Eugene V. Debs Letters:
Abstracts for "W"


Wagenknecht, H.: Letter to EVD on OHIO SOCIALIST letterhead, 11/19/18. Writes that EVD has been scheduled to speak in Cleveland, Ohio on 11/24/18, Toledo, Ohio on 11/27/18, Mansfield, Ohio on 11/29/18, Niles, Ohio on 12/1/18, Tiffin, Ohio on 12/3/18, Sandusky, Ohio on 12/4/18, Ravenna, Ohio on 12/7/18, and Canton, Ohio on 12/8/18. Says that these dates have been arranged in such a way as to put no great strain on EVD. Remarks that although the ban on public gatherings had been lifted in Massillon, Ohio it looks like it is back on. Expresses the hope that EVD is able to attend a banquet on 12/15/18 for the comrades getting out of prison in Canton, Ohio.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party of Ohio letterhead, 3/6/19. Tells EVD that the Lima, Ohio meeting for 3/9/19 has been cancelled. Says that the meeting in Cleveland, Ohio on 3/12/19 is definitely on.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party Department of Organization and Propaganda letterhead, 3/19/19. Writes that the Socialist Party's Department of Organization and Propaganda will start its membership drive on 5/1/19. Says that he would like to print something written by EVD on the application blanks. Remarks that he is sending EVD an idea of the kind of statement that he wants. Includes a mock up of an application with a statement from EVD on it. Also includes an invitation to attend one of the Socialist Party's May Day meetings to protest EVD's imprisonment.

Wagner, Bena and Mary: Telegram to TD, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Wagner, Charles.: Letter to TD, 11/2/26. Says that he is sending TD a poem that he wrote in honor of EVD. Includes a poem titled "The Dial."

Wagner, Phil: Copy of letter from EVD, 3/22/15. Writes that since Wagner has pleaded guilty to the charges brought up against him for publishing a defamatory cartoon of Billy Sunday that he has advised Harry Tichenor to plead guilty, too. Says that he does not think that Harry Tichenor should try to defend himself when the MELTING POT's owner has already pleaded guilty. Remarks that he would never have advised Wagner to plead guilty. Assures Wagner that he will stand by him.
Copy of letter from TD, 9/30/15. Writes that EVD has been bed-ridden since he returned from Oklahoma. Says that he has warned Frank O'Hare against over-taxing EVD's strength. Informs Wagner that EVD will not be able to make it to Weston, West Virginia. Remarks that if EVD's health does not improve in the next few days he will have to cancel EVD's eastern tour. Tells Wagner that EVD has "not made a single trip" under the auspices of the NATIONAL RIP-SAW that has "not had some kind of a 'killer' in it." Says that if the NATIONAL RIP-SAW cannot make better arrangements for EVD he will have to go somewhere else. Asks that Wagner make no plans for a western tour for EVD. Writes that none of EVD's tours should last more than 2 weeks.
Copy of letter from EVD, 6/24/16. Writes that he has just returned to his hotel after speaking at a meeting in Crystal Falls, Michigan "under peculiar difficulties and extraordinary circumstances." Says that there were rumors flying that something might occur that was not on the socialist program. Tells Wagner that Crystal Falls, Michigan is located around iron mines and is susceptible to the same "abject slavery" that prevails in J. D. Rockefeller's mining camps. Remarks that since Crystal Falls, Michigan is near a place which has 20,000 iron miners currently out on strike the rumors that circulated before his arrival were to the effect of what would happen when he arrived in town. Says that before his speech all of the red flags in Crystal Falls, Michigan were torn down and speakers were placed on the street corners to preach about Americanism and patriotism. Tells Wagner that the order was rescinded where he was to hold his meeting. Mentions that he ended up holding the meeting on a hillside out of town. Writes that his audience was composed of mostly Finns. Says that when he got up to speak he was surrounded by several deputies. Assures Wagner that he gave a very charged speech despite the circumstances. Tells Wagner that there are few avowed members of the Socialist Party in Crystal Falls, Michigan. Says that most of the Americans are so intimidated that they refuse to join either a labor union or the Socialist Party. Mentions that the immigrants bear the brunt of the persecution in Crystal Falls, Michigan. Writes that he has been warned to look out for himself in Negaunee, Michigan tomorrow. Informs Wagner that a local merchant has just congratulated him on his speech.
Copy of letter from EVD, 6/26/16. Writes that yesterday's meeting in Negaunee, Michigan was great. Says that thousands of Finns and other foreigners sat in the rain for over an hour to hear him speak. Tells Wagner that he is glad that he has the day off because he has a congested chest. Remarks that he was greeted at the train station in Negaunee, Michigan by thousands of people. Says there was red everywhere to mark his arrival. Writes that he and the crowd marched through the streets to the place where he was to speak. Assures Wagner that he never saw a finer proletarian parade in all his life.
Copy of letter from EVD, 2/1/18. Says that as of 2/1/18 several of his editorials still have not been published, including: "Let Us Fight Out Own Battles," "Reactionary Unionism," "The Lying Capitalist Press," "The New Freedom," "Strangling Democracy," "Plutocrats, Patriotism and Prices," "Root and the Russian Revolution," "The Protest," "The Crime Against the Mooneys," "The Boston Outrage," "The Press Censorship," "Arrest of Socialist Speakers," "The Go Scot Free," "The Wall Street 'Alliance'," "President Wilson on Censorship," "Law and Order 'Smashers'," "Good and Bad Socialists," "Gompers and His Social Friends," "Plutes, Pimps and Prostitutes," "Socialism is Spreading," "Winning for Social Revolution," and "Sowing the Seed of Socialism." Remarks that Wagner should also have copies his articles "Where We Stand and Why" and "Kate O'Hare and Her Sentence." Asks that Wagner try to locate each of these pieces because he wants to know how many of them are unlocatable so that he can ask the Postmaster General about them.
Letter to EVD on THE SOCIAL BUILDER letterhead, 5/17/18. Says that he has decided to suspend publication of THE SOCIAL BUILDER. Writes that he was sorry to have to give up the fight but that the odds were against him.
Letter to EVD on Lambert Trublpruf Tire Company letterhead, 1/17/19. Says that the plates to DEBS: HIS LIFE, WRITINGS AND SPEECHES have been destroyed. Informs EVD that there were never plates made of LABOR AND FREEDOM.

Wailes, Gladys: Letter to EVD, 12/10/20. Says that she is an 11 year old girl. Tells EVD that she loves to go to school. Writes that she feels sorry for EVD because he is in prison. Remarks that EVD has many "pretty" pieces in the OKLAHOMA LEADER that she loves to read. Expresses the hope that EVD is treated well in prison. Tells EVD that her parents saw EVD speak in Weir, Kansas. Mentions that her father is a 63 year old miner, who has been in the mines since he was 8. Expresses the hope that EVD has a Merry Christmas.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Says that Wailes' letter made him shed tears because her father has spent the last 50 years in the mines.

Waldner, Auguste: Photocopy of letter to Eugenie Debs Selby in French, 7/21/1893. Sends condolences on the death of John Howard Selby. Asks that Eugenie Debs Selby tell Jean Daniel Debs that he shares in her bereavement. Remarks that he tried to convince the Besard family to move back to civilization. Says that they prefer the Far West. Mentions that the family is cultivating some land near Pecos City, New Mexico like peasants.

Waldo, Richard H.: Letter to Robert Heinl on John Wanamaker New York letterhead, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Assures Heinl that EVD will become more fully appreciated in the future.

Walker, Cora: Letter to EVD, n.d. Writes that her father subscribes to the NEW DAY. Says that the editor of the newspaper asked its subscribers to send a word of good cheer to the political prisoners. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison. Tells EVD that she is 11 yeasrs old. Remarks that she read EVD's article in the NEW DAY and enjoyed it very much. Expresses the hope that EVD will be able to spend Christmas with his family.

Walker, J. H.: Letter to EVD on United Mine Workers of America letterhead, 3/26/08. Writes that he received EVD's letter asking him for a 500 word article about the United Mine Workers of America convention. Says that he does not care to write about the convention at this time. Remarks that the work of the United Mine Workers of America is not too different from that of its British counterpart. Tells EVD that he, as a leader of the United Mine Workers of America, does not want to become embroiled in any controversies. Mentions that he is sending EVD a clipping from the LABOUR LEADER by Keir Hardie.
Copy of letter from EVD, 3/28/08. Says that he thinks that it is unfortunate that labor leaders are too timid to tell the working classes "the truth they so much need to know." Tells Walker that he sees no reason why the he cannot report what happened at the United Mine Workers of America convention. Remarks that he thought that Walker would be eager to report to the readers of the APPEAL TO REASON about the declaration made by the miners of Illinois. Writes that he thinks it unfortunate that the socialist leaders of the United Mine Workers of America "are so fearful of doing anything that may offend the sensibilities of the capitalist labor lieutenants and ward-heeling republican and democratic politicians who so largely dominate the United Mine Workers to its everlasting injury and discredit." Assures Walker that as long as this remains the case the coal miners of America will remain in a "pitiable condition." Mentions that the progress of the mine workers' unions in Britain was not achieved through "supine submission to pure and simple unionism." Informs Walker that another officer of the United Mine Workers of America has agreed to write the article that he wants.

Walker, Ryan: Caricature of EVD, 3/?/12.
Caricature of EVD on envelope postmarked 3/28/12.
Letter to EVD, 7/19/13. Writes that he admires the way that TD has gone after Joseph Kluser. Asks that EVD tell him why the church always sides with the "robbers." Expresses the hope that EVD is well. Remarks that Henry Dubb seems to be widely quoted. Mentions that some day he will ask Henry Dubb to write an article for the APPEAL TO REASON.
Letter to EVD on Ryan Walker, Cartoonist letterhead, 12/16/19. Says that he is writing to send EVD his Christmas greetings. Assures EVD that the world will not be right until EVD is set free. Remarks that every month on the 13th he prints a cartoon tribute to EVD in the NEW YORK CALL. Mentions that he just received a letter from Mother Jones. Tells EVD that David Karsner's book will be out on 12/18/19. Remarks that he got an old American Railway Union member a job. Says that the man spent the last "35" years in prison for his part in the American Railway Union Strike of 1894.
Letter to TD on NEW YORK EVENING GRAPHIC letterhead, 10/21/26. Says that he is saddened by the news of EVD's death. Tells TD that he wished that he could have gone with James Oneal to EVD's funeral. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to TD on NEW YORK CALL letterhead, n.d. Says that nothing makes him more bitter than EVD's imprisonment. Tells TD that things will not be right with him until EVD gets released. Writes that he has been wanting to go down to Atlanta, Georgia to visit EVD, but has not had the time. Remarks that the Socialist Party convention opens tomorrow. Writes that the Socialist Party made a mistake when it nominated a "cheap fraud" like Allan Benson to represent a "working man's party." Says that he does not expect the socialist vote to be large this year, even if EVD does get the nomination. Remarks that he never heard of a Czar being ousted from office through the ballot box.
Letter to EVD on NEW YORK CALL letterhead, n.d. Says that he is writing to wish EVD a Merry Christmas. Tells EVD that David Karsner is on his way to visit him. Remarks that he wished that he was doing half the great work David Karsner is.
Letter to EVD on NEW YORK CALL letterhead, n.d. Writes that he wished that he could come to notify EVD of his nomination as the Socialist Party's candidate for President like he did in Girard, Kansas. Says that he wants so badly to visit EVD. Assures EVD that "big things" are happening in the world. Mentions that he bought some old issues of HARPER'S WEEKLY with articles on the Pullman Strike in them. Remarks that he, David Karsner, and James Oneal are always playing tricks on one another. Mentions that his wife's health has not been well. Writes that the railroad strike is still "tying things up." Says that there is no way that railroad workers can survive on $5 a day.
Letter to EVD on NEW YORK CALL letterhead, n.d. Writes that he thinks of EVD often. Tells EVD that his wife is going to cast her first vote for him. Says that EVD must read H. G. Well's OUTLINE OF HISTORY. Mentions that he has sent Frank Nye EVD's tribute to him, James Whitcomb Riley, and Eugene Field.

