor Berger disagreed over the best way to compensate the capitalist classes once their wealth had been confiscated by the working classes. Says that he appreciated the difficulties Steffens went through to write the article. Remarks that the reason why he agreed to do the interview was to help people understand the cause which he stands for. Assures Steffens that his article will do just that.
Letter to EVD on Boston Yacht Club letterhead, 8/13/08. Says that his article's purpose is no to address socialists, but the people who know nothing about socialism. Writes that neither Fred Warren nor even EVD should have any say about it. Assures EVD that he did not present him the way that he did in his article because he liked EVD but because he was being "fair." Tells EVD that he only used Victor Berger's remarks in the article to demonstrate the differences that existed between socialists and to bring out EVD's character more. Informs EVD that Morris Hillquit, William Ghent, William English Walling, and Leroy Scott all thought the comparison between EVD and Victor Berger added both clarity and attractiveness to the article. Says that if Fred Warren is not able to see that then his "judgment is worthless." Remarks that if anyone had a right to be upset about the article it was Victor Berger. Asks that EVD take the matter up with Fred Warren and straighten it out. Mentions that he appreciated all of the help he received from TD.
Transcript of letter to EVD, 8/13/08. Contains same text as other letter dated 8/13/08.
Letter to J. E. Dyche, 12/22/21. Writes that he appreciated Dyche's hospitality the day he came to visit EVD at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Says that the day after his meeting with EVD he met with the President who told him what he intended to do in EVD's case. Assures Dyche that he is glad that Warren Harding followed through.

Steffes, John G.: Letter to EVD, 5/6/18. Writes that he and his wife are both 70 years old and in failing health. Says that he has accumulated property worth $15,000. Tells EVD that he would like to will this property to the Socialist Party. Remarks that he thinks that it is best to transfer the property to the Socialist Party while he is still in sound mind so that there is less likelihood of his will being contested after he dies. Informs EVD that the property is the same one that used to be serve as the home of the Ruskin Colony. Says that he would like to give the land to be used for a new Socialist Party headquarters, an industrial school for the Rand School, or for some other like purpose.

Stein, Morris C.: Letter to EVD, 11/15/20. Says that he is writing to send greetings to EVD on behalf of the Young People's Socialist League of Detroit, Michigan. Writes that the Detroit, Michigan chapter of the Young People's Socialist League was founded by several students who were pushing the socialist ticket in the mock election that was held at their school. Informs EVD that in the election the socialist candidate beat out the democratic candidate by a margin of 2 to 1. Tells EVD that the Young People's Socialist League of Detroit, Michigan now has 28 members. Says that the chapter has decided to name itself after EVD.

Stephan, Louise Caroline Debs: Photocopy of letter to Emily Debs Mailloux and C. Odilon Mailloux in French, 3/23/1884. Says that Jean Daniel Debs wrote her that he is happy that Emily Debs Mailloux married someone so distinguished as C. Odilon Mailloux. Expresses the hope that Emily Debs Mailloux and C. Odilon Mailloux will always be happy. Asks that Emily Debs Mailloux and C. Odilon Mailloux receive Auguste Waldner when he arrives in New York City, New York. Mentions that his final destination is Terre Haute, Indiana.

Stephens, Madge Patton: Photocopy of letter from EVD, 5/7/19. Writes that Stephens has been unflinching in her devotion in these trying times. Says that Mabel Dunlap Curry has been telling him about Stephens' fidelity and wanted to thank her for it. Assures Stephens that she was too kind to treat TD for free.
Telegram to TD, 5/13/20. Says that EVD has been nominated by Indiana. Remarks that the nomination resulted in an hour and a half of applause.
Letter to EVD on Dr. Madge Patton Stephens, Nervous and Chronic Diseases letterhead, 9/26/20. Says that she is having 10,000 campaign leaflets printed to put up around Terre Haute, Indiana. Remarks that the leaflets are aimed towards female voters. Mentions that a Mrs. Blatch has written a pamphlet for distribution. Remarks that she is finding it difficult to get speakers. Mentions that Winnie Branstetter will be speaking in Terre Haute, Indiana on 10/12/20. Writes that she is planning on going on a speaking tour through Indiana unless her mother-in-law's health worsens. Tells EVD that a $1.00 campaign donation she received from a "wash woman" was worth more than $5,000 of Woodrow Wilson's campaign fund. Says that even though the League of Nations is covering over the fact that there are thousands of starving children in the world that the voters are too blind to see it. Mentions that she took some guests from New York City, New York over to see Katherine Debs. Asks that EVD write a message about a Mr. Denning so that she can deliver it to Mrs. Denning.
Letter to EVD, 9/22/21. Writes that while she is in San Francisco, California she has been staying with a female doctor who is one of the "greatest revolutionists" that she ever met. Says that before this doctor went to medical school in Switzerland that she studied piano with Franz Liszt. Writes that since becoming a doctor that this woman has spent time helping the starving people of Africa, India, and Russia. Mentions that she saw EVD in a vision tonight while her doctor friend played the prelude to Parsifal on the piano. Informs EVD that the use of electrons in the medical profession is the wave of the future to cure ailments like syphilis, tuberculosis, sarcoma, and carcinoma. Tells EVD that he met George Sterling the other day and told him that she has not yet seen a poem by him about EVD. Remarks that the next day he gave her a poem about EVD. Mentions that Dr. Ethel Lynn is working for the single taxers as a state organizer. Remarks that Upton Sinclair's book LIFE will be out next month. Mentions that Upton Sinclair is interested in studying medicine. Says that she heard from Guy Bogart today. Remarks that Guy Bogart is heavily interested in the occult right now. Writes that Guy Bogart says that Linn A. E. Gale is on Governor's Island spending his time in prison caring for the prison library. Says that Guy Bogart thinks that Linn A. E. Gale will soon be released. Tells EVD that Cameron King says that the Socialist Party of California is at a low ebb because of all the strikes. Expresses the hope that Warren Harding releases EVD soon.

Stephenson, Cora Bennet: Letter to TD, 6/28/10. Writes that she wanted to thank TD for the article he sent her on Theodore Roosevelt. Says that she wanted it to read to a cousin who has come of voting age. Remarks that in sending her the perfect article she thinks that TD is much like EVD in knowing what his friends need. Says that although she did not understand Walt Whitman when she read his work 8 years ago except subconsciously.

Stephenson, O. B.: Letter to EVD on Affiliated Lyceum Bureaus of America letterhead, 2/12/17. Says that he was visiting with George Bicknell yesterday and they discussed the possibility of having EVD work for the Affiliated Lyceum Bureaus of America in 1918. Remarks that George Bicknell is positive that he could get EVD some good bookings. Asks that EVD consider speaking under the auspices of the Affiliated Lyceum Bureaus of America during the last week of July. Says that EVD would be paid $150.00 for his services.
Letter to EVD on Affiliated Lyceum Bureaus of America letterhead, 3/26/17. Writes that EVD was inadvertently booked to speak in St. Peter, Minneapolis on 7/4/18. Asks that EVD consider speaking on this date.

Sternberg, Elsie E.: Letter to EVD, 4/2/21. Says that she is writing to let EVD know that she loves him. Remarks that she is 10 years old and belongs to the Young People's Socialist League. Expresses the hope that EVD gets out of prison. Mentions that his sister has written to EVD. Writes that she has kissed the photos of EVD that are in her house because she loves him. Includes a note from EVD to TD asking that TD save Sternberg's letter.

Sternberg, Freda: Letter to EVD, 12/8/20. Says that EVD from must receive many letters from children. Tells EVD that she is 12 years old and that her brother belongs to the Young People's Socialist League. Remarks that she wished that there was a junior Young People's Socialist League in Newark, New Jersey so that she could join it. Writes that Walter Gabriel visited her family last week and he told them of his prison experiences. Informs EVD that Walter Gabriel is a "very nice man." Mentions that she is going to the Young People's Socialist League's meetings every Thursday for the next few weeks to hear lectures of scientific socialism. Remarks that her mother and sister went to hear Kate Richards O'Hare speak recently.

Stevens, A. J.: Letter to EVD on Dr. A. J. Steven, Dentist letterhead, 11/10/21. Says that he has not forgotten EVD. Assures EVD that he longs for his release. Tells EVD that environment does not make the man but that man makes his environment. Writes that the psychic must be fully understood before the economic in the evolutionary movement of humanity.

Stevens, Hattie.: Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 9/24/08. Says that she is in Scotland, the land of Robert Burns. Remarks that she will be returning around 12/10/08.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/28/08. Says that she is writing Marguerite Debs Cooper from the home of Christopher Columbus. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that Italy is beautiful.
Photocopy of postcard to Gertrude Debs, 11/4/08. Says that she is enjoying herself in Rome, Italy. Remarks that today she went to the Palatine Hill. Tells Gertrude Debs that after Rome, Italy she will be going to Naples, Florence, Venice, Milan and then to Paris, France, Brussels and Antwerp, Belgium, and, finally, London and Liverpool, England.
Telegram to TD, signed by Hattie Stevens and Hubert Stevens, 10/20/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Stevenson, Frederick Boyd: Letter to EVD on BROOKLYN DAILY EAGLE letterhead, 11/11/12. Says that he is writing to congratulate EVD on the "great vote" he polled. Remarks that he enjoyed the evening that he spent with EVD. Writes that he is sending EVD a copy of the story that he wrote about him.

Stewart, B.: Letter to EVD, 5/27/21. Letter to EVD, 3/24/21. Writes that he saw in the "Jingo" press that EVD took a trip to Washington. Says that he imagines that the courts will want EVD to keep silent if he is released. Remarks that EVD will have no blot on his name when he dies.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 3/27/21. Says that Stewart's letter represents a "typical proletiarian salute of faith and love." Asks that TD save Stewart's letter.

Stewart, J. F.: Letter to EVD, 6/17/26. Says that it has been several months since he saw EVD in Tacoma, Washington. Remarks that while attending a meeting at which Kate Richards O'Hare recently spoke that he found out that George Brewer and Grace Brewer are now living in Tacoma, Washington. Writes that he has been in Springdale, Arkansas since his mother died. Says that he found his mother's Socialist Party membership card today. Mentions that this was the only organization that she ever belonged. Writes that his mother heard EVD speak back in 1908 in Fort Smith, Arkansas.

