In-Text or Parenthetical Citation
Paraphrases and Summaries
In addition to using a direct quote, you can paraphrase or summarize someone else's words.
To paraphrase is to put another's ideas into your own words. Paraphrasing is usually at the sentence level. To summarize is to put an entire paragraph, page, chapter, etc. into your own words. A summary is basically a more-extensive paraphrase.
Although you can quote, it is always better to paraphrase or summarize a source because it shows that you actually comprehend the ideas you're using. Do not paraphrase or summarize if doing so loses the emotion or impact of the original.
You must cite paraphrases and summaries.
June 15th, 2004