Wallace, James L.: Letter to EVD, 12/10/18. Writes that he has finished reading EVD's challenge to Charles H. Moyer regarding Moyer's statement at the Pan-American Labor Conference in Laredo, Texas. Informs EVD that he attended 50 days of William Haywood's trial in Boise, Idaho and is familiar with what transpired there. Remarks that what brought George Pettibone to an early grave was having to remain in prison while Charles Moyer went free until he, too, was granted bail.

Wallings, Anna Strunsky: Letter to EVD, 12/25/20. Writes that there are thousands of people in the world who love EVD and are with him, but who do so silently. Says that she is one of those people. Tells EVD that for many he is the freest man in the world. Mentions that she is sending him a letter from a Stanford University professor who says that several of his colleagues voted for EVD. Assures EVD that the future belongs to the people. Says that when the class war is fought and won EVD's greatness will be known.
Letter to EVD, 1/4/25. Says that Harriet Stanton Blatch will be 70 on 1/20/25. Writes that the Women's University Club will be having a dinner in her honor. Mentions that Morris Hillquit and John Haynes Holmes will speak. Asks that EVD send a message of greeting to Harriet Stanton Blatch. Assures EVD that she thinks of him often.
Telegram to Katherine Debs, TD, and Gertrude Debs, 10/23/26. Says that EVD lives on in the cause.

Walling, Sadie M.: Photocopy of postcard to TD, 9/4/08. Says that he would like to be with TD on the Red Special.
Letter to TD, 10/15/08. Says that she is afraid that EVD is over-working himself. Writes that EVD must be pleaded with to slow down. Tells TD that EVD should be taken off of the Red Special for 2 or 3 days. Remarks that she is trusting TD and Stephen Marion Reynolds to keep EVD in good shape. Assures TD that it was a pleasure for her to be on the Red Special. Asks that TD tell EVD that she sends her love.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, postmarked 10/20/08. Writes that TD's letter helped her a lot. Says that she is glad to hear that everbody is well.
Letter to EVD, 10/21/08. Says that she heard that EVD could not speak in Columbus, Ohio because of illness. Asks that TD tell her if this is true. Writes that she glad to hear from Stephen Marion Reynolds that EVD had a couple days rest. Asks that TD tell Stephen Marion Reynolds that she loves him for looking after EVD.
Letter to TD, 10/27/08. Says that this is a busy time for socialists. Tells TD that she is writing to make sure EVD is being well taken of. Writes that "those wild Westerners" will not be as considerate of EVD as the easterners were. Remarks that if EVD gets through next week okay then TD and Stephen Marion Reynolds deserve all the credit in the world. Mentions that she received a note from Marguerite Debs Cooper this morning saying that Gertrude Debs just returned from her trip on the Red Special. Writes that she was glad that Gertrude Debs was able to go. Says that it was sad to hear that Albert Yerex died. Asks that TD tell her if EVD is coming east again because a friend of hers heard that EVD was going to participate in a debate at Harvard University.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 10/28/08. Writes that she appreciated the card that Marguerite Debs Cooper sent. Says that she was glad to hear that Gertrude Debs had a good time on the Red Special.
Letter to TD on Adams Art Association letterhead, 11/2/08. Tells TD that despite what the letterhead says that she is still with WILSHIRE'S MAGAZINE. Says that she received the postcard that TD sent from Woodstock, Illinois. Assures TD that she would be more than willing to be a speaker on the next Red Special tour. Says that she made her debut as a speaker at a mass meeting in Newark, New Jersey last night. Remarks that she was not the least bit scared. Writes that she and a friend are going to the Grand Central Palace tomorrow to hear the election returns. Says that she and her friend may just get arrested for waving red handkerchiefs as happened to 2 men a couple of nights ago. Tells TD that EVD would have been proud to see his "Wilshire girls" waving their red banners as a parade sponsored by the Republican Party passed them. Says that she was glad to hear that Marguerite Debs Cooper was going to get a chance to ride on the Red Special. Tells TD that she is thankful for all of the good the Red Special tour did for the cause.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, postmarked 7/19/09. Asks that Marguerite Debs Cooper tell her if she is going with her west next summer.
Photocopy of postcard to TD, postmarked 8/2/09. Asks that TD tell her if he is accompanying EVD to Newark, New Jersey later this month. Says that she would love to see TD again.
Photocopy of postcard to Marguerite Debs Cooper, n.d. Expresses the hope that Marguerite Debs Cooper has a Merry Christmas.
Photocopy of postcard to Gertrude Debs, n.d. Expresses the hope that Gertrude Debs has a Merry Christmas.

Walling, William E.: Letter to EVD, 3/2/13. Says that William Haywood's recall is perceived by the capitalist press to be "a victory of capitalism within the Socialist Party." Writes that he wonders if EVD approves of the way the recall was stated. Also writes that he wonders if Montona was right to demand a new ballot. Asks that EVD tell him if he approves of any of William Haywood's practices. Says that he is sure that EVD's own judgment will lead him to do the right thing in the William Haywood matter. Mentions that William Haywood's repudiation of political action was phrased in words similar to EVD's own, "I do not ask the workingman for his vote."
Copy of letter from EVD, 3/5/13. Says that he regretted that William Haywood was recalled from the Socialist Party. Writes that William Haywood's recall was "inevitable." Tells Walling that William Haywood "deliberately" violated Section 6 of the Socialist Party's constitution. Says that as of late William Haywood has been talking more like an anarchist rather than a socialist. Informs Walling that anarchism and socialism will never mix. Remarks that there are anarchists from the Industrial Workers of the World who are in the organization for no other reason that to disrupt its work. Assures Walling that the Socialist Party has a right to take a stand against the anarchists in the organization. Remarks that there is a "wide difference" between the kind of political action William Haywood advocates and the kind of political action that he advocates.

Walsh, Frank P.: Letter to EVD on United States Commission on Industrial Relations letterhead, 5/12/14. Writes that the Commission on Industrial Relations is plan a series of hearing in New York City, New York starting 5/18/14. Says that on 5/21/14 and 5/22/14 there will be a hearing on the American Federation of Labor, the Industrial Workers of the World, and the Socialist Party. Tells EVD that Samuel Gompers and John P. Sullivan will be speaking on behalf of the American Federation of Labor, EVD and Max Hayes, on behalf of the Socialist Party, and William Haywood, Arturo Giovanetti, and Vincent St. John, on behalf of the Industrial Workers of the World. Expresses the hope that EVD will not make him go through the formality of obtaining a subpoena for him to appear. Says the government will give EVD an allowance of $.05 a mile to get to New York City, New York and $2.00 a day while there.
Telegram to EVD, 5/18/14. Asks that EVD appear before the Commission on Industrial Relations on 5/21/14.
Letter to EVD on United States Commission on Industrial Relations letterhead, 7/1815. Says that he was disappointed that EVD was not able to attend the Commission on Industrial Relation's hearings in New York City, New York. Writes that the Commission on Industrial Relations is currently meeting in Chicago, Illinois to write its report for Congress. Expresses the hope that the report will be of enough "depth and vitality" to help with the "institution of a decent industrial basic system." Remarks that EVD's name has cropped up in the Commission on Industrial Relations' committee meetings. Mentions that one commission member said that EVD was twenty years of his time. Expresses the hope that EVD has recovered from his illness.
Letter to EVD on American Commission on Irish Independence letterhead, 4/?/20. Writes that he is sending EVD a copy of George Creel's book IRELAND'S FIGHT FOR FREEDOM. Remarks that the Irish's demand for self-rule is "irrefutable." Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that it is doubtful that he will ever receive the book Walsh sent. Says that he sympathizes with Walsh and the fight he is making.

Wannemacher, Edward H., Jr.: Telegram to Katherine Debs, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.
Letter to Marguerite Debs Cooper, 1/7/45. Sends condolences on the death of TD. Says that he recalls his times with TD with pleasure.
Note to EVD, n.d. Says that he is sending EVD greetings from Monticello, the home of a truly great American.

Warbasse, James Peter, Jr. and Vera: Letter to EVD from James Peter Warbasse, Jr., n.d. Says that since EVD is in prison that he is sending him some "goodies." Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released. Tells EVD that he is an "extreme Left winger." Mentions that he is 13 years old.
Letter to EVD from Vera Warbasse, n.d. Expresses the hope that EVD has a Merry Christmas. Mentions that she is 7 years old.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Says that James Peter Warbasse, his wife, and his children are "find and thoughtful" people. Asks that TD tell James Peter Warbasse that he appreciated the article he wrote in the NEW YORK CALL.

Ward, Charles E.: Letter to EVD, 8/6/21. Says that many "deluded individuals" have sought to control the masses through the cross, the inquisition, and the prison. Writes that these deluded individuals are fast on their way out. Tells EVD that he has been blessed with an unfaltering courage that enables him to stand up for his principles. Assures EVD that his soul will continue to shine long after his persecutors are dead.

Ware, Bethel: Letter to EVD, 10/24/20. Writes that he has just finished reading about the good work EVD has been doing in the LITERARY TIMES. Says that anyone who has read EVD's writings will be sympathetic with him at this time. Tells EVD that while he disagrees with the actions of the Socialist Party that he believes that EVD's motives were "pure and sincere." Remarks that he does not think that political parties provide a good environment for free thinkers. Writes that he believes that the best way to unite people is to keep them apart. Tells EVD that he found the Socialist Party to be "despotic" when he was in it. Assures EVD that he is being honored by being kept in prison. Remarks that he agrees with EVD that love is the most powerful and beneficent agent for positive change.

Warren, Elaine: Letter to EVD, 11/5/20. Says that she just finished reading EVD's message to the children in the SEATTLE UNION RECORD and it inspired her to write him. Assures EVD that it was a fine piece. Mentions that she is 9 years old and has been an agent for the SEATTLE UNION RECORD for 2 years. Tells EVD that the SEATTLE UNION RECORD is a "fighting little paper." Says that she and her cousin have gotten 95 subscriptions for that paper. Expresses the hope that the political prisoners will soon be released from prison.