Stewart, S. V.: Letter to EVD on Executive Office, Helena, Montana letterhead, 7/13/14. Says that he received EVD's letter regarding the case of Thomas J. Riley. Tells EVD that after looking into the matter that he does not think that Thomas J. Riley should be discharged from prison. Writes that the reason that he is against granting clemency to Thomas J. Riley is that Riley's letters to him and his predecessor are filled with the a "spirit of vengeance." Says that he is afraid that if he released Thomas J. Riley that he would take the law into his own hands and kill someone else.
Copy of letter from EVD, 7/20/14. Says that although he is disappointed by Stewart's response that he appreciated the fairness with which he dealt with the matter. Writes that he is not surprised that Thomas J. Riley has a vindictive spirit because he has suffered much in his life. Expresses the hope that one day soon that Stewart will see his way clear to release Thomas. J. Riley from prison.

Stille, Samuel H.: Letter to EVD on Samuel H. Stille, Advocate of Political, Industrial, and Religious Evolution letterhead, 6/1/26. Tells EVD that he promises to pay him $200 at 6% interest in six months.
Letter to EVD on Samuel H. Stille, Political, Industrial, and Religious Evolution letterhead, 6/4/26. Says that he received EVD's check and has put it to good use. Writes that he has bought a set of carpenter tools to pay off all of his debts. Remarks that he is staying at a camp of New York millionaires. Tells EVD that he wants to work out a plan for the Socialist Party with him. Says that if he continued to work at the rate he was that he would be in an asylum by now. Writes that he is glad that TD is in good health.
Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Says that EVD now belongs to the ages.
Letter to TD on S. H. Stille, Writer and Lecturer letterhead, 11/3/26. Says that he is writing TD with a heavy heart. Writes that he was hoping that after both he and EVD recovered their health that they could go around speaking at banquets. Remarks that with EVD's death this has all become impossible. Tells TD that with EVD gone the inspiration has gone out of his life. Writes that EVD never thought of himself. Says that EVD's ideas mingled with those of Victor Hugo, Leo Tolstoy, Voltaire, Thomas Paine, Robert Ingersoll, and John Brown.

Stilliturro, Frank: SEE Augusto, Allie.

Stockton, Marjory and Constance: Letter from Marjory Stockton to EVD, 10/6/20. Writes that she is a "little mountain girl" of 9 years. Says that she and her sisters are sending EVD some nuts that they picked for him. Tells EVD that her mother, father, and grandma all voted for him. Expresses the hope that EVD will soon be released from prison.
Letter from Constance Stockton to EVD, 10/6/20. Says that she has read a great deal about EVD. Writes that she will be "very, very glad" when EVD is released from prison. Remarks that she is 12 years old.
Note from EVD to TD on envelope postmarked 10/7/20. Asks that TD tell Majory and Constance Stockton that their letters touched his heart. Says that he is proud to have such loyal little comrades.

Stohlberg, Gustave: Letter to EVD, 4/15/19. Writes that he is sending EVD an article to look over. Says that he has sent a copy of his article to the APPEAL TO REASON. Includes a copy of an article to the APPEAL TO REASON saying that he used to get subscriptions for the APPEAL TO REASON before the paper became a traitor to the working classes. Writes that he cannot believe the fact that during the war the APPEAL TO REASON labeled EVD a traitor and now is sending petitions to Woodrow Wilson to get him released. Remarks that he is sure that EVD would rather be hanged than have the APPEAL TO REASON thank for his release.

Stokes, Albert: Copy of letter from TD, 11/27/26. Says that he cannot believe the way that Stokes asked him to co-sign a loan when he was unemployed and is now ignoring him and the representatives from the McKeen National Bank. Writes that he did not know that Stokes lost "all sense of decency, self-respect and manhood" when he lost his job. Asks that Stokes contact him the next few days.

Stokes, Rose Pastor SEE ALSO Larkin, Jim.

Stokes, Rose Pastor: Photocopy of letter to EVD on Caritas Island letterhead, 7/22/16. Writes that she appreciated the words of greetings EVD sent on 7/16/16. Remarks that it is easy to forget a birthday in these troubling times. Says that in this period of warfare that it might be best to remember the struggle of the people.
Letter to EVD, 4/3019. Says that she has been wanting to write EVD since he first went to prison. Tells EVD that she is sure that everything is well with him. Writes that she knows that EVD's spirit is free even though his body is behind bars. Remarks that she wrote to Emma Goldman yesterday who is in the State Penitentiary of Missouri. Says that although she disagrees with Emma Goldman that she still considers Emma Goldman "one of the most courageous spirits in the ranks of the struggling workers." Remarks that her case goes before the circuit court on 5/12/19 and does not expect a favorable decision. Assures EVD that she is glad that there is a growing class consciousness among America's working classes. Says that the future belongs to socialism. Tells EVD that a young comrade offered her savings so that she could go and visit EVD in Moundsville, West Virginia. Informs EVD that she will never forget this comrade's act of devotion. Writes that she has become involved with the People's Playhouse which is about to give its first performance of three proletarian plays. Mentions that she is the People's Playhouse's dramatic director and also wrote one of the plays.
Letter to TD, 3/22/20. Says that she is writing to thank TD for the clippings that he sent regarding the reversal of her case. Tells TD that her case has little significance because there are much stronger cases being made against the "real radicals." Remarks that she would not have minded going to prison for her principles. Assures TD that no one should become deceived or fall into a state of passivity because of the outcome of her case.

