When to Cite
Do you need a quick review? Here is a printable checklist to take with you.
- Direct quotes, summaries and paraphrases of sources, and information that is not "common knowledge" need to be cited.
- A complete citation has two parts: the in-text citation and the end-of-text citation.
- In-text citations are also called parenthetical citation, and they are in the body of the paper.
- Only include the page number in the in-text citation if the citation is for a direct quote. If the
citation is for a paraphrase or summary it is not necessary to include the page number.
- End-of-text citations are also called the works-cited list, reference list, or bibliography.
- The works-cited list is arranged in alphabetical order according to author, and it is at the end of the paper.
- It is necessary to write down all of the pertinent information for your sources: author, title, journal source, database, publication date, etc.
- Capitalize the first word in the tile of books, journal articles, and magazine articles and the first word after a colon in the title.
- Capitalize propers nouns in titles.
- Capitalize all important words in journal titles.
- Give the volume number of journals and magazines. If each issue of a journal begins
on page 1, give the issue number in parentheses.
- If a journal does not use volume numbers, include the month, season, or other year designation instead.
- The Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association is kept at the reference desk.
April 29th, 2004