Warren, Fred D.: Copy of telegram to R. G. Ridgeway, 8/11/08. Says that neither the APPEAL TO REASON nor the APPEAL ARMY will "boost" Lincoln Steffens' article in EVERBODY'S MAGAZINE. Informs Ridgeway that he did not expect a lot of "extraneous matter" in the interview Steffens did with EVD. Writes that since EVD is the Socialist Party's candidate for President that he should speak for the organization.
Postcard to TD, postmarked 9/12/10. Says that the Akron Monumental Works erected the statue of John Brown that is on the postcard. Writes that although John Brown was a sheep herder and a hired hand the world seeks to pay him homage.
Letter to EVD, 4/12/15. Writes that he will send out EVD's statement. Says that he thinks that it is too bad that a "purely private controversy should be loaded onto the movement, but there seems no escape." Informs EVD that he is thinking about withdrawing completely from the movement because he is so discouraged and disheartened. Remarks that disaster always seems to follow his efforts to help others. Tells EVD that even though he has been feeling this way he received a letter that lifted his spirits and made him feel more optimistic and hopeful. Says that he would like to talk with EVD about what can be done in the movement.
Letter to EVD, 5/4/15. Says that he has never felt "so disturbed and upset" in all his life. Writes that he has just read the reports announcing the conviction of John R. Lawson. Tells EVD that he feels powerless to do anything about it. Remarks that on top of John R. Lawson's imprisonment there is the imprisonment of Pat Quinlan, who is dying of tuberculosis in his prison cell. Assures EVD that both of these comrades were convicted on perjured testimony. Writes that because the Socialist Party is filled with internecine strife it is unable to do anything for these men. Says that it all makes him feel heartsick. Informs EVD that the Socialist Party is on its way out at the precise time when the "whole country is seething with Socialist sentiment." Mentions that he and EVD are the only two people that could use this sentiment to accomplish something as happened with the Charles Moyer-William Haywood case or the West Virginia coal strike. Informs EVD that there is only one thing to "arouse the unthinking public to an understanding of the impending conflict" and that is a fight, not abstract propaganda. Writes that he is sure that the people could be aroused over the imprisonment of Pat Quinlan or John R. Lawson, but that before they could do so the facts of their cases must become common knowledge. Says that the "secret manipulation" of John D. Rockefeller in the Colorado mine strike must be connected to John R. Lawson's imprisonment. Tells EVD that what is needed is a long drawn out campaign in these men's behalf. Remarks that it was a campaign like this that the APPEAL TO REASON used to help free Waldo Coffman. Says that if Patrick Quinlan can be sent to prison on perjured testimony the same thing can happen to EVD. Remarks that he spent 2 months working for the NEW YORK CALL but quit after he realized that the NEW YORK CALL was "hopeless." Says that he has $100,000 to start a newspaper with but does not think that it is the right time to start one. Remarks that he would be willing to give his time to the NATIONAL RIP-SAW if it became a weekly.
Letter to EVD, 3/22/17. Says that the bill that he has worked 3 years to be considered by Congress is finally under review. Tells EVD that it cost a considerable sum of money for this to happen. Remarks that the original bill called for all congressmen who voted for America's entry into the war would be the first draftees into the service. Writes that the bill, as it stands, proposes that all income over the $100,000 be taken by the government. Expresses the hope that EVD is happy.
Letter to EVD on APPEAL TO REASON letterhead, n.d. Tells EVD that he is now a "private citizen." Says that he does not want EVD to have any ill-feelings towards him whatsoever. Writes that he was always thinking of EVD's best interest when he worked for the APPEAL TO REASON. Assures EVD that he always appreciated his years of loyal service. Remarks that although he will be accused of abandoning the APPEAL TO REASON he needed a vacation from the paper. Writes that J. A. Wayland's sons were anxious for him to leave the APPEAL TO REASON anyway. Says that he had always hoped that the Socialist Party would take over the APPEAL TO REASON. Tells EVD that his only plans now are to spend some time with his wife and children. Remarks that because of investments he made in some oil fields in Oklahoma and Kansas he is financially independent. Mentions that he plans on doing some kind of work on behalf of the cooperative commonwealth but that he does not know what form it will take.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that he has received several letters regarding the Upton Sinclair matter. Tells EVD that his letter is the only one that he is responding to because he wants to keep in EVD's good graces. Writes that he gave Upton Sinclair an outline for a story in 1907 which became the basis for MILLENIUM. Remarks that Upton Sinclair paid him $300 for idea, promising him one-third of the royalties as well and the right for the APPEAL TO REASON to serialize the book for free. Tells EVD that now Upton Sinclair wants $2,000 because the APPEAL TO REASON serialized MILLENIUM. Says that he refuses to pay Upton Sinclair because of their contract saying that the APPEAL TO REASON could serialize MILLENIUM for free. Remarks that he wishes to have nothing else to do with Upton Sinclair.

Washington, Booker T.:Letter to C. Odilon Mailloux on Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute letterhead, 10/23/15. Says that he is writing to Mailloux to make a donation to the Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute's scholarship fund. Tells Mailloux that there are few institutions where students "do more to help themselves than is true here."

Waters, Fred D.: Letter on the COLONY NEWS letterhead, signed by Waters, H. L. Buck, Carl Gleeser, Robert Lindsey, R. A. Caron, Mrs. Fred Waters, M. E. Sexton, Lilli Synoground, Dora Kemp, Pat McConnell, Wayne Woodward, George Snyder, W. E. Alexander, Claudie Caron, C. J. Richsterner, T. J. Caron, George Cantrell, [name illegible], W. H. Zurton, D. Lentz, George T. Rickett, Rosa Matz, Louise Belohiadsky, Myrtle Kemps, S. B. nash, A. Can Nuland, J. A. Morrissey, Mrs. J. C. Crawford, James S. Paton, James Valek, W. L. Thomas, H. C. Belmont. [name illegible], J. C. Crawford, Ed Landberg, [name illegible], [name illegible], A. G. Wood, Lawrence A. Yeatman, Noris Olsen, G. P. Fener, A. N. Loberg, [name illegible], T. Robertson, T. Carell, George Mertz, F. Ranger, [name illegible], G. P. Dant, Charles Tackett, J. Mollaw, William England, L. E. Alexander, D. D. Lindsey, Mrs. S B. Nash, W. Shutt, Mrs. Shutt, Peter Kemp, Fred Anderson, Mrs. Buck, J. C. Rhodes, Mrs. J. C. Rhodes, M. Gallo, A. C. Denning, Evia Robertson, Mr. Andrew, F. Hemman, L. Brostram, Mrs. G. E. Cantrell, W. A. Dougherty, George K. Thomas, Mrs. G. K. Thomas, and [name illegible]. 7/6/21. Says that although he and the others do not know EVD personally they all love him for the sacrifices he has made for the socialist cause. Writes that he and the other would like to call EVD's attention to the work of the Llano Colony. Tells EVD that he and the others would like EVD to spend a month at the Llano Colony to learn its secrets and to enjoy its amenities. Remarks that the Llano Colony will gladly pay all of EVD's expenses.

Watkins, Lucien B.:Poem titled "To Eugene Victor Debs, In Prison," n.d.

Watson, Albert D.: Letter to EVD, 8/17/21. Says that he was glad to know that EVD received his letter. Writes that EVD has a dear friend in the "Bahai lady who is literally giving her life to the great cause of the unification of our race in one great divine harmony." Tells EVD that he went through an experience similar to what Maurice Bucke described in his book COSMIC CONSCIOUSNESS. Remarks that he recently paid William H. Randall a visit. Mentions that he spoke at the summer camp in Greenacre.

Watson, Blanche SEE ALSO Holmes, John Haynes

Watson, Blanche: Letter to EVD, 8/14/21. Says that she sent TD a copy of the letter she mailed to Harry Daugherty and the President. Writes that she has Mahatma Gandhi on the brain. Remarks that John Haynes Holmes recently spoke about Mahatma Gandhi. Mentions that John Haynes Holmes said that EVD was the only American great enough to be spoken of in the same breath as Mahatma Gandhi. Tells EVD that things are terrible in Russia.
Letter to EVD, 9/13/21. Says that she recently gave Angela Morgan John Haynes Holmes' sermon on Mahatma Gandhi, who wrote a poem about this "Great Man." Mentions that Angela Morgan's poem appears in the September issue of UNITY. Remarks that a week ago she send Angela Morgan a copy of DEBS AND THE POETS, hoping that the volume would inspire her to write a poem about EVD. Mentions that Angela Morgan wrote 2 poems about EVD. Writes that she likes to get people involved in the movement.
Letter to EVD, 11/15/21. Says that she wants to get EVD's name on record as having made a contribution towards the building of the non-denominational temple envisioned by John Haynes Holmes. Remarks that Bertha Mailly, Solon De Leon, Caro Lloyd Strobell each gave contributions to the temple building fund. Tells EVD that more than half of her contributions have come from socialists. Writes that she gets irritated that the Socialist Party does not always want her kind involved in the movement. Expresses the hope that when EVD gets out of prison he will change the Socialist Party for the better by getting all sorts of people involved in the movement. Remarks that the future of the Socialist Party lies in the youth. Says that people make fun of her because she blames the capitalist system on everything from "missing a train to stepping on a tack." Tells EVD that a group of 5 Indians came and spoke on the "Non Cooperation" movement in India. Says that these Indians attributed the changes in India to Mahatma Gandhi's personal leadership. Assures EVD that Mahatma Gandhi is going to succeed in liberating India.
Letter to TD, 5/10/26. Says that John Haynes Holmes gave a sermon yesterday where he stated that the 3 men who lived up to his religious ideals were Luther Burbank, Clarence Darrow, and EVD. Remarks that John Haynes Holmes referred to the fundamentalist churches of the South as "wicked if not vicious" in his sermon. Tells TD that she and a friend attended a church in Harlem, New York last night to get a taste of a fundamentalist service. Writes that she wished that every American could get to know and understand the "new Negro."
Copy of letter from Clarence Darrow, 5/15/26. Says that he appreciated what John Haynes Holmes said about him more than words can express.
Untitled poem, 7/2/26.
Untitled poem, 7/?/26.
Letter to EVD, 7/?/26. Says that she celebrated her birthday with a poem to EVD. Remarks that it is unlikely that the poem will be published so she is going to send EVD a copy of it. Mentions that the poem applies to TD as much as EVD.
Letter to TD, 10/24/26. Says that she was disappointed that John Haynes Holmes could not make it to EVD's funeral. Writes that there was a huge crowd to hear John Haynes Holmes pay tribute to EVD on Sunday. Remarks that John Haynes Holmes talked about meeting EVD after he got out of prison. Tells TD that John Haynes Holmes emphasized the way that EVD loved people, socialist and non-socialist alike. Says that EVD was hated because his love empowered the disinherited, an unpardonable sin under capitalism. Writes that John Haynes Holmes discussed EVD's generosity. Mentions that John Haynes Holmes started to cry as he took his seat after the tribute. Says that she has been thinking of E. D. Morel all day long, who died 2 years ago.
Letter to the editor of FOREIGN AFFAIRS, 10/24/26. Writes that it has been 2 years since E. D. Morel, the editor of FOREIGN AFFAIRS, died. Says that E. D. Morel's life was similar to that of EVD's, "even to the crucifixion that came to each one as he neared the end."
Letter to TD, 10/29/26. Says that she is glad that EVD is no longer in pain. Writes that when things like this happen she is very happy that she believes in reincarnation.
Letter to TD, 11/27/26. Says that she is writing a series of 3 articles about EVD. Remarks that she is just finishing the last one. Expresses the hope that one of the newspapers in Terre Haute, Indiana can use it. Asks that TD tell her how she can get a booklet made of these articles. Writes that she wants to call the booklet DEBS: LOVER OF MEN. Mentions that Ruth Crawford gave her the information for one of the articles.
Letter to TD, 2/10/27. Informs TD that she received a postcard from Mahatma Gandhi saying that EVD led a truly remarkable life. Asks that TD send Mahatma Gandhi more information about EVD. Remarks that Louis Mayer's bust of Ralph Waldo Emerson has been bought for her church. Includes an information sheet on "Numerical Name Analyzation."
Letter to TD, 2/21/27. Says that TD should have chiropractic or osteopathic treatments to help him with his insomnia. Writes that TD's heart speaks rightly about EVD. Remarks that treatment will help TD relax both physically and spiritually.
Letter to TD, 3/8/27. Writes that TD is in the company of the "wisteria vine." Includes a poem titled "Was" by Frances Holmstrom.
Letter to TD, 4/17/27. Says that if TD heard the Easter talk that she heard today that all of the "gloom" that surrounds him would dissipate. Writes that TD should read the play THE RETURN OF PETER GRIMM. Remarks that she thinks that EVD is trying to speak to TD. Tells TD that civilization has been in the Aquarian Age for the past 50 years. Says that the Aquarian Age marks the period when astrology, numerology, and other metaphysical forms of expression experience a resurgence. Remarks that there is no reason not to believe in reincarnation. Assures TD that EVD is among the "stars." Says that TD needs to "climb up" to meet EVD. Mentions that she attended a tea in Harlem, New York attended by Countee Cullen, Langston Hughes, Jesse Redmon Fauset, and Arna Bontemps.
Letter to TD, 10/20/27. Writes that she appreciates the book that TD sent with the "beautiful" inscription. Says that she was touched by the photo in the book of EVD leaving the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Remarks that Mahatma Gandhi is appreciated in much the same way as EVD. Tells TD that she felt privileged to live at a time when she could have contact with both EVD and Mahatma Gandhi. Says that she has tried to follow the path of divinity for the past 15 years.
Letter to EVD, 10/15/?. Says that everyone who belongs to the Community Church has one thing on their mind, raising $120,000 to rebuild the church after it burned down. Asks that EVD consider making a contribution towards this end. Writes that John Haynes Holmes "preached out" all of the rich people in the congregation. Remarks that she has been trying to do something for the campaign. Expresses the hope that when EVD comes to New York City, New York that he may be able to do something to remedy the divisiveness among the socialists there.
Letter to EVD on Get-Together Club letterhead, n.d. Says that although she weeps for EVD she does not weep tears of grief.
Letter to EVD on MODERNIST letterhead, n.d. Says that she is sending EVD a calendar featuring some of John Haynes Holmes' writings. Remarks that John Haynes Holmes has been giving a series of sermons on capital and labor. Tells EVD that yesterday John Haynes Holmes gave his sermon before 1,240 people. Says that it is wonderful how John Haynes Holmes can see the workers' point of view. Writes that the Get-Together Club heard a talk recently by Percy Stickney Grant. Mentions that she sold a dozen amnesty postcards yesterday.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that she was on the soap box last night. Writes that she disguises socialism in her speeches.
Letter to EVD, n.d. Says that she just finished reading an editorial in THE FREEMAN which said that EVD was one of the "best and noblest men that ever lived." Tells EVD that she wished that the campaign did not end so soon. Informs EVD that although Massachusetts tripled its socialist vote that with another month it could have been quadrupled. Mentions that she preached in a little church during the campaign.
Inscription from TD, n.d. Says that he is sending Watson a copy of WALLS AND BARS to mark everything that she did for EVD in his time of need.