Stone, Irving: Copy of letter to Florence Crawford, 2/11/41. Says that he is becoming more and more interested in the life of EVD. Remarks that EVD is beginning to emerge as one of American history's really important figures. Tells Crawford that he is leaving for New York City, New York with the completed manuscript of CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE later in the week. Mentions that after spending a couple of months in New York City, New York that he plans coming to Terre Haute, Indiana to investigate the possibilities of writing a biography of EVD's life. Says that while he is in Terre Haute, Indiana that he plans on visiting with TD, Oscar Bauer, and J. R. Shannon. Asks that Crawford tell him the names of EVD's closest friends. Informs Crawford that he would be glad to give a lecture at the library while he is in Terre Haute, Indiana.
Letter to TD on Research Institute of America, Inc. letterhead, 9/5/44. Informs TD that he is the author of LUST OF LIFE, SAILOR ON HORSEBACK, CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE, and THEY ALSO RAN. Says that he is taking the liberty of sending TD autographed copies of CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE and THEY ALSO RAN. Assures TD that he always thought of EVD as one of the greatest men the United States ever produced. Remarks that his new book is called IMMORTAL WIFE and is the story of Jessie Benton Fremont. Writes that he will bring TD a copy of it when he is in Terre Haute, Indiana on 10/1/44. Assures TD that he is not the same I. Stone that Algernon Lee wrote him about. Informs TD that it has been his ambition for several years to wrote a book about EVD that does full justice to not only EVD but TD as well. Writes that his books have always been well received and even distributed by the Literary Club, the Book League of America, and the Heritage Club. Asks that TD allow him to come for a visit. Remarks that he thinks that the time has come to write a book worthy of EVD. Mentions that McAlister Coleman's book on EVD only represents a beginning.
Letter to TD on Research Institute of America, Inc. letterhead, 9/8/44. Tells TD that he sent him a copy of LUST FOR LIFE yesterday and is sending him copies of CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE and THEY ALSO RAN today. Mentions that chapter 2 of his book on Clarence Darrow discusses EVD.
Copy of letter from TD, 9/12/44. Writes that he has been ill for the past several years. Says that he read Stone's letter of 9/5/44 with great interest. Tells Stone that he will gladly give him all the information that he needs to write a biography of EVD's life. Remarks that he read CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE when it first came out. Mentions that he will expect to see Stone around 10/1/44.
Letter to TD on Research Institute of America, Inc. letterhead, 9/15/44. Writes that TD's letter made him very happy. Informs TD that the book he wants to write about EVD will be a labor of love. Tells TD that he has been a socialist since he was 8 years old. Says that TD should have someone read to him LUST OF LIFE because it gives an indication of his feelings towards TD. Tells TD that he has hired a special research assistant to look over the materials on EVD at the Rand School. Remarks that he has also been collecting EVD's pamphlets and speeches. Writes that he has interviewed or is planning to interview William Feigenbaum, Julius Gerber, Norman Thomas, Magistrate Charles Solomon, Judge Jacob Panken, Harry Laidler, Vera Hillquit, Sam DeWitt, Joe Coldwell, and James Oneal. Assures TD that he is looking forward to coming to Terre Haute, Indiana so that TD can tell him all about his life with EVD. Tells TD that he has so much research to do in New York City, New York that he probably will not make it to Terre Haute, Indiana until 10/18/44.
Copy of letter from TD, 9/22/44. Says that Stone's appraisal of EVD's life and work brought tears to his eyes. Writes that he appreciated the way that Stone dealt with EVD in his book CLARENCE DARROW FOR THE DEFENSE. Assures Stone that he is glad that a socialist will be writing about EVD's life. Remarks that he thinks that only a socialist could truly understand and interpret EVD's life. Writes that his great worry is that he will not live to see the book finished. Informs Stone that he is the last living member of the Debs family. Tells Stone that most of the people that he knows has passed on in New York City, New York. Mentions that the only acquaintances that he has left there are Sam DeWitt and Jessie Hughan.
Letter to TD on Research Institute of America, Inc. letterhead, 10/5/44. Says that he is sending TD the NEW YORK TIMES review of his book IMMORTAL WIFE. Tells TD that he expects the press on his book about EVD to be even better. Writes that he has visited with Usher Solomon, Lena Morrow Lewis, McAlister Coleman, Abraham Cahan, Harry Kritzer, Judge Jacob Poanken, Lucy Robins Lang, as well as others over the past few days. Informs TD that he thinks that his book about EVD may just become the most important book of his career.
Copy of letter from TD, 10/11/44. Tells Stone that he will read the review of IMMORTAL WIFE with carefully once he receives it. Writes that he spent yesterday going through some of EVD's old letters from 1874 when EVD was working as a railroad fireman in East St. Louis, Illinois. Remarks that the significance of these letters is that they showed EVD's concern over the "sad, pinched and hungry faces of old and young as they poured out of factory in both St. Louis and New York; and the hopeless expressionless they all bore." Informs Stone that he will be sending him some pamphlets by even mail. Says that he is sure that Stone's book will meet his expectation. Remarks that he wanted a book written about EVD before he died and is glad that Stone has undertaken the project.
Copy of letter from TD, 11/5/44. Says that it was a joy to meet Irving Stone and talk about his the old days. Writes that in a couple of days that Stone will receive a picture of EVD. An article by Mary E. Lease, and some letters written by EVD As a boy.
Letter to TD, 11/11/44. Writes that he received the crate that TD sent. Says that he feels good about the book he is about to write. Tells TD that he saw Seymour Stedman while he was in Chicago, Illinois. Informs TD that Seymour Stedman is not doing well at all.
Copy of letter to Samuel Castleton, 11/14/44. Writes that he was with Seymour Stedman when Stedman received Castleton's letter. Says that he is dumbfounded that Castleton is gathering information on EVD after their conversation in Boston, Massachusetts. Tells Castleton that he will be portrayed favorably in his book. Asks that Castleton not compromise his devotion to the socialist cause by pursuing some selfish motive. Writes that his book about EVD will be published in 14 languages.
Letter to TD, 11/23/44. Tells TD that he spent a "wonderful" day with L. W. Rogers. Says that for an 86 year old man that L. W. Rogers is in magnificent health. Writes that his next interview is with Florence Kirkpatrick. Remarks that his letter to Ruth Le Prade was returned to him. Says that he was glad to read the letter EVD sent to Mabel Dunlap Curry about TD. Asks that TD remind Marguerite Debs Cooper that she promised to copy some of EVD's boyhood letters for her. Mentions that there are now 105,000 copies of IMMORTAL WIFE in circulation.
Copy of letter from TD, 11/27/44. Says that Ruth Le Prade was a good friend of Edwin Markham. Tells Stone that he put copies of EVD's early letters in the crate he sent Stone on 11/9/44.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/3/44. Tells Stone that he was sad to hear about Seymour Stedman because he did not know that his condition was so serious. Writes that he glad to know that L. W. Rogers is in such good health. Remarks that back in the 1880s L. W. Rogers was a railroad brakeman and activist in the labor movement. Says that after Stone left Terre Haute, Indiana he found several files containing EVD's prison correspondence. Remarks that one of the files contained nothing but letters from children. Tells Stone that on the Red Special campaign stops were made at Harper's Ferry, West Virginia and Springfield, Illinois to pay homage to John Brown and Abraham Lincoln. Says that Stone's determination to write the absolutely best book on EVD makes his heart sing of gladness. Writes that he sending Stone some correspondence between Morris Hillquit and D. C. Westenhaver regarding EVD's citizenship status.
Letter to TD, 12/3/44. Writes that he received the reproduction of the oil painting of EVD. Says that he has received a "grand" letter from George Brewer and will be visiting him after Christmas. Remarks that he has also received information from John Work and Louis Copeland. Informs TD that he is having some difficulties with Samuel Castleton. Remarks that when he met with Samuel Castleton in Boston, Massachusetts that Castleton promised to give him information for his book. Says that now Samuel Castleton is going around telling people that he is writing a biography of EVD's life. Informs TD that he is afraid that Samuel Castleton will get in way. Asks that TD talk to Samuel Castleton and get him to cooperate with him.
Letter to TD, 12/17/44. Says that he has been on a bond selling tour for the Treasury Department. Writes that he is sorry to learn that TD's health is not well. Assures TD that he has begun working on his book about EVD. Tells TD that he has received valuable contributions from J. W. Work, Dan Hoan, Louis Copeland, Florence Kirkpatrick, Anna Strunsky Walling, Robert Heinl, Frank O'Hare, A. W. Ricker, and Adolph Germer. Says that he was glad that TD wrote to Samuel Castleton. Remarks that the best thing that he could do about the Samuel Castleton situation is to forget about it.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/26/44. Says that he trusts that the thought of Samuel Castleton did not mar the serenity of his week's rest. Writes that Samuel Castleton has not yet found a publisher. Remarks that he will send Stone a copy of the letter that he mailed to Samuel Castleton regarding his proposed book about EVD on 12/10/44. Says that he saw where Stone interviewed Louis Kopelin, who used to work for the APPEAL TO REASON. Writes that Louis Kopelin was subscripted and had his picture on the front page of the APPEAL TO REASON after it came out in support of the war. Mentions that once the APPEAL TO REASON came out in favor of the war that its circulation collapsed and Louis Kopelin became known as a traitor to the cause. Asks that Stone tell him if he interviewed August Claessens at the Rand School yet. Suggests that Stone interview James Oneal who was a member of the Socialist Party from the beginning. Remarks that James Oneal served as editors of both the NEW YORK CALL and NEW LEADER during his career as a socialist. Says that the money that the JEWISH DAILY FORWARD gave to EVD in the last years of his life was used to pay his medical expenses and pay for a trip to Bermuda. Informs Stone that what EVD did with his money has no connection to his work as a socialist or humanitarian.
Copy of letter from TD, 1/4/45. Says that if had not been for illness he would have written Stone much sooner. Informs Stone that because of his health he has not been able to look for materials about EVD. Assures Stone that he appreciated the gifts that he sent. Remarks that he spent a lovely evening with a Miss Hoffman and her brother recently.
Letter to TD, 1/5/45. Expresses the hope that TD and his family had a good Christmas. Tells TD that he has already met with August Claessens and will be meeting with James Oneal soon. Writes that Louis Kopelin is in the publishing business in New York City, New York. Mentions that he hopes to visit George Brewer later in the week.
Letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/8/45. Expresses the hope that Irving Stone is enjoying his new home in Beverly Hills, California. Writes that she appreciated the check that Stone sent to cover the costs of shipping the crate.
Copy of letter from TD, 1/17/45. Says that he has been trying to see an occulist for a month without success because of the weather. Writes that he is glad that Stone has already seen August Claessens and Louis Kopelin. Remarks that Stone must see James Oneal and George Brewer next.
Letter from TD, 1/17/45. Says that he is sending TD a copy of the PEOPLE'S BOOK CLUB MAGAZINE so that TD can see how attractively its books are presented. Expresses the hope that his book about EVD will be distributed through a book club like this one. Remarks that the movie deal he was making for IMMORTAL WIFE fell through yesterday. Says that it serves him right for "wasting" his time on movies. Informs TD that he plans on seeing George Brewer this weekend. Mentions that he will begin writing the book very soon.
Copy of letter from TD, 1/24/45. Writes that the SEARS MAGAZINE's advertisement of IMMORTAL WIFE was the best he has seen. Remarks that the advertisement should help boost the circulation of the book by "leaps and bounds." Tells TD that both Theodore Dreiser and David Karsner had trouble in their movie deals. Informs Stone that he is sending him letters for which there are no duplicates so to be careful with them. Writes that during the Pullman Strike the federal government plastered every railway station from Chicago, Illinois to the coast with printed copies of injunctions against the strikers.
Letter to TD, 2/4/45. Tells TD that he had a wonderful day with George Brewer and Grace Brewer in San Pedro, California. Says that the Brewers are the "salt of the earth." Informs TD that he has started his outline for his book about EVD.
Letter to TD, 2/13/45. Asks that TD send a letter to his wife Jean Stone telling her how much he and his family liked the Christmas presents she bought for them to assure her that they were appreciated. Says that doing so would get him out of a terrible jam because he forgot to show Jean Stone the letter in which TD expressed his appreciation for the gifts.
Letter to TD, 2/19/45. Writes that he received TD's packet. Says that he has been asked to provide the text for a book on the Army Medical Corps called MEN WITHOUT GUNS. Mentions that he has been receiving a great deal of mail about EVD.
Letter from TD, 3/7/45. Says that he has had 2 attacks of malaria in the past month. Tells Stone that since he does not know what Stone is looking for that he is not sure what letters to send him. Writes that George Brewer and Grace Brewer are "charming souls." Remarks that Samuel Castleton is still doing research for a book about EVD. Says that Samuel Castleton has written John Work and to a Terre Haute, Indiana bank. Informs Stone that he is sending him an article titled "Debs Meets an Old Friend." Mentions that in the last packet of letter that he sent Stone that he included one from William Carwardine. Remarks that he thinks that this is the same William Carwardine who was a minister in Pullman, Illinois at the time of the Pullman Strike.
Letter to TD, 3/10/45. Writes that he was getting worried about TD because he had not heard from him in so long. Assures TD that in everything that is sent to him he finds something of value for his book. Remarks that he will be going to San Francisco, California on 3/10/45. Says that he plans on seeing James Oneal while he is there. Informs TD that he has written a chapter on Thomas E. Dewey for a new edition of THEY ALSO RAN. Remarks that there is no reason why the Democrats in New York cannot use the article in the book to keep Thomas E. Dewey out of the White House in 1948. Writes that he has been putting his research into novel form. Assures TD that by making EVD's story a novel he will be able to reach a much wider audience. Mentions that he, like TD, is worried about Samuel Castleton. Says that he has an article from the DAILY WORKER about Samuel Castleton which makes him think that Castleton will be writing his book for the Communist Party. Assures TD That if Samuel Castleton's book gets published it will hurt his own about EVD. Asks that TD think about telling Samuel Castleton that if he tries to publish a book about the Debs family that he will take legal action against him.
Letter to TD, 3/17/45. Says that in reading over EVD's writings that it occurred to him that the best of them should be collected into one book under the titled GENE DEBS SPEAKS or COLLECTED WRITINGS OF EUGENE V. DEBS so that they can be preserved for posterity's sake. Mentions that he created such a volume after writing his book on Vincent Can Gogh and plans to do it for his one on Clarence Darrow. Asks that TD tell him what he thinks of the idea.
