Set III, 3
BUILDING SENTENCE PATTERNS
1. SIMPLE SENTENCE - contains only one independent clause.
| Simple Sentence |
| Subject + Predicate |
[Tom and Bob] [went to the park for a swim.]
2. COMPOUND SENTENCE -- joins two or more independent clauses (also called
simple sentence or complete ideas) but no dependent clauses. Compound
sentences join ideas of equal importance.
| Simple Sentence | + | Simple Sentence |
Tom and Bob went to the park | then they rode
for a swim [, and] their bikes home.
Tom and Bob went to the park | they rode their
for a swim [;] bikes home.
Tom and Bob went to the park [;afterwards,] they rode their
for a swim bikes home.
3. COMPLEX SENTENCES
-- joins one or more dependent clauses
(also called subordinate or embedded
________________ clauses) to the independent clause.
|Simple Sentence | Complex sentences are useful when
|________________| your writing includes some ideas
\ that are more important than others.
\ The independent clause contains the
____________\____ main idea, and the dependent clauses
|Dependent Clause | convey minor or subordinate ideas.
The woman [who took the application] went to lunch.
[When it began to rain] we left the tennis court.
We left the tennis court [when it began to rain.]