Wattay, Anna: Letter to EVD, 12/26/19. Says that her life is richer for having read EVD's speeches and writings. Remarks that EVD has convinced her that right and truth will triumph in the end. Informs that she is teaching her children about EVD's ideals. Assures EVD that her family loves and respects him. Writes that she is looking forward to the day that EVD is free. Tells EVD that his courage gives her strength.

Wayland, Julius A.: Letter to TD on APPEAL TO REASON letterhead, 6/28/1899. Tells TD that he thinks that the Social Democratic Party to drop its farmer's plank. Says that there are many socialists who object to it because they think that it is "foolish." Assures TD that the farmer's plank will not lead to a large Social Democratic Party vote among the farmers because "if a farmer is a socialist he will know that he needs no special care and will get none until the whole are uplifted." Writes that the Socialist Labor Party will be no more by the end of the year. Mentions that he is sending TD 1,000 or 2,000 APPEALS TO REASON for him to do some good with.
Copy of letter from TD, 7/3/1899. Says that he and EVD are in "perfect accord" with Wayland's view of the Social Democratic Party's farmer's plank. Writes that he is sure that the Social Democratic Party will vote to eliminate this plank from its platform. Assures Wayland that his confidence in Wayland's integrity as a socialist is "absolute." Remarks that the last issue of the APPEAL TO REASON was a "hummer." Tells Wayland that the socialism is dawning in America.

Weaver, B. F.: Poem titled "Our Leader," n.d.

Weaver, Charles M.: Poem titled "The Labour of Love," 11/6/26.

Weaver, I. W.: Letter to EVD, 2/15/26. Writes that he is glad to know that EVD is writing again from his "hope-inspiring Pen." Expresses the hope that EVD lives out to finish his course.
Letter to TD, 10/30/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death.

Weber, John: Letter from EVD, 9/19/25. Says that when he visited Weber after returning home to Terre Haute, Indiana he found out that Weber was visiting his sister in Indianapolis, Indiana. Writes that before he leaves for Chicago, Illinois he wants Weber to know that his heart is with him. Expresses the hope that Weber recovers his health soon so that he and Weber can once again enjoy each other's companionship just like when they were boys.

Weber, Mrs. L.: Letter to EVD on Metal Trades Council of Reading Pennsylvania letterhead, 1/8/20. Assures EVD that his comrades have not forgotten him. Says that the current bitterness of the capitalist class shows that the socialists are making progress. Tells EVD that there can be no peace until all political prisoners are freed from prison. Writes that EVD serves as an inspiration for his willingness to be imprisoned for his principles. Remarks that she is one of the people who sent EVD the red handkerchief while he was still in Moundsville, West Virginia. Expresses the hope that EVD's health improves.

Webster, Frank L.: Letter to EVD on DENVER POST letterhead, 12/26/13. Says that he appreciated the response that EVD sent to his request for a tribute to the state of Colorado. Writes that EVD's tribute clearly articulated his "high opinion of Colorado glories." Remarks that EVD's tribute will appear in the DENVER POST on 12/28/13.

Weil, Mathilde: Letter to TD on Mathilde Weil, Literary Agent letterhead, 11/13/39. Says that she has been trying to get a hold of a good biography of EVD's life for many years because she is sure that it could "fill a wide spread need." Writes that Miriam deFord Shipley told her that TD has all of the materials necessary to produce such a book. Says that Miriam deFord Shipley would help TD put the book together.

Weinberger, Harry: Letter to EVD on Harry Weinberger, Counselor at Law letterhead, 11/8/21. Says that he is writing to send EVD greetings on his birthday. Writes that there will be no general amnesty and many of the Industrial Workers of the World prisoners will continue to be imprisoned for a long time. Tells EVD that this is because the "American public is lethargic."
Letter to EVD on Harry Weinberger, Counselor at Law letterhead, 11/25/21. Says that 4 of his friends have gone to Russia. Assures EVD that even from abroad these 4 people will continue to clamor for the reinstitution of liberty in the United States. Tells EVD that he arranged with the Department of Justice and the officials at Ellis Island to have a farewell lunch with these 4 deportees before their ship left port. Remarks that he continues to do what he can for the cause of amnesty.
Letter to EVD on Harry Weinberger, Counselor at Law letterhead, 12/7/21. Says that the article that he is sending EVD speaks for itself.
Copy of letter to H. G. Wells, 12/7/21. Informs Wells that working for the liberation of EVD and Charles Ashleigh is part of the general fight for world peace. Says that the powers that be can have no real desire to push for world peace as long as they keep in prison those who opposed the last war. Tells Wells that Arms Conference in Washington is nothing but a sham with EVD, Charles Ashleigh, Vincent St. John, Jack Law, and Giovanni Baldazzi in prison.
Letter to EVD on Harry Weinberger, Counselor at Law letterhead, 1/29/25. Writes that he is sending EVD a copy of a letter he sent to Miriam A. Ferguson and a copy of a memorandum calling for the release of Abraham Cisneros, Jesus M. Rangel, Charles Cline, Jesus Gonsales, Leonardo M. Vasquez, and Pedro Perales. Includes a copy of the memorandum calling for the release of these prisoners. Says that Abraham Cisneros, Jesus M. Rangel, Charles Cline, Jesus Gonsales, Leonardo M. Vasquez, and Pedro Perales have been punished enough for disobeying the American Neutrality Laws during the Mexican Revolution.
Copy of letter to Miriam A. Ferguson, 1/28/26. Says that now that Ferguson has been officially inaugurated as the Governor of Texas that he would like to call his attention to the cases of Abraham Cisneros, Jesus M. Rangel, Charles Cline, Jesus Fonsales, Leonardo M. Vasquez, and Pedro Perales who have been in prison for over 10 years. Tells Ferguson that the President of Mexico, the American Federation of Labor, the Mexican Federation of Labor, and the Pan-American Federation of Labor all ask that Ferguson release these men. Writes that these men have been sufficiently punished and deserve to be released.
Letter to EVD on Harry Weinberger, Counselor at Law letterhead, 5/25/25. Writes that he received a letter from Emma Goldman who asked that he send her greetings to EVD. Says that Emma Goldman has a warm spot in her heart for EVD.

Weinmann, Edna: Letter to EVD, 5/29/20. Writes that she is a 13 year old girl. Says that she is writing to tell EVD about herself, a great admirer of his. Tells EVD that she has always upheld EVD's principles. Assures EVD that she will never lose faith in him. Remarks that she has been nicknamed "The Little Bolshevik" by her school's debate team. Informs EVD that although she is not as well educated on socialism as she would like to be that she cannot sit idly by while poor people are "crushed by the hand of the capitalist." Says that she would like to congratulate EVD on his nomination for President. Expresses the hope that EVD is released from prison.

Weisberg, Julius: Telegram to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Jewish branch of the Socialist Party in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.

Weiss, David: Letter to EVD, 4/13/20. Says that he is writing on behalf of 21 students at the University of Wisconsin who met tonight to discuss why America's political prisoners are still in prison. Writes that these students wanted him to send EVD their greetings. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released. Tells EVD that he cannot believe the way that professed Christian scorn the political prisoners for living up to the doctrine of true Christianity. Asks that EVD keep up his indomitable courage. Says that even though EVD is in prison that his ideas continue to spread.

Weiss, Rose: Letter to EVD, 2/22/20. Says that she wanted to write to tell EVD how much she enjoyed her visit with him on 12/31/19. Writes that after she returned from her visit with EVD A. Mitchell Palmer began his raids. Remarks that she has spent her time since looking after the victims of these raids. Says that she wonders if the New York Assembly will be "stupid" enough to expel 5 assemblymen for being socialists. Tells EVD that if this happens it may just unify the radical movement. Writes that she does not think it will be long before amnesty is declared, especially now that so many "conservative" labor unions have been won over to the cause. Informs EVD that the Socialist Party is completely demoralized in Newark, New Jersey because of the split. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that Weiss is a "loyal comrade." Says that Anita Whitney was convicted on but one count of her indictment. Remarks that the 6 women on the jury were for a full conviction.
Letter to EVD, 3/14/20. Says that she was pleased to see in the NEW YORK CALL that EVD had accepted the Socialist Party's nomination for President. Assures EVD that there is no one else in the movement up to the task. Writes that EVD's acceptance of the nomination should help unify the fractured socialist movement. Informs EVD that it looks like the socialist assemblymen in New York will be expelled. Includes a note from EVD to TD saying that Weiss is a lawyer and a "brave" fighter for the cause.

Welch, S. W.: Letter to TD, 8/3/43. Says that he is sending TD notice of Ben McLain's death. Writes that he hopes that TD is keeping well and active. Remarks that with Ben McLain's death he has assumed the title of president of the American Railway Union.

Wells-Barnett, Mrs. I. B. W.: Letter to EVD on NEGRO FELLOWSHIP LEAGUE letterhead, 1/17/16. Writes that she is writing to thank EVD for his article on BIRTH OF A NATION. Says that of all the "millions of white men of this country" EVD is the only one with the courage to speak out against this "diabolical" film.

Wentworth, Franklin H.: Letter to EVD, 3/31/08. Says that the socialists of New England do not want anyone but EVD to receive the Socialist Party's nomination for President. Writes that the socialists of New England would like William Haywood to serve as EVD's running mate. Asks that EVD accept the nomination when it is offered to him at the Socialist Party convention.
Letter to EVD, 10/13/20. Writes that he received EVD's message through George Roewer. Says that he is ashamed that he has waited so long to write to EVD. Assures EVD over a million people will vote for him in next month's election. Tells EVD that the war hysteria is finally subsiding.