Letter to TD, 3/20/45. Says that he safely received TD's last packet of letters. Tells TD that he is spending too much money to send him things. Remarks that he is sending TD a $5 check to cover his expenses. Writes that he would like to send TD $100 for a cooling apparatus for his bedroom or to go towards a trip to the cool mountains so that TD will not have to go through another unbearable Terre Haute, Indiana summer. Remarks that it is only a rumor that he has sold the movie rights for his book IMMORTAL WIFE. Assures TD that he is plugging along on his book about EVD. Mentions that he received a "good" letter from Claude Bowers.
Letter from TD, 3/24/45. Writes that he received Stone's letter about Samuel Castleton and the DAILY WORKER. Says that Samuel Castleton was never EVD's attorney. Mentions that Michael Gold's article was not the first one to appear in the DAILY WORKER about EVD. Remarks that V. J. Jerome wrote in the 10/17/43 issue of the DAILY WORKER that the communists are the inheritors of EVD. Also remarks that William Bohn in the 10/23/43 issue of the NEW LEADER demonstrated the "brazen lack of common decency of many of its representatives." Asks that Stone not overlook the fact that EVD was of the working class and was the local secretary of the Brotherhood of Locomotive Firemen in his teens. Assures Stone that EVD was a "Social Revolutionist not a Parlor Pink." Writes that he would like to give Stone exclusive rights to the information about EVD he has in his possession. Says that he would have responded to Stone's letter sooner but that he was ill.
Letter to TD, 3/31/45. Says that he does not think that Samuel Castleton's proposed book about EVD will hurt his book any. Tells TD that he detests the communists and will treat them accordingly in his book. Remarks that on 4/12/45 the Mutual Broadcasting System will be airing a half hour program based on his book LUST FOR LIFE.
Telegram to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/14/45. Sends condolences on TD's death.
Letter to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/21/45. Writes that he was shocked by the news of TD's death. Says that he never met anyone with as pure an inner light than TD. Remarks that because of TD's devotion he was a great man. Includes a letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper saying that she and Gertrude Debs appreciated Stone's words of condolence.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 6/19/45. Writes that she received a letter from Samuel Castleton on 6/9/45 asking her to send him information about EVD. Says that she is sending Stone a copy of her response to him. Remarks that Gertrude Debs has not been well since TD's death.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Paramount Picture, Inc. letterhead, 6/25/45. Writes that he appreciated Cooper's letter in which she upheld TD's position regarding the book proposed by Samuel Castleton. Assures Cooper that he has been working on his book about EVD. Mentions that for the last few weeks he has been working on a screenplay of IMMORTAL WIFE. Says that he is writing the screenplay himself because he wants the film to be true to his book. Remarks that if his book about EVD is ever made into a movie that he will want Marguerite Debs Cooper and Gertrude Debs to get a cut of its profits. Informs Cooper that Jean Stone was involved in a car accident but is fine now.
Letter from John Drury on CHICAGO DAILY NEWS letterhead, 7/12/45. Writes that he is currently writing a book titled HISTORICAL MIDWEST HOUSES. Says that he would like to include EVD's house in his book. Asks that Stone tell him when EVD's house was built and when EVD moved into it. Mentions that he visited the house last fall.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Paramount Picture, Inc. letterhead, 7/18/45. Says that he told John Drury that EVD's house was built around 1890. Mentions that he gave John Drury Cooper's name to answer any further questions that he might have about the house.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/22/45. Writes she recently caught the radio broadcast of LUST FOR LIFE. Assures Stone that she enjoyed the broadcast immensely. Remarks that she cannot wait to see the movie of IMMORTAL WIFE. Says that Jessie Benton Fremont's life provides a fine premise for a movie. Mentions that she has not heard from John Drury. Remarks that she thinks that EVD's house was built around 1886 or 1887.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Paramount Pictures, Inc. letterhead, 8/27/45. Says that he thought that the radio broadcast of LUST FOR LIFE was "beautifully done." Remarks that he has just received a request from the American Broadcasting System to do a dramatization of his book IMMORTAL WIFE. Tells Cooper that he has finished writing the screenplay for the film version of IMMORTAL WIFE. Says that he has been making some progress on his book about EVD.
Letter to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/22/45. Writes that last night he was visited by the head of the Socialist Party local in Los Angeles, California to discuss a memorial meeting in honor of EVD. Says that he is glad that there will be meetings honoring EVD all over the country on 11/3/45 because it could be the beginning of the rebirth of American socialism. Mentions that at the memorial meeting in Los Angeles, California that he will be speaking about EVD and TD.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 11/1/45. Writes that she and Gertrude Debs are delighted that Stone is making progress on his book about EVD. Says that she is glad to know that socialism is making a comeback in the United States so that the work of EVD and TD can bear some fruit.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 11/16/45. Informs Marguerite Debs Cooper that the memorial meeting honoring EVD was "beautiful." Remarks that Kate Richards O'Hare spoke at the meeting as well as others. Writes that Paramount Pictures has refused the American Broadcasting System from doing a version of IMMORTAL WIFE. Says that although he does not like this decision he is at the mercy of the movie people. Tells Marguerite Debs Cooper that he and his family have moved in to a house in Beverly Hills, California. Mentions that the book is coming along slowly but that it will be something that Cooper will be proud of.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/27/46. Says that he wished that Gertrude Debs could spend her winters in California because it would be so much better for her health. Writes that since his house in Beverly Hills, California is being renovated that he will not be able to move into it for another 6 months. Tells Cooper that he is making good progress on his book about EVD. Remarks that he has an assistant in New York City, New York that is still doing research. Says that his assistant has been going through David Karsner's papers. Mentions that he has a 100 page outline for his book now completed.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 6/25/46. Says that he has finished writing the last of his screenplays and is now working steadily on his book about EVD. Remarks that he has a considerable portion of the beginning part now written. Asks that Cooper send him the dates of birth of all of the Debs children. Mentions that his house is still not ready for occupancy. Informs Cooper that he has no plans now but to finish his book about EVD.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/4/46. Writes that Marie Marguerite Debs Heinl was born in 1852, Louise Debs Michel, 1854, EVD, 1855, Eugenie Debs Selby, 1857, Emily Debs Mailloux, 1861, and TD, 1864. Says that she is sorry to learn that Stone's house has not been finished yet. Remarks that the housing shortage in Terre Haute, Indiana has caused the price of several houses being built on 19th St. to go up in price as soon as the OPA was lifted on them. Tells Stone that she and Gertrude Debs are planning on spending their summer in Terre Haute, Indiana. Says that because of the food and housing shortage that she and her mother have put off their trip to Denver, Colorado for another year.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/2/46. Says that he is half-way through his book about EVD. Assures Cooper that the most difficult part of the story is now on paper. Remarks that he expects the completed book will be delivered to the publishers next May. Tells Cooper that Jean Stone has read the first half of the book and thinks that it is coming out "very well." Writes that the love between EVD and TD is one of the most important parts of the book. Assures Cooper that he is doing justice to TD in it.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/24/46. Asks that Cooper tell him when Jean Daniel Debs went blind, what happened to Jean Daniel Debs' grocery store when he went blind, whether or not Jean Daniel Debs and Marguerite Bettrich Debs ever moved from the store, what area was covered by the Indianapolis and Terre Haute, Indiana Railroad, and what cities the Vandalia Railroad covered.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/29/46. Writes that she is glad to know that the Stone's book about EVD is now half-way done. Tells Stone that Jean Daniel Debs went blind in 1905, Jean Daniel Debs ran his grocery store until 1889, Marguerite Bettrich Debs died in her home on 11th St. and Wabash Avenue in Terre Haute, Indiana, and Jean Daniel Debs passed away at the home of his daughter Marie Marguerite Debs Heinl. Remarks that Gertrude Debs spent 6 weeks of the summer ill. Writes that she hopes that Stone is using TD's full name in his book.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/19/46. Says that he will use TD's full name in all indirect discourse, but that he would like to use TD's nicknames Theo, Pard, Kude when EVD is referring to TD directly in the book. Remarks that he has finished writing 5 of the 7 sections of the book. Mentions that he is sending Marguerite Debs Cooper a book about Vincent Van Gogh's brother titled DEAR THEO.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/2/47. Writes that she received a copy of DEAR THEO. Says that she will leave the matter of TD's name up to Stone. Remarks that she was sorry to hear that Stone has not been feeling well. Asks that Stone take it a little easier. Mentions that she received a note from Ruth Le Prade this morning in which she inquired as to the progress of Stone's book.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/15/47. Writes that she received a letter from Don Durgin asking for permission to use the papers of EVD. Remarks that she told him that Stone was in current possession of most of these papers. Expresses the hope that Stone has taken a rest.
Handwritten copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/15/47. Contains same text as other letter dated 1/15/47.
Copy of letter to Don Durgin, 1/15/47. Writes that she will be unable to help Durgin with his book about EVD because Irving Stone is in current possession of many of EVD's papers. Mentions that Durgin is the third person since 12/1/46 asking for information about EVD.
Letter from Irving Stone, 1/20/47. Writes that Don Durgin's letter is the fifth one that he has received from people wanting information about EVD. Says that he is glad that there is so much interest in EVD. Remarks that he is going to send his notes to the Rand School after he has finished his book. Mentions that he plans on sending EVD's papers back in May.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/2/47. Asks that Stone not refer any researchers to her because once she gets EVD's papers back does not plan on making them available to anyone, including Faye Horton Sawyer. Says that EVD's papers will not be available to anyone because neither her nor Gertrude Debs are able to take care of strangers' needs on top of their own.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/12/47. Writes that he will not refer any more researchers to Cooper. Says that he is feeling well now and is moving along on his book on EVD.
Letter to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/11/47. Says that he has finished his book about EVD. Writes that the title of the book will be ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Mentions that the book will be the fall leader for Doubleday. Expresses the hope that the book is worthy of the subject. Assures Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper that EVD's and TD's relationship emerges in all of its greatness in the book. Asks that Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper forgive him for parts of the book which may not have been as successful. Says that he is packing up EVD's papers. Mentions that he hopes to visit Terre Haute, Indiana when he goes east in a few weeks.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/18/47. Says that he has shipped off the crate containing EVD's papers. Tells Cooper that if he can help make arrangements for the unloading of the crate that he will be glad to do it.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/20/47. Writes that she and Gertrude Debs were glad to learn that Stone has finished his book about EVD. Says that the crate of EVD's papers was delivered on Thursday. Tells Stone that she did not expect the crate to be so big. Remarks that the crate will remain unopened until she gets time to go through it in June.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on The Plaza, New York City, New York letterhead, 4/28/47. Writes that he is sending Cooper a blank check in case the shipping company accidentally charged her for the crate he sent. Says that his publisher is enthusiastic about his book. Includes a note from Marguerite Debs Cooper saying that she is returning the check since she was not charged for the crate.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/29/47. Says that he did not leave New York City, New York until he was sure that his book would be well handled by his publisher. Writes that his publisher is going to spend a large sum of money to advertise the book in the fall. Remarks that he thinks that his characterization of EVD and TD will bring the American people joy and inspiration. Tells Cooper that once the book comes out that he will send her as many copies as she would like for her personal use. Remarks that if she wants any of these copies autographed that he would be happy to sign them for her.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/9/47. Writes that she was sorry to learn that it was because of a cold that Stone was unable to stop off in Terre Haute, Indiana. Assures Stone that she is happy that his publishers are enthusiastic about ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Remarks that although she is not enthusiastic about the title that she is sure that it will appeal to the American people. Assures Stone that she and Gertrude Debs will be deeply touched by Stone's portrayal of the relationship between EVD and TD based upon everything that Stone has said about it. Says that she wonders what EVD's and TD's reaction to the book would have been if still alive. Remarks that after looking at the advance synopsis of the book that she and Gertrude Debs are skeptical about some of the fictional elements of it. Says that neither she nor Gertrude Debs ever heard of the name Gloria Weston or her husband, Ned Harkness. Mentions that the only woman EVD ever had in his life was Katherine Debs. Expresses the hope that she is not deluged with questions because of the liberties Stone has taken in his book. Writes that EVD's house is up for sale again. Says that the house will probably be turned into a boarding house. Says that it is unlikely that the city of Terre Haute, Indiana will buy the house.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/11/47. Writes that he has finished correcting the galleys of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Remarks that the Aaron Levenstein, a member of the Socialist Party executive board, thought that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE was the "most valuable book for labor unions and socialism that has been published" in his lifetime. Says that A. Kroch the owner of the Kroch and Brentano chain of bookstores thought that future generations will look upon ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE as the present generation looks upon UNCLE TOM'S CABIN, THE JUNGLE, or MAIN STREET. Mentions that Doubleday is advertising the book as a "great novel." Writes that even though some bookstores are prejudiced about the book because it is about EVD and TD several of the "biggest" unions, "which have just taken a severe drubbing through the Taft-Hartley Bill," in the country are anxiously awaiting its release because it argues labor's cause so earnestly. Mentions that he took his family to Jack London's Valley of the Moon for a couple of weeks. Says that he will be going east in September to promote his book.