Wentworth, Lydia G.: Letter to EVD, 11/12/20. Says that EVD is dear to the hearts of thousands of people. Writes that she is glad to know that EVD is in fairly good health. Tells EVD that she is surprised that so few people in power are able to learn the lessons of history. Says that she does not know why the people in power are doing what they are to EVD and the other political prisoners. Remarks that Norman Hapgood and John Haynes Holmes argue that there is no such thing as a public opinion in America. Writes that she disagrees with them. Tells EVD that she believes that there will be a wave of protest that will result in the release of the political prisoners. Mentions that this idea led her to write a letter to the BOSTON HERALD, which refused to publish it. Writes that she is looking forward to better times. Expresses the hope that the revolution will be gradual and bloodless. Includes a letter to the editor of the BOSTON HERALD saying that a sizable vote for EVD will show just how much protest there is over his imprisonment. Writes that EVD's imprisonment is a "short-sighted policy."

Werker, P. J.: Letter to EVD on International Alliance Theatrical Stage Employees letterhead, 3/12/25. Writes that the Stage Employees and Moving Picture Operators Union is having its convention in Terre Haute, Indiana. Asks that EVD give the opening address of this convention.

Wernette, Louise S.: Letter to EVD, 12/25/21. Says that she is with EVD in spirit. Asks, "Will the pretending followers of Christ ever cease their worship of the Golden Calf?" Writes that humanity is in the Holy Week of suffering. Assures EVD that the cause's Easter will come. Asks that EVD have courage. Includes an untitled poem.
Letter to EVD, 1/15/21. Writes that she received EVD's letter. Says that she is sending EVD a poem that she has written. Includes an untitled poem.

Westenhaver, D. C.: Copy of letter from EVD, 6/3/26. Writes that there is some disagreement as to the status of his citizenship since his release from prison. Says that although he was informed that his right to vote was forfeited when he was released from prison, a respected lawyer told him that because there was no mention of it in his conviction that his right to vote remained intact. Remarks that in the meantime the issue of his citizenship was brought up in Congress whose members decided that his right to vote had never been forfeited. Asks that Westengaver tell him whether or not his conviction resulted in the forfeiture of his citizenship rights or not.
Letter to EVD on United States District Court letterhead, 6/5/26. Says that he thinks that EVD is a "full citizen of the United States" despite his conviction and sentence. Writes that EVD must look to the laws of the state of Indiana's to determine if his conviction any bearing on his right to vote in that state.
Copy of letter from EVD, 6/8/26. Writes that he appreciated Westenhaver's courteous response to his letter. Says that with the information that Westenhaver provided he will take the matter up once again with his counsel.

Wheeler, Bernal E.: Letter to EVD, 12/22/20. Says that he appreciates the sacrifice that EVD has made to the cause. Writes that the recent split in the Socialist Party has placed he and EVD in different camps. Assures EVD that he will not stop his work until all the political prisoners are released.

Wheeler, John N.: Letter to EVD on Bell Syndicate letterhead, 5/26/22. Writes that he wants information about the case of Charles W. Morse, a former inmate at the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Says that he thinks that Harry Daugherty should resign as a result of the recent disclosures in Charles W. Morse's case. Expresses the hope that EVD is well.
Copy of letter from EVD, 5/30/22. Says that when he was in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia he heard a lot about the case of Charles W. Morse. Writes that the rumors which circulated in the prison were that Charles W. Morse "literally bought" his way out of prison. Remarks that a prison is a poor person's institution and when a rich person is sent there he is treated entirely differently. Tells Wheeler that Tom Felder was pressed into service to secure Charles W. Morse's release. Says that the Surgeon General came to the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia to examine Charles W. Morse and found that this prisoner required special care. Remarks that Charles W. Morse was taken to Fort McPherson to be treated for his illness and then released. Writes that he does not have a "shadow of doubt" that Charles W. Morse paid Tom Fowler and Harry Daugherty to buy his way out of prison. Mentions that Howard Taft knew what he was doing when he signed Charles W. Morse's pardon.

Wheelock, Edwin D.: Photocopy of postcard to EVD,8/5/08. Says that he is sending greetings to EVD from the equator. Assures EVD that he will be back in the United States by election time.
Letter to EVD, 12/31/19. Says that he has been with EVD since his incarceration. Assures EVD that he protests against his imprisonment constantly. Writes that he is sending EVD a copy of a message that he and a few other comrades had published in the NEW YORK CALL. Tells EVD that he has been trying to have an impact in the churches for the last 20 years. Remarks that present conditions are much different than the ones that existed when he and EVD served on the same Resolution Committee in Indianapolis, Indiana.

Whitaker, Robert: Poem titled George Fox, 3/4/20.
Letter to EVD on OPEN FORUM letterhead, 1/25/26. Writes that he appreciated the 1/9/26 issue of the HALDEMAN-JULIUS WEEKLY that EVD sent containing his article defending Upton Sinclair. Says that he will never forget the way that Upton Sinclair visited him when he was in prison back in 1918. Remarks that even though Upton Sinclair supported Woodrow Wilson he did a lot to help the political prisoners. Mentions that he is sending EVD some poetry for his newspaper.
Letter to TD, 11/4/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that EVD is the saint of the new social order.
Letter to TD, 12/31/27. Tells TD that he will never forget his visit with EVD and TD. Says that he is writing to thank TD for his Christmas card.
Letter to TD, 12/22/28. Says that he was speaking of EVD and TD a day or two ago. Includes a poem titled "Gene."
Letter to TD, 12/23/28. Says that immediately after he finished his letter to TD a poem about EVD rushed into his head. Includes a poem titled "Debs."
Photocopy of postcard, postmarked 1/?/30. Says that he thinks of TD often.

White, Bouck: Letter to EVD, 6/25/16. Says that EVD's letter was like a ray of sunshine in his prison cell. Writes that the United States is moving into turbulent waters. Remarks that the threat of a social revolution is scaring the powers that be. Says that he may be looking at a long prison term in order to get him out of action during these critical days. Writes that the end of the war will let loose a communist revolt. Tells EVD that there is a "materialistic cheap reform" element creeping into the Socialist Party. Says that he knows that EVD is for the uncompromising revolutionary side of the movement. Expresses the hope that EVD has many years of good health ahead of him.

White, Ella N.: Letter to EVD, 12/21/20. Says that EVD is the godfather of her and her friend's children. Expresses the hope that her daughter will never have to write a comrade in prison.

White, John P.: Letter to EVD on United Mine Workers of America letterhead, 4/16/15. Says that he wants to know from what source EVD got the information for his article in the NATIONAL RIP-SAW titled "Ten Convicted Labor Leaders." Informs EVD that his article does injustice to him and the United Mine Workers of America. Assures EVD that he cannot let EVD's charges go unanswered. Tells EVD that the United Mine Workers of America is not allied with any coal operator. Remarks that EVD was misinformed about the controversy he discusses in his article. Asks that EVD talk to Frank Hayes, James Lord, Paul Paulsen, or Joseph Variot about his conduct as the United Mine Workers of America 's leader.
Copy of letter from TD, 4/20/15. Remarks that like White, Paul Paulsen also criticized EVD's article. Says that EVD's article was written after speaking with Fred Holt, Alex Howat and several rank and file members of the United Mine Workers of America. Writes that EVD has full confidence in Fred Holt's integrity. Says that Fred Holt's imprisonment is evidence of his commitment to the United Mine Workers of America's rank and file. Assures White that if EVD has wrongly accused him EVD will be the first to admit it. Tells White that he is free to publicly respond to EVD's article.

White, Lillian J.: Copy of letter from TD, 8/25/19. Says that White's statement in the SPECTATOR about Howard Taft coming to Terre Haute, Indiana to discredit EVD amused him, especially when compared to the message that Faith Chevaillier recently sent to Woodrow Wilson which said that Wendell Phillips and EVD were the 2 people she most reveres. Mentions that a long time ago he prevented White's father from being dismissed as postmaster of Terre Haute, Indiana.
Letter to TD, 9/6/19. Says that she is sorry that she misquoted EVD in her article that appeared in the SPECTATOR. Writes that she has spent the last 4 years involved in the campaign for woman's suffrage. Tells TD that she did not misquote him to be unkind. Mentions that she knows nothing of her father's political affairs. Says that a year ago her Franchise League opened the fall season with a petition and membership campaign. Mentions that her suffrage group considered holding a meeting to advertise Susan B. Anthony's suffrage amendment. Remarks that when Owen Lovejoy spoke before her group in January she confused TD with EVD. Writes that she has a letter a home from EVD telling her about his support of woman's suffrage. Says that she was glad that TD sent her a copy of "Our Gene."
Copy of letter from TD, 9/15/19. Says that he does not feel malice towards anyone who disagrees with EVD's views. Writes that he knows that EVD's principles are about as popular as the abolition movement "at the time when the same sordid power and the same capitalist press, which now malign him and his motive, referred to the great humanitarian, Abraham Lincoln, as an 'Illinois baboon.'" Tells White that he is surprised that those prominent in the suffrage movement would join with a "prostituted press" to rail against EVD when EVD has been a supporter of woman's suffrage for 40 years.

White, Maggie A.: Letter to EVD, 1/13/15. Says that she owes $60.00 by 1/20/15 and does not know how she will be able to come up with the money. Writes that she has been looking for work but with no avail. Remarks that her husband is out of work in Chicago, Illinois.

Whitehead, Celia Baldwin SEE Baldwin, Celia.

Whitehead, Hazel: Letter to TD, 11/5/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death as a member of the Socialist Party. Says that like Jesus Christ, EVD spent his life working for the people. Assures TD that EVD was the "personification of the highest ideas of mankind." Remarks that EVD's fellow workers must carry on his work.

Whitford, Stanley R.: Letter to EVD on Australian Labor Party letterhead, 1/24/20. Says that he is sorry that EVD is in prison. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released. Remarks that Kathlean Hotson said that she has mentioned him to EVD in her letters. Tells EVD that he has named his eldest son after him. Writes that he was born in the mining district of Wallaroo, Australia and spent 7 years in the gold fields of western Australia. Says that in 1908 he became a railway worker. Writes that he became politically active during the war, running for a seat on the Parliament in 1917. Tells EVD that he is now organizing for the Australian Workers Union--the "One Big Union for Australian workers." Tells EVD that the vote of the Australian Labor Party has been declining since the war when the party called for Australia to pull out of it. Writes that he is against sabotage.
Letter to EVD on Australian Workers' Union letterhead, 11/18/20. Says that he appreciated EVD's letter. Writes that he is sorry to hear that TD is ill. Writes that not enough is being done to bring the world's workers together.

Whitman, Susanna and Lillian: Letter to EVD, 1/20/21. Writes that they are 8 and 12 years old. Says that they have heard EVD speak in Princeton, Indiana. Tells EVD that their mother, grandmother, and great-grandmother all voted for EVD. Says that they decided to give the pennies they had been collecting to an amnesty fund for political prisoners. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released.