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/14/47. Writes that Marguerite Debs Cooper is right that the characters of Gloria Weston and Ned Harkness are the fictional elements in the book. Assures Cooper that these are the only fictional characters in the novel; that the relationship between EVD and Gloria Weston is not an "improper" one; and that there is nothing in the novel that could be misinterpreted. Says that Gloria Weston is a mixture of two characters. Remarks that one of these characters was based upon a red-head whom EVD knew when he was a young man, and the other was based upon Jessica Reynolds. Writes that Ned Harkness is a completely fictional character loosely based upon EVD's prosecutor in his 1894 trial. Informs Cooper that there could have been no novel without these characters because they are the means by which the book is able to maintain a structural suspense. Remarks that Gloria Weston is used to provide a contrast to Katherine Debs and to keep the reader interested in a novel that is "heavily laden with such technical matter as wages, starvation, unions, strikes, bloodshed, trial, and all of the detailed differences within the socialist movement." Asks that Cooper not lose faith in him. Says that in trying to bring forth a lucid and sympathetic novel that would want to be read by people uninterested in EVD or prejudiced against him he made himself sick. Remarks that there has not been a successful labor novel written since COMRADE YETTA. Says that he did not want to write a book that was propaganda but was literature. Mentions that it would be an enormous blow to him if Cooper turned against him now. Tells Cooper that someone asked him yesterday if he was worried about being branded a radical for writing a book about EVD. Assures Cooper that he is going to be attacked for his book and needs Cooper's support. Remarks that if either EVD or TD would have been disappointed with ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE then he is a bad writer.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/18/47. Writes that if she had received Stone's letter dated 7/14/47 in May she would not have been perturbed about the fictional elements in his book. Says that there never would have been any concern over the book if Stone has discussed the fictional elements with her earlier. Remarks that she was gratified to learn that the early reactions to the book are good. Assures Stone that she would not lose faith in him or do anything to prevent the success of the book since TD was so supportive of it in his last days of life.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/21/47. Writes that Cooper's last letter lifted a great burden from his heart. Says that the reason why he did not tell Cooper about the fictional elements of his book is that he wanted Cooper to read about them for herself. Remarks that he has spoken to 4 of the largest book dealers in Los Angeles, California and they all seem enthusiastic about the book. Expresses the hope that Cooper has a bound copy of the book by 8/20/47. Asks that Cooper tell him how much EVD's house is selling for because he is thinking about contacting the NEW YORK CALL, the NEW YORK LEADERS, and the PROGRESSIVE to find a way to buy the house.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/27/47. Writes that the asking price for EVD's house is $12,000. Remarks that John Shannon might take less if he is really anxious to get rid of it. Says that she thinks that it is a wonderful idea to preserve EVD's house as a memorial to him.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/2/47. Writes that he wrote to the Socialist Party of New York and told its leaders that EVD's house was for sale. Says that he met with a Socialist Party fund raiser today and he said that it would be a "simple task" to come up with $12,000. Remarks that a professional book estimator has told him that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE is one of the must read books coming out in September and represented some of Stone's best writing.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/11/47. Writes that he is sending Cooper a copy of the DOUBLEDAY BOOK NEWS because it is featuring ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE on the front cover. Says that PM would like photos relating to EVD's life for a full-page spread in its Labor Day issue. Remarks that he is sending PM a photo of EVD in Atlanta, Georgia holding a small girl, one of Katherine Debs' house, and one of Katherine Debs at the time that she married EVD. Writes that someone from Doubleday is going to photograph pictures held by the Rand School. Asks that Cooper send him a photo of TD.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/14/47. Writes that she is glad to learn that the Socialist Party fund raiser thought that it would be easy to obtain the money necessary to purchase EVD's home. Says that EVD told TD that he wanted his house to go to the Socialist Party when he died. Assures Stone that none of Katherine Debs' money went into EVD's home. Remarks that she will be sending Doubleday some photos of TD and his family. Tells Stone that she read the DOUBLEDAY BOOK NEWS with great interest. Expresses the hope that the professional book estimator is wrong about ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE not being as likely to be popular as LUST FOR LIFE OR IMMORTAL WIFE. Says that she has unpacked the crate of EVD's papers. Remarks that everything came back okay except for 2 scrapbooks.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/19/47. Says that he has not responded to Cooper's letter sooner because he has been working on a presentation for AMERICA'S TOWN MEETING ON THE AIR on the subject of the competitiveness of American free enterprise abroad. Writes that Anne Roosevelt Boettinger and a banker from Phoenix, Arizona will take one position on the issue and he will take another. Assure Cooper that in this presentation he plans on plugging his book ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Remarks that he knows that none of Katherine Debs' money went into building her and EVD's house but that he calls it Katherine Debs' home because it represented the fulfillment of all of her ambitions. Tells Cooper that he has asked Doubleday to send her the first copy of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE when it is ready. Writes that he has learned that the Socialist Party of New York is having financial difficulties and will not be able to buy EVD's house. Remarks that if only the movie people wanted to make a film out of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE then he would buy EVD's house himself and turn it over to the Socialist Party.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/25/47. Assures Stone that she and Gertrude Debs will be tuning in to hear his appearance on TOWN MEETING OF THE AIR. Says that she thinks that TOWN MEETING ON THE AIR is one of the best radio programs out there. Writes that she has not yet received a copy of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE nor a letter from Doubleday saying that the pictures she sent were received. Remarks that she is sorry to hear that the Socialist Party of New York is having financial difficulty and will not be able to find the money to buy EVD's house. Asks that Stone not try to buy the house himself.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/29/47. Says that he has sent Cooper a signed copy of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Expresses the hope that the book brings Cooper and Gertrude Debs a great amount of joy. Writes that Ken McCormick has received Cooper's packet of photographs. Tells Cooper that PM will be putting EVD on the cover of its Labor Day issue.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 9/8/47. Writes that she and Gertrude Debs enjoyed Stone's appearance on TOWN MEETING OF THE AIR. Says that it was thoughtful of Stone to send her a copy of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE so quickly. Assures Stone that the book is "beautifully written" and the portrayal of EVD and TD's relationship is "superbly done." Writes that she and Gertrude Debs did not like some things about the book. Informs Stone that his book would not have met TD's complete approval. Says that she did not understand why Stone had to make such a big issue out of EVD's drinking, especially since EVD drank so rarely. Writes that it was wrong to compare EVD's drunkeness at one point in the book to that of Katherine Debs' brother. Tells Stone that TD refused to endorse McAlister Coleman's book because it, like Stone's, discussed EVD's drinking. Remarks that TD would have been hurt by this characterization of EVD. Informs Stone that she received a copy of PM. Says that she resented the writer of the article about EVD for calling the home that he was born in a shack. Mentions that although the article suggested that Celia Rotter is a member of the Debs family she is not. Remarks that she will not interfere with the sale of Stone's book or prevent its success.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 9/12/47. Writes that he appreciated Cooper's praise for his book. Says that he would like a chance to respond to what Cooper and Gertrude Debs did not like about the book. Assures Cooper that he was not passing judgment on EVD when he referred to his drinking. Tells Cooper that he does not think that it is a horrible crime to drink. Writes that he does not condone alcoholism but is not morally opposed to drinking either. Remarks that there is considerable evidence that EVD missed his meeting with the US marshal because he had been out drinking. Says that there is also considerable evidence that EVD drank quite a bit in Girard, Kansas when EVD was so unhappy over his marriage. Tells Cooper that there was just no one way for him to ignore the fact that EVD occasionally drank. Writes that he has already heard from one reviewer who thought that he "whitewashed" over EVD's weaknesses and failures. Remarks that he is going to New York City, New York on 10/8/47 to launch the book. Says that he is glad that Cooper enjoyed his appearance on TOWN MEETING OF THE AIR. Asks that Cooper not let the drinking in the book lessen her opinion of the potential it has for "continuing the fight in our cruel and chaotic world for all those things" that EVD and TD stood for.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper on Doubleday and Company letterhead, 9/29/47. Says that he is sending Cooper three reviews about ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/24/47. Writes that she was worried about Stone because she had not heard from him since he returned to California. Expresses the hope that Stone is not ill. Assures Stone that she and Gertrude Debs appreciated his visit. Says that she would like Stone to write to John Shannon and ask him for anything of EVD's that he will not be taking with him when he moves. Remarks that she thinks that it would be inappropriate for her to make such a request. Writes that she spent Thursday and Friday in Indianapolis, Indiana at the State Teachers Association's convention.
Letter to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/24/47. Writes that his trip home was pleasant except for a delay in Kansas City, Missouri. Says that the reviews to ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE are mostly favorable. Remarks that the ones that are not are from publications that have never said a nice word about any of his books like TIME and the NEW YORKER. Tells Cooper that he received good reviews from Eugene Lyons, writing for the William Randolph Hearst newspaper syndicate, and the CHICAGO TRIBUNE. Writes that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE is selling steadily in almost ever city in America and coming up on the best seller list. Mentions that a small book club has bought 4,000 copies of it. Says that at his book signings several people told him that they bought the book because it was about EVD. Asks that Cooper send him the address of the Hulman that he met while in Terre Haute, Indiana and the address of the president of the Indiana Historical Society. Mentions that he will be writing a column for Leonard Lyons on people's whose biographies that he would like to write. Says that he would like to mention Gertrude Debs' name in it.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/30/47. Writes that she is sorry to hear that Stone and his wife got laid up in Kansas City, Missouri. Says that she appreciated the reviews that Stone sent. Remarks that she is enclosing the addresses he wanted.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/30/47. Writes that he finished his last autographing party last night. Tells Cooper that he plans on writing John Shannon immediately about preserving any of EVD's possessions that he has for a permanent EVD memorial. Says that his book is being well received. Remarks that several of EVD's and TD's old acquaintances have written reviews of his book like Joseph Caldwell and August Claessens. Mentions that he read a review today that stated the problem with his book about EVD was that it refused to admit that EVD have any human weaknesses whatsoever.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 11/4/47. Writes that he is sending Marguerite Debs Cooper copies of the letters he sent John Shannon. Howard Peckham, Director of the Indiana Historical Society, and L. C. Halberstadt, President of the Vigo County Historical Society. Asks that Cooper send him the address of Riley McKeen IV. Mentions that Victor Reisel has offered to write an article about raising money to preserve EVD's homestead. Says that she is sending Cooper 5 autographed copies of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE to distribute how she pleases.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 11/9/47. Writes that she received a call from a friend saying that a local science teacher has been going around telling people that Stone farms out chapters of his book. Says that Stone should think about taking out an advertisement to refute this charge. Tells Stone that she would like her pictures returned from Doubleday. Mentions that she would give Stone the address of Riley McKeen IV except for the fact that he would be of little assistance because the family went broke.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 11/11/47. Says that John Shannon has agreed to leave all of EVD's possessions that he has in EVD's house when he leaves. Mentions that Victor Reisel is running an item in his column about raising money to purchase EVD's old homestead. Includes a clipping from the ST. LOUIS STAR-TIMES dated 11/29/47 saying that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE was the top best seller in St. Louis, Missouri.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 11/18/47. Writes that his wife, Jean Stone, has been ill in bed for the past few days. Says that the only thing that distresses him about the rumor that he farms out his writing is that it distresses Cooper. Remarks that such rumors are typical about anyone who "sticks his head above the parapet." Mentions that he suspects that the reason people do not believe that he writes all of his own works is that he has written so many of them that are of a difficult nature. Tells Cooper that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE is selling better every week. Assures Cooper that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE is winning him, the labor movement, and socialism many new friends.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/8/47. Writes that he is sending Cooper 3 letters about the idea of a memorial fund to purchase EVD's house. Says that although the one from the Indiana Historical Society is not too friendly, the other 2 are friendly enough. Remarks that Victor Reisel still has not run an item in his column asking for money to buy EVD's house as a memorial. Mentions that the Socialist Party of New York is still immersed in its financial difficulties, fighting its own battle trying to sustain the NEW YORK CALL. Tells Cooper that because of the confusion and social unrest in the movie industry that it does not look like he will be able to sell the movie rights to ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Assures Cooper that he has not given up; he is just looking for a new approach. Mentions that he is starting his next book about an American painter. Writes that although ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE is not competing well against CAME A CAVALIER, EAST SIDE, WEST SIDE, and NOTHING SO STRANGE that it is still selling steadily.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/14/47. Says that she received the letters Stone sent regarding the purchasing of EVD's home for a memorial. Tells Stone that with all of the social unrest in the world it might not be the best time to attempt such an undertaking. Remarks that she is not surprised that Stone has not heard from Mrs. Hulman because she comes from a family of millionaires who want nothing to do with labor, socialism, or EVD. Informs Stone that she has again wrote to Doubleday asking for her photographs back. Mentions that she heard from Lena Morrow Lewis last week who related stories she heard about ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE in New York City, New York.