Whitney, A. F.: Letter to TD on Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen letterhead, 9/1/42. Says that William Edens let him see TD's last letter to him. Assures TD that he appreciated his complimentary remarks. Writes that DEBS AND THE POETS is a "gem." Remarks that a copy of it will go in the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen's library.
Copy of letter from TD, 12/9/42. Says that he was happily surprised to receive a copy of Walter F. McCaleb's book BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN. Writes that the book will appeal to both old-timers and new. Assures Whitney that he will read the book as soon as his eyes get better. Informs Whitney that the governor of Illinois during the Pullman Strike was John P. Altgeld, "of whom there were none with greater moral courage to fight for Truth and Justice."
Letter to TD on Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen letterhead, 12/14/42. Writes that he was glad to send TD a copy of HISTORY OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN. Says that a more definitive history of the organization is now in the works. Tells TD that Walter F. McCaleb feels the same way as TD about John P. Altgeld because he fought "valiantly for the preservation of constitutional rights." Says that he would like to thank TD For the role he and EVD played in the cause of the "common man."
Letter to TD on Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen letterhead, 1/13/43. Says that he was sorry to learn of TD's illness. Expresses the hope that TD soon recovers from his case of malaria. Remarks that there is an article in the December issue of the READER'S DIGEST on treating malaria. Says that Walter F. McCaleb was pleased by what TD said about his characterization of EVD in his HISTORY OF THE BROTHERHOOD OF RAILROAD TRAINMEN. Remarks that the new history of the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen will mention TD's role in EVD's life.
Copy of letter from TD, 1/20/44. Says that reading the Brotherhood of Railroad Trainmen's address commemorating the organization's 50th anniversary reminded him of the 5th annual convention which he attended of EVD. Writes that it also reminded him of such early leaders as U. C. Ousterhout, Edward O'Shea, W. S. Edens, William Sheehan, and "Baldy" Wilkerson.

Wierse, Paul: Letter to TD, 10/25/20. Says that he is going to publish a book about his year in the Federal Penitentiary in Atlanta, Georgia. Writes that before his imprisonment he was a writer for the CHARLESTON AMERICAN. Remarks that he wrote a few articles about EVD for this periodical. Asks that TD help him publish EIGHTY-EIGHT WEEKS IN PENITENTIARY by buying ad space in his book. Mentions that the book devotes several pages to EVD's case.

Wight, R.: Letter to EVD, 2/1/21. Says that he is sorry about the decision to deny EVD a pardon. Writes that he knows that EVD's spirit and courage are undaunted. Tells EVD that one day he will clasp EVD's hand and tell him he was true to his ideals.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Asks that TD tell Wight not to worry and to stand by the cause more loyally than ever.

Wiksell, G. Percival: Letter to TD, 11/6/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he asked EVD to give Walt Whitman and Horace Traubel a hug from him when he went. Writes that he is sure that EVD delivered his message.

Wilcox, A. E.: Letter to TD on W. B. Conkey Company letterhead, 2/6/23. Says that Upton Sinclair has informed him that TD is now in control of the left-over stock of DEBS AND THE POETS and the book plates. Tells TD that W. B. Conkey Company has on hand 410 copies of DEBS AND THE POETS in cloth and 700 in paper. Remarks that Upton Sinclair said that TD might be interested in putting out another edition of this book.

Wilcox, Ella Wheeler: Poem titled "On with the Dance," n.d.

Wilcox, Raymond: Letter to EVD on NEW YORK CALL letterhead, 1/23/19. Says that for almost 11 years the NEW YORK CALL has been printed by a private printer. Writes that the Socialist Party is planning on establishing its own printing plant. Informs EVD that the New York Call Printing Company has just been chartered. Says that $10,000 must be raised to complete this undertaking. Asks that EVD help the NEW YORK CALL raise the necessary funds.
Telegram to EVD, 2/10/19. Says that he would like EVD To write an article on the power of the radical press and the necessity of maintaining it.
Letter to EVD on NEW YORK CALL letterhead, 2/20/19. Says that he appreciated EVD's telegram of 2/10/19. Writes that EVD would feel different about the NEW YORK CALL if he was in New York City, New York. Tells EVD that there is a great deal of truth in what he says about the policy of the NEW YORK CALL. Says that he is trying to put out a paper that the Socialist Party will want to have.

Wildon, Joseph: SEE Augusto, Allie

Wiley, Mrs.: Copy of letter from TD, 6/1/32. Sends condolences on the death of Wiley's mother. Says that he does not think that Wiley's moral courage will leave her now.

Wilkinson, Ellen: Letter to TD on Women's Committee for Relief of British Miners' Wives and Children, 8/23/26. Says that she was sorry to hear about EVD's illness. Writes that she would have loved to have met him. Assures TD that EVD is held in high regard in England.

Willert, Ethelbert K.: Letter to EVD, 12/10/20. Says that she is once of EVD's many admirers. Tells EVD that she cast his first vote for EVD. Writes that she is 21 years old and is greatly interested in politics. Mentions that some of her girlfriends think that she is too interested in politics. Tells EVD that she has heard him speak several times. Says that even though EVD is in prison there are millions of people who are with him.

Williams, Charles: Letter to EVD on Modern Woodmen of America letterhead, 11/7/20. Says that he is writing to tell EVD that he received TD's letter. Tells EVD that it was gratifying to receive a reply from someone he has come to love. Assures EVD that he will win in his stand for the noble cause of humanity. Writes that EVD will soon be liberated. Remarks that he has a low opinion of a court a judge who would so freely disregard the Constitution. Mentions that he has named his son after EVD.

Williams, George Vail: Letter to EVD, 12/21/19. Says that souls with a divine inner light know that EVD is freer than many people who are free. Tells EVD that Mr. Dunham is almost 90 now, but his heart is as young as it was when he married EVD and Katherine Debs. Assures EVD that his health is good. Remarks that he would like to send EVD greetings on behalf of the comrades of Gloversville, New York. Tells EVD that he is going to send him a copy of the book ADVANCED COURSES IN YOGI PHILOSOPHY.
Copy of letter to Warren Harding, 9/17/21. Says that Woodrow Wilson's administration met "honest, open criticism with sneaking espionage, and argument with force." Writes that when the war ended while other nations released their political prisoners, America did not. Tells Harding that he had hoped that his administration would have a "more humane and just policy" towards America's political prisoners. Says that a bill demanding a more humane policy has been introduced into Congress and it should be enacted without delay. Asks that Harding release EVD from his prison cell. Remarks that Harding already knows that EVD is a man of character.
Letter to EVD, 11/2/21. Says that he is writing to wish EVD a happy birthday. Writes that no one has done more for America than EVD. Remarks that he has heard a rumor that EVD will soon be released from prison.
Letter to EVD, 11/2/21. Says that he is writing EVD in Terre Haute, Indiana in hopes that he has been released from prison. Writes that EVD's needs to be congratulated on his 66th birthday for all of the work he has done. Includes a note from EVD to TD asking that TD save this letter.
Letter to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he is sending TD a copy of a poem that he wrote today and sent to the AMERICAN APPEAL.
Poem titled "Beyond the Purpling Heights," 10/23/26.
Poem titled "The Heart on the Cross," n.d.
Poem titled "Oh Lyre of Israel," n.d.

Williams, J. M.: Letter to EVD, 11/25/21. Says that he has been speaking to their mutual friend Kendrick Shedd and decided to write EVD. Assures EVD that he feels the shame of EVD's continued imprisonment. Informs EVD that he is doing everything he can to secure the release of America's political prisoners through the Civil Liberties Union. Says that he voted for EVD in the last election. Writes that EVD's stand cannot help but to impress any man with a conscience. Mentions that he was for the war to stop German militarism.

Williams, James.: Poem titled "The Mantle of Socrates is Yours" to EVD, 3/19/21. Includes 2 copies.

Williams John F. SEE ALSO Reinbold, Phil K.

Williams, John F.: Letter to Phil K. Reinbold, 3/29/13. Asks that Reinbold send him information about Peter Collins because this man has been going around saying awful things about EVD. Says that he does not believe that EVD used scab labor to build his house. Mentions that the Catholics are in turmoil in Kansas. Says that Fred Warren challenged Peter Collins to a debate but he backed down at the last minute.

Williams, Sam S.: Letter to EVD on Sam S. Williams Voucher Club, 3/26/23. Writes that EVD has been voted to receive an honorary life membership to the Sam D. Williams Voucher Club.

Williams, Sophie: Letter to EVD, 2/3/21. Says that she is a 13-year-old pupil at the Ferrer Modern School in Stelton, New Jersey. Writes that her mother has told her all about him. Mentions that her mother is Fanny Williams. Expresses the hope that her letter finds EVD in the best of health.
Letter to EVD, 11/1/21. Says that she is writing to send EVD her birthday greetings. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison.

Williams, T. B.: Letter to TD on MELTING POT letterhead, 11/12/20. Writes that he has moved from Fort Worth, Texas to Corpus Christi. Assures TD that he has not lost interest in EVD but has not written because he knows how over-worked TD is. Asks that TD tell him what EVD's prospects for release are.
Letter to TD, 11/9/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Says that he does not appreciate the way that EVD's former persecutors now eulogize him. Remarks that he has a photograph of EVD taken in 1916.

Williams, T. W.: Copy of letter from EVD, 7/25/15. Says that while he does not meddle in local affairs he would like to give his views regarding the situation in California. Writes that Williams statement to the comrades of California has his "unqualified endorsement." Remarks that the "Bullmoosers" must be "laughing in their sleeves" at Williams' uncomfortable situation. Assures Williams that if the socialists of California fight over this matter they will be playing into the hands of the Bullmoosers. Says that the comrades of California must ignore section 3 article 10 of the Socialist Party's constitution for the present. Tells Williams that if comrades were expelled for following disobeying section 3 article 10 the Socialist Party would be nothing more than a sect in California. Writes that he is opposed to expelling members from the Socialist Party. Informs Williams that no seasoned socialist would vote the capitalist ticket. Says that he would work to educate those who are still new to the Socialist Party "and do not yet understand why it is absolutely necessary to draw so sharp a line between the Socialist party and all capitalist parties." Tells Williams that "it is better to educate than to expel."

Williams, William G.: Letter to EVD on William G. Williams, Attorney at Law and Notary Public letterhead, 1/7/14. Writes that EVD's message to the children was ineffective as a propaganda tool for illuminating to non-socialists the basis tenets of socialism. Tells EVD that the message was the "barest outline of what the Socialist party was organized for." Says that Jesus Christ's teachings are not the only ideas of modern socialism. Informs EVD that the Socialist Party must move away from such sentimentalism.
Copy of letter from TD, 1/8/14. Says that Williams sent the only critical letter about EVD's message to the children. Informs Williams that EVD's message to the children was intended for children not lawyers. Tells Williams that the message was well-received by the children. Writes that A. M. Simons has lauded the message and the "strongest appeal ever issued to children." Asks that Williams consider writing his own message to the children.

Willis, A. E.: Poem titled "A Prisoner for Virtue," n.d.

Wilson, J. W.: Letter to TD on Industrial Workers of the World General Defense Committee letterhead, 11/15/17. Writes that he is sorry to learn that EVD is ill. Remarks that he knows that EVD would lend his support if he was well. Says that anything that TD could do for the Industrial Workers of the World General Defense Committee would be appreciated.

Wilson, Jennie L.: Letter to EVD, 12/20/20. Says that she is sending EVD her sympathy. Expresses the hope that EVD may be happy wherever he is. Assures EVD that he has fought a good fight.