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper and Gertrude Debs, 12/17/47. Writes that he bought Marguerite Debs Cooper and Gertrude Debs a picture by a young American artist. Says that he finds himself somewhat disturbed about the fact that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE cannot keep itself on the best seller list. Tells Cooper that he is trying to make is possible to disseminate thousands of copies of the book to different labor unions. Remarks that the Progressive Book Club is interested in putting the book on its reading list. Says that he is sending Cooper a copy of OMNIBOOK which has an abridgement of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE in it. Writes that he is glad that Cooper has written Lena Morrow Lewis about the troublemakers at the Rand School. Mentions that August Claessens has been the leader of these troublemakers because of the way that he has been saying that Stone accepted TD's distorted version of EVD's married life. Tells Cooper that TD was much more restrained about EVD's and Katherine Debs' relationship than he could have been.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/29/47. Writes that she received the picture that Stone sent. Says that one of the railway express workers who delivered the picture had an interest in seeing EVD's house purchased for a memorial and talked to John Shannon about it. Remarks that she gave the railway worker Stone's name. Tells Stone that it would be great if the old railroad Brotherhoods purchased EVD's house. Mentions that if that does not work out that Stone should contact Benjamin Blumberg about it. Says that she is sending Stone an article from the WOMAN'S DEPARTMENT CLUB BULLETIN by Fannie Butcher. Mentions that she has heard nothing further from New York City, New York.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper and Gertrude Debs, 1/3/48. Writes that it was thoughtful of Marguerite Debs Cooper to send a box of cookies. Expresses the hope that Cooper and Gertrude Debs have a happy New Year.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/11/48. Says that she has learned that John Shannon paid $4,000 for EVD's home and is now selling it for $12,000. Mentions that both she and Gertrude Debs have been ill. Tells Stone that she received a long letter from Lena Morrow Lewis in which she quoted James Oneal as saying that Cooper's characterization of EVD's and Katherine Debs' relationship conformed with his own.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/12/48. Writes that she received a letter from Lena Morrow Lewis today with August Claessens' review of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE enclosed. Says that August Claessens is taking out his grudge against Stone's book on her and Gertrude Debs in this review. Tells Stone that Katherine Debs broke off her relationship with TD after EVD died, not the other way around.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/14/48. Writes that he has read August Claessens' review of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE in the NEW LEADER. Says that the book continues to sell well. Remarks that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE will start being sold in Australia in April. Tells Cooper that he received letters from M. C. Ellspermann and N. L. Crosby, the railroad workers she referred to in an earlier letter. Expresses the hope that it will be possible for labor to buy EVD's house.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/16/48. Says that he knew that August Claessens' review would distress her. Assures Cooper that he has been doing everything that he can to protest the views he has taken in his reviews. Remarks that he does not think that August Claessens has anything against him personally; he just thinks that August Claessens is an "egomaniac." Writes that he thought that August Claessens was "pyschoneurotic" from their first meeting. Asks that Cooper not let August Claessens distress her.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/15/48. Writes that John Shannon has sold EVD's house to a fraternity for $12,000. Says that she was disturbed over August Claessens' review of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE but that James Oneal's response made her feel much better. Remarks that she and Gertrude Debs enjoyed the story Stone sent them from WHAT'S NEW.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 2/20/48. Writes that he is glad that his story "Christmas Present" brought Marguerite Debs Cooper and Gertrude Debs joy. Says that he is sorry to hear that EVD's house was sold. Tells Cooper that he received a clipping from the PITTSBURGH PRESS today saying that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE was one of the best novels of 1947. Asks that Cooper not be hurt by August Claessens' review.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 3/26/48. Says that the Writers' Conference at the University of Indiana has asked him to teach a summer session. Remarks that if he accepts this invitation he will be able to see Marguerite Debs Cooper and Gertrude Debs again. Informs Cooper that the American Library Association has selected ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE as one of the most worthwhile books of 1947. Mentions that the first Australian edition of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE was sold out in 10 days. Says that TIME has asked him to write a cover story about Earl Warren. Mentions that Earl Warren's father lost his job in 1894 on the Southern Pacific at the time of the Pullman Strike. Tells Cooper that Earl Warren enjoyed reading ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE immensely. Remarks that he is making progress on his new book. Writes that there is someone else in New York City, New York who is attacking him. Includes an article titled "Biographies I Would Like To Write" with references to Gertrude Debs, Eleanor Roosevelt, Earl Warren, Risley Major, and Norman Thomas.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 6/3/48. Asks that Cooper tell him if something is wrong. Says that he has not received a reply to his last 2 letters. Writes that he will be appearing on TOWN MEETING OF THE AIR next Tuesday.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 6/6/48. Writes that she feels bad that she has not yet responded to Stone's last two letters but that she has little time of her own. Says that she has been waiting for her load to lighten for months. Assures Stone that Gertrude Debs appreciated what Stone said about her in his article "Biographies I Would Like To Write." Tells Stone that she is happy to learn that he might be teaching at the Writers' Conference at the University of Indiana. Says that Edward Arnold's 3/7/48 broadcast of MR. PRESIDENT on Warren Harding was well done in the way that it portrayed EVD's meeting with him.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 6/22/48. Writes that she tuned into TOWN MEETING OF THE AIR last Tuesday. Assures Stone that he came off very well on the program. Remarks that she does not think that Earl Warren will get the Republican nomination for President. Writes that she received a letter today from William Cahn saying that a new book about EVD has come out titled GENE DEBS: THE STORY OF A FIGHTING AMERICAN. Asks that Stone tell her if he knows anything about this book. Mentions that William Edens visted her and Gertrude Debs last Monday. Remarks that William Edens has contacted John Shannon to see if there is some way take over EVD's house. Asks that Stone tell her how ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE is faring.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/9/48. Says that he has never heard of William Cahn or his book. Tells Cooper that the Progressive Book Club is putting out a collection of EVD's writings and speeches. Remarks that this is the same book club that treated his book ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE in a "treacherous manner." Writes that he has agreed to write a 50,000 word booklet supporting Earl Warren's nomination for President.
^Photocopy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 7/25/48. Says that she found some papers in her father's desk which give proof that EVD did not belong to the Communist Party. Assures Stone that both EVD and TD would have been outraged if they would have heard the way that EVD's name was used at Henry Wallace's nominating convention. Says that she and Gertrude Debs enjoyed Stone's visit.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/6/48. Writes that he is sending Cooper a copy of the letter that he sent to Aaron Levenstein with Levenstein's response. Informs Cooper that the press that recently published a book of EVD's writings and speeches is an arm of the Communist Party. Tells Cooper that there are at least a dozen place where EVD's intent has been perverted. Assures Cooper that the Socialist Party would not want EVD's writings to be used for the "destructive purposes of the Communists." Says that what should be done about this book is completely up to Cooper. Remarks that he thinks that Cooper should push to have copyrights of EVD's writings and speeches established in her name. Writes that he is willing to hire a lawyer to make sure that the copyright is recognized by the Hermitage Press and the Progressive Book Club.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/10/48. Writes that she has decided to pursue the matter of getting the copyright of EVD's writings and speeches established in her name to prevent the material from passing in the hands of the communists even though she knows that EVD would probably not have agreed with her decision. Says that she is willing to have Stone ask the Hermitage Press and the Progressive Book Club to recognize the copyright once it is put into effect but that she is not sure about taking the matter to court. Tells Stone that if she is able to secure the copyright then Stone will have to act as counselor since her and Gertrude Debs' contacts are so limited. Remarks that she picked up a copy of Arthur Schlesinger, Jr.'s book THE WRITINGS AND SPEECHES OF EUGENE V. DEBS and is sending it to Stone for him to look through. Mentions that to her the book looks very similar DEBS: HIS LIFE, WRITINGS AND SPEECHES.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/11/48. Assures Cooper that he will cover any expenses associated with getting the copyright of EVD's writings and speeches established in her name. Remarks that he thinks that he can make the Progressive Book Club and the publisher see things his way without any trouble.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 8/29/48. Writes that she and Gertrude Debs appreciated the autographed copy of EARL WARREN that he sent. Asks that Stone tell her if he received the copy of THE WRITINGS AND SPEECHES OF EUGENE V. DEBS.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 9/2/48. Writes that he is glad that Cooper and Gertrude Debs enjoyed the book that he sent. Remarks that he and his wife had dinner last night with the Earl Warren and his wife and they told him that they enjoyed the book, too. Mentions that Thomas Dewey telephoned Earl Warren and said that he also liked the book. Says that he received the copy of THE WRITINGS AND SPEECHES OF EUGENE V. DEBS that Cooper sent. Informs Cooper that he was speaking to Norman Thomas about the copyright situation and the great obstacle to getting it established in Cooper's name is that EVD's writings and speeches are currently copyrighted by a great many organizations, including the Socialist Party, the APPEAL TO REASON, the NEW YORK CALL, the INTERNATIONAL SOCIALIST REVIEW, the NEW YORK COMRADE, among others. Tells Cooper that he plans on writing to each organization who holds a copyright to return that copyright to the guardians of EVD's estate.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 9/9/48. Asks that Stone tell her who gets a copyright when a newspaper goes out of existence. Says that she doubts whether EVD ever gave so many newspapers and magazines the privilege of copyrighting his writings.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 9/21/48. Says that she planned on thanking Stone for the sweets that he sent earlier but that she has been quite busy.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/25/48. Says that he has decided to have the Authors' League investigate the matter of getting the copyright of EVD's speeches and writings established in Cooper's name. Assures Cooper that there will be no cost to her in his pursuit of the matter. Writes that he sees no sense in suing the Hermitage Press or the Progressive Book Club until the copyright issue is settled.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 5/2/49. Says that he has finished writing his new book on Saturday afternoon. Writes that his new book will be called THE PASSIONATE JOURNEY and is the story of one man's search for God. Writes that he and his family are preparing for a 3 month trip to Europe. Mentions that he will be in London, England in time for the British edition of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE to be released. Remarks that he plans on coming back in the United States on 9/26/49.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 5/24/49. Expresses the hope that Stone has a relaxing trip. Says that she remembers fondly her trip to Europe many years ago. Mentions that since World War II she has had no desire to return to Europe since so much of it was destroyed. Tells Stone that a tornado swept through the Wabash Valley last Saturday and took 15 lives. Expresses the hope that ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE gets a warm reception in England.
Letter to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/27/49. Writes that he was happy to receive Gertrude Debs' and Marguerite Debs Cooper's Christmas gift. Says that the clipping Cooper sent was from the same man who was hostile to him 2 years ago when he asked about raising funds to purchase EVD's house and turn it into a memorial to him.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/12/50. Writes that she and Gertrude Debs were happy to receive a copy of Stone's book THE PASSIONATE JOURNEY. Says that as soon as she gets a chance she plans on reading the book. Remarks that she and Gertrude Debs were disappointed that Stone and his family did not stop in Terre Haute, Indiana on their return to California. Writes that she is curious to find out how ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE was received in England. Asks that Stone tell her if he has read Ray Ginger's book about EVD yet. Says that she would not be surprised if Oscar Baur financed the book to counteract the image of Katherine Debs in Stone's ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Mentions that there are many statements in the book which are "not authentic." Expresses the hope that the book has not sold well.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 11/7/51. Writes that he is sending Cooper and Gertrude Debs a copy of his new book THE PRESIDENT'S LADY. Says that the book is selling well and has been favorably received by almost everyone but Fanny Butcher. Tells Cooper that he has given a couple of young theatrical press agents permission to make a play out of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE. Says that these press agents has gotten Margo Jones to recommend a dramatist. Mentions that Frederic March, Florence Eldridge, Paul Douglas, and Jan Sterling are all very interested in seeing the play produced. Writes that if a deal is made out of this proposal that he will turn over some of the royalties to Cooper to use at her discretion. Tells Cooper that he always thought that it would be nice to have a scholarship fund named after EVD and TD. Remarks that he thinks that a play about EVD could help to carry on the cause to which EVD and TD dedicated their lives.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, 12/3/51. Writes that it was delightful to hear from Stone again. Says that she is glad to learn that his new book THE PRESIDENT'S LADY is doing so well. Remarks that she appreciated the autographed copy of the book that he sent. Mentions that she is pleased to hear of the possible dramatization of ADVERSARY IN THE HOUSE and the interest of Frederic March and Paul Douglas in the matter.
Copy of letter from Marguerite Debs Cooper, n.d. Writes that she and Gertrude Debs appreciated the Christmas gifts that Stone sent. Says that she agrees with what Stone says about the matter regarding the copyright of EVD's writings and speeches. Mentions that Paula Hoffman is now a resident of Los Angeles, California. Expresses the hope that Stone has a happy New Year.