Wilson, Noble C.: Letter to EVD, 7/13/15. Writes that the speakers committee of the Terre Haute, Indiana branch of the Socialist Party wrote the NATIONAL RIP-SAW to arrange a date to have EVD speak on a flat rate. Says that the Terre Haute, Indiana branch wants to use the money from the meeting to help pay off the branch's new offices. Tells EVD that Frank O'Hare recommended that the speakers committee stage something big. Says that Frank O'Hare feels that EVD would be willing to speak on a flat rate. Remarks that the speakers committee would like EVD to speak the last week of August or the first week of September.
Copy of letter from EVD, 7/17/15. Says that he will be in the far west until September which will make it impossible for him to speak in Terre Haute, Indiana until autumn. Writes that he does not think a large meeting will be possible in Terre Haute, Indiana considering local circumstances. Remarks that he has been informed that the number of members in the Terre Haute, Indiana local have been greatly reduced. Tells Wilson that he was grieved to hear this news. Says that the Socialist Party should be much stronger in Terre Haute, Indiana and would be if everyone worked together. Mentions that he will do what he can for the comrades of Terre Haute, Indiana like he did when the Labor Temple Association was launched.
Copy of letter from EVD, 8/7/18. Says that he could fill a few dates before his trial begins. Writes that he is unavailable to speak Labor Day because he will be in Akron, Ohio. Asks that Wilson not assign any definite dates in Buffalo and Rochester, New York and Detroit, Michigan. Remarks that he will be in Chicago, Illinois on Sunday to attend a conference. Tells Wilson that he is feeling better. Assures Wilson that he will be strong by the time his trial is over.

Wilson, Oliver C.: Letter to EVD on Socialist Party Campaign and Organization Fund, 6/5/18. Asks that EVD fill 40 speaking engagements on behalf of the national office in September and October. Says that he knows that EVD's health will prevent him from working at the same level as he did in the past. Remarks that the life of the Socialist Party is at stake. Tells EVD that it will take some time for him to plan EVD's tour and wants to get started on it right away. Assures EVD that the tour will be arranged in such a way as to not over-tax his strength.
Copy of letter from TD, 7/19/18. Writes that EVD has been bed-ridden for the past 5 days with an attack of lumbago. Says that Wilson must not count on EVD for a single speech. Tells Wilson that EVD will speak in Akron, Ohio on Labor Day and then do no more until his health improves. Informs Wilson that EVD has overworked himself for the past 20 years. Says that Wilson should never have said that EVD was in perfect health. Writes that it is true that EVD's health is improving but that he has been through a great strain for the past 3 weeks. Mentions that Seymour Stedman told EVD that would not be needed until his trial. Assures Wilson that he is not going to see EVD killed by overwork. Asks that Wilson tell him if he received EVD's article "The Fight For Liberty."
Letter to TD on Socialist Party Campaign and Organization Fund letterhead, 8/22/18. Says that he is sending TD a tentative itinerary for EVD's tour. Writes that he thinks that he has allowed EVD to get as much rest as possible on the tour. Tells TD that the tour will include Syracuse, New York, Akron, Ohio, Rochester, New York, Kalamazoo, Michigan, Muskegon, Michigan, Detroit, Michigan, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, Newark, New Jersey, and New York City, New York in September; Boston, Massachusetts, Worchester, Massachusetts, Providence, Rhode Island, Indianapolis, Indiana, Chicago, Illinois, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Rock Island, Illinois, St. Louis, Missouri, Kansas City, Kansas, and Denver, Colorado in October; and Los Angeles, California, San Francisco, California, Oakland, California, Seattle, Washington, and Spokane, Washington in November. Says that EVD will not be speaking in Buffalo, New York because of the inefficiency of the local committee. Mentions that he does not think that he will be able to procure a hall for Providence, Rhode Island. Writes that he does not think EVD's trial will last 11 days. Tells TD that C. O. Sherman is arranging EVD's Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania meeting, William Henry, EVD's Indianapolis, Indiana meetings, and Lena Morrow Lewis, EVD's California meetings. Assures TD that EVD will at all time occupy a Pullman when traveling. Remarks that TD should accompany EVD on his eastern part of the tour.

Wilt, John A.: Letter to EVD on Ferns Hotel, Tarpon Springs, Florida letterhead, 1/30/21. Says that EVD's imprisoment is like a "big joke." Asks that EVD tell him what can be done for the ignorant masses of workers. Writes that the world is moving from bad to worse. Tells EVD that the 100% Americans in Jacksonville, Florida have resorted to mob law by tar and feathering 3 men, John Bishoff, Benjamin Leffler, and Patrick Sullivan, for protesting the war. Informs EVD that there are 1,000,000 unemployed and many others affected by wage cuts. Remarks that selfishness and the dollar are the chief evils of the world. Says that a world where the truth is not tolerated is awful. Asks that EVD cheer up.
Letter to TD on Purcell Hotel, Wilmington, Delaware letterhead, 12/14/21. Says that he thought that after the peace treaty was signed EVD would be released from prison. Tells TD that he has no use for Warren Harding. Remarks that Warren Harding talks "bullshit." Asks that TD give the dollar he is sending to Katherine Debs. Writes that he feels sorry for EVD. Mentions that he wrote a "nice" letter to Warren Harding asking for the release of EVD. Remarks that he also wrote Thomas Edison and Henry Ford. Tells TD that the purpose of laws is to keep the working classes down. Says that there are 2 governments in America. Remarks that sometimes he think that it would be better to live under a kaiser or a czar. Includes a note from TD saying that Wilt's dollar was returned to him on 12/19/21.
Letter to TD, 10/24/26. Says that he read of EVD's death. Writes that the masses are too "selfish and ignorant." Assures TD that he will never forget EVD because he was the "most honest labor leader in the world. Sends condolences on EVD's death. Remarks that he wants to die when he is 70.

Winship, Amy Davis: Letter to EVD, 7/26/21. Says that she has received news of EVD through Lena Morrow Lewis and Eliza Taylor Cherdon. Tells EVD that she has neuritis and is having a friend type her letters. Mentions that she intended on signing up for summer classes at the University of Wisconsin at Madison but had to give up on that plan. Writes that she still manages to get to the library every week. Says that she is does not like to be outside of a college atmosphere. Tells EVD that when she was talking to EVD last year she felt similar to the way that she did when she was in the presence of Abraham Lincoln. Remarks that she used to be pessimistic but now she is optimistic about change because it is only through sacrifice that the world will become a better place. Writes that she is looking forward to visiting EVD at his home.
Note from EVD to TD, postmarked 7/26/21. Says that he has been inspired by Winship's message. Writes that Winship is 91 years old and "in her prime." Asks that TD tell Winship that he appreciated Winship's touching letter. Says that Abraham Lincoln was Winship's friend and that he is hers. Asks that TD tell Winship that he will never forget her visit. Writes that it was "one of the rarest honors" of his life.

Winston, Isabel Constance: Letter to EVD, 5/14/20. Says that she is glad that EVD received the nomination for President. Writes that she is a 13 year old school girl. Tells EVD that Ryan Walker was wise to draw cartoon of a child preaching wisdom to the old because socialism is the child of economic systems and, hence, belongs to the future. Assures EVD that she is comrade who is on the job. Expresses the hope that when she sees EVD it will be in the White House.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Writes that Winston's letter brought him joy. Says that Winston is a "wise little comrade." Tells TD that Winship is the "eyes of the rising generation."

Winterich, John T.: Letter to TD on AMERICAN LEGION WEEKLY letterhead, 5/31/24. Writes that he is sorry to learn that because of EVD's illness he will be unable to contribute an article on the question, "What did the world gain by the World War?" Expresses the hope that EVD will be able to write the article when he feels better.

Wirth, C.: Letter to EVD, 11/3/21. Says that he is writing to send EVD greetings on his 66th birthday. Expresses the hope that EVD is soon released from prison. Tells EVD that even if all of the other political prisoners are not released with EVD that he could use his influence to get them released after he is free. Includes poem titled "The Evening of the World" and "The Fruits of War."

Wise, William N.: Photocopy of postcard to EVD, postmarked 12/19/04. Asks that EVD keep on shooting straight.

Withrow, Will Thomas: Poem title "The Derelict," n.d.

Witt, Peter: Letter to EVD, 10/27/16. Writes that he learned of EVD's candidacy for Congress through Frank Walsh. Says that he wished that he was there to help EVD with his campaign. Tells EVD that he is sending him a small campaign contribution. Expresses the hope that the people of Terre Haute, Indiana and its environs know what a "glorious opportunity they have for putting Terre Haute on the congressional map."
Letter to EVD, 3/26/21. Says that now that "Woodrow the First" has become Woodrow Wilson again the nation may look forward to a "government of law," not "despotism." Expresses the hope that EVD's days in prison will soon end. Asks that EVD write him a few lines before he leaves prison. Mentions that he has a letter written by EVD from Woodstock Prison. Remarks that although 26 years have passed since EVD's imprisonment in Woodstock Prison
He has not changed. Asks that EVD spend some time with he and his wife on Lake Erie this summer.
Letter to TD, 4/5/21. Writes that he just received TD's letter. Says that TD's letter and EVD's note will be framed tomorrow.
Note from TD to Irving Stone, n.d. Says that Peter Witt is a prominent man in Cleveland, Ohio. Writes that Witt is a "liberal" who is "always in the fight for the under dog."

Wittig, Viola: Letter to EVD, 11/21/20. Says that she is in the 5th grade. Tells EVD that she has read his writings. Remarks that she has read EVD's message to the children. Asks that EVD put his message to the children in pamphlet form so that she can distribute them to her fellow students. Says that she prays to God for EVD's release.

Witting, Arthur: Letter to EVD, 10/30/21. Says that he wants to send EVD his greetings on the eve before election day. Assures EVD that he has never had the respect and admiration of the American working class more than now because he spoke the truth at a crucial time. Tells EVD that revolutionaries the world over honor EVD because of his courage. Writes that although EVD has won over the hearts of the working classes the Socialist Party's executive committee has not with its repudiation of the Third International. Assures EVD that the Third International is the voice of the world's workers. Remarks that the Socialist Party's platform is out of touch with the world. Says that he is heartened by EVD's willingness to criticize the "reactionary" elements in the Socialist Party. Informs EVD that he will not be voting the socialist ticket this year. Writes that he does not want to vote for a personality but for the principles that he believes in. Tells EVD that he will not be voting another ticket. Says that he has confidence in EVD but not in the official policy of the Socialist Party.

Wohin, Louie: Letter to EVD on American Flint Glass Workers' Union, 1/20/20. Says that he is sending EVD a box of cigars. Writes that he feels is it as much his fault as the rest of the comrades that EVD is in prison. Says that he wonders if EVD will really be in prison for 10 years. Informs EVD that he would gladly take EVD's place in prison. Writes that his family talks about EVD often. Remarks that Paul Basko is being deported. Tells EVD that the powers that be have finally declared war on the socialists. Writes that the government has declared a revolution on the working classes with the Espionage Act. Remarks that the talk of making the Espionage Law more drastic will take away the freedom of thought and thought altogether. Mentions that Dr. Holt sends EVD his greetings. Assures EVD that he will remain true to the working classes. Tells EVD that he has subscribed to the CLEVELAND TOILER.

Wolfe, V. R. Mrs.: Letter to TD, 10/20/26. Asks that TD tell her how EVD's health is. Remarks that he has not heard in a good long while from Emily Debs Mailloux. Mentions that she left Chicago, Illinois a year ago to go to Toronto, Canada. Mentions that her husband has made his headquarters in Toronto, Canada.

Womsley, Bessie M.: Letter to EVD on United Peoples Church of Pittsburgh letterhead, 4/11/17. Says that he is sending EVD information about the situation in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Remarks that if William Prosser has violated the law, it was an obscure law that had been violated many times before. Tells EVD that there are people who want to starve William Prosser out of Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. Writes that the working classes consider William Prosser a "brother." Informs EVD that William Prosser has the power to convince religious people that socialism and Christianity are in harmony. Says that William Prosser has been framed. Expresses the hope that EVD's meetings go well, arousing the people as never before.

Wood, L. L. Hollingsworth: Letter to EVD on Anti "Preparedness" Committee letterhead, 1/17/16. Writes that General Sherwood was pleased by EVD's letter. Asks that EVD give him a list of names willing to arouse their communities.