Stone, Jean: Copy of letter from TD, 2/28/45. Says that he is writing to thank Stone for the wonderful Christmas presents that she sent. Asks that Stone forgive him for taking so long to thank her for her gifts.

Stone, Warren: Poems titled "Ode to Ruth Le Prade" and "Ode to the Muse," n.d.

Story, Harold H. SEE Le Prade, Ruth.

Story, Eugene: Letter to TD, 7/6/31. Tells TD that he loves him. Says that he wishes that he could come see TD. Informs TD that he will be in the 1st grade next year. Asks that TD come out to see him some time. Includes a drawing.
Poem titled "My Babies," n.d.

Stowe, Beecher: Letter to EVD on Doubleday, Page and Co. letterhead, 1/10/25. Writes that he appreciated EVD's comments on Charles Dennis' book EUGENE FIELD'S CREATIVE YEARS. Says that he thinks that it will secure a wide distribution for the book.

Stout, W. A.: Letter to EVD on International Lyceum and Chautauqua Association letterhead, 2/7/19. Informs EVD that there is a conference being proposed on the topic of "Democracy and World Reconstruction." Says that he is sending EVD an outline for the conference. Includes an outline of democracy covering topics relating to the theory of democracy, the historical aspects of democracy, the economic aspects of democracy, the social aspects of democracy, the political aspects of democracy, democracy and international relations, democracy and its leaders--Jesus Christ, Girolano Savonarola, Giuseppe Mazzini, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln, Walt Whitman, Richard Cobden, Henry George, Lloyd George, Woodrow Wilson, Thomas Masaryk, Eugene Clemenceau, and Jules Ferry, the perils and safeguards of democracy, and the justifications of democracy. Also includes a list of the "Great Names of Democracy" in the United States, England, France, Italy, Ireland, Russia, Czechoslovakia, Greece, Germany, and Spain.

Strickland, Fred G.: Letter to EVD and TD on Working-Class Lectures letterhead, 5/3/06. Says that he just read about the death of Marguerite Bettrich Debs. Sends condolences on Marguerite Bettrich Debs' death.
Letter to TD, 12/9/20. Says that he read EVD's article in the SOCIALIST WORLD and thought that it was fine. Writes that what the working class movement needs is a soul and EVD is the man who can provide it. Tells TD that he is holding a series of meetings in the River Falls area of Ohio.
Letter to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter from TD, 3/12/41. Writes that he has heard that 3/14/41 marks Strickland's and his wife's 50th wedding anniversary. Says that he has known Strickland since they were young men "inspired by lofty and noble ideas--the betterment and well-being of the disinherited." Assures TD that when he dies he will have the comfort of knowing that "in the age-long battle of the of the common herd for economic freedom, for a saner, nobler civilization you played a most conspicuous part."

Stroll, Mrs. Carol Lloyd: Letter to EVD, 11/18/19. Writes that she thinks of EVD often. Says that in this time of darkness EVD stands out like a great light. Assures EVD that he has not failed those who have put their trust in him. Tells EVD that he will never be forgotten. Says that she never felt sorry for EVD because of all love and joy he has. Remarks that she feels as though she is writing in place of her brother Henry Demarest Lloyd. Mentions that she is sending EVD a wood cut of Henry Demarest Lloyd for his cell. Writes that Henry Demarest Lloyd once said to John Spargo that the social question will not be answered until after he, Spargo, and EVD go to prison. Assures EVD that Henry Demarest Lloyd is with EVD in spirit.
Letter to TD, 1/21/35. Writes that all of Henry Demarest Lloyd's papers have been placed in the State Historical Library at the University of Wisconsin. Mentions that the State Historical Library at the University of Wisconsin also holds John R. Commons' papers. Asks that TD send any materials relevant to this collection to insure its availability for future use.

Strong, Sydney: Letter to TD on Queen Anne Congregational Church letterhead, 1/25/25. Says that he is sending TD a few copies of THE CRUCIFIXION. Mentions that EVD is mentioned quite a few times in the booklet. Remarks that he heard a Mr. Kennedy give an "admirable" lecture on EVD.
Telegram to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD, 12/16/26. Writes that he is sending TD the 8 copies of "The Songs of Fellowship" that he requested. Mentions that TD's letter to Mr. Whitaker will be forwarded.

Stubbs, Sybil Combs: Letter to EVD on Texas Woman's College letterhead, 3/12/21. Says that he heard EVD speak once. Remarks that she prayers for EVD every day. Tells EVD that his photo is on her dressing table. Writes that she has been advocating socialism for years. Mentions that she is a college student doing all she can to make converts to the cause. Remarks that the intelligentsia is considering socialism more now than ever before.

Sulger, John E.: Letter to Marie Debs Heinl, 10/21/27. Writes that he appreciated the copy of EVD's book WALLS AND BARS that he sent. Tells Heinl that he has read the book with great interest and found it "positively thrilling." Says that while he does not accept EVD's philosophy in general he does agree with him that there is a great need for prison reform. Remarks that he was at one time the chaplain at a penitentiary in Wyoming. Writes that while he was there he was able to put through some reforms at the institution with the cooperation of the warden. Mentions that the prisoners gave him a gold-topped cane when he left the prison. Expresses the hope that WALLS AND BARS gets into the hands of people who are able to carry out some of the reforms EVD suggests in his book.

Sussman, A.: Letter to EVD on JEWISH WORLD letterhead, 2/20/18. Writes that the capture of Jerusalem by the British combined with the approval of the British government for the creation of independent Jewish state has made it imperative to discuss the Zionist movement and whether or not to become involved in it. Asks that EVD give his opinion on the position socialists should take on this issue.

Swasey, Eva P. Ingersoll Wakefield: Letter to EVD, 1/17/07. Sends condolences on the death of Jean Daniel Debs' death. Says that her memory of Jean Daniel Debs is still very vivid. Assures EVD that she will always treasure her time with him.
Letter to TD, 1/21/30. Writes that she appreciated TD's response to her Christmas card. Says that it was delightful to hear from the Debs family again. Assures TD that she will always cherish her one and only meeting with TD. Remarks that EVD was a "Shakespeare of the heart."
Copy of letter from TD, 3/13/30. Writes that Swasey's letter touched him deeply, especially because of her fine tribute to EVD. Assures Swasey that his love for the Ingersoll family runs very deep. Says that Robert Ingersoll's beliefs in the 1870s and 1880s were about as popular as EVD's were during the late war.
Letter to TD, 9/18/32. Writes that she and her husband appreciated TD's last letters. Says that TD's friendship is very dear to them. Assures TD the Debs name is a sacred one in her home. Expresses the hope that TD visits them the next time he is in New York City, New York.
Letter to TD, 12/11/36. Sends condolences on the death of TD's sister and Katherine Debs. Says that she always thought it unfortunate never to have the chance to meet Katherine Debs. Writes that Katherine Debs must have been a wonderful person to have kept the life long love and devotion of EVD. Tells TD that EVD has taken on the status of a legend in her later years. Says that because EVD was so good, compassionate, and unselfish it is no wonder that he and her father were such great friends.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/18/36. Writes that he appreciated the sentiments expressed in Swasey's last letter. Says that he is now the only surviving sibling left of the Debs family. Tells Swasey that EVD had pictures of Robert Ingersoll and Victor Hugo hanging in his office<BR>
Until his death. Remarks that he gave the picture of Robert Ingersoll to a Civil War veteran who told everyone who entered his house that the picture was the one that hung in EVD's office for more thn 40 years. Writes that both EVD and Robert Ingersoll were espousers of a "righteous but unpopular cause; both lovers of liberty;" and both "humanitarians of the loftiest and noble type." Mentions that he is sending Swasey a copy of Ruth LePrade's book DEBS AND THE POETS.

Sweet, Channing: Letter to EVD, 1/7/21. Writes that there is no change in his wife's condition. Says that while his wife's long term memory is fairly good she suffers from a great deal of short term memory loss. Tells EVD that he has heard that a Mr. Hays health has deteriorated. Remarks that the only time he met Mr. Hays was when he, EVD, and Hervey Minns visited the strike scene of the strike that came before the one in Ludlow, Colorado. Says that his son will be spending 6 weeks in England speaking with college students. Writes that his son should be able to do a lot of good by speaking to them. Informs EVD that the AFL convention will be meeting in Denver, Colorado on 1/13/21. Mentions that J. Mahlon Barnes will be there. Remarks that J. Mahlon Barnes made a motion at the AFL convention in 1894 to align the AFL with the Socialist Labor Party. Tells EVD that J. Mahlon Barnes now publishes a paper in Milwaukee, Wisconsin called the MAY DAY. Asks that EVD be of good cheer. Expresses the hope that one day he will be able to meet EVD again in Estes Park, Colorado.
Letter to EVD, 10/19/21. Says that he wishes that EVD was with him. Writes that he trusts that EVD's health is improving. Assures EVD that he will be back on his feet again soon.
Letter to TD, 10/21/26. Says that he received TD's telegram telling him of EVD's death. Says that he has lost his dearest friend and that the disinherited, its most "gallant champion." Assures TD that EVD's memory will live on forever.
Letter to TD, 10/22/26. Writes that he is sending TD clippings from the ROCKY MOUNTAIN NEWS and the DENVER POST. Says that he wishes that he could be with TD today to pay his last respects to EVD.
Letter to TD, 1/18/27. Says that he is glad that TD has decided to send a contribution to the APPEAL's memorial issue to EVD. Writes that what he regrets most about the APPEAL is its lack of emphasis on socialist fundamentalism, the basic principles of Marxist socialism. Remarks that he thinks that TD will agree with him that the socialist movement in the United States will stand or fall on the Marxist interpretation of history. Tells TD that if this is not true there is no reason for the Socialist Party to exist. Mentions that both the NEW LEADER and the MILWAUKEE LEADER mention almost nothing about Marxism in their columns anymore.

Sweet, William E.: Letter to EVD on Sweet, Causey, Foster and Co. letterhead, 8/26/15. Writes that he understands that EVD will be in Denver, Colorado next fall. Asks that EVD speak at the Mile High Club.
Copy of letter from EVD, 8/28/15. Writes that he has not yet planned to speak in Colorado. Says that while he would do anything for Sweet that he does not think that it would be good for him or Sweet to speak before the Mile High Club because there are several owners of coal companies who are members of it. Informs Sweet that if he spoke before these coal company owners that he would have to "denounce them to their face as arch criminals and conspirators, debauchers of the state's politics, committers of murder and of their crimes." Assures Sweet that he would feel like a hypocrite if he walked away from the Mile High Club with the coal company owners' applause ringing in his ears. Says that he assumes that Sweet has been reading Frank Walsh's reports of the Federal Board of Industrial Relations. Writes that if he has he knows that the mine owners and their mangers are the "coldest-blooded murderers, woman-ravishers and baby-roasters that ever figured in the annals of crime."
Telegram to TD, 12/6/31. Asks that TD send him information about EVD's influence on the "big burly incorrigible Negro prisoner" at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/7/31. Writes that EVD's influence on Sam Moore and the other prisoners at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia was due to "respectful treatment and kindness," nothing else. Says that although EVD was warned to have nothing to do with Sam Moore when he first entered the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Remarks that the first chance EVD got he sought out Sam Moore and befriended him. Tells Sweet that there has been a great deal written about EVD's relationship with the prisoners at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Assures Sweet that there was nothing mysterious about EVD's ability to get along with the other prisoners, it was all due to EVD's ability to see the prisoners as men, not criminals. Mentions that he is sending Sweet some material that might be of use to him.
Letter to TD, 12/12/31. Writes that the reason why he asked for information on Sam Moore was because his minister told the story last week of a girl's prison experience. Says that after church he told the minister about EVD's prison experience who wanted more information about it so that he could use it in a future sermon.
Copy of letter from TD, 1/17/33. Writes that he just heard about the passing of William Sweet's father, Channing Sweet. Says that although he knew that Channing Sweet's heath was failing it was still a shock to hear about his death. Tells Sweet that his friendship with Channing Sweet was a precious one that spanned almost 60 years. Says that he knows what Sweet is going through because he, himself, just recently lost a sibling. Mentions that he was surprised to hear that he had been mentioned in Channing Sweet's will.

Swinton, John: Note to EVD, 6/29/1894. Writes that it gives him great pleasure to know of EVD's work. Says that EVD is a "strong, a true, and a brave man."


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