Wood, O. G.: Letter to TD, 5/30/20. Says that he has christened EVD with the name "well-beloved." Tells TD that he wrote a tribute to EVD that appeared in the BUTTE BULLETIN today. Remarks that "secretly" he is the chief editorial writer for this newspaper. Writes that he used to prepare the American Railway Union's paper when EVD was in Woodstock Prison. Mentions that he met EVD and TD When they were in Butte, Montana.
Letter to TD, 11/9/20. Writes that he is sending TD a copy of his tribute to EVD. Asks that TD send him a picture of EVD to give to his niece. Says that the campaign was "intense" in Montana. Tells TD that the socialist won the county of Silver Bow. Expresses the hope that TD is well again. Mentions that the BUTTE BULLETIN is hated by the Anaconda Copper Mining Company. Asks that TD tell EVD that his heart goes out to him.
Letter to TD, 11/29/20. Says that the picture that TD sent arrived in perfect condition. Writes that thousands of miners are currently being laid off in Butte, Montana. Remarks that the BUTTE BULLETIN is suffering as a result. Says that he often wondered if TD used the press cutting bureaus to keep track of references to EVD in the press. Writes that not a "single newspaper" has the courage to find fault with EVD these days. Tells TD that in his 60 years he has seen many remarkable changes.

Woodbey, George Washington: Letter to EVD, 3/31/21. Tells EVD that he appreciates his courage to the cause. Remarks that although he is 66 years old he is still able to fight. Says that he has been a socialist since EVD came to speak in Omaha, Nebraska in 1896. Writes that the Russians are trying to actualize a new Jerusalem. Tells EVD that he is a Baptist minister who was once a slave. Writes that like EVD he has no bitterness against those who enslaved him. Expresses the hope that EVD and the other political prisoners will soon be released.
Note from EVD to TD, n.d. Writes that Woodbey is a member of the Socialist Party. Tells TD that Woodbey is a "fine bright comrade" who has written some "excellent" propaganda pamphlets.

Woodcock, Dr. L. B.: Letter to EVD, 10/10/14. Says that he is forwarding EVD a letter which the Young Men's Christian Association authorities failed to give him last night. Assures EVD that his visit to Scranton, Pennsylvania is already "bearing much good fruit." Tells EVD that it was a joy to meet him. Mentions that EVD and TD won over the heart of his "plutocratic" cousin.

Woodsworth, James S.: Letter to EVD on Canada House of Commons letterhead, 12/17/24. Says that a few days ago he met a great admirer of EVD's, E. G. Hill. Writes that he would like to send EVD his Christmas greetings. Remarks that EVD has been a great inspiration in Canada. Expresses the hope that one day he meets EVD in person. Mentions that he is still mourning the loss of E. D. Morel.
Letter to TD on Canada House of Commons letterhead, 2/7/27. Says that he is anxious to keep EVD's memory alive. Asks that TD send him a photograph of EVD to hang on his office wall. Mentions that there are 3 labor representatives in the House of Commons who have been working with the left wing of the farmers' group. Says that he believes that the foundation for a strong organization is being laid.

Woodward, C. Vann: Letter to TD on University of Florida letterhead, 12/9/38. Says that W. J. Ghent and Algernon Lee have him TD's name in regard to EVD's papers. Asks that TD tell him if EVD's papers have been collected and who is in charge of them. Writes that he became interested in EVD while writing about Thomas E. Watson. Mentions that he would like to write a biography of EVD's life. Says that he will be in Chicago, Illinois for the American Historical Association's annual meetings. Tells TD that he would like to make a stop in Terre Haute, Indiana to talk about EVD.

Wooh, Earl: Letter to EVD, 4/12/21. Writes that after reading of EVD's release in the APPEAL TO REASON he wanted to congratulate EVD on his liberation. Says that he loves to watch the increasing success of socialism. Tells EVD that the dark world needs the light of socialism "pretty badly."

Work, John M.: Copy of letter to EVD, 4/4/13. Says that he endorses Work's efforts on behalf of the striking miners in West Virginia. Writes that he thinks that it is strange that the Socialist Party's National Executive Committee has taken no action on the West Virginia situation. Remarks that it would be a pity to lose this opportunity for "propaganda and organization." Tells Work that the National Executive Committee owes it to the imprisoned comrades in West Virginia to take up their cause. Writes that if it was Morris Hillquit, John Spargo, or Victor Berger in prison instead of Mother Jones the National Executive Committee would have taken action long ago. Says that he has been doing what he could for the striker in the pages of the APPEAL TO REASON. Informs Work that the reason why the National Executive Committee is inactive is because the Socialist Party is almost bankrupt. Asks that Work tell him how much money was advanced to the campaign committee from the general treasury during the 1912 campaign and the current debt of the party. Remarks that the fight over J. Mahlon Barnes was responsible for the Socialist Party's financial troubles. Mentions that he has heard that the Socialist Party has lost 35,000 members in the last 6 months. Informs Work that although "the condition throughout the country are in the most favorable condition for . . . socialist propaganda" that "the national party does not seem to be able, for some reason, to organize and properly direct the work of efficient organization and to inspire and enthuse the rank and file of the party membership." Assures Work that he would be in West Virginia if he was not ill.
Letter to EVD on Socialist Party letterhead, 4/8/13. Says that he is sending EVD copies of the Socialist Party's MONTHLY BULLETIN as well as the financial statements from the campaign. Remarks that the Socialist Party's debt was $7,395.79 on 4/1/13. Informs EVD that about $3,000 of it was accumulated during the campaign. Writes that in April of 1912 the Socialist Party had 133,746 members. Remarks that the yearly average membership of the Socialist Party was 118,080. Tells EVD that the Socialist Party's membership for the first 3 months of 1913 was 108, 080. Assures EVD that the courts of Kansas will be eager to let him go.
Letter to TD on MILWAUKEE LEADER letterhead, 6/22/26. Says that he is sorry that EVD is not well. Writes that he is afraid that EVD's speaking tour overworked him. Tells TD That the comrades showed no mercy in scheduling him.
Letter to TD, 1/23/45. Writes that he received a letter from Samuel Castleton saying that he was writing a biography of EVD's life. Tells TD that he gave Irving Stone all of the assistance that he could. Remarks that he will only cooperate with Samuel Castleton if TD says that it is okay. Mentions that he has not heard from Samuel Castleton since EVD was in Atlanta, Georgia. Informs TD that these days people have to keep their eyes peeled for "Communist fakes."
Copy of letter from TD, 1/25/45. Writes that he only met Samuel Castleton once. Tells Work that when Irving Stone announced that he was writing a book about EVD, Samuel Castleton wrote him saying that he was also writing a book about EVD. Remarks that he sent a letter to Samuel Castleton on 11/30/44 telling him that "Irving Stone has been given the full and complete privilege of examining all material" relative to EVD's life. Says that, like Work, he is cautious about the "Commies." Mentions that he did not give Irving Stone his approval until he discussed the matter with Algernon Lee and William Feigenbaum. Assures Work that he and EVD always had the highest esteem for him.
Letter to TD, 1/28/45. Says that after receiving TD's letter he has decided not to respond to Samuel Castleton's request for help with his biography of EVD's life. Mentions that he received treatment for his eyes 19 years ago by Dr. Effie O. Jones of the Lindlahr Sanitarium. Writes that he followed her regimen and has never had trouble with his eyes since. Remarks that Dr. Effie O. Jones based her technique on Dr. W. H. Bates'.
Copy of letter from TD, 2/3/45. Writes that his vision started fading out during World War I. Says that he went to see a specialist in Cincinnati, Ohio who told him to stop smoking. Tells Work that nicotine was the cause of his eye trouble. Says that when he returned to the same doctor 2 months later his eyes were like new. Mentions that Madge Patton Stephens' vision was treated according to Dr. W. H. Bates' method that did not have to wear glasses after that. Writes that Work's letter has inspired him to treat his eyes.
Letter to Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper, 4/15/45. Says that he read of TD's death. Tells Gertrude Debs and Marguerite Debs Cooper that TD had the same kind of loyalty and devotion as EVD. Writes that he is sure that TD and EVD have been reunited in the hereafter. Remarks that knowing them has been an inspiration to him.

Workers' Culture Club of Brooklyn, New York: Telegram to TD, 10/23/26. Says that the "class conscious" workers of America will never forget this "brave fighter and leader of the social revolution."

Workmen's Circle: Telegram to Socialist Party, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Workmen's Circle of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.
Telegram to Socialist Party, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Workmen's Circle of Norfolk, Virginia.
Telegram to Katherine Debs, TD, and Gertrude Debs, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Workmen's Circle of New York City, New York.
Telegram to Katherine Debs, TD, and Gertrude Debs, 10/21/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Workmen's Circle of Wilmington, Delaware.
Telegram to Katherine Debs, TD, and Gertrude Debs, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Workmen's Circle of Grand Rapids, Michigan.
Telegram to Katherine Debs, 10/22/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Workmen's Circle of Scranton, Pennsylvania.
Telegram to TD, 10/23/26. Sends condolences on EVD's death on behalf of the Workmen's Circle of New York City, New York.

Wright, Manfred C.: Letter to EVD, 11/19/15. Says that he received EVD's letter of appreciated for his sermon. Tells EVD that he is glad that it rang true for him. Writes that the TERRE HAUTE STAR did not print the sermon in its entirety so he is sending a complete copy to EVD. Writes that his and EVD's hearts vibrate from the same "harp of life."

Wright, Pearl M.: Letter to Katherine Debs, TD, and Gertrude Debs, 11/6/26. Says that EVD's comrades cherish him. Writes that when EVD was in San Francisco, California after his release from prison she told EVD that she hoped that her son would grow up to be just like him. Assures Katherine Debs, TD, and Gertrude Debs that she will rededicate herself to EVD's cause.

Wycoff, Joseph M.: Letter to EVD on Elm Ravine Poultry Farm letterhead, 8/31/20. Says that he is one of the "Jimmie Higgins'" of America. Writes that he was a hired hand until he and his wife bought a 40 acre farm 5 years ago. Remarks that the farm belongs more to the "local money lenders" than him. Says that he hopes to soon be able to begin paying off his mortgage. Tells EVD that he became a socialist 13 years ago. Writes that he has been trying to raise money to get Marvin Aldrich, a socialist candidate for governor, to speak in Jamestown, Missouri. Tells EVD that his newborn son has been named after him.
Note from EVD to TD, postmarked ?/?/20. Says that Wycoff lives the "epitome of proletarian existence." Writes that Wycoff has a noble outlook in spite of the "cruel system that has robbed and paralyzed him."

Wyneken, Luise: Letter to EVD, 1/15/26. Says that she adores EVD because he went to prison instead of supporting the war in Europe. Assures EVD that if there is ever talk of another war she will go to prison like EVD. Writes that it is a consolation to know that there are men like EVD in the world. Remarks that there is a need for such consolation in Germany because of all of the unemployment there. Tells EVD that she is the German hitch-hiker he met last year. Asks that EVD come to Germany. Includes a note from Grace Poole saying that she is an American friend of Wyneken's. Says that she has met EVD twice: once in Pittsfield, Massachusetts and once at the Rand School where she was working with Solon De Leon.
Copy of letter from EVD, 1/29/26. Writes that he was delighted to receive Wyneken's letter. Says that Wyneken has been spoken of often since her visit. Remarks that Wyneken is one of the "bravest little women" he has ever met. Tells Wyneken that the women at the Young Women's Christian Association had the highest admiration for her ability to hike across a foreign land. Says that Wyneken is "one of the real crusaders of our day; one of the staunch leaders in the social revolution that is sweeping over the world; one of the torch-bearers of human progress; one of the radiant apostles of the